Daniel A Zaltz, Noel T Mueller, Cathrine Hoyo, Truls Østbye, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Breastfeeding during infancy is associated with healthier beverage consumption later in childhood, but little is known about this relation during infancy. This was a longitudinal study of breastfeeding and less healthy beverage consumption during the first year of life, in a birth cohort study conducted 2013-2018 in the Southeastern United States (n = 666). METHODS: We estimated monthly rates of 100% juice and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption comparing infants who were exclusively or partially breastfed, versus those who were not, in multivariable adjusted models...
November 23, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Itay Nitzan, Nitzan Shakarchy, Jacob Megreli, Inbal Akavian, Estela Derazne, Arnon Afek, Alon Peled
BACKGROUND: Previous research on the association between body mass index (BMI) and visual impairment (VI) in youth has reported inconsistent findings. We aimed to investigate this association in a national cohort of Israeli adolescents. METHODS: This retrospective, population-based, cross-sectional study included 1 697 060 adolescents (56.4% men; mean age 17 years) who underwent mandatory pre-military service assessments from 1993 to 2017. BMI was classified based on the US age- and sex-matched percentiles...
November 21, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Oskar Lundgren, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Maria Henström, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: There is evidence for a link between hyperactivity and obesity, especially among older children. Both conditions seem to be multifactorial in origin and hypotheses of common underlying issues, such as emotional dysregulation, have been suggested. However, studies of the co-occurrence of the two conditions in younger age groups have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the longitudinal associations of psychological strengths and difficulties at 4 years of age with health behaviours, body composition, physical fitness, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors 5 years later...
November 16, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Enrique Gutiérrez-González, Marta García-Solano, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Nerea Fernández de Larrea-Baz, Almudena Rollán-Gordo, Belén Peñalver-Argüeso, Isabel Peña-Rey, Marina Pollán, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To estimate national and provincial prevalence of obesity and excess weight in the child and adolescent population in Spain by sex and sociodemographic characteristics, and to explore sources of inequalities in their distribution, and their geographical patterns. METHODS: ENE-COVID is a nationwide representative seroepidemiological survey (68 287 participants) stratified by province and municipality size (April-June 2020). Participants answered a questionnaire which collected self-reported weight and height, that allowed estimating crude and model-based standardized prevalences of obesity and excess weight in the 10 543 child and adolescent participants aged 2-17 years...
November 14, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Cody D Neshteruk, Shivani Chandrashekaran, Sarah C Armstrong, Asheley C Skinner, Jesse Delarosa, Emily M D'Agostino
BACKGROUND: Neighbourhood factors are associated with cardiovascular health in adults, but these relationships are under-explored in youth. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the associations between neighbourhood factors and child and adolescent health among youth with obesity. METHODS: Data were drawn from patient health records at a pediatric weight management clinic (n = 2838) and the Child Opportunity Index (COI). Exposures were area-level neighbourhood factors (commute duration, walkability, greenspace and industrial pollutants)...
October 31, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
David H Rehkopf, Janet M Wojcicki, K Farish Haydel, Jue Lin, Dana L Smith, Kristopher I Kapphahn, Thomas N Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in leukocyte telomere length (LTL) during and after a behavioural weight control program for children with obesity. METHODS: We measured LTL among a cohort of 158 children 8-12 years of age with a body mass index greater than or equal to the 95th percentile for age and sex. Children were 55% female, 29% white, 52% Latinx, 8% Asian and 11% Pacific Islander, other or multiethnic. All children participated in a 6-month, family-based, group behavioural weight control program and were assessed before treatment, after treatment and 1 year after the end of treatment...
October 24, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Alysha B Everett, W Timothy Garvey, Jose R Fernandez, Kirk Habegger, Lorie M Harper, Ashley N Battarbee, Samantha L Martin, Bethany A Moore, Amelia E Fouts, Jessica Bahorski, Paula C Chandler-Laney
BACKGROUND: Leptin resistance occurs with obesity, but it is unknown if individuals at risk for obesity develop leptin resistance prior to obesity. OBJECTIVE: Investigate whether leptin resistance is independent of weight status in children at risk for obesity due to intrauterine exposure to maternal obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Mother-child dyads (N = 179) were grouped by maternal pregnancy weight and GDM status: (1) normal weight, no GDM; (2) overweight/obesity, no GDM; (3) overweight/obesity with GDM...
October 20, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Feixiang Zhou, Gang Tian, Yiran Cui, Simin He, Yan Yan
BACKGROUND: The progress of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in childhood obesity and its indicators is challenging and there are differences in genetic studies in children and adults. OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the history of the development of GWAS in childhood obesity and its indicators and summarize the GWAS loci. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and GWAS Catalog databases were systematically searched from 1 January 2005 to 19 October 2022 for literature related to GWAS of childhood BMI, body fatness and obesity...
October 6, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Alexandra Descarpentrie, Lucinda Calas, Maxime Cornet, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles, Demetris Avraam, Sonia Brescianini, Tim Cadman, Ahmed Elhakeem, Sílvia Fernández-Barrés, Jennifer R Harris, Hazel Inskip, Jordi Julvez, Sabrina Llop, Katerina Margetaki, Silvia Maritano, Johanna Lucia Thorbjornsrud Nader, Theano Roumeliotaki, Theodosia Salika, Mikel Subiza-Pérez, Marina Vafeiadi, Martine Vrijheid, John Wright, Tiffany Yang, Patricia Dargent-Molina, Sandrine Lioret
BACKGROUND: Energy balance-related behaviours (EBRBs), that is, dietary intake, screen, outdoor play and sleep, tend to combine into 'lifestyle patterns', with potential synergistic influences on health. To date, studies addressing this theme mainly focused on school children and rarely accounted for sleep, with a cross-country perspective. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at comparing lifestyle patterns among preschool-aged children across Europe, their associations with socio-demographic factors and their links with body mass index (BMI)...
October 5, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Anna Reichenbach, Wade O'Brien, Sarai Duran, Kayla J Authelet, Robert J Freishtat, Evan P Nadler, Deepa Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for paediatric asthma. Obesity-mediated systemic inflammation correlates with metabolic dysregulation; both are associated with asthma burden. However, adipose tissue inflammation is not defined in obesity-related asthma. OBJECTIVE: Define adipose tissue inflammation and its association with metabolic measures in paediatric obesity-related asthma. METHODS: Cellular profile of stromal vascular fraction from visceral adipose tissue (VAT) from youth with obesity-related asthma (n = 14) and obesity without asthma (n = 23) was analyzed using flow cytometry and correlated with metabolic measures...
October 4, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Travis L Piester, Nitin Jagtap, Rakesh Kalapala
Obesity in paediatrics has become one of the most serious public health concerns worldwide. Paediatric obesity leads to increased adult obesity and is associated with several comorbidities, both physical and psychological. Within gastroenterology, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the most common cause of paediatric liver disease and the most common cause of liver transplantation in young adults. Treatment for NAFLD largely focuses on treatment of obesity with weight loss strategies. Unfortunately, the traditional method of weight loss using multicomponent lifestyle modification (dietary changes, increased exercise and behavioural modification) has often led to disappointing results...
October 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Cristhian H Aristizábal-Duque, Juan Fernández Cabeza, Isabel María Blancas Sánchez, Mónica Delgado Ortega, Pilar Aparicio-Martinez, Manuel Romero Saldaña, Francisco Javier Fonseca Del Pozo, Manuel Pan Álvarez-Ossorio, Martín Ruíz Ortiz, María Dolores Mesa Rubio
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Research on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and strain values in children and adolescents is limited. Our aim was to analyse the relationship between BMI and strain values of both ventricles and left atrium in children and adolescents. METHODS: Both ventricles and left atrial strain values were compared among different BMI categories in children and adolescents from a town in the South of Spain. RESULTS: Of the 198 subjects, aged 6-17 years, 53% were of normal weight, 26% were overweight and 21% had obesity...
October 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Tong Wu, Junwen Yang-Huang, Meike W Vernooij, María Rodriguez-Ayllon, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Hein Raat, Stefan Klein, Edwin H G Oei
BACKGROUND: Body composition between prepubertal children and adolescents varies, and it is unclear how physical activity and sedentary behaviour affect adolescent body composition. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the associations of physical activity and screen time with overall and specific fat depots in the general adolescent population. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort study, among 3258 adolescents aged 13 years, physical activity and screen time were assessed via self-report questionnaires...
September 12, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Michael Safo Oduro, Daniel Katey, Anthony Kwame Morgan, Prince Peprah
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adolescent problematic social media use (PSMU) and overweight/obesity and the potential explanatory pathways for this association are unclear. This study (1) examined the relationship between PSMU and overweight/obesity and (2) evaluated potential explanatory pathways for this association. METHODS: The data used in this study came from the 2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. A sample of 124 667 in-school adolescents from 39 high-income countries was analysed...
September 10, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Maurane Desmet, Alicia Fillon, David Thivel, Ann Tanghe, Caroline Braet
BACKGROUND: Integrating mobile health (mHealth) into paediatric obesity treatment can provide opportunities for more personalized and lifetime treatment. However, high attrition rates pose a significant challenge. The current study attempts to better understand attrition by exploring (1) attrition rates of a monitoring mHealth application for usage over 14 days and (2) testing predictors of attrition in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: Participants were 69 adolescents between 12 and 16 years old who engaged in a multidisciplinary obesity treatment centre (either outpatient or inpatient) in two countries (Belgium and France)...
September 7, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Alicia Persaud, E Whitney Evans, Meghan Perkins, Meg Simione, Erika R Cheng, Mandy Luo, Rachel Burgun, Elsie M Taveras, Lauren Fiechtner
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical public health concern. One potential determinant to obesity that is less understood is food insecurity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of food security status on body mass index (BMI) change in a Pediatric Weight Management Intervention (PWMI) consistent with national treatment recommendations. METHODS: This analysis included 201 participants from the Healthy Weight Clinic (HWC). Using linear mixed models, we compared BMI and %BMIp95 change per year between the food insecure group and food secure group, adjusting for baseline BMI, age and sex, and SNAP enrolment...
September 7, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Megan O Bensignor, Carolyn T Bramante, Eric M Bomberg, Claudia K Fox, Paula M Hale, Aaron S Kelly, Rashmi Mamadi, Nandana Prabhu, Nina M Harder-Lauridsen, Amy C Gross
BACKGROUND: As childhood obesity prevalence increases, determining which patients respond to anti-obesity medications would strengthen personalized approaches to obesity treatment. In the SCALE Teens trial among pubertal adolescents with obesity (NCT02918279), liraglutide 3.0 mg (or maximum tolerated dose) significantly reduced body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score on average versus placebo. That said, liraglutide effects on BMI reduction varied greatly among adolescents, similar to adults...
September 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Agustina Malpeli, María Victoria Fasano, Marisa Sala, Pablo Obregón, Carla Casado, Ignacio Mendez, Lucrecia Fotia, Daniel Castrogiovanni, Ana Varea, Liliana Disalvo, Andrea Tournier, Lucía Mazziota, Daniela Rocha, Ana Luz Kruger, Laura Orellano, María F Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Molecular biomarkers of maternal leptin resistance associated with infant weight are needed. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate gene expression of leptin receptor (LEPR), suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) and insulin receptor in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of lactating women and their relationship with infant body weight and adiposity. METHODS: At day 10 postpartum, maternal gene expression in PBMCs as well as leptin and insulin concentrations in plasma and milk were assessed (n = 68)...
August 31, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
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August 25, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
Jennifer Zink, Benmei Liu, Chih-Hsiang Yang, Kirsten A Herrick, David Berrigan
BACKGROUND: Time spent on screens and adiposity change rapidly from childhood to adolescence, with differences by gender and race/ethnicity. OBJECTIVE: Apply time-varying effect models (TVEMs) to a nationally representative sample of youth to identify the age ranges when the cross-sectional associations between television viewing, computer use, and adiposity are significant. METHODS: Data from 8 to 15-year-olds (n = 3593) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2018) were extracted...
August 14, 2023: Pediatric Obesity
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