Bernhard M Boehm, Jochen Gaa, Petra Hoppmann, Eimo Martens, Dominik S Westphal
Background . Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in elderly patients and is associated with increased risk of mortality. The pathogenesis of AF is complex and based on multiple genetic and environmental factors. Genome-wide association studies identified several loci in AF patients, indicating the complex genetic architecture of this disease. In rare cases, familial forms of AF have been described. Today, pathogenic variants in at least 11 different genes are associated with monogenic AF. Case presentation ...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Daniel L Hess, Gaither W Horde, Karan Sarode, William S Morgan, Salmaan Z Kamal, Jubal R Watts, Gregory D Chapman
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) pseudoaneurysms are a rare but often unrecognized clinical entity. They are prone to rupture and hemodynamic compromise and should therefore be on the differential in the appropriate patient. We present a case of a gentleman with a recent CABG surgery who presented with acute onset dyspnea and a large pleural effusion. Imaging revealed a saphenous vein graft pseudoaneurysm embedded in a mediastinal hematoma. Four weeks later, prior to planned stenting, the pseudoaneurysm had spontaneously closed...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Alex Scripcariu, Denis Gaty, Philippe Maury
Coronary artery compression/damage by cardiac pacing/defibrillation leads is very rare and often an unknown complication of pacemaker implantation. Here, we present the case of a 71-year-old woman with late discovery of an asymptomatic compression of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery by a defibrillation lead implanted ten years before. This dissuaded us in removing this now malfunctioning lead with high threshold, and an additional right ventricular (RV) lead was implanted along with atrial and left ventricular (LV) leads for allowing resynchronization therapy...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Timothy J O'Toole, Faisal Dadi, Patrick Kietrsunthorn, Jason Foerst, Ali Hama Amin
In this case report, we describe a 55-year-old female patient with worsening exertional dyspnea who is referred to the cardiology department, due to the appearance of worsening pulmonary vascular disease on computed tomography (CT) of the chest. Previous transthoracic echocardiograms (TTE) identified right ventricle enlargement, but no other structural abnormalities. She completed cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, which identified a large secundum atrial septal defect (ASD). She subsequently underwent surgical planning and correction of the lesion with improvement of her symptoms...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Eru Sujakhu, Rajendra Shilpakar, Dhruba Shrestha
VACTERL association is typically defined by the presence of at least three of the congenital malformations that make up the term including: vertebral defects, anal atresia, cardiac defects, tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), renal anomalies, and limb deformities. Patients with VACTERL are typically managed through immediate-postnatal-surgical correction of the specific congenital anomalies (typically anal atresia, specific types of cardiac malformations, and/or TEF), followed by long-term medical management of the congenital malformations...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
M Gruszczynski, A Müller-Burri, A Häussler, A Breitenstein, H Rodriguez Cetina Biefer, O Dzemali
Significant lead-induced tricuspid regurgitation after cardiovascular implantable electronic devices is not uncommon. Absolute or relative contraindications to place the lead in the right ventricle after tricuspid valve (TV) surgery still remains a challenge. We report about successful lead extraction followed by transvenous implantable cardioverter defibrillator lead placement in the side branches of coronary sinus after TV reconstruction. Furthermore, we discuss therapeutic options to deliver concomitant anti-bradycardia therapy, technical pitfalls, and surgical approaches...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Himax Patel, Sean Harrell, Haitham Hreibe, Musa Sharkawi, Wael AlJaroudi
Leadless pacing systems have revolutionized the field of electrophysiology given its low complication rates and almost non-existent rate of infections compared with traditional pacemakers. These devices boast resistance to infections given its unique features; however, as described in this report, device-related infection from these leadless devices is still possible. In patients with leadless pacing system that is persistently bacteremic in the future, evaluation of the device with transesophageal echocardiogram or intracardiac echocardiography should be performed, and if vegetation is noted on the device, device extraction should highly be considered, along with empiric intravenous antibiotics...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Taylor J Kratochvil, Jeffrey A Robinson
An 8-year-old previously healthy male was diagnosed with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) and increased serum cardiac troponin I. Telemetry recorded non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, without ST-segment changes or other abnormalities on serial electrocardiogram. This case illustrates that cardiac monitoring by telemetry should be considered in high-risk TTP with elevated cardiac troponin.
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
João Ferreira Reis, Luís Almeida Morais, Lídia Sousa, António Fiarresga
In the midst of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an 84-year-old female patient was admitted due to non-exertional syncope preceded by retrosternal pain. She had experienced a prolonged episode of oppressive chest pain 6 days before her presentation, but due to the concern of contracting COVID-19, she did not present for medical care. Upon admission to the emergency department, the patient was in circulatory shock, with her physical examination being remarkable for the presence of a holosystolic murmur...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
S Poddi, I Tropea, G Faggian, S De Feo, M Zordan, A Rungatscher
S. gallolyticus is one of the pathogenic agents of endocarditis, and mitral valve aneurysm is a rare but potentially devastating complication. We present a case of S. gallolyticus aortic valve endocarditis with concomitant anterior mitral valve leaflet aneurysm. Patient underwent surgery before aneurysm perforation, and postoperative course was uneventful. Time of surgery is crucial to avoid severe complications due to aneurysm rupture.
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Yaser Alahmad, Hassan Al-Tamimi, Fadi Khazaal, Mawahib Elhassan, Abdulrahman Arabi, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Awad AlQahtani, Nidal Asaad
This case series demonstrates how COVID-19 infection might affect the heart in the context of acute myocardial infarction. Atrioventricular (AV) block might appear as one of the significant cardiac complications of acute MI in patients who tested COVID-19 PCR positive regardless of the presence of CVOID-19 infection symptoms. In our series, conduction disorders as a complication of acute inferior STEMI are more common in patients who tested positive for the COVID-19 infection. 11 patients out of 18 inferior STEMI patients who have tested positive for the COVID-19 infection have atrioventricular block disorders...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Jun Muneuchi, Yuichiro Sugitani, Masaru Kobayashi, Hiroki Ezaki, Hiromu Yamada, Mamie Watanabe
Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been widespread in patients with heart failure; however, there is little information regarding its feasibility and safety among patients after the Fontan procedure. We presented five adults after the Fontan procedure who were treated with SGLT-2 inhibitors. All patients reduced oedema and/or pleural effusion despite other conjunct medications were ineffective. Although we did not measure the urine volume in all patients, all patients themselves reported an increase in urinary output after the administration of a SGLT-2 inhibitor...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Wajeeh Ur Rehman, Altif Muneeb, Usama Sakhawat, Pranava Ganesh, Nabil Braiteh, Vince Skovira, Waseem Sajjad, Afzal Ur Rehman
As permanent pacemaker implantation is increasingly becoming a common practice, it is important to understand potential complications associated with the procedure. We present a 78-year-old Caucasian female who developed contralateral pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, and pneumopericardium after undergoing implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker.
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Mohammed Alshaikh, Abdullah Muharib, Radhi Alshehri, Abdulaziz Alshoaibi, Mohammed Qattea, Shahad AlOtaiby
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of the COVID-19 vaccine reported the safety and efficacy of mRNA vaccines (AstraZeneca) to help control the disease. Few previous reports have shown various side effects associated with COVID-19 vaccines that vary in severity. The possibility of pericarditis and myocarditis has been observed in people who have received an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine which we are reporting. Acute inflammatory pericarditis can be a rare presentation after receiving the first dose of this vaccine, and it is enriching to share such rare presentations in the era of COVID-19 for better management and outcomes after vaccination...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Hiroka Sasahara, Shoichiro Yatsu, Hideki Wada, Eiryu Sai, Soshi Moriya, Suguru Miyazaki, Kan Kajimoto, Manabu Ogita, Satoru Suwa
Although cardiac metastasis of malignant tumors has often been reported, undifferentiated uterine sarcoma (UUS) is a rare and aggressive uterine tumor. Thus, little is known of the UUS as a primary site of cardiac metastasis. We report a case of a 66-year-old woman, with a history of uterine myoma for 30 years, who was hospitalized with a large uterine tumor and cardiac masses. Although we investigated cardiac masses using imaging modalities, such as ultrasound, cardiac computer tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, it was challenging to determine the masses as metastasis or thrombi...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
John Pueringer, Joseph Cinderella, M Greg Treuth
We present a case of a 54-year-old woman with asymptomatic bradycardia who was referred for consideration of a pacemaker for profound chronic sinus bradycardia (heart rate is 33 beats per minute). Further, history and physical revealed a self-described endurance athlete with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). Background . Anorexia nervosa and endurance training are known contributors to bradycardia; however, profound asymptomatic sinus bradycardia in the 20-30 beats per minute is underdocumented in the literature and not a common presentation in any setting...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Justin Brilliant, Diep Edwards, Ritu Yadav, Jana Lovell, Lena Mathews
Purulent pericarditis is an extremely rare entity with only a few reported cases so far. This condition deserves prompt diagnosis because of its significant mortality rate if left untreated. A 76-year-old man with a past medical history of coronary artery disease (CAD) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and right circumflex artery (RCA), ischemic cardiomyopathy with moderately reduced ejection fraction (EF 45-50%), peripheral artery disease (PAD), COVID-19 pneumonia complicated by fibrotic lung disease (on 3 liters of home oxygen), type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypertension (HTN), hyperlipidemia (HLD), and chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage III presented with complaints of pleuritic chest pain and shortness of breath...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Haris Ahmed, Jonathan Brown, Brooke Walterscheid, Phebe Abraham, Junaid Alam, Nabeel Ahmad, Syed Arman Raza
Iatrogenic aortic dissection is a rare but potentially fatal complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Iatrogenic aortic dissection following PCI is rare with most cases reporting dissection originating within the coronary vessels with propagation into the ascending aorta. In this specific case, dissection was without coronary involvement, with dissection extending from the ascending aorta into the descending aorta and iliac vessels. Although PCI via radial approach is associated with fewer vascular complications than with femoral approach, significant adverse outcomes may still occur and require prompt intervention...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Ebubechukwu Ezeh, Maddie Perdoncin, Morgan K Moroi, Mohammad Amro, Mohammed Ruzieh, Paul I Okhumale
Class IC antiarrhythmics are generally considered a safe means of treating many common arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation (a-fib), atrial flutter (a-flutter), and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). Essentially, flecainide works by binding and blocking sodium channels more effectively at higher heart rates. However, this class of drugs is known to exhibit use dependence which could predispose patients to the development of malignant arrhythmias during episodes of tachycardia. In this case, we present a patient who was being treated with flecainide for a-fib who ultimately developed a wide complex tachycardia after her metoprolol was held...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
Kritvikrom Durongpisitkul, Paweena Chungsomprasong, Porntip Panjasamanvong, Somrach Thamtorawat
Inferior sinus venosus defect (SVD) is less common than a superior one. The lower edge of the defect straddles the orifice of the inferior vena cava, and this makes surgical repair via bicaval cannulation a technical challenge. The orifice of the unroofed right pulmonary vein is caused by the interatrial communication in sinus venosus defects which results in partial anomalous pulmonary vein drainage (PAPVD). Novel transcatheter closure of a superior SVD has recently been described; however, transcatheter closure of an inferior SVD has not yet been reported in the published literature...
2022: Case Reports in Cardiology
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