Paul Thöne, Roland Kropfmüller, Daniela Gompelmann, Bernd Lamprecht, David Lang
BACKGROUND A 52-year-old male patient presented with symptoms of chronic cough and persistent tracheal irritation 26 years after surgical closure of a tracheostoma, supported by an autologous auricular cartilage graft and cutaneous transplant. At the initial clinical presentation, the patient was an active smoker, with a cumulative dose of 31 pack years. CASE REPORT Bronchoscopy revealed endotracheal hair growth and local inflammation at the graft site. Initial anti-inflammatory, antimycotic, and antibacterial therapy was administered, followed by endoscopic structure remodeling...
June 18, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Yin Jiang, Joseph Mugaanyi, Shi Wei Zhang, Gao Qing Wang, Yong Fei Hua, Ye-Ming Zhou, Caide Lu
BACKGROUND rimary hepatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PHNEN) are exceedingly rare tumors with atypical clinical manifestations, accounting for less than 0.5% of all neuroendocrine tumors. Currently, there is a lack of consensus on their management, and guidelines do not recommend postoperative chemotherapy for patients with stage G1/G2 disease after curative resection. We present a case report of PHNEN, outlining its diagnostic challenges, treatment strategy, and clinical outcomes. CASE REPORT A 31-year-old man presented with jaundice and was initially diagnosed with suspected IgG4-related disease, which initially appeared to respond to steroid therapy, but manifested worsening jaundice 4 months after initial treatment...
June 18, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Maria Sousa, Regina Medeiros, Ana Luísa Rodrigues, Bernardo Dias Pereira
BACKGROUND Bartter syndrome is a rare, inherited salt-wasting tubulopathy caused by mutations in 1 of 6 genes that express ion transport channels in the thick ascending limb of nephrons. Excessive prostaglandin E2 and associated hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism occurs, causing polyhydramnios, polyuria, prematurity, failure to thrive, and characteristic physical features. Hypokalemia, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, and, depending on the affected gene, hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis are hallmarks of Bartter syndrome...
June 17, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Xingying Chen, Wei Bi, Xinyi Ruan, Limin Jin, Nenghua Zhang
BACKGROUND Flavonifractor plautii belongs to the clostridium family, which can lead to local infections as well as the bloodstream infections. Flavonifractor plautii caused infection is rarely few in the clinic. To understand better Flavonifractor plautii, we investigated the drug sensitivity and perform genome sequencing of Flavonifractor plautii isolated from blood samples in China and explored the drug resistance and pathogenic mechanism of the bacteria. CASE REPORT The Epsilometer test method was used to detect the sensitivity of flavonoid bacteria to antimicrobial agents...
June 17, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Howard Yu, Sahil Zaveri, Michael Schaible, Nabeel Butt, Said Tfaili, Adam S Budzikowski
BACKGROUND Compression of the vagus nerve by a pharyngeal mass is a well-documented condition that can result in sinus node dysfunction (SND). However, there is scarce literature on extrinsic vagal nerve compression from a tonsillar abscess. CASE REPORT A 59-year-old woman with a history of asthma and chronic throat discomfort presented to the Emergency Department with bradycardia, palpitations, and voice changes. Following a shellfish allergy hospitalization, an otolaryngology evaluation revealed an enlarged right tonsil, recommending tonsillectomy, but scheduling challenges persisted...
June 16, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Paweł Jurczak, Anna Romaszko-Wojtowicz, Anna Doboszyńska
BACKGROUND Lung cancer is the most common malignant neoplasm diagnosed worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment are of great importance for patient's prognosis. A wide variety of pulmonary conditions display clinical and radiological presentation similar to that of lung cancer, and the awareness of their existence can help in making correct diagnoses. CASE REPORT This article presents a description of 4 patients with an insidious type of lesions mimicking pulmonary carcinomas. The first patient was referred to Department with a tumor-like lesion in the right lung...
June 15, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Alessandra Di Maria, Filippo Confalonieri, Gianmaria Barone, Sofia Manara, Vanessa Ferraro
BACKGROUND Morbihan disease, also known as Morbihan syndrome, is a rare medical condition characterized by chronic facial edema predominantly affecting the upper two-thirds of the face. Despite being recognized in medical literature for decades, its true prevalence and underlying pathophysiology remain poorly understood. Various hypotheses, including impaired lymphatic drainage, abnormal vascular permeability, immune dysregulation, and inflammatory reactions to demodex infestation, have been proposed to explain the etiology...
June 14, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Chuang-Qi Chen, Zhi-Xiong Wang, Zhi-Hui Chen, Shu-Fen Liao, Gang Niu, Yu-Qing Chen
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic-perineal neovagina construction by sigmoid colpoplasty is a popular therapeutic approach for patients with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. The conventional approach requires an auxiliary abdominal incision to exteriorize the descending colon to fix the anvil for end-to-end colorectal anastomosis. We modified the natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) approach by exteriorizing the descending colon through the artificial neovaginal tunnel to replace the anvil extracorporeally, without requiring an auxiliary abdominal incision...
June 13, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Murali Iyyani, Melinda Madden, Joel Garcia, Patricia Couto, Vera M Rosado-Odom, Stephen J Carlan
BACKGROUND Histoplasma capsulatum is prevalent in the mid-eastern United States and is an environmental fungus that causes human infection by the inhalation of its spores. It is commonly associated with areas containing large amounts of bird excrement and can survive for years in the soil. Only 1% of infected individuals develop disseminated histoplasmosis or Histoplasma endocarditis. CASE REPORT A 61-year-old man with atrial fibrillation had 8 months of fatigue, low-grade fevers, night sweats, and unexplained weight loss presented to the Emergency Department...
June 12, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Jimmy Hong, Jeremy C Tomcho, Steven L Mai, Wissam Khalife
BACKGROUND Spontaneous coronary artery dissection can present with acute coronary syndrome, ventricular arrhythmias, or sudden cardiac death. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement in patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection is controversial. The purpose of publishing this case is to inform physicians of potential benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation in patients with spontaneous coronary artery dissection. CASE REPORT A 55-year-old woman presented with chest pain, with an electrocardiogram revealing anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction and troponin peak of 53...
June 11, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Christos Tsitsipanis, Ioanna Papadimitriou, Ioannis Tsoukaras, Nikolaos Moustakis, Sofia Lazarioti, Athanasios K Theofanopoulos, Georgia Kritikou, Konstantinos Ntotsikas, Panagiotis Simos, Emmanouil Kokkinakis, Dimitris Karabetsos, Antonis Vakis
BACKGROUND Penetrating traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by gunshots is a rare type of TBI that leads to poor outcomes and high mortality rates. Conducting a formal neuropsychological evaluation concerning a patient's neurologic status during the chronic recovery phase can be challenging. Furthermore, the clinical assessment of survivors of penetrating TBI has not been adequately documented in the available literature. Severe TBI in patients can provide valuable information about the functional significance of the damaged brain regions...
June 11, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Amani Alarayedh, Riad Sulimani, Eyad Alsaeed, Hisham Alkhalidi, Abdulrazag Ajlan, Ali Abdu, Ashwag Alqurashi
BACKGROUND Craniopharyngioma is a rare, partly cystic embryonic malformation of the sellar and parasellar region and is usually benign. This report is of a 55-year-old woman presenting with a second diagnosis of craniopharyngioma following diagnosis and successful treatment of craniopharyngioma as a 5-year-old child. CASE REPORT Our patient was diagnosed with craniopharyngioma at age 5 when she presented with headaches accompanied by nausea and vomiting, decreased visual acuity, polyurea, and polydipsia for 6 months...
June 10, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Loc Truong Tran, Jafar A Dada, Jeffery Matthew Meadows, Megan Dunnigan Willard
BACKGROUND The Over-the-Scope-Clip (OTSC) System is a class of endoscopic clips intended to provide improved strength and tissue capture compared to conventional through-the-scope clips. These clips are generally safe and effective in managing many gastrointestinal conditions, with a low overall adverse event rate. Although the OTSC has been used to treat gastrointestinal bleeding and bowel perforations for many years, it often is relegated to second-line therapy and has only recently become a first-line hemostatic therapy for gastrointestinal bleeding...
June 10, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Lei Qi, Liang Wang
BACKGROUND Cervical spondylolysis with spondylolisthesis is a rare disorder. According to previous reports, the spondylolisthesis is usually Meyerding Grade I, with only a limited number of cases receiving surgical treatment. We hereby report a special case of cervical spondylolysis with Grade-II spondylolisthesis, treated with single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), and present a literature review related to this problem. CASE REPORT Here, we report the case of a 52-year-old man who complained of posterior neck pain and numbness of the bilateral upper limbs...
June 9, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Mohammed Al-Haddab, Fatimah J Al Muqarrab, Ahmed Alhumidi, Maha Alkofide
BACKGROUND H syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder of histiocytic proliferation with clinical spectrum of unique cutaneous and systemic manifestations. There is no consistent treatment for the disease, and all available options are based on case reports. Here, we present the chronological progression of a case of H syndrome with typical cutaneous manifestations that was misdiagnosed early as meningitis-induced sensorineural hearing loss and later as a non-defined autoimmune connective tissue disease. A new tried, although failed, treatment option is described as well...
June 8, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Bandar Hetaimish
BACKGROUND Calcium gluconate is used to treat neonatal hypocalcemia, severe hyperkalemia, and neonatal convulsions. Calcium gluconate can extravasate into the skin's soft tissues, resulting in redness, skin nodules, and calcification of soft tissue, which can cause tissue necrosis. This report presents 2 cases of neonatal calcinosis cutis following the treatment of hypocalcemia with calcium gluconate. CASE REPORT Case 1. The patient was a 12-day-old male neonate who presented with a mass in the right foot. He was recently discharged from the hospital after evacuation of subdual hematoma triggering his seizures...
June 7, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Gundega Ose, Irina Evansa, Nikita Ivanovs, Natalija Zlobina, Indulis Vanags
BACKGROUND We present an exceptional case of asystole and tracheal diverticulum rupture as a result of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately following laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed at Riga 1st Hospital. Tracheal rupture after tracheal intubation is a severe but very rare complication that can be fatal. We present an incidental finding of the tracheal diverticulum and its rupture during CPR. CASE REPORT A 71-year-old woman (American Society of Anesthesiologists class II, body mass index 28...
June 6, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Jessica Cox, Khaled Chatila, Scott D Lick
BACKGROUND Effusive-constrictive pericarditis (ECP) is an uncommon clinical syndrome characterized by the coexistence of pericardial effusion and constriction involving the visceral pericardium. This differs from constrictive pericarditis, which presents with thickening of the pericardium without effusions. Specific diagnostic criteria of ECP include the failure of right atrial pressure to decrease by 50% or reach a new level below 10 mmHg after normalization of intrapericardial pressure. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 32-year-old obese man with multiple comorbidities who initially presented with flu-like symptoms and pleural effusion with development of constrictive-like symptoms...
June 5, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Jiang-Chen Peng, Yong-Hua Niu, Yuan Gao
BACKGROUND Persistent truncus arteriosus is a rare congenital cyanotic heart defect characterized by a single ventricular outflow tract. Without surgical intervention, it has a poor prognosis in infancy. Here, we report an adult female patient with uncorrected truncus arteriosus type I, who presented with acute-onset abdominal pain due to torsion of a small bowel gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). CASE REPORT A 41-year-old woman came to our Emergency Department with acute-onset lower abdominal pain for 2 days...
June 4, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
Abbas Mohammadi, Hossein Akhondi, Dhiresh R Joshi, Seyed Abbas Mirabbasi
BACKGROUND Peritoneal dialysis (PD) serves as a critical renal replacement therapy for individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), leveraging the peritoneum for fluid and substance exchange. Despite its effectiveness, PD is marred by complications such as peritonitis, which significantly impacts patient outcomes. The novelty of our report lies in the presentation of a rare case of PD-associated peritonitis caused by 2 unusual pathogens, emphasizing the importance of rigorous infection control measures...
June 4, 2024: American Journal of Case Reports
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