Nihal Serdengeçti, Meryem Seçen Yazıcı, Zehra Koyuncu, Büşra Arslan, Haluk Cezmi Çokuğraş, Margaret D Weiss, Mahmut Cem Tarakçıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Sleep problems and executive dysfunction are associated with functional impairment in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. In this study, we aimed to investigate these aspects in children with Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) and SLD with comorbid Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), while also evaluating differences with typically developing (TD) children. Our study hypothesizes that children with SLD, especially those with comorbid ADHD, face greater sleep disturbances and executive function challenges compared to TD peers...
May 17, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Mourad Ali Eissa Saad, Hala Ahmed Sleiman Hassanein
The present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of exergames in improving the motor memory and inhibitory control of children with executive functions disorder. Children, selected by simple random method were divided into two groups: experimental (n = 16) and control (n = 16). Circle drawing task, and The Serial Reaction Time Task were used to collect and analyze data. The current study is a randomized control trial (RCT) type of research with a two-group pretest, post-test, and follow up -test design in terms of the purpose of applied research and the method of data collection...
May 15, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Aamena Kapasi, Jacqueline Pei, Katherine Flannigan, Kaitlyn McLachlan, Tim Oberlander, Carmen Rasmussen
Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) often have challenges with executive functioning (EF), which impacts their ability to self-regulate. In this study, 23 adolescents with FASD completed a self-regulation intervention. The intervention was a manualized Teen Adaptation of the Alert Program®. A nonrandomized waitlist control design was used, and participants completed pre- and post-testing using performance-based measures of EF, and rating scales of EF were completed by caregivers. Results were analyzed three ways; 1) intervention and waitlist control group comparison, 2) whole sample pre-and post- test comparison, and 3) using Reliable Change Indexes to examine individual-level clinically relevant changes...
May 15, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Ibrahim Q Alyami
The aim was to assess validation and reliability of Arabic version of Children's Hand-use Experience Questionnaire (CHEQ) for children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy (HCP). Ninety-nine children aged 6-18 years diagnosed with HCP participated in the study. The CHEQ was used to evaluate the hand-use experiences of children with cerebral palsy (CP). In the expert opinion questionnaire, the average percentage score of agreement on grasp efficacy was 91.5%. The highest percentage (93.3%) was for time taken...
April 18, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Sevim Berrin Inci Izmir, Z Deniz Aktan, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
This study aims to investigate the predictive and mediating relationships between emotion dysregulation, internalizing disorders, family functionality, loneliness preference, and executive functions (EF) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and cognitive disengagement syndrome (ADHD + CDS). This study included 176 children and adolescents (92 boys, 84 girls) who were diagnosed with ADHD + CDS according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the Fifth Edition criteria by a fellowship-trained child and adolescent psychiatrist, between ages 8 -12 (M = 10, SD = 1...
April 14, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Claire E Lunde, Madison R Dudek, Cameron A Talbert, Christine B Sieberg, Katie E Silva, Christos Papadelis, Nicole J Ullrich, Peter E Manley, Eric A Moulton
This pilot study investigated the long-term impact of a surgery-only treatment (no exposure to other treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation) for pediatric cerebellar low-grade gliomas on executive function, anxiety, and fear of pain (FOP) beliefs. Twelve patients who underwent surgical glioma resection during childhood (surgery age was 4-16 years, study visit age was 10-28 years), and 12 pain-free controls matched for age, sex, race, and handedness were tested. The spatial extent of resection was precisely mapped using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
April 11, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Ignasi Navarro-Soria, Juan Ramón Rico-Juan, Rocio Juárez-Ruiz de Mier, Rocío Lavigne-Cervan
Accurate assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is crucial for the effective treatment of affected individuals. Traditionally, psychometric tests such as the WISC-IV have been utilized to gather evidence and identify patterns or factors contributing to ADHD diagnosis. However, in recent years, the use of machine learning (ML) models in conjunction with post-hoc eXplainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) techniques has improved our ability to make precise predictions and provide transparent explanations...
April 9, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Wing Sze Wence Leung, Jacqueline Pei, Carmen Rasmussen
Cogmed© is a computerized working memory training program designed to improve attention and working memory. We examined the short- and long-term impacts of a 25-session Cogmed© intervention on working memory and other cognitive and learning domains in children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and typically developing children. Participants included 38 children (4 - 13 years old) from Alberta, Canada in two groups: PAE (n = 20) and typically developing (n = 18)...
April 9, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Kalliopi Megari, Maria Sofologi, George Kougioumtzis, Evanthia Thomaidou, George Thomaidis, Dimitra Katsarou, Vasiliki Yotsidi, Maria Theodoratou
OBJECTIVE: Neurocognitive deficits in attention, short-term memory, and sequential information processing are present in children with a variety of disabilities, whereas language and visuospatial abilities vary. METHOD: We compared the performance of 59 children (mean age, 15 years) with learning disabilities (n = 18), Down syndrome (n = 21), and intellectual disabilities (n = 20). A series of neuropsychological tests were used to evaluate the neurocognitive processes of memory, attention, visuospatial perception, and executive function...
April 4, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Cathy Marlair, Aude Guillon, Menik Vynckier, Virginie Crollen
Finger-counting plays a crucial role in grounding and establishing mathematics, one of the most abstract domains of human cognition. While the combination of visual and proprioceptive information enables the coordination of finger movements, it was recently suggested that the emergence of finger-counting primarily relies on visual cues. In this study, we aimed to directly test this assumption by examining whether explicit finger-counting training (through tactile stimulation) may assist visually impaired children in overcoming their difficulties in learning mathematics...
April 3, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Aman Kumar Raturi, Sreelatha S Narayanan, S P K Jena
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and executive functioning, focusing specifically on performance monitoring, error detection, and their association with mid-frontal theta and error-related negativity (ERN). Employing the widely used flanker task, the research involved two phases with participants aged 10-16 years (15 individuals in the pilot phase and 35 in the second phase). Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings from distinct brain regions were analyzed during various conditions...
April 1, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Carmen Virginia Miranda-López, Belén Prieto-Corona, Ma Guillermina Yánez-Téllez, Yaneth Rodríguez-Agudelo, Hortensia Hickman, Bryan Blancas-Pérez
Specific learning disorder (SLD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 5-15% of school-aged children worldwide. Often, difficulties in reading (SLD-RD) and mathematics (SLD-MD) occur together. Deficits in phonological awareness (PA) have been identified as the common factor between the two difficulties. Intervention in PA has been shown to be effective in SLD-RD; however, it is not clear whether it is also effective in SLD-MD. Neuropsychological intervention is usually conducted face-to-face, but when the patient is in a remote location or during extraordinary situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic, tele neuropsychology (TeleNP) may be a suitable alternative...
March 28, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Bijon Baroi, Samsad Afrin Himi
The Teenage Executive Functioning Inventory (TEXI) is a newly developed, reliable, and valid measure to assess deficits in executive functioning. The present study aimed to adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Bangla version of the TEXI in a sample of Bangladeshi adolescents. The cross-sectional research on 360 Bangladeshi adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years was carried out. Initially, the 20-item TEXI was translated into Bangla and pretested. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to test factor structure and measurement invariance across genders...
March 18, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Suad Mohammed Omar Abuzaid
The present study aimed to identify autistic traits as a mediator between visual working memory capacity and enhanced performance in visual-perceptual tasks in children with ASD. One hundred-forty children, ages 4-6 years, participated in this study (mean age = 5.34 ± 4.11, 98 males). They were recruited from Taiba Specialized Centers for the Care of People with Special Needs in Saudi Arabia. A correlational design was used to identify the mediating role of autistic traits in the relationship between visual working memory capacity and enhanced performance in visual-perceptual tasks in children with ASD...
March 7, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Burak Çakır, Aylin Deniz Uzun Çakır, Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Öznur Bilaç, Fatma Taneli, Hasan Kandemir
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is a substance that causes neurotoxicity and its use is increasing in recent years. Literature highlights cognitive impairment resulting from Methamphetamine use. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the relationship between cognitive impairment and inflammatory processes in adolescents with Methamphetamine use disorder. METHODS: The study included 69 adolescents aged 15-19 years, comprising 37 participants with Methamphetamine Use Disorder and 32 healthy controls...
March 6, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Tina Thomas, Julie A Grieco, Margaret Pulsifer
Survivors of pediatric brain tumors are at high risk for long-term neuropsychological difficulties. In the current case study, we present longitudinal neuropsychological data spanning 10 years (from age 9 to 19 years) of a patient with a rare, very large, bifrontal, embryonal tumor with abundant neuropil and true rosettes (ETANTR), which is typically associated with poor survivorship and significant neurological impact. Results demonstrated that the patient had largely intact cognitive functioning with specific difficulties in executive functioning, fine motor skills, and adaptive functioning at her most recent neuropsychology 10-year follow-up...
March 6, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Akın Tahıllıoğlu, Öznur Bilaç, Seda Erbaş, İlayda Barankoğlu Sevin, Hakan Mehmet Aydınlıoğlu, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
This study aimed to examine the associations between Cognitive Disengagement Syndrome (CDS) and Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). We included sixty "ADHD-only" cases and eighty-two "ADHD + SLD" cases with an IQ score of 80 and above, aged 8-15. We applied both a structured psychiatric interview and a mental status examination. Parents completed the ADHD-Rating Scale IV, Barkley Child Attention Scale, and Specific Learning Disorder-Evaluation Scale...
March 3, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Julia C Nahman, Cody Staples, Lauren N Irwin Harper, Luis Ahumada, Mohamed Rehman, Sarah Irani, P Patrick Mularoni, Danielle M Ransom
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the relation between resilience, emotional changes following injury, and recovery duration in sport-related concussion. METHODS: Thirty-one high school student-athletes (ages 14-18) with sports-related injuries (concussion, n  = 17 orthopedic injury, n  = 14) were recruited from a pediatric sports medicine clinic. Participants completed self-report resilience ratings and self- and parent-reported post-concussion symptoms as part of a neuropsychological test battery...
February 17, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
César Mejía, Alejandra Herrera-Marmolejo, Marcela Rosero-Pérez, Jorge Quimbaya, Juan F Cardona
This study investigates the effectiveness of a computerized cognitive test battery embedded within a video game to assess executive functions (EF) in deaf and hearing children. We evaluated a diverse cohort of 290 elementary school students aged 5 to 13 years (mean age = 8.86, SD = 1.96), comprising 74 sign language users, 14 Spanish-speaking deaf participants, 23 children with mixed communication methods, and 179 typically hearing individuals. Our statistical analysis focused on item discrimination, reliability, and criterion validation of the game-based assessments...
February 15, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Ahmet Bildiren, Tahsin Firat, Sevinc Zeynep Kavruk, Ceyhun Servi, Burak Sungur
There has been an ongoing debate on how to diagnose learning disability (LD), with experts proposing different approaches. Very limited research is available on the diagnosis of LD in Turkey. This study aims to analyze the problems related to the diagnosis of LD in Turkey. For this purpose, the intelligence test results of the diagnosed students, the opinions of the teachers who referred them for the diagnosis, and the views of the child psychiatrists and psychological counselors involved in the diagnosis were examined...
February 13, 2024: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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