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Aditya D Patil, Vikas Singh, Vivek Sukumar, Prakash M Shetty, Aliasgar V Moiyadi
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative utility and benefits of free-hand 2-dimensional intraoperative ultrasound (FUS) and navigated 3-dimensional intraoperative ultrasound (NUS) as ultrasound-guided biopsy (USGB) techniques for supratentorial lesions. Methods: All patients who underwent USGB for suspected supratentorial tumours from January 2008 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The charts and electronic medical records of these patients were studied...
December 8, 2018: Ultrasonography
Jeong-Sik Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Ultrasonography
Sung Hun Kim
Three-dimensional automated breast ultrasonography (ABUS) has been approved for screening Epub ahead of print studies as an adjunct to mammography. ABUS provides proper orientation and documentation, resulting in better reproducibility. Optimal image quality is essential for a proper diagnosis, and high-quality images should be ensured when ABUS is used in clinical settings. Image quality in ABUS is highly dependent on the acquisition procedure. Artifacts can interfere with the visibility of abnormalities, reduce the overall image quality, and introduce clinical and technical problems...
January 2019: Ultrasonography
Hwaseong Ryu, Su Joa Ahn, Jeong Hee Yoon, Jeong Min Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare the technical success and reliability of the measurements made using two 2-dimensional (2D) shear wave elastography (SWE) systems using the comb-push technique from the same manufacturer and to assess the intersystem reproducibility of the resultant liver stiffness (LS) measurements. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with suspected chronic liver diseases were included in this retrospective study. LS measurements were obtained using two 2D-SWE systems (LOGIQ E9 and LOGIQ S8) from the same manufacturer, with transient elastography (TE) serving as the reference standard, on the same day...
November 23, 2018: Ultrasonography
Kelechi R Okoroha, Mohsin S Fidai, Joseph S Tramer, Kayla D Davis, Patricia A Kolowich
Ultrasonography (US) is an inexpensive, convenient, and effective tool that can be used to evaluate the shoulder. It does not expose the patient to harmful radiation and can be used to evaluate the musculoskeletal system dynamically. Additionally, US is not subject to metal artifacts when evaluating patients with previously placed hardware. Over the years, US has been found to be reliable and accurate for diagnosing rotator cuff tears (RCTs), despite its operator-dependence. The usage of US for diagnosing RCTs in orthopedic practice varies depending on practitioners' familiarity with the exam and the availability of experienced technicians...
November 17, 2018: Ultrasonography
Seung Woo Cha, Kee Jeong Bae, Jee Won Chai, Jina Park, Yoon-Hee Choi, Dong Hyun Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present a technique for measuring physiologic distal tibiofibular syndesmosis widening using 3-dimensional ultrasonography (3D-US) with an evaluation of its reliability, and to determine whether there were differences in the measurements between different dynamic stress tests. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 3D-US of 20 subjects with normal ankle syndesmosis. 3D-US was performed in neutral (N), dorsiflexion with external rotation (DFER), and weight-bearing standing (WB) positions at the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament level in both ankles for comparison...
November 14, 2018: Ultrasonography
Nicholas Kotewall, Brian H H Lang
High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising ablation technique for benign thyroid nodules. Current evidence has found good short- to medium-term outcomes, similar to those of better-established ablation techniques such as radiofrequency and laser ablation. The fact that it does not require insertion of a needle into the target makes HIFU a truly non-invasive treatment. Although it is not without risks, its low risk profile makes it an attractive alternative to surgery. There is much room for future development, starting from expanding the current indications to enhancing energy delivery...
November 9, 2018: Ultrasonography
Valeria Ramundo, Livia Lamartina, Rosa Falcone, Laura Ciotti, Cristiano Lomonaco, Marco Biffoni, Laura Giacomelli, Marianna Maranghi, Cosimo Durante, Giorgio Grani
PURPOSE: Nodules located in the upper pole of the thyroid may carry a greater risk for malignancy than those in the lower pole. We conducted a study to analyze the risk of malignancy of nodules depending on location. METHODS: The records of patients undergoing thyroid-nodule fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) at an academic thyroid cancer unit were prospectively collected. The nodules were considered benign in cases of a benign histology or cytology report, and malignant in cases of malignant histology...
November 6, 2018: Ultrasonography
Yvonne Purcell, Pauline Copin, Luisa Paulatto, Romain Pommier, Valérie Vilgrain, Maxime Ronot
Eastern and Western guidelines for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are known to significantly differ on many points, because they reflect different diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to this cancer. Importantly, these guidelines are primarily consensus-driven when it comes to surveillance, both in term of the tests used and surveillance program design. The main difference between East and West lies in clinical practice, as several Eastern countries implement coordinated and systematic surveillance programs, while most Western countries rely on individual adherence to surveillance recommendations...
October 28, 2018: Ultrasonography
Johannes Rübenthaler, Stephanie Wilson, Dirk-Andre Clevert
Ultrasonography is a generally accepted imaging technique for diagnosing and monitoring cystic renal lesions. The widely used Bosniak classification (I-IV) categorizes renal cystic lesions into five distinctive groups according to ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) image criteria. For solid renal lesions, determination of vascularity is discriminatory for malignancy in most instances. In indeterminate cases, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and magnetic resonance imaging/CT-ultrasound image fusion are able to detect and characterize difficult pathologies, with superior performance to either technique alone...
October 3, 2018: Ultrasonography
Sung Hoon Oh, Hyun Young Han, Hee Jin Kim
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the comet tail artifact on ultrasonography can be used to reliably diagnose benign gallbladder diseases. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the clinical findings, imaging findings, preoperative ultrasonographic diagnoses, and pathological diagnoses of 150 patients with comet tail artifacts who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with pathologic confirmation. The extent of the involved lesion was classified as localized or diffuse, depending on the degree of involvement and the anatomical section of the gallbladder that was involved...
October 3, 2018: Ultrasonography
Chong-Ke Zhao, Hui-Xiong Xu
Ultrasound (US) elastography has been introduced as a non-invasive technique for evaluating thyroid diseases. This paper presents a detailed description of the technical principles, peculiarities, and limitations of US elastography techniques, including strain elastography and shear-wave elastography. This review was conducted from a clinical perspective, and aimed to assess the usefulness of US elastography for thyroid diseases in specific clinical scenarios. Although its main focus is on thyroid nodules, the applications of US elastography for other thyroid diseases, such as diffuse thyroid diseases and thyroiditis, are also presented...
October 1, 2018: Ultrasonography
Jia Zhan, Hong Ding
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is widely used to evaluate tumor microcirculation, which is useful in the differential diagnosis between benignity and malignancy. In the last 10 years, the applicability of CEUS to thyroid nodules has greatly improved due to technological refinements and the development of second-generation contrast agents. In this review, we summarize the applications of CEUS for thyroid nodules, focusing on the imaging findings of malignant and benign nodules in the existing literature and the use of those findings to predict malignancies, with an additional brief description of the utilization of CEUS for other thyroid-related diseases...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Nehmat Houssami, Nariya Cho
This work reviews the evidence on breast imaging for screening (surveillance) in women with a history of breast cancer (BC). Early detection of second BCs in these women improves their prognosis based on studies using mammography (usually with clinical examinations) for surveillance. Cohort studies have estimated that mammography surveillance has moderate sensitivity (65.4%) and good specificity (98.3%), and have shown that these women are at a higher risk of interval BC than age- and breast density-matched women without a history of BC...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Alberto Borges Peixoto, Taciana Mara Rodrigues da Cunha Caldas, Caetano Galvão Petrini, Ana Cecília Palma Romero, Luciano Eliziário Borges Júnior, Wellington P Martins, Edward Araujo Júnior
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of an intrauterine hematoma (IUH) on an early pregnancy ultrasound scan showing a live fetus was related to adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to evaluate pregnant women who underwent an ultrasound examination in early pregnancy, between 6 weeks 0 days and 10 weeks 6 days. We compared the perinatal outcomes between women with and without firsttrimester IUH using the Mann-Whitney and Fisher exact tests...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Vincent Y T Cheung
With the increasing applications of ultrasonography in the field of dermatology, this imaging modality can be extended to identify and characterize common vulvar lesions, with a particular focus on their location, size, vascularity, and content. This pictorial essay provides an introduction to vulvar ultrasonography, including technical considerations, ultrasonographic anatomy, and the ultrasonographic appearances of some vulvar conditions.
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Giovanni Guido Pompili, Silvia Tresoldi, Anna Ravelli, Alessandra Primolevo, Giovanni Di Leo, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to validate the role of the total malignancy score (TMS) in identifying thyroid nodules suspicious for malignancy through the sum of their ultrasound features. METHODS: The local ethical committee approved this prospective observational study. We examined 231 nodules in 231 consecutive patients (164 females and 67 males; age range, 20 to 87 years; median age, 59 years; interquartile range, 48 to 70 years) who underwent ultrasound followed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Junkyo Lee, Min Woo Lee, Dongil Choi, Dong Ik Cha, Sunyoung Lee, Tae Wook Kang, Jehoon Yang, Jaemoon Jo, Won-Chul Bang, Jongsik Kim, Dongkuk Shin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of an active contour model for estimating the posterior ablative margin in images obtained by the fusion of real-time ultrasonography (US) and 3-dimensional (3D) US or magnetic resonance (MR) images of an experimental tumor model for radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Chickpeas (n=12) and bovine rump meat (n=12) were used as an experimental tumor model. Grayscale 3D US and T1-weighted MR images were pre-acquired for use as reference datasets...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Ki Choon Sim
Ultrasonography is a useful tool for the differential diagnosis of acute flank pain. Renal stones appear as a focal area of echogenicity with acoustic shadowing on ultrasonography. In acute pyelonephritis (APN), the kidneys may be enlarged and have a hypoechoic parenchyma with loss of the normal corticomedullary junction. However, clinical and laboratory correlations are essential for the diagnosis of renal stones and APN through imaging studies. This review describes the typical ultrasonography features of renal stones and APN...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
Vivian Youngjean Park, Eun-Kyung Kim, Jin Young Kwak, Jung Hyun Yoon, Hee Jung Moon
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of Bethesda categories III, V, and VI with the clinical and pathological features of thyroid nodules surgically confirmed as conventional papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). METHODS: We analyzed 1,990 consecutive patients diagnosed with conventional PTC at surgery with preoperative Bethesda categories III, V, or VI. We determined the odds ratio (ORs) of the clinical and pathological variables associated with categories III and V, using category VI as the reference...
October 2018: Ultrasonography
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