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Case Reports in Transplantation

Emmanuel J Minja, Miguel Tan, Melissa J Gibbs, Marwan M Kazimi, Jonathan C Hundley, Harrison S Pollinger
Uterine fibroids are the most common benign uterine tumors affecting > 50% of premenopausal women. The incidence, burden and symptoms from uterine fibroids are higher in women of African descent compared to Caucasians. Despite increasing number of African American females being evaluated for and undergoing kidney transplantation (KT), perioperative management guidelines for uterine fibroids currently do not exist. We present a case of a 40 y/o African American female with known symptomatic uterine fibroids preoperatively and medically managed, who underwent a successful KT and 4 years later progressively developed massive leiomyomatous uterine proliferation, causing a complete lateral displacement of the transplanted kidney with severe hydronephrosis, transplant ureteral obstruction and secondary urinary tract infections with bacteremia...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Allison P Watson, Claudio G Brunstein, Shernan G Holtan
Ruxolitinib is an oral selective Janus-associated kinase 1 (JAK1) and JAK2 inhibitor that was initially approved by the FDA in 2014 for treatment of myelofibrosis. In preclinical and retrospective clinical studies, use of ruxolitinib was shown to reduce graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) in allograft recipients with moderate/severe corticosteroid-dependent or refractory chronic GVHD. While the exact mechanism for action in GVHD is not yet fully understood, prospective studies are ongoing and some patients are receiving ruxolitinib in the setting of steroid refractory GVHD...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Lucas Souto Nacif, Estrella Bianca de Mello, Rafael Soares Pinheiro, Fabiana Roberto Lima, Rodrigo Bronze de Martino, Wellington Andraus, Luiz Carneiro D'Albuquerque
There is a worldwide problem of waiting time and mortality rate associated with remaining on the waiting list for a liver transplant. However, some situations have been encouraging in terms of determining appropriate recipients and expanding the donor criteria. We herein report a case of useful liver donor with sickle cell anemia for liver transplantation. Here we described a case of liver transplantation from a donor with sickle cell anemia to a recipient with hepatocellular carcinoma who was deemed to be at risk of tumor growth and at risk of being dropped from the waiting list...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Ryan J Hendrix, Paulo N Martins, Jeffrey S Stoff, Aaron Ahearn, Adel Bozorgzadeh, Babak Movahedi
We report two cases of successful renal transplantation with allografts from donors who suffered anoxic brain injury as the primary cause of death from house fires. Each was treated prophylactically with hydroxocobalamin (Cyanokit) for suspected cyanide toxicity. During organ procurement, gross examination was notable for deep discoloration of the parenchymal tissues. Approximately 6 and 18 months after transplantation, both recipients have excellent renal graft function and remain independent from hemodialysis (HD)...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Naomi Hauser, Tanmay Sahai, Rocco Richards, Todd Roberts
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/4028492.].
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Jakrin Kewcharoen, Klaorat Prasongdee, Supanee Sinphurmsukskul, Sarawut Siwamogsatham, Sarinya Puwanant, Pat Ongcharit, Vichai Benjacholamas, Aekarach Ariyachaipanich
Primary cardiac myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor. Tumor resection is the treatment of choice and overall long-term prognosis is good and recurrence is rare. This report presents a case of a young girl who presented with multiple recurrent cardiac myxoma. She underwent 3 sternotomy surgeries of 3 separated episodes of cardiac myxoma resection. On the fourth recurrence, the patient underwent orthotopic heart transplant. The patient tolerated the procedure well and is alive 6 months after the procedure with NYHA class I...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Go Anan, Koji Nanmoku, Masaki Shimbo, Masahiko Nagahama, Takaaki Kimura, Yasunaru Sakuma, Fumiyasu Endo, Yasuhiro Komatsu, Kazunori Hattori, Takashi Yagisawa
Studies on aortoiliac reconstruction for severe atherosclerosis with renal transplantation are limited. Here, we report a rare experience of the simultaneous reconstruction of the external iliac artery caused by severe atherosclerosis with polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft and renal transplantation in a 55-year-old female; she was unable to undergo standard renal artery anastomosis to the right external iliac artery because of severe atherosclerosis, which would result in complete occlusion. Next, we directly anastomosed the donor renal artery to the polytetrafluoroethylene graft...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Hryhoriy Lapshyn, Louisa Bolm, Martin Nitschke, Andreas M Luebke, Jakob R Izbicki, Yogesh K Vashist, Tobias Keck, Ulrich F Wellner
Long-term survival in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is limited. Consequently, solid organ transplantation in PDAC patients is usually not considered. This is the first case report of kidney transplantation (KT) in a 57-year-old female patient after extended multivisceral resection for PDAC of the distal pancreas who had developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to toxic kidney damage by chemotherapy. 13,5 years after initial PDAC-operation and 3 years after KT the patient remains in a good general health condition with sufficient function of the kidney allograft without local tumor recurrence or distant metastasis...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Hugo Bonatti, Naureen Iqbal, Catherine Kling, Willie Melvin, James Broome
Background: Hypocalcemia is a frequent complication of parathyroidectomy for secondary/tertiary hyperparathyroidism. In patients with a history of prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), changes in nutritional absorption make management of hypocalcemia after parathyroidectomy difficult. Case Report: A 41-old-year morbidly obese female with c-peptide negative diabetes mellitus and renal failure had RYGBP. Following significant weight loss she underwent simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Laury Chamelian, Austin Pereira, Kiran Grant, Catherine Maurice
Patients presenting with acute or chronic hepatopathy can develop altered mental status with psychomotor slowing, most commonly indicating encephalopathy. We present the case of a 56-year-old patient who developed subacute atypical neuropsychiatric symptoms including cognitive and behavioural disorganization, manic-like state, and lateralized parkinsonian syndrome. The sequence of events, complete work-up, and detailed neuropsychiatric examination were not compatible with hepatic encephalopathy or delirium; therefore we extended our differential diagnosis and suggested the pathophysiological process described below...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Serena Patel, Michel H Mendler, Mark A Valasek, Shirley M Tsunoda
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has not been previously reported as a complication of treatment with everolimus. A 56-year-old Caucasian male liver transplant recipient developed DILI after receiving everolimus. Elevations in transaminase levels occurred within a week of starting everolimus and an upward trend in the transaminase levels continued with supporting histopathologic changes confirmed by liver biopsy. Within one week of drug discontinuation, his liver enzymes normalized to baseline. This report includes a brief review of the pharmacokinetic properties of everolimus, a review of the relevant literature, and an analysis using the RUCAM and Naranjo algorithms...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Idris Yakubu, Abdolreza Haririan, Stephen Bartlett, Tracy Sparkes
Renal transplantation between monozygous identical twins provides an opportunity to utilize minimal immunosuppression to maintain stable allograft function, thereby alleviating the toxicities of immunosuppressive therapy. Despite monozygosity, there is a possibility of discordant protein presentation in identical twins that could trigger alloimmune response and lead to graft injury. Therefore, the optimal immunosuppression regimen in this patient population is unknown, and the safety of immunosuppression withdrawal remains controversial...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Thaer Obaid, Corinne Cricco, Ani Simka, Richard Fine, Saravanan Ramamoorthy, Radi Zaki
Central venous catheters play a pivotal role in the perioperative support of critically ill patients. They are used for administration of fluids, vasopressors, blood products, and various medications; however, their use may be associated with serious complications, such as catheter fracture and embolization. While most data on catheter fracture embolization consist of isolated case reports, only a few studies have examined patients with central venous catheter embolism. We report a traumatic inadvertent transection of central venous catheter that migrated through a donor transplanted liver and was found to be lodged in the recipient's right ventricle...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
K Ramdhani, M J A Malessy, M J G Simon, V A L Huurman
To date live laparoscopic donor nephrectomies (LLDN) are frequently performed. The most common complications entail bleeding, wound infection, and incisional hernia. Here we discuss a 50-year-old patient with a severe less known complication, namely, postoperative persistent neuropathic pain in the scrotum and left upper leg. Satisfactory pain control could not be obtained in 3 years of postoperative pain treatment which consisted of neuroleptic drugs, blocks of the L1/L2 dorsal roots with local anaesthetics, and pulsed radiofrequency lesioning...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Alexander Bullen, Mita M Shah
Acute kidney injury is common among kidney transplant recipients. Postinfectious glomerulonephritis secondary to nephritogenic streptococci is one of the oldest known etiologies of acute kidney injury in native kidneys but rarely reported among kidney transplant recipients. This report is of a biopsy-proven case of acute kidney injury in a renal allograft recipient caused by de novo poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis.
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Bruce E Gelb, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Natalie M Plana, Adam Jacoby, William J Rifkin, Kimberly S Khouri, Daniel J Ceradini, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Background: Donor-specific antibodies (DSA) to human leukocyte antigen increase the risk of accelerated rejection and allograft damage and reduce the likelihood of successful transplantation. Patients with full-thickness facial burns may benefit from facial allotransplantation. However, they are at a high risk of developing DSA due to standard features of their acute care. Case Presentation: A 41-year-old male with severe disfigurement from facial burns consented to facial allotransplantation in 2014; panel reactive antibody score was 0%...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Emily E Miller, Leigh Christopher Reardon
Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) historically primarily affects pediatric patients with leukemia who are undergoing chemotherapy or who have recently received bone marrow transplants. Although a few case reports have shown NE occurring outside of this typical population, to our knowledge, this is the first published case of NE occurring in the setting of pediatric heart transplant. This patient was diagnosed several months after pediatric heart transplant, with radiographs showing evidence of pneumatosis intestinalis...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Philipp C Seppelt, Rebecca von Haken, Jens Werner, Klaus Kallenbach
Indication for combined cardiac surgery and orthotopic liver transplantation is rare and patients are at high risks. Individual surgical strategy must be developed since a general standard of such procedure does not exist. We report the case of a 45-year-old woman who underwent simultaneously modified Bentall procedure and orthotopic liver transplantation. Underlying diseases were end-stage polycystic liver, aneurysm of the ascending aorta, and severe aortic regurgitation. To avoid prolonged bypass times, both teams worked simultaneously...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Juliet A Emamaullee, Klaudia Nowak, Marla Beach, Julinor Bacani, A M James Shapiro
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare vascular neoplasm with variable malignant potential that most often presents within the liver. Many patients present with bilobar or extrahepatic disease, and the current treatment paradigm involves liver transplantation, with favorable long term results. Up to 25% of patients are diagnosed incidentally following imaging for other indications, and confirmation of diagnosis requires histologic analysis, as there are no classical imaging features to distinguish hepatic EHE (HEHE) from other solid hepatic lesions...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
Marina Moguilevitch, Ellise Delphin
Domino liver transplant has emerged as a viable strategy to increase the number of grafts available for transplantation. In the domino transplant organs explanted from one patient are transplanted into another patient. The first successful domino liver transplant was performed in Portugal in 1995. Since then this innovative concept has been applied to several genetic or biochemical disorders that are treated by liver transplantation. An important consideration during this operation is that such livers can pose a risk of the de novo development of the disease in the recipient...
2018: Case Reports in Transplantation
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