Keisuke Kuroda, Hirofumi Nakazaki, Hiromoto Kosaka, Hinako Hoshio
BACKGROUND Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a form of vasculitis predominantly affecting small blood vessels and systemic organs, including the lungs and kidneys. The serum ANCA is an important diagnostic marker for AAV. However, ANCA levels can be nonspecifically elevated in autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and some infectious diseases. Furthermore, RA and AAV can occur together. Therefore, when ANCA is detected in patients with RA, interpretation of the results is often difficult...
September 27, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Ajmer Singh, Chinmaya Nanda, Yatin Mehta, Anil Bhan
BACKGROUND Patients with COVID-19 undergoing emergency or complex surgical procedures are at increased risk of developing perioperative complications. CytoSorb is a blood purification therapy used to remove circulating cytokines in conditions of hyperinflammation. This report is of a patient with COVID-19 requiring redo replacement of the aortic valve and aorta due to aortic aneurysm of the ascending aorta (Bentall procedure) associated with Marfan syndrome. The patient was successfully treated with extracorporeal cytokine hemoadsorption...
September 26, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Carmelina Gurrieri, Westley T Manske, Carla Williams, Joseph C Wildenberg, Rachel J Keppers, Tiziano Tallarita, Nishant Saran, Andrew D Calvin
BACKGROUND Inherited deficiencies in the FBN1 gene, which encodes fibrillin-1, result in Marfan syndrome, an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder that is associated with aortic root dilatation and predisposes to aortic dissection. This report is of a 37-year-old woman presenting at 39 weeks of pregnancy with acute thoracic aortic dissection due to previously undiagnosed FBN1-related Marfan syndrome. This case report aims to illustrate the challenges in the diagnosis and in the peri-operative management of acute aortic dissection during pregnancy...
September 25, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Yuhei Fujisawa, Tatsuhito Miyanaga, Akari Takeji, Yukihiro Shirota, Yoshimichi Ueda
BACKGROUND Legionnaires' disease is one of the most common types of community-acquired pneumonia. It can cause acute kidney injury and also occasionally become severe enough to require continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a condition characterized by ischemia and necrosis of the intestinal tract without organic obstruction of the mesenteric vessels and is known to have a high mortality rate. CASE REPORT A 72-year-old man with fatigue and dyspnea was diagnosed with Legionnaires' disease after a positive result in the Legionella urinary antigen test pneumonia confirmed by chest radiography and computed tomography...
September 24, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Marina A Tumino, Marc B Royo, Sanjib D Adhikary
BACKGROUND Thoracic epidural analgesia is a commonly applied technique for perioperative pain management in major thoraco-abdominal surgery, but is complicated by high failure rates. The epidural electrical stimulation test (EEST) or "Tsui test" is a safe and effective method whereby low electrical current is used to confirm correct epidural catheter position and decrease the variability in analgesic effectiveness of the neuraxial technique. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 61-year-old woman with no prior cardiac or pulmonary comorbidities who was scheduled to undergo a ventral and parastomal hernia repair with component separation...
September 23, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Hiroki Uehara, Masaki Okuyama, Yutaro Oe, Takaki Yoshimura, Takahiro Gunji
BACKGROUND Heart failure is caused by coronary artery disease, valvular disease, and arrhythmias and is highly treatable with recent technology. However, the incidence of syphilis is increasing worldwide. This case report describes tertiary cardiovascular syphilis, accompanied by aortic regurgitation, syphilitic aortitis complicated by thrombus of the ascending aorta, and coronary artery occlusion, requiring percutaneous coronary artery intervention. CASE REPORT A 51-year-old Japanese man with no significant medical history was admitted to the hospital for worsening shortness of breath on exertion...
September 22, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Karim Makhoul, Tova Beeber, Ryan Cordero, Areej Khan, Merjona Saliaj
BACKGROUND Prion disease (PrD) is one of the rapidly progressive dementias. It typically requires several diagnostic criteria to fulfill a probable diagnosis, as definite diagnosis is based on isolated brain biopsy. There has been much debate on a possible infectious etiology of PrD. Viral infections are commonly pathologic in most neurodegenerative conditions. In PrD, misfolded proteins can be contagious and act as infective proteins, regardless of the pathologic agent. There is evidence that COVID-19 can result in neurologic manifestations, and neurodegeneration has been reported in the literature...
September 21, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Yuhei Fujisawa, Yukihiro Shirota, Tokio Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a rare systemic vasculitic condition characterized by bronchial asthma and eosinophilia. While biliary involvement is uncommon in EGPA, we present a unique case of EGPA presenting as steroid-responsive sclerosing cholangitis and cholecystitis. This case highlights the importance of considering EGPA in the differential diagnosis of biliary diseases, especially in patients with a history of bronchial asthma. CASE REPORT A 47-year-old man with a history of bronchial asthma presented with fatigue, weight loss, and epigastralgia...
September 20, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Istan Irmansyah Irsan, Satria Pandu Persada Isma, Aditya Stephana Mahendra
BACKGROUND Infantile fibrosarcoma (IFS) is a rare tumor. The highest prevalence is in the first 2 years of life. Cases typically manifest in the extremities, with rapid initial growth, are non-tender, and are a poorly delimited masses that vary in size or consistency and lack sensitivity. The treatment for IFS is a multimodal approach, and surgical excision has become the main treatment. This report aims to present the results of our work on IFS cases. CASE REPORT A 4-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital with a chief concern of a mass in the right lower leg that first appeared 3 years ago...
September 19, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Gabriel Velez-Oquendo, Vikas Kilaru, Kara Ye, Salman Ashfaq
BACKGROUND Pericardial effusions are considered to be present when accumulated fluid within the pericardial sac exceeds the small amount that is normally present, causing impairment in the diastolic filling of the right heart. This case demonstrates an uncommon presentation of a large pericardial effusion by showing its relationship to myxedema in a patient with untreated hypothyroidism. CASE REPORT A 42-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and opioid abuse presented to the emergency department due to altered mental status, for which he received Narcan without resolution of symptoms...
September 18, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Mariko Zenri, Mariko Higa, Kayoko Ikehara, Takamasa Ichijo, Takahisa Hirose
BACKGROUND It is well known that diabetes mellitus contributes to COVID-19 severity. Recently, there have been reports of an increase in the number of children with type 1 diabetes after the COVID-19 pandemic. CASE REPORT A 52-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department with disturbance of consciousness, accompanied by a 1-day history of thirst, a fever of 38°C, and breathlessness. She had a positive coronavirus antigen test. Her initial vital signs assessment showed a heart rate of 120 beats per minute, blood pressure 90/50 mmHg, temperature 37...
September 17, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Hilmi Muhammad, Lulus Hardiyanti, Saeful Anwar, Faishal Hanif, Adist Azizy Mara Ditta, Indra Sari Kusuma Harahap
BACKGROUND Congenital thumb duplication comes under the Wassel type IV classification is the hypoplastic variety, with the extra digit growing from the dominant thumb's soft tissue alone. Excising the hypoplastic finger while reconstructing for the retained one has been the most adopted approach. Tourniquets are commonly utilized tools in orthopedic surgeries to reduce the amount of blood, thus enhancing the visibility. Unfortunately, tourniquet-related nerve injury (TNRI) is gaining more attention as a serious complication of tourniquet use in surgery...
September 16, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Xiangjun She, Shixin Zhao, Zhe Lv, Jiwei Tao, Yun Zhang
BACKGROUND A retained ferrous intraocular foreign body (IOFB), introduced via penetrating ocular trauma, may result in ocular siderosis and visual loss that may occur after days or years. If diagnosis is delayed, therapy may also be delayed, resulting in a poor outcome. The present report presents the case of a 58-year-old man with a retained iron IOFB and late-onset siderotic glaucoma 1 month after the initial trauma. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old man presented with redness and eye pain in the right eye for 1 month after ocular trauma...
September 15, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Itagaki Hideya, Yoshinobu Abe, Tomoyuki Endo
BACKGROUND Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome, a rare condition in which the SMA and aorta occlude the third duodenal portion, can cause serious complications. We present the case of an 83-year-old Japanese man who presented with shock because of massive gastric dilatation due to SMA syndrome and developed multi-organ ischemia. CASE REPORT The day before admission, the patient had visited the emergency department with abdominal pain and was sent home following spontaneous symptom resolution, but experienced abdominal pain flare-up...
September 14, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Ahmad Alsaka Amini, Abeer Alzuabi, Mohannad Baniyaseen, Maro Gharbi, Mohamed Abdel Aziz, Mohamed Magdy Abbas
BACKGROUND A central venous catheter (CVC) is an indwelling catheter that is inserted into a large central vein for different purposes, including hemodynamic monitoring and administration of fluids and medications. This report is of a 47-year-old woman with a retained CVC line guidewire presenting with a large right atrial thrombus requiring removal during open heart surgery. CVC insertion is one of the most frequently attempted procedures in intensive care units, emergency departments, and operation rooms, especially for critically ill patients...
September 13, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Edzelle Hankins, Dmitri Khvolis, John T Spigos, Oksana Tatarina-Nulman, Brande Brown, Minnie John
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) was the leading cause of infectious death worldwide until the COVID-19 pandemic, which reduced case reporting and disrupted TB diagnosis and services. While Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, the disease burden within developed nations remains relatively rare. Although the many complications of TB are well known, no current data exists on those infected with TB who subsequently developed recurrent TB empyema, as it is such a rare complication, especially in pediatric and adolescent populations...
September 12, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Lamees Al Shaikh, Halah Bin Helayel, Samar A Al-Swailem
BACKGROUND The efficacy and safety of the implantable collamer lens (ICL) in correcting high astigmatism have been previously reported. They are commonly used as an alternative to laser refractive surgery due to advantages such as leaving the cornea untouched, inducing fewer higher-order aberrations, resulting in better optical and visual quality, and it is a reversible procedure. We aim to present the outcome of ICL in managing anisometropia without cataract in an eye with unilateral lenticular coloboma. CASE REPORT A 27-year-old man with a Marfanoid body habitus was seeking refractive surgery for the correction of high astigmatism in the right eye...
September 11, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Alaa Waleed Alqutub
BACKGROUND The maxillary third molar is considered one of the most impacted teeth and can present in different types based on the direction and depth of the impaction. However, the inverted type of maxillary third molar impaction is a rare condition, with few reported cases in the current literature. CASE REPORT We report an extremely rare case of a 48-year-old man with an inverted maxillary third molar situated in the maxillary sinus in direct contact with the posterior wall of the sinus, with a portion of the coronal part perforating the infratemporal fossa...
September 10, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Koyama Takafumi, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Ikuo Katayama
BACKGROUND The incidence of papillary muscle rupture (PMR), a mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction, has decreased in the reperfusion era; however, its fatality rate remains high. Timely recognition and prompt initiation of treatment for PMR are important to avoid prolonged cardiogenic shock; however, the symptoms of PMR are nonspecific, and early diagnosis is often difficult. CASE REPORT A 72-year-old woman with nausea for 2 days presented with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with obstruction of the obtuse marginal branch and 75% stenosis of the first diagonal branch...
September 9, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Ta-Kai Fang, Yung-Ning Huang, Tung-Ying Chiang, Xiang-Bo Liu, Yang-Bor Lu
BACKGROUND Bronchobiliary fistulas (BBFs) are abnormal communications between the biliary tract and bronchial tree. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a widely employed treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While TACE is generally considered safe, there have been reports of severe complications. This case report is about a 68-year-old man who developed a BBF 6 months after undergoing TACE for HCC. CASE REPORT A 68-year-old man was diagnosed with HCC and underwent TACE at a local medical department...
September 8, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
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