Akın Tahıllıoğlu, Öznur Bilaç, Seda Erbaş, İlayda Barankoğlu Sevin, Hakan Mehmet Aydınlıoğlu, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
This study aimed to examine the associations between Cognitive Disengagement Syndrome (CDS) and Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). We included sixty "ADHD-only" cases and eighty-two "ADHD + SLD" cases with an IQ score of 80 and above, aged 8-15. We applied both a structured psychiatric interview and a mental status examination. Parents completed the ADHD-Rating Scale IV, Barkley Child Attention Scale, and Specific Learning Disorder-Evaluation Scale...
March 3, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Julia C Nahman, Cody Staples, Lauren N Irwin Harper, Luis Ahumada, Mohamed Rehman, Sarah Irani, P Patrick Mularoni, Danielle M Ransom
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the relation between resilience, emotional changes following injury, and recovery duration in sport-related concussion. METHODS: Thirty-one high school student-athletes (ages 14-18) with sports-related injuries (concussion, n  = 17 orthopedic injury, n  = 14) were recruited from a pediatric sports medicine clinic. Participants completed self-report resilience ratings and self- and parent-reported post-concussion symptoms as part of a neuropsychological test battery...
February 17, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
César Mejía, Alejandra Herrera-Marmolejo, Marcela Rosero-Pérez, Jorge Quimbaya, Juan F Cardona
This study investigates the effectiveness of a computerized cognitive test battery embedded within a video game to assess executive functions (EF) in deaf and hearing children. We evaluated a diverse cohort of 290 elementary school students aged 5 to 13 years (mean age = 8.86, SD = 1.96), comprising 74 sign language users, 14 Spanish-speaking deaf participants, 23 children with mixed communication methods, and 179 typically hearing individuals. Our statistical analysis focused on item discrimination, reliability, and criterion validation of the game-based assessments...
February 15, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Ahmet Bildiren, Tahsin Firat, Sevinc Zeynep Kavruk, Ceyhun Servi, Burak Sungur
There has been an ongoing debate on how to diagnose learning disability (LD), with experts proposing different approaches. Very limited research is available on the diagnosis of LD in Turkey. This study aims to analyze the problems related to the diagnosis of LD in Turkey. For this purpose, the intelligence test results of the diagnosed students, the opinions of the teachers who referred them for the diagnosis, and the views of the child psychiatrists and psychological counselors involved in the diagnosis were examined...
February 13, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Enver Üney, Hüseyin Burak Baykara, Sibelnur Avcil
The purpose of this study is to evaluation of executive functions of obese children and adolescents. Thirty children and adolescents with obesity between the ages of 11 and 18 and thirty age- and sex-matched healthy weight-peers were included. Participants with a body mass index (BMI) value of 5 to 85thpercentile and >95thpercentile were classified as normal and obese, respectively. Turkish Version of Kiddy Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL-T) was applied for excluding participants with psychiatric diagnoses...
February 13, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Adel F Aljadaan
In aphasia, damage to brain regions responsible for language processing disrupts access to words previously learned and consolidated in the mental lexicon, causing people with aphasia (PWA) to experience word finding difficulties that negatively impact their everyday communication. This study seeks to investigate the effects of a psycholinguistic training based on phonology and semantics on sentence production in a aphasic child with cerebral palsy. The study used a single-subject multiple- baseline research design across behaviors...
February 12, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Aikaterini Striftou, Nikolaos C Zygouris, Filippos Vlachos, Panayiotis Patrikelis, Lambros Messinis
The present study aimed to investigate the improvement of reading ability and cognitive performance of children with reading difficulties through a Web application named "Poke the Reading Ability" (PtRA). PtRA is designed to assist the intervention of reading difficulties in Greek, a language that is more transparent than English. Sixty (60) children between nine (9) to twelve (12) years old (mean age 10.18 years). The baseline assessment consisted of two batteries of reading and cognitive abilities tests...
February 10, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Wen-Jian Zheng, Xue-Yi Guan, Hui-Na Zhai, Jian Gong
This study examines functional brain network changes in children with frontal lobe tumors (FLT). Ten pediatric FLT patients from Beijing Tiantan Hospital and 20 healthy children were compared in terms of cognitive performance and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) connectivity. The FLT group showed lower cognitive performance, particularly in visual and working memory domains, but had comparable attention abilities to the healthy controls. There were notable differences in connectivity between the default mode network (DMN) and sensorimotor network (SMN) in both groups...
February 5, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Xiaojie Zou, Feng Yu, Qiuling Huang, Yun Huang
OBJECTIVE: This document is a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effect of cognitive training interventions on attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase from the inception of each database to April 28, 2022. Data were analyzed using Stata 15 software. The risk of bias assessment was conducted using five domains from the Cochrane Collaborations tool...
January 23, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Nitin Ahire, R N Awale, Abhay Wagh
The neurodevelopmental disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), frequently affecting youngsters, is characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, the etiology of which may involve a variety of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors. Electroencephalography (EEG) measures the electrical activity in the brain through neuronal activity, which is a function of cognitive processes. In this study, a previously recorded sample set of 121 children containing unbiased data from both ADHD and control group classes and EEG signals were analyzed to classify the ADHD patients...
January 1, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Mary Robinson, Mary F Lazar, Jacqlyn M Zarabba, Meghan Gold
Referral sources and parents value the report following a neuropsychological evaluation. Nevertheless, key stakeholders have described pediatric reports as excessive in length and jargon. Recent research indicates that it is possible to modify pediatric neuropsychological reports that result in positive outcomes for key stakeholders and clinicians. Evaluating modified pediatric neuropsychological reports for other providers is necessary. School psychologists are key stakeholders who read and interact with such reports...
December 23, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Manal Yousef Alsheef
This study examines the effectiveness of a program based on mental imagery on improvement working memory in children with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in inclusion classroom. 30 children (both sexes; 20 boys and 10 girls) with ASD aged 7-8 years old in primary one from school for inclusion were recruited. T-tests analyses were performed to determine whether there were differences between pretest and posttest measures for both the intervention and control groups. Quantitative data obtained at the beginning and end of the experimental process were analyzed in the SPSS 23...
December 17, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
F Duquette-Laplante, M Macaskill, B Jutras, B Jemel, A Koravand
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of mild traumatic brain injury(mTBI) is estimated at 0,2-0,3% cases annually. Following a mTBI, some children experience persistent symptoms, and functional connectivity(FC) changes may be implicated. However, characteristics of FC have not been widely described in this population. This scoping review aimed to identify and understand the impacts of mTBI on EEG-measured FC in children, provide an overview of the available literature, detail analysis techniques, and describe gaps in the research...
December 15, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Vegar Hattestad Jensen, Stian Orm, Merete Glenne Øie, Per Normann Andersen, Kjell Tore Hovik, Erik Winther Skogli
The aim of this two-year longitudinal study was to investigate whether deficits in executive functions (EF) predict impaired everyday functioning after two years in children and adolescents with ADHD. A sample of 135 participants with and without ADHD were assessed with neuropsychological tests of EF and parent ratings of everyday functioning with the Child Behavior Checklist at baseline (Mage = 11.6, SD = 2.0), and after two years (Mage = 13.6, SD = 2.1). Results showed that ADHD symptoms and impaired EF at baseline predicted lower educational functioning when controlling for general cognitive ability (i...
December 14, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Fatemeh Fekar Gharamaleki, Akbar Darouie, Abbas Ebadi, Talieh Zarifian, Hourieh Ahadi
Due to the lack of appropriate developmental language tests in the Azerbaijani-Turkish language, the present study aimed to develop the Azerbaijani-Turkish grammar comprehension test (ATGCT) for children aged 4-6 years and determine its validity and reliability. This study was conducted in three phases. First, the target grammatical structures were extracted during the item generation phase. Second, item reduction and content validity ratio (CVR) were calculated. The content validity index (CVI) was determined after designing the items...
December 13, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Helge Børresen, Alisa Duric Golos, Dobrinko Socanski, Armand Duric, Tanju Surmeli
This pilot study aimed to identify quantitative electroencephalographic (qEEG) biomarkers for children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined whether qEEG power correlates with the behavioral symptoms. We included 89 children with ADHD and 77 healthy children as a control group. We conducted EEG spectral analysis in the eyes-closed and eyes-opened conditions and compared the findings with a normative database (Human Brain Index). We measured behavioral parameters by using scales proposed by Barkley...
December 12, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Sevim Berrin Inci Izmir, Z Deniz Aktan, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
This study aimed to examine emotion dysregulation and internalizing disorders mediating the relationship between selective and sustained attention and loneliness preference in children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Cognitive Disengagement Syndrome (CDS). This study included 176 children and adolescents between ages 8 and 12. The solitude scale for children, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Child Behavior Checklist, Barkley Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Scale, and CNS Vital Signs test were used...
December 11, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Ahmed Alduais, Tamara Bastianello, Abdullah Alduais, Xiaoyan Ivy Wu, Fawaz Qasem, Patricia Hamaguchi, Marinella Majorano
This umbrella review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of pragmatic language interventions and existing competing views in improving pragmatic language skills in persons with pragmatic language impairment (PLI). A comprehensive search was conducted to identify qualitative and quantitative systematic reviews that included diagnostic criteria, features, development and course, risk and prognostic factors, differential diagnosis of PLI, and existing interventions, views, and arguments to improve the pragmatic language abilities/skills of persons with PLI...
December 7, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Marion Décaillet, Solange Denervaud, Cléo Huguenin-Virchaux, Laureline Besuchet, Myriam Bickle-Graz, Céline Julie Fischer-Fumeaux, Juliane Schneider
While the survival rate of very preterm (VPT) infants has increased in the last decades, they are still at risk of developing long-term neurodevelopmental impairments, especially regarding self-regulatory abilities, and goal-directed behaviors. These skills rely on executive functions (EFs), an umbrella term encompassing the core capacities for inhibition, shifting, and working memory. Existing comprehensive tests are time-consuming and therefore not suitable for all pediatric neuropsychological assessments...
November 28, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Jacobus Donders, Jonah Reibsome, Kate Wilson
Parent questionnaires pertaining to executive and emotional/behavioral functioning are routinely included in neuropsychological evaluations to complement face-to-face cognitive tests. We evaluated in a clinical sample of 198 6-16 year-old children the degree of overlap and divergence between two common parent rating scales: the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition (BASC-3) and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Second Edition (BRIEF-2). This sample was 66% male, 70% white, and included both neurological diagnoses (e...
November 25, 2023: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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