Qingwen Kawaji, Sami Shoucair, Ali Darehzereshki, Alain Abdo
Pneumoperitoneum is the abnormal presence of free air in the peritoneal cavity. Oftentimes, it is a surgical emergency requiring exploratory laparotomy as most cases of pneumoperitoneum are due to perforated hollow viscus. However, not all pneumoperitoneum cases are surgical; nonsurgical pneumoperitoneum can arise from thoracic, abdominal, gynecologic, and other causes. We present a case of a 35-year-old male who developed a non-surgical pneumoperitoneum in the setting of drug overdose. The patient underwent robot-assisted diagnostic laparoscopy without findings of perforation or other pathology...
2023: Case Reports in Surgery
Benjamin J Behers, Brett M Behers, Ryan C Perez, Kabir Grewal, Joe Cyriac, Joanne Makar, Russell W Novak
Small bowel obstructions (SBOs) are surgical emergencies that can occur with mechanical blockage of the intestinal lumen. These blockages are most commonly caused by adhesions or hernias, but can also result from intestinal neoplasms. This case report documents the rare occurrence of SBO due to a submucosal leiomyoma. This case was complicated by the patient's longstanding history of Crohn's disease, which has a considerable overlap in symptomatology with SBOs. This may have resulted in a delay in the patient's diagnosis...
2023: Case Reports in Surgery
Emma Jane Hamilton, Samuel Ngugi, Rasika Kotakadeniya
A 41-year-old male presented to the emergency department of a regional Australian hospital with chest and abdominal pain. He became rapidly haemodynamically unstable and was diagnosed with a ruptured splenic artery aneurysm and large volume hemoperitoneum. Due to the regional location of our small hospital, endovascular services are not available and the patient required emergency laparotomy. At laparotomy, a 2 L hemoperitoneum was evacuated, and the bleeding splenic artery aneurysm was identified and controlled...
2023: Case Reports in Surgery
Thanate Poosiripinyo, Sermsak Sukpanichyingyong, Krits Salang, Chat Sumananont, Thanapon Chobpenthai
BACKGROUND: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a soft tissue sarcoma that originates from smooth muscle cells and constitutes approximately 5-10% of all soft tissue sarcomas. Vascular LMS is the least common subtype of LMS. About one-third of vascular LMS is located in the extremities, most commonly in the saphenous vein (25%). Vascular LMS originating from the popliteal vein is very rare, and to the best of our knowledge, only nine cases have been reported to date. Case presentation . We herein report a case of a 49-year-old woman who presented with recurrence of a mass that was located at the posterior aspect of the right proximal leg and extended to the popliteal fossa...
2023: Case Reports in Surgery
R Sguinzi, F Pugin, C Bader, A Meyer, L Buhler, L Widmer, D Staudenmann, B Egger
We describe a case of an uncommon early pancreatic cancer presentation in a patient in his 60s who had haemorrhagic shock from extensive haematochezia and required blood transfusions as well as surveillance in an intensive care unit. A splenic artery pseudoaneurysm that had been effectively embolized by angiography was seen to be actively bleeding into the colon lumen on a computerized tomography (CT) scan along with a necrotic mass of the pancreatic tail. A pancreatic mucinous adenocarcinoma was diagnosed by a transgastric biopsy...
2023: Case Reports in Surgery
James P Grantham, Amanda Hii, Tim Bright, David Liu
BACKGROUND: Rectal foreign bodies form a surprisingly frequent cause of presentation to the emergency department. The materials inserted constitute a wide range of size, shape, and texture with each presenting a unique set of challenges. Despite a seemingly innocuous presentation, if not recognised early and managed accordingly, significant complications can develop including obstruction, perforation, and sphincteric injury. The existing doctrines advocate endoscopic intervention after simple measures fail and advise against the use of laxative therapy due to concerns for complications that may arise...
2023: Case Reports in Surgery
Min Yien Tan, Kar Yin Fok, Huong Nguyen, Senarath Edirimanne, Michael Devadas
INTRODUCTION: With the rising rate of obesity world-wide, there are increasing weight loss options including operative and non-operative techniques. Endoscopic intragastric balloons (IGB) have gained popularity since its inception three decades ago and is viewed as a less invasive alternative to bariatric surgery. However, complications, though rare and probably under-reported, can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Case Presentation . We present the case of a 44-year-old woman who presented with a two-day history of upper abdominal pain, nausea, and obstipation, on the background of a Spatz3™ Balloon (Spatz FGIA, Great Neck, NY, USA) endoscopically placed seven months prior...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Jane Keating, Jason Wade, Katerina Dukleska, James Healy, Elizabeth Aitchinson, Jonathan Gates
Penetrating injury to the inferior vena cava (IVC) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Luminal narrowing can occur following lateral venorrhaphy and can lead to future morbidity. This case report discusses the success of patch repair following lateral venorrhaphy in two trauma patients. We describe the use of patch repair to eliminate stenosis of the IVC resulting from primary repair in the setting of traumatic injury. Furthermore, trauma patients are known to be at high risk for venous thromboembolism, and we describe the use of low molecular weight heparin as chemical prophylaxis for prevention of this complication following patch repair...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Nattawadee Wiangphoem
Background : Aorto-enteric fistula (AEF) is a rare but fatal condition. The incidence of the overall AEF was approximately 0.36-2%, but the incidence of the aorto-colonic fistula was scarcely reported. A history of abdominal pain, fever, or gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in a patient with a history of aortic intervention should be highly suspected of this condition. This report describes a patient with lower GIB after an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for a symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Ioannis Dimitriou, Nikolaos Christodoulou, Kleanthis Chatzimargaritis, Aristidis Kaikis, Eirini Kasti, Georgios Triantos
Introduction . Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from SARS-CoV-2 infection is linked to a hypercoagulable state, leading to arterial and venous thrombotic events, of which pulmonary embolism is the most frequent. However, arterial thromboembolisms may also occur as visceral infracts in unusual sites, such as the renal, splenic, and intestinal arteries. Case Report . A 46-year-old unvaccinated male with a COVID-19 infection was admitted to the COVID-19 isolation ward with symptoms of respiratory infection. He complained of epigastric pain and fever for several days; radiological imaging of the abdomen revealed complete splenic arterial occlusion due to a large infarct...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Savvas Lampridis, Rajdeep Bilkhu, Gianluca Lucchese, Andrea Billè
BACKGROUND: Complete surgical resection represents one of the most important prognostic factors for thymomas. However, surgery is usually not considered when there is invasion of the pulmonary hilum and mediastinal veins because of technical considerations or potential perioperative morbidity and mortality. Case Presentation . We present the case of a 37-year-old woman with a giant thymoma infiltrating the superior vena cava, left brachiocephalic vein, and most of the right lung. Following 3 cycles of chemotherapy with minimal tumour response, she was hospitalised with COVID-19 and refused further systemic treatment...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Yousef S Amr, Mousa M Saleh, Samir S Amr
We present a case of a greatly enlarged giant ectopic parathyroid adenoma that weighed 43 grams, which was located in the posterior mediastinum of a 74-year-old man. The patient presented with generalized weakness and decreased level of consciousness. He was found to have elevated level of serum calcium (19.9 mg/dl), and a subsequent assay of parathyroid hormone (PTH) was greatly elevated (2234 pg/ml). We report the course of management and outcome of the patient and present a review of the literature on giant ectopic parathyroid adenomas in the posterior mediastinum...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Jimmy Xu, Prateek Biyani, Andrew Rajkumar, Robert Orr
Oral care is an often difficult and an unappreciated part of hospital life. Patients who are unable to provide their own care rely on assistance from hospital personnel. Most sequelae from suboptimal oral care often present over months if not years, in the form of dental caries and periodontal disease. We present an exception, where a 66-year-old patient who experienced widespread ulceration and necrosis from Capnocytophaga -related sepsis received suboptimal oral care, resulting in their tongue being fused to their lip...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Alazar Berhe Aregawi, Alemwosen Teklehaimanot Alem
Mesenteric cysts are one of the rare causes of intra-abdominal masses. They account for 1 in 100,000 cases in adults and 1 in 20,000 cases in children. Mesenteric cysts are commonly found in the small intestine, up to 60% of cases, and occasionally in the colon. The clinical presentation of patients with mesenteric cysts is so variable and nonspecific. It ranges from being asymptomatic to features of acute abdomen very rarely. Surgery is the treatment of choice. Complete excision with negative margins plays a curative role in avoiding the risk of recurrence as well...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Parviz Mardani, Nazanin Ayareh, Hooman Kamran, Reza Shahriarirad, Masoud Vafabin, Neda Soleimani
Background: Colorectal cancer metastasis to the thyroid is extremely rare and happens in the late course of the disease. Case Description. Here is the report of a 55-year-old female patient who came to us with the chief complaint of cough, diagnosed with colon metastasize to the lung. Surgical resection of the mass was performed. However, a thyroid mass was found incidentally in her postoperative follow-up. Fine needle aspiration of thyroid mass showed papillary thyroid carcinoma. But, after thyroidectomy, the origin of the mass was reported to be adenocarcinoma metastasis from colon cancer...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Ahmed Shabhay, Zarina Shabhay, Kondo Chilonga, Theresia Mwakyembe, David Msuya, Fabian Massaga, Samwel Chugulu
Penetrating abdominal injuries involves violation of the peritoneal cavity and injuries to solid organs and other intraperitoneal viscera such as major blood vessels and hollow organs. Typically such injuries arise from gunshot wounds or stab wounds. With increase in crime rates and motor traffic accidents in urban areas, the trauma surgeon in civilian urban centers faces spectrum of injuries similar to his colleague in war torn areas. Potential spectrum of penetrating abdominal injuries is wide and accurate diagnosis in resource limited centers is challenging...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Zhi Kiat Sia, Jodie Trautman, Takako Eva Yabe, James Wykes
A 19-year-old female has multiple presentations to emergency department with recurrent abdominal pain. During her third presentation, the radiological features were suggestive of high-grade small bowel obstruction in a virgin abdomen. A diagnostic laparoscopy has been performed. The intraoperative findings include a band adhesion between omentum and small bowel mesentery, and perihepatic adhesions consistent with Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome. The histopathology from a biopsy of the macular lesions of the abdominal wall showed endosalpingiosis...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Hideki Ota, Hirotaka Ishida, Hidekazu Matsumoto, Tomoharu Ishiyama
Background: Sternoclavicular joint infections require en bloc resection for radical cure; however, this aggressive procedure may result in multiple adverse events. Therefore, performing minimally invasive surgery is desirable. In this report, we describe a case of sternoclavicular joint infection complicated by osteomyelitis, large abscesses, and mediastinitis that was successfully treated with incision and drainage. Case Presentation . A 42-year-old man with no medical history presented to our hospital with complaints of painful swelling in the left chest wall and acute dyspnea...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
Noritoshi Mizuta, Takuya Kikuchi, Yoshiyuki Fukuda
Intestinal malrotation is a rare congenital disease caused by abnormal intestinal rotation and fixation of the intestinal tract in the early embryonic state. Adult cases are rare. A laparoscopic Ladd procedure for adult intestinal malrotation is increasingly reported, but owing to the rarity, some important aspects of the disease and its treatment may be overlooked. Three adult cases of intestinal malrotation that underwent surgery at our hospital between January 2019 and October 2020 were retrospectively examined about patient backgrounds, short-term results, and complications...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
M Puglisi, M Peter, B Egger
OBJECTIVE: Perforation of the gallbladder (PG) is a dreaded complication of an acute cholecystitis and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Cholecystocutaneous abscess (CCA) is an extremely rare complication. There is usually a history of cholecystolithiasis or neglected chronic gallbladder disease. We report a case of perforated gallbladder into the abdominal wall. METHODS: A 65-year-old female, obese, was admitted to our department complaining of right upper quadrant abdominal pain...
2022: Case Reports in Surgery
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