Deshinta Putri Mulya, Nuklear Adiwena, Neneng Ratnasari, Muhammad Juffrie
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) can be associated with parasitic infections, atopic drug reactions, or atopic diseases, such as asthma. This report describes 25-year-old and 27-year-old sisters with a family history of asthma who presented with abdominal pain due to EG. CASE REPORT Case 1: A 25-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of chronic left upper quadrant abdominal pain that did not improve with proton pump inhibitor and sucralfate therapy. She has a history of asthma and allergic rhinitis...
March 19, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Nityanand Jain, Piyush Chaudhary, Amit Shrivastava, Taranvir Kaur, Shabjot Kaur, Harmandeep Singh Brar, Ravul Jindal
BACKGROUND Thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS), including vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT), is an extremely rare adverse effect, mostly seen after initial vaccination with the viral vector-based AstraZeneca-Oxford COVID-19 vaccine. It is characterized by mild to severe thrombocytopenia and venous or arterial thrombosis. CASE REPORT Herein, we present a case of an 18-year-old male patient who developed Level 1 TTS (probable VITT) eight days after immunization with the ChADOx1 nCOV-19 vaccine (Covishield; AZ-Oxford)...
March 18, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Viktor Konoplitskyi, Dmytro Dmytriiev, Mykola Sidoryk, Oleksandr Dobrovanov, Marian Vidiscak
BACKGROUND The conflict in Ukraine during the past year has resulted in increased deaths and injuries to soldiers and civilians from military weapons and large and small caliber firearms. Unlike clinicians in some Western countries, until recently, clinicians working in Ukraine hospitals had little experience managing patients with gunshot wounds. CASE REPORT A 16-year-old boy was admitted as an emergency following a gunshot wound to the back of the neck from a Makarov pistol. The gun was reported to have been fired at a distance of more than 15 cm...
March 17, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Adebola Oluwabusayo Adetiloye, Farhana Alladin, Rasha Alaameri, Julio C Valencia-Manrique, Olurotimi Badero, Armeen Poor
BACKGROUND The management of (Coronavirus disease 2019) COVID-19 pneumonia is ever-evolving. Tocilizumab, a monoclonal antibody against interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor, have known mortality benefit in severe COVID-19 pneumonia, but data are limited regarding safety. Attributable to the immunomodulatory nature of this medication, patients may be at risk for opportunistic infections, including chronic cavitary pulmonary aspergillosis (CPPA), a slowly progressive disease characterized pulmonary infiltrates and often a newly-formed cavity...
March 16, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Carolina Bortolozzo Graciolli Facanali, Marcio Roberto Facanali Junior, Adriana Vaz Safatle-Ribeiro, Carlos Walter Sobrado
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB), a global public health problem, is a disease with a high incidence and prevalence worldwide. The risk of developing TB increases after starting anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC). Isolated neurotuberculosis (NTB) without other manifestations is a rare form of infection in these patients. This article reports a case of a severe UC patient with isolated NTB following long-term therapy with adalimumab and discusses the clinical aspects, diagnosis, management, and prognosis...
March 15, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Yumi Arai, Yasuo Yazawa, Tomoaki Torigoe, Jungo Imanishi, Toru Motoi, Masanori Yasuda, Ryuhei Tanaka, Takashi Fukushima, Atsuko Watanabe, Atsuhiko Ohta, Yuki Shimizu, Yuho Kadono, Kazuo Saita
BACKGROUND BCOR: CCNB3 sarcoma is a rare mesenchymal tumor that was formerly included in the undifferentiated/unclassified sarcoma group and was recently reclassified as one of undifferentiated small round cell sarcomas with a genetically distinct subtype in the WHO 2020 classification. Because of its rarity, still not much is known, especially about its clinical features. CASE REPORT A 15-year-old boy presented with almost 1-year intermittent thigh pain. On the first visit, a pathologic fracture of the femur and a big mass expanding through the femoral cortex with lobular shape and homogenous appearance were recognized on radiography and magnetic resonance imaging...
March 14, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Bader H Alsaeed, Ayesha A AlAbdulqader, Ali A Al-Qadhi, Hawra A Alaswad, Mohammed S Foula, Saeed J Alshomimi
BACKGROUND Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is a rare clinical entity that presents with acute upper-gastrointestinal bleeding or chronic anemia. It is characterized by endoscopic watermelon appearance of the stomach. It is usually associated with other comorbidities; however, few articles have previously described GAVE in patients with end-stage renal disease. Its management is controversial, and endoscopic management is considered the treatment of choice. CASE REPORT A middle-age female patient, on regular hemodialysis for ESRD, was referred to the surgical out-patient clinic as a refractory GAVE after failure of endoscopic management as she became blood transfusion-dependent...
March 13, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Daniah Aloufi, Saeed Baradwan, Samira AlTurkistany, Ghaidaa Hakeem
BACKGROUND The incidence of tumors during pregnancy, generally, is very uncommon. The incidence of lung cancer during pregnancy, specifically, is exceedingly rare. Several investigations have documented favorable maternal-fetal outcomes for later pregnancies after pneumonectomy due to non-cancer-related causes (mostly progressive pulmonary tuberculosis). However, very little is known about maternal-fetal outcomes for future conceptions after pneumonectomy due to cancer-related causes and subsequent chemotherapy cycles...
March 12, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Yoshio Hisata, Shun Yamashita, Masaki Tago, Motoi Yoshimura, Tomotaro Nakashima, Tomoyo M Nishi, Yoshimasa Oda, Hiroyuki Honda, Shu-Ichi Yamashita
BACKGROUND Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a fatal disease caused by the change of prion protein (PrP). Affected patients present with rapidly progressive cognitive dysfunction, myoclonus, or akinetic mutism. Diagnosing the Heidenhain variant of sCJD, which initially causes various visual symptoms, can be particularly difficult. CASE REPORT A 72-year-old woman presented with a 2- to 3-month history of photophobia, blurring vision in both eyes. Seven days previously, she showed visual impairment of 20/2000 in both eyes...
March 11, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Lin Xiong, Kristine J S Kwan, Jian Hou
BACKGROUND The removal of concurrent ureteral and renal stones within a single procedure has always been a challenge for urological surgeons. The incorporation of single-use digital flexible ureteroscopes into laparoscopic ureterolithotomy procedures has demonstrated effective removal of concurrent stones with a good clearance rate and decreased risk of bleeding and trauma. We report the successful removal of a unilateral upper ureteral stone and a smaller renal stone with this procedure. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old man visited the outpatient clinic with an ultrasonography report that revealed a large proximal ureteral stone with moderate hydronephrosis, accompanied by bilateral renal stones and prostatic hyperplasia...
March 10, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Yutaro Kanda, Takashi Yurube, Ryosuke Kuroda, Kenichiro Kakutani
BACKGROUND Myxofibrosarcoma involving the spine is a rare and intractable disease. Although wide surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, it is often difficult to complete marginal en-bloc resection due to adjacent neurovascular components in the spine. Separation surgery, a partial resection to achieve circumferential separation and high-dose irradiation such as postoperative intensity-modulated radiation therapy, has received much attention as a new therapy for spinal tumors. However, little evidence regarding separation surgery with intensity-modulated radiation therapy for a spinal myxofibrosarcoma exists...
March 9, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Andy Sing Ong Tang, Asral Wirda Ahmad Asnawi, Alex Zhi Yang Koh, Siew Lian Chong, Pek Kuen Liew, Veena Selvaratnam, Alina Md Fauzi, Ngee Siang Lau, Sen Mui Tan
BACKGROUND Plasma cell leukemia (PCL) is an aggressive form of plasma cell neoplasm. We report the first case of primary PCL successfully treated with upfront novel agents consisting of Venetoclax and daratumumab in combination with intensive chemotherapy and allogeneic transplantation. CASE REPORT A 59-year-old woman presented with epistaxis, gum bleeding, and blurred vision. On examination, she appeared pale, with multiple petechiae and hepatomegaly. Fundoscopy revealed retinal hemorrhages. Laboratory investigations revealed bicytopenia and leukocytosis, with mild coagulopathy and hypofibrinogenemia...
March 8, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Yuhao Zeng, Rahul Prasad, Rachel D King, Rajshri Joshi, Jason Lane, Sterling Shriber, Faris Shweikeh, Yani Zhang
BACKGROUND As an AIDS-defining illness, the neoplasm Kaposi sarcoma (KS) classically presents as cutaneous lesions that are often associated with periorbital edema. This association with KS is important because it frequently leads to the misuse of steroids in HIV-infected patients. This report presents 2 cases of AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma (AIDS-KS) associated with severe steroid-unresponsive periorbital lymphedema that responded to chemotherapy. CASE REPORT Case 1: A 30-year-old African-American man with KS-related periorbital edema suffered progression after receiving multiple corticosteroids for a presumed hypersensitivity reaction...
March 7, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Valentina Galvis, Carlos Eduardo Rey Chaves, Danny Conde, Mauricio Peláez, Juan Carlos Sabogal Olarte
BACKGROUND Echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by the echinococcus microorganism, a parasite with 6 described species in the literature, the main one in humans being Echinococcus granulosus. Transmission is via the fecal-oral route, with main hepatopulmonary involvement but with high risk of dissemination. Diagnosis is often incidental and patients present a wide range of non-specific symptoms, closely related to localization, size, and quantity of cysts. The latent risk of the infection is septic shock secondary to intraperitoneal rupture, which increases the risk of mortality...
March 6, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Albaraa Alfaraidi, Mohammed Alshehri, Lamia Alhijji, Ayshah Alshngeetee, Rawan Alshabeeb
BACKGROUND Microbial keratitis is a major complication of keratoplasty that is associated with serious ocular sequalae if not adequately treated. The purpose of this case report is to present a case of infectious keratitis following keratoplasty caused by the rare microorganism Elizabethkingia meningoseptica. CASE REPORT A 73-year-old patient presented to the outpatient clinic complaining of a sudden decrease of vision in his left eye. The right eye was enucleated during childhood due to ocular trauma and an ocular prosthesis was placed in the orbital socket...
March 5, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Mohamad Abdulhamid Alabrash, Mohamed Shaaban Elzouhiry, Hend Ahmed AlFadhli, Ammar Talal Asali
BACKGROUND Dental anomalies are common congenital disturbances that can occur as single findings or as components of specific syndromes. Primary bi-rooted canine teeth are rare dental anomalies that are more common in the maxilla. It is unusual for a child to have a bi-rooted maxillary canine, as this tooth is known for having a single long root, more than twice the length of the crown. The present report describes the extraction of a bi-rooted primary maxillary canine tooth in a 9-year-old Saudi boy. The report aims to contribute to a better understanding of the possible etiological factors of these rare conditions as well as to review the data available so far in the literature...
March 4, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Ashraf Warsi, Sameer Alamoudi, Anas K Alsuraihi, Mohammed Althobaiti, Mustafa Daghistani, Kawlah Samarin, Mariah O Alahmadi, Reema Ghazi Abuyabis, Raha A Bogari, Sarah AhmadZaki Filimban
BACKGROUND Breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-Abelson murine leukemia (ABL1) and Janus Kinase-2 (JAK2) mutations have been thought to be mutually exclusive in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MNPs), but recent data suggest that they can occur together. CASE REPORT A 68-year-old man was referred to the hematology clinic because of an elevated white blood cell count. His medical history included type II diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and retinal hemorrhage. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of the bone marrow was positive for BCR-ABL1 in 66/100 cells...
March 3, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Raymond C Walls, Hugo A Ubillus, Mohammad T Azam, John G Kennedy, Raymond J Walls
BACKGROUND This article presents a rare case of an intra-tendinous ganglion cyst of the peroneus tertius. Ganglion cysts are benign lesions frequently seen in hand pathologies, but they are rarely seen in the foot and ankle. This article discusses the present case and similar previously reported cases in the English literature. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 58-year-old man with a 3-year history of right foot pain caused by a mass located at the dorso-lateral aspect of the midfoot. Preoperative MRI demonstrated a ganglion cyst arising from the peroneus tertius tendon sheath...
March 2, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Neil U Parikh, Neal M Dixit, Austin B Churchill, Andrea Oliveira-Kowaleski, Ryan P Lau, Gregory A Fishbein, Jeffrey J Hsu
BACKGROUND Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a post-orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) complication driven by intimal smooth muscle proliferation and immune hyperactivity to donor heart tissue. Accelerated CAV leads to allograft failure within 1 year after receiving a normal angiogram result. Viruses can contribute to CAV development, but CAV after SARS-CoV-2 infection has not been reported to date. CASE REPORT A 48-year-old man, 5 years after OHT for non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, was admitted to the Cardiac Care Unit with 3 days of abdominal pain, dyspnea, and palpitations...
March 1, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Kyung Hun Kim, Dong Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND This report presents the case of a 58-year-old man with right hemiplegia who improved his gait and lower limb motor function following virtual reality (VR)-based physical therapy. The use of augmented reality or VR-based technology is being increasingly used to support physical therapy in patients with motor deficits and to improve gait, and can be used in small hospitals and outpatient departments. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old man was diagnosed with left hemiplegia due to traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
February 28, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
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