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Applied Neuropsychology. Child

Sari O'Meagher, Kimberley Norris, Nenagh Kemp, Peter Anderson
The aim of the study was to compare parent and teacher ratings of executive function and behavioral difficulties of kindergarten-age preterm and term children. Parents of 82 and kindergarten teachers of 105 preterm (<33 weeks' gestation) children and parents of 49 and kindergarten teachers of 46 term four- to five-year-old children completed executive function (EF) and behavior questionnaires. The preterm children were rated to have more EF difficulties than the term children by parents and teachers. On the behavior scales, the preterm children were reported as having more attention control difficulties than the term group, but no other behavioral problems...
February 13, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Soran Rajabi, Ali Pakize, NozhatAlzaman Moradi
Neurofeedback (NF) is referred to as a "possibly efficacious" treatment in the current evidence-based reviews; therefore, more research is needed to determine its effects especially in combination with other treatments. The present study examines the effect of NF and game-based cognitive training on children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thirty-two male students with ADHD were assigned to NF (N = 16; Mage =10.20; SD = 1.03) and waiting list control (N = 16; Mage = 10...
February 8, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Patricia Laniel, Nadir Faci, Réjean Plamondon, Miriam H Beauchamp, Bruno Gauthier
In this study, we aimed to determine whether a new measure of fine motor skills, the Pen Stroke Test (PST), can discriminate between children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twelve children with ADHD and 12 controls age 8-11 were asked to produce handwriting strokes on a digitizer. The sigma-lognormal model derived from the Kinematic Theory of rapid human movements was used to analyze the strokes. Standard measurements of fine motor skills and handwriting were also obtained...
February 6, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Afsane Bahrami, Zahra Khorasanchi, Maryam Tayefi, Amir Avan, Najmeh Seifi, Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany, Gordon A Ferns, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Anemia is associated with impairment in oxygen transport, affecting an individual's physical and mental wellbeing, and work performance. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of anemia and its possible association with serum antibody titers to Hsp27 (as an indicator of cellular stress), cognitive function, measures of emotion, and sleep patterns in adolescent girls. A total of 940 adolescent girls were assessed to evaluate neuropsychological function with validated questionnaires. A complete blood count was determined as part of the assessment of hematological parameters...
January 20, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Koviljka Barisnikov, Marine Thomasson, Jennyfer Stutzmann, Fleur Lejeune
The main purposes of this research were to examine the relation between the processing of face identity and emotion expressions and then discern the significance of emotional expressions using Bruce et al. tasks. Two studies were conducted. Study 1 examined 225 typically developing (TD) children age 4 to 12. Results suggested that early recognition of complete faces and interpretation of emotional expression might depend on local processing abilities, while the recognition of masked faces and emotion expression matching seemed to share configural processing...
January 15, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Ana Miranda, Carmen Berenguer, Belén Roselló, Inmaculada Baixauli
The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is one of the most widely used screening instruments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined the relationships between the reciprocal social interaction, communication, and repetitive/stereotyped factors on the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and pragmatic, socialization, and behavioral problems in children with ASD and children with typical development (TD). Participants were seven- to 11-year-old children with ASD without intellectual disability (n = 52) and with TD (n = 37)...
January 14, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Anna De Nigris, Giovanni Masciarelli, Cecilia Guariglia
Present single case proves the effectiveness of a theory-based cognitive treatment on numerical and calculation abilities in developmental age. Both evaluation and treatment were designed on the bases of current models of numerical cognition, in particular Von Aster's developmental model. At the age of 7.4 years, HT was referred for a serious delay in the acquisition of numerical skills involving all numerical and calculation skills (written calculations, numerical knowledge, accuracy, rapidity). Following the rules of neuropsychological rehabilitation, HT was submitted to an early, intensive, HT-tailored treatment based on analogic representation of amount...
January 4, 2019: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Mazin T Alqhazo, Laila S Hatamleh, Mahmoud Bashtawi
This study examines phonological and lexical abilities of children with autism in Jordan. JISH Articulation Test (JAT) to measure phonological abilities and JISH School Readiness Screening Test to measure lexical abilities were used in the study. Children with ASD (n = 39) aged 4-8 years and 40 children with typical development were selected to participate in this study. The main finding of this study was that language impairment in both phonological and lexical abilities were noted among Jordanian children with ASD...
December 26, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
James Tonks, Charlotte Katie Whitfield, W Huw Williams, Alan M Slater, Ian J Frampton
Neuropsychological assessments results have significant implications for pediatric populations, based upon the assumption that the young person has adopted an effortful approach and has engaged in assessment. There is a commonly-accepted risk to assuming the validity of neuropsychological assessment results with adults, and, therefore, performance validity testing (PVT) has become a major topic of research and investigation and has become an accepted part of routine assessment. The same approach has not been adopted in assessment with children and a paucity of studies has focused on PVT in children...
December 24, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Hyunjoo Song, Mee-Kyoung Kwon, Minkyoung Park, HeeJung Chung
This study aimed inhibition mechanisms of auditory processing in the group with autistic features. Thirty-two children (autistic group = 16, typically developing [TD] group = 16) received neuropsychological tests, IQ test and experimental tasks. Both groups showed similar performances except the processing speed index. The results showed that the group with autistic features had less inhibition of return (IOR) than the TD group. However, we did not get a statistically significant group difference in the auditory Go-NoGo task...
December 24, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Yan-Ting Lan, Xiang-Ping Liu, Hong-Shan Fang
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder C subtype (ADHD-C) is associated with social rejection and peer difficulties. The present study evaluates the comparative efficacy of group executive function training (GEFT) with social skills training (SST) in children with ADHD-C in China. METHODS: A randomized, controlled treatment outcome study that comprised of 52 boys and 29 girls (age range: 9-12 years old) was conducted. The primary variable (peer relationship), secondary variables (executive functions [EFs] and social skills) and ADHD symptoms (inattention and hyperactive) were measured before and after the intervention and 3-month follow-up...
December 10, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Leandra Desjardins, Aden Solomon, Laura Janzen, Ute Bartels, Fiona Schulte, Joanna Chung, Danielle Cataudella, Andrea Downie, Maru Barrera
Pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTSs) may experience impairment in executive functions and social competence, but their interrelation is not well understood. This study aimed to address the specificity of this relationship. PBTSs (n = 91) were on average 11.21 years old, 5 years from diagnosis, and 48.4% female. One parent and PBTS completed the Social Skills Rating System (subscales: Cooperation, Assertiveness, Empathy, Self-Control, and Total), and parents also completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (General Executive Composite [GEC], Metacognition [MI], and Behavioral Regulation [BRI] indices) and the (Withdrawal scale)...
November 30, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Peviani Valeria, Scarpa Pina, Vedovelli Sara, Bottini Gabriella
The MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), which is broadly used as a cognitive screening test for adults, has been successfully adapted and standardized for children of different nationalities. In the Italian clinical settings, the Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE) is being more and more used as cognitive screening tool for children. However, the Italian norms for the MMSPE are available for the school age only. The current study was aimed at providing clinicians with the Italian normative data of the MMSPE for preschool age...
October 30, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Alessia Bocchi, Liana Palermo, Maddalena Boccia, Massimiliano Palmiero, Simonetta D'Amico, Laura Piccardi
Memory for object location requires at least three processes: object recognition, object location, and object-location binding. Gender-related differences during childhood are still a matter of debate, especially concerning memory for object location, where females are expected to outperform males. Memory for object position is pivotal for spatial navigation and its investigation during childhood is crucial in order to understand the roots of gender-related differences in spatial orientation. Actually, environmental objects, namely landmarks, can be located using egocentric and/or allocentric frames of references, as well as using the spatial translation between them...
October 30, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Bryana E Killion, Lisa L Weyandt
Numerous deleterious outcomes are associated with child maltreatment, and PTSD secondary to maltreatment is one of the most commonly cited diagnoses that may follow individuals throughout their lives. Recent neuroimaging research has observed significant structural abnormalities in individuals with maltreatment-related PTSD (m-PTSD) compared to maltreated individuals without PTSD and healthy controls. Therefore, the aims of this systematic review were to summarize the literature on brain structure in m-PTSD, identify methodological challenges and limitations, and provide directions for future research...
October 23, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Patricia A Garvie, Sharon L Nichols, Paige L Williams, Lynnette L Harris, Betsy Kammerer, Miriam C Chernoff, Veronica Figueroa, Steven Paul Woods
Prospective memory (PM), "remembering to remember," has been linked to important functional outcomes in adults. Studies of PM in children and adolescents would benefit from the development and validation of developmentally appropriate clinical measures with known psychometric properties. The Prospective Memory Assessment for Children & Youth (PROMACY), a performance-based measure of PM, was developed for the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, Memory and Executive Functioning Substudy, and includes Summary, Time-, and Event-based scores derived from eight trials with an ongoing word search task...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Janaína Nuñez Carvalho, Anelise Meurer Renner, Júlia Candia Donat, Tayse Conter de Moura, Rochele Paz Fonseca, Christian Haag Kristensen
There is evidence of an association between childhood maltreatment and lifelong cognitive impairment. Few studies investigate cognitive functioning in maltreated children. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in executive processing between maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Additionally, clinical symptoms were compared between groups and possible associations between clinical symptoms, and deficits in executive functions were investigated. The sample consisted of 55 children (8-12 years), 30 with a history of maltreatment and 25 with no history of maltreatment...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Anneli Kolk, Marianne Saard, Lisanna Pertens, Triin Kallakas, Kirsi Sepp, Kai Kornet
Social competence is often impaired in children with acquired brain injury (ABI), but evidence-based rehabilitation has remained undeveloped. This pilot-study aimed to create a structured model for sociocognitive rehabilitation for children with ABI. A total of 32 children aged 8-13 years participated: 22 with ABI -epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, or tic disorder and 10 healthy controls. Interactive computer-based applications were implemented into rehabilitation design using multitouch-multiuser tabletop (MMT) devices: Snowflake MultiTeach (MT) and Diamond Touch Table (DTT), plus MediqVR virtual reality (VR) platform...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Virginia Varela, Felipe Torres, Mónica Rosselli, Camilo Quezada
This study was conducted to explore the neuropsychological abilities of premature Chilean children. Two groups (Premature and Control, 10 children each, age ranging from 5 to 7.11) were established based on weeks of gestation and/or weight at birth. Relevant variables such as age, gender, schooling, and socioeconomic level were matched considering Chile's particular demographic context. Children were assessed by means of the Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (ENI-2) battery, measuring nine cognitive domains encompassing 23 subscales...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Sonia Gisela Ríos Cruz, Teresa Olivares Pérez, Sergio Hernández Expósito, Holman Diego Bolívar Barón, Margaret Gillon Dowens, Moisés Betancort Montesinos
We designed and evaluated the efficacy of a computer-based cognitive training program (Executive Function Enhancement Program [EFEP]) to stimulate executive functions through enhancing planning in normally-developing children. A total of 111 Colombian children participated in the study. Fifty-nine (53%) of the children were assigned to the experimental condition (application of the EFEP program) with two levels of planning performance, and fifty-two (47%) to the waiting list control condition with the same two levels of planning...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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