Kramer J Wahlberg, Matthew A Kluge, William E Hopkins
Aorto-atrial fistula is a rare and life-threatening complication of infective endocarditis, classically diagnosed by visualizing a connection between the aorta and atrium with associated continuous flow. A patient presented with bioprosthetic and native valve enterococcal endocarditis with multiple complications, including an aorto-atrial fistula that was diagnosed by color M-mode on transesophageal echocardiography. We review the features of aorto-atrial fistula and utilize this case to demonstrate how M-mode can be leveraged to provide improved temporal resolution in the setting of diagnostic uncertainty...
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Ajay Bhandari, Alden Dunham, Emmanuel Bassily, Bibhu D Mohanty, Robby Wu
Aortix™ is a novel percutaneous mechanical circulatory support device designed to facilitate diuresis in patients with cardiorenal syndrome. We describe for the first time the development of end-organ hypoperfusion from excess blood acceleration at the nominal setting and demonstrate through temporal-perfusion marker curves, the potential for speed modulation to optimize results. This will inform future device development and investigation of patient-specific device titration.
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Neyha Cherin, Shivani Patel, Michelle Jukic
Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is a rare genetic disorder that is associated with significant cardiac compromise, including heart failure and cardiomyopathy. Given the significant cardiac impact of the disease, patients are commonly hospitalized under the care of cardiologists. While it is imperative to address the acute cardiac challenges these patients face, it is crucial to not disregard the musculoskeletal derangement that occurs from this underlying disease and how acute hospitalization can exacerbate these issues...
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Daisuke Yamazaki, Takahide Fujihashi, Hirokazu Amamizu, Tomoka Kobayashi, Toru Takahashi
Femoral arteriovenous access is most commonly used in endovascular diagnosis and treatment. Complications arising during femoral arteriovenous access include hematoma, retroperitoneal hemorrhage, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistula. A 66-year-old woman diagnosed with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation was treated with catheter ablation. This patient had a high femoral artery bifurcation, and we punctured the femoral vein by the conventional Merkmal method, which led to a femoral vein puncture through the deep femoral artery...
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Waleed Shaker, Ahsan A Khan, Michael K O Boateng, Mahmoud Abdelziz, Lampson Fan
Ventricular free wall rupture is an infrequent but serious complication of myocardial infarction with high mortality despite surgical intervention. In recent years with the COVID-19 pandemic, observational studies have reported a rise in this complication most likely due to patient hesitation in seeking urgent medical assistance for fear of contracting COVID-19 in a hospital setting. This case report highlights the early recognition and diagnosis of ventricular wall rupture by the heart team with a good surgical outcome in a complex patient with ankylosing spondylitis...
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Ahmed Hassaan Qavi, Soban Ahmad, Neeraj N Shah, Rony Shammas
We present the case of a 59-year-old African American female with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who presented to the emergency department with chest discomfort. She had a coronary angiogram six months ago that showed no occlusive epicardial coronary artery disease. She had elevated troponin I levels and new regional wall motion abnormalities on echocardiogram. Her SARS-CoV-2 returned positive. After a multidisciplinary team approach, she underwent another coronary angiogram that showed new severe multivessel ostial lesions and a left main coronary artery aneurysm...
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Blake Purtle, Jason Wagner, Andrew Zarker, Vishal Patel, David Aguilar
The Fine-Lubinsky syndrome (FLS) is a rare congenital disorder. Heart failure has not been described in young adults with this condition. Here, we report the first case of heart failure in a young adult patient with FLS. This finding highlights the need for further investigation into cardiac complications in this illness.
2024: Case Reports in Cardiology
Andreas Goldschmied, Juergen Schreieck, Michal Droppa
We present a case of a patient with a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) likely due to paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Her medical history included 2nd -degree heart block Mobitz II, which manifested with recurrent syncopes and was treated with a dual chamber pacemaker. During the interventional PFO closure procedure, we noted entrapment of the atrial pacemaker lead between the right-sided occluder disc and the interatrial septum. We were able to successfully move the lead aside using a 24 mm sizing balloon and subsequently developed the right-sided occluder disc in the correct position...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Daniel Grandmougin, Teresa Moussu, Maxime Hubert, Benjamin Perin, Arthur Huber, Maria Christina Delolme, Juan-Pablo Maureira
A 31-year-old female patient with a previous history of Carney complex and surgical resection for cardiac myxoma and bilateral adrenalectomy at 18 years old and 10 and 11 years old, respectively, was referred to our department with a diagnosis of recurrent biatrial myxomas incidentally discovered on echography. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the diagnosis of a tumor protruding into the left ventricle, and the patient underwent a surgical resection of a large left atrial mass and a right-sided atrial small tumor...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Laura Torres Cruz, Maryam Barkhordarian, Neenu Antony, Muhammad Yasir, Sai Priyanka Pulipaka, Ahmad Al-Awwa, Sameh Elias
Background. Streptococcus gallolyticus (previously known as Streptococcus bovis type-1) bacteremia has a well-established, almost pathognomonic association with colorectal carcinoma, with the most common hypothesized mechanism being ulceration of polyps leading to hematologic dissemination. There are few reported cases of streptococcus bacteremia from other, seemingly benign sources like cellulitis or colonic adenomas. Hence, there is limited focus on skin and soft tissue infections leading to potentially fatal infective endocarditis...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Hassan Zamani, Kourosh Vahidshahi, Mohammad Reza Khalilian, Tahmineh Tahouri, Ehsanollah Rahimi-Movaghar
Aortic pseudoaneurysm, a rare condition characterized by localized transmural disruption and dilatation of the aorta, is very rare in the pediatric population. It is primarily caused by previous cardiovascular procedures such as aortic coarctation repair, aortic valve replacement, and subaortic membrane resection. We present a unique case of aortic pseudoaneurysm following surgery to repair a perimembranous ventricular septal defect in a 19-month-old boy who presented with fever as the sole symptom. The fever started on the 30th day after the surgery, and the patient exhibited abnormal laboratory results, including a white blood cell (WBC) count of 28...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Hirohito Sugawara, Tomokazu Takahashi, Yukishige Kimura, Azumi Matsui, Tamaki Matsumoto, Kimio Nishisato, Mitsuhiro Nishimura
IgG4-related pericarditis has rarely been reported. Here, we report a case of IgG4-related disease that presented with pericardial effusion. A 67-year-old female who presented with palpitations and chest pain was admitted because of a large amount of pericardial effusion that required drainage. The patient underwent pericardial drainage, and the symptoms were gradually alleviated. IgG4 levels were elevated in the serum and pericardial effusions. A biopsy specimen of 18 F-FDG accumulated in the submandibular gland showed lymphocyte infiltration with IgG4-positive cells...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Tania Ahuja, Olivia Nuti, Cameron Kemal, Darren Kang, Eugene Yuriditsky, James M Horowitz, Raymond A Pashun
Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) carries significant cardiovascular morbidity. There are two types of AIT with treatment including antithyroid medications and corticosteroids and treatment of ventricular arrhythmias. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) also known as "PLEX" may help remove thyroid hormones and amiodarone. We report a case of PLEX in an attempt to treat cardiogenic shock secondary to AIT. This case highlights the robust rapidly deleterious demise of AIT, specifically in patients with decompensated heart failure...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Kanya Singhapakdi, Wesam Sourour, Thomas R Kimball
Several congenital anomalies of the right atrial appendage (RAA) have been described including aneurysm, herniation (in association with a pericardial defect), and left juxtaposition. The left juxtaposition of the RAA (LJRAA), first described by Birmingham in 1893 and subsequently introduced by Dixon in 1954, is usually associated with complex cardiac malformations such as obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract. In this case report, we will describe an unusual variant of LJRAA in the absence of any other cardiac defects, which was initially misinterpreted as an aortic dissection...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Caleb R Weissman, Stephane Leung Wai Sang
We present here a unique case in which a 63-year-old man developed diffuse coronary vasospasm on postoperative day (POD) 1 following uneventful aortic valve replacement, replacement of ascending aorta, and coronary artery bypass. Subsequent emergent coronary angiogram demonstrated diffuse native coronary artery vasospasm that was only transiently responsive to intracardiac nitroglycerin, resulting in persistent cardiogenic shock and severe biventricular dysfunction. The patient was, thus, placed on femoral-femoral venoarterial (VA) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) with Impella support...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Nismat Javed, Marcos Molina, Rabih Nasr, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
Uremic pericardial effusion and pericarditis in end-stage kidney disease patients remain one of the causes responsible for high rates of morbidity and occasional mortality. While clinical presentation could be variable, clinicians should have a high index of suspicion for uremic pericarditis especially in patients who miss their dialysis sessions. We present a 77-year-old man with end-stage renal disease on dialysis diagnosed with pericarditis and large pericardial effusion complicated by cardiac tamponade and shock...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Samuel J White
Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) describes a cluster of noninfectious heart valve lesions and is histologically characterised by the presence of sterile platelet and fibrin-rich aggregates. Risk factors include hypercoagulable states such as active malignancy, autoimmune disorders, and prothrombotic haematological conditions. NBTE involving bioprosthetic heart valves is exceedingly rare. We present a case of a 73-year-old man with a bioprosthetic aortic valve and no NBTE risk factors who developed right-sided homonymous hemianopia during an admission for decompensated congestive cardiac failure...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Michael C Sauer, Vikram Sharma, Jennifer L M Strouse, Ramzi El Accaoui, Christopher J Benson
BACKGROUND: Valvular strands seen on echocardiography carry a wide differential diagnosis and may not always have a clear etiology despite taking clinical context into account. The decision of whether to provide anticoagulation for these lesions can be challenging. Case Presentation . A young adult female with an extensive rheumatologic history involving relapsing polychondritis and positive lupus anticoagulant presents to the emergency department with a discolored and painful right toe, as well as right auricular pain and swelling...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Alemayehu Shiferaw Lema
Tuberculosis is one of several preventable and curable communicable diseases that is a major cause of morbidity and one of the top ten causes of death worldwide. Cardiac tuberculosis frequently affects the pericardium. Although rare, most cases of tuberculosis involving the myocardium and endocardium present as sudden cardiac death in asymptomatic cases. Information about the myocardial involvement of tuberculosis appears in the literature once in a blue moon. As a result, there is a knowledge gap about cardiac tuberculosis among health professionals...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
Robert N Kerley, Amal John, Sajjad Matiullah, Mark Rogan
A middle-aged gentleman presented with a one-week history of progressive dyspnoea on minimal exertion, persistent haemoptysis, and right calf swelling. His only past medical history of note was a recently positive SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal swab performed as part of a workplace outbreak screening. A CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) showed bilateral pulmonary thrombi, extensive consolidation, and a left ventricular (LV) thrombus. A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) showed a dilated LV with severely impaired systolic function and LV thrombus...
2023: Case Reports in Cardiology
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