journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863514/outcome-of-emergency-neurosurgery-in-patients-with-refractory-and-super-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-systematic-review-and-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Farbod Niazi, Aline Han, Lauren Stamm, Nathan A Shlobin, Catherine Korman, Thien S Hoang, Agnieszka Kielian, Genevieve Du Pont-Thibodeau, Laurence Ducharme Crevier, Philippe Major, Dang K Nguyen, Alain Bouthillier, George M Ibrahim, Aria Fallah, Aristides Hadjinicolaou, Alexander G Weil
BACKGROUND: Refractory (RSE) and super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) are serious neurological conditions requiring aggressive management. Beyond anesthetic agents, there is a lack of evidence guiding management in these patients. This systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis (IPDMA) seeks to evaluate and compare the currently available surgical techniques for the acute treatment of RSE and SRSE. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Individual Participant Data (PRISMA-IPD)...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863513/the-relationship-between-rehabilitation-motivation-and-upper-limb-motor-function-in-stroke-patients
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wenxi Li, Guangyue Zhu, Yang Lu, Jinglei Wu, Zhuoxin Fu, Junyi Tang, Guohui Zhang, Dongsheng Xu
OBJECTIVE: Insufficient motivation among post-stroke survivors may be an important factor affecting their motor function recovery. This study seeks to investigate the relationship between motivation and functional recovery in stroke patients undergoing rehabilitation training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 103 stroke patients with upper limb impairments were studied during their hospital stays. Assessments were done before and after rehabilitation training to measure motivation, emotional state, motor function, and independence in daily activities...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863512/effects-of-immune-cells-on-ischemic-stroke-and-the-mediating-roles-of-metabolites
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haoxiang Hu, Mi Zhou, Yunhan Zhao, Jiesheng Mao, Xiaokai Yang
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have not shown an association between IgD-CD24-B-cell absolute count (IgD-CD24-AC) and ischemic stroke (IS). Our study aimed to assess the causal effect of IgD-CD24-AC on IS and to explore the role of ascorbic acid 2-sulfate (AA2S) as a potential mediator. METHODS: Our study was based on the largest available genome-wide association study (GWAS). Inverse variance weighting (IVW), MR-Egger, weighted median (WMN), simple mode, and weighted mode methods were used to assess causal effects, with IVW as the primary outcome...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863511/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-migraine-patients-results-from-a-national-patient-e-survey
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gytis Makarevičius, Austėja Dapkutė, Kristina Ryliškienė
OBJECT: This cross-sectional study aims to investigate migraineurs' preferred complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) types and the factors influencing their usage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous e-survey was distributed to Lithuanian Migraine Association members, and social media migraine support communities. The collected data consisted of demographic, migraine-related questions, personal qualities, CAM habits. RESULTS: 470 respondents were analyzed...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863510/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-in-the-treatment-of-the-ophthalmic-branch-of-postherpetic-trigeminal-neuralgia
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fubo Li, Gege Gong, Yue Zhang, Cehua Ou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) targeting the supraorbital nerve for treating the ophthalmic branch of postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted involving patients who presented at the Department of Pain, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from January 2015 to January 2022. The patients were diagnosed with the first branch of postherpetic trigeminal neuralgia...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863509/association-between-abo-genotypes-and-risk-of-dementia-and-neuroimaging-markers-roles-of-sex-and-apoe-status
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meiling Li, Ruihong Yu, Xiaoyi Wang, Yanqing Zhao, Qixiang Song, Qi Wang, Chunying Fu, Shiva Raj Mishra, Nipun Shrestha, Salim S Virani, Dongshan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Whether the relationships between ABO blood genotypes (AA, AO, BB, BO, AB, and OO) and dementia are modified by gender and APOE status has been unclear. METHODS: We used data from the UK Biobank, a population-based cohort study of 487,425 individuals. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between ABO genotypes and risk of dementia. Multivariable linear regression models were used to estimate the relationship between ABO genotypes and MRI-based brain indices...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38863508/unilateral-hemilaminectomy-vs-laminoplasty-for-the-resection-of-spinal-schwannomas-an-analysis-of-100-patients
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaofeng Chen, Dianhui Han, Tie Mao, Huilong Xu, Hua Guo, Haitao Ge, Xiangyi Meng, Lei Teng, Liankun Wang, Qingchun Mu, Jiabin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Spinal schwannomas are the most common intradural extramedullary tumors, and their complete removal is recommended to avoid tumor recurrence. Although laminoplasty provides a sufficient window for tumor resection, this approach may increase tissue trauma and cause postoperative instability compared with unilateral hemilaminectomy. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and clinical outcomes of the two approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 100 consecutive patients who underwent unilateral hemilaminectomy or laminoplasty for resection of spinal schwannomas between January 2015 and February 2023...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859974/translation-and-validation-of-the-myasthenia-gravis-activities-of-daily-living-questionnaire-latvian-version
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arta Grosmane, Ieva Roze, Marija Roddate, Gundega Ķauķe, Violeta Žukova, Ieva Glāzere, Maksims Zolovs, Viktorija Ķēniņa
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to translate, adapt and validate the Myasthenia Gravis Activities of Daily Living scale into the Latvian language and to evaluate this instrument (MG-ADL-L) in terms of construct validity and reliability. METHODS: We enrolled patients with a confirmed MG diagnosis, who could speak Latvian fluently. We performed translation and adaptation according to the cross-cultural adaptation guidelines for self-reported measures. The patients were evaluated by a physician according to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America classification (MGFA) and using the Myasthenia Gravis Composite Score (MGCS)...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859973/association-between-blood-pressure-control-during-aneurysm-clipping-and-functional-outcomes-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiangning Han, Guogang Luo, Jiahao Li, Rui Liu, Ning Zhu, Shiliang Jiang, Wenlong Ma, Yawen Cheng, Fude Liu
OBJECTIVES: We explored the relationship between blood pressure variability (BPV) during craniotomy aneurysm clipping and short-term prognosis in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage to provide a new method to improve prognosis of these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the differences between patient groups with favorable modified Rankin Scale (mRS ≤ 2) and unfavorable (mRS > 2) prognosis, and examined the association between intraoperative BPV and short-term prognosis...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859972/enhancing-stroke-risk-prediction-in-patients-with-transient-ischemic-attack-insights-from-a-prospective-cohort-study-implementing-fast-track-care
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Valentina Barone, Matteo Foschi, Lucia Pavolucci, Francesca Rondelli, Rita Rinaldi, Marianna Nicodemo, Roberto D'Angelo, Elisabetta Favaretto, Carlotta Brusi, Benilde Cosmi, Daniela Degli Esposti, Sergio D'Addato, Stefano Bacchelli, Fabrizio Giostra, Daniela Paola Pomata, Luca Spinardi, Luca Faccioli, Gianluca Faggioli, Andrea Donti, Claudio Borghi, Pietro Cortelli, Maria Guarino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fast-track care have been proved to reduce the short-term risk of stroke after transient ischemic attack (TIA). We aimed to investigate stroke risk and to characterize short- and long-term stroke predictors in a large cohort of TIA patients undergoing fast-track management. METHODS: Prospective study, enrolling consecutive TIA patients admitted to a Northern Italy emergency department from August 2010 to December 2017. All patients underwent fast-track care within 24 h of admission...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859971/mri-parameters-predict-central-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-combined-with-redundant-nerve-roots-a-prospective-mri-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jingli Qian, Kaiwen Liang, Xianping Luo, Caiyun Ying
BACKGROUND: To observe changes in the cauda equina nerve on lumbar MRI in patients with central lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). METHODS: 878 patients diagnosed with LSS by clinical and MRI were divided into the redundant group (204 patients) and the nonredundant group (674 patients) according to the presence or absence of redundant nerve roots (RNRs). The anteroposterior diameter of the spinal canal (APDS) and the presence of multiple level stenosis, disc herniation, thickening of ligamentum flavum (LF) and increased epidural fat were assessed on MRI...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38859970/metacognitive-accuracy-differences-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-rem-sleep-behavioral-disorder-relative-to-healthy-controls
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Bălăeţ, Falah Alhajraf, Niall J Bourke, Jessica Welch, Jamil Razzaque, Paresh Malhotra, Michele T Hu, Adam Hampshire
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is the ability to monitor and self-assess cognitive performance. It can be impaired in neurodegenerative diseases, with implications for daily function, and the ability of patients to reliably report their symptoms to health professionals. However, metacognition has not been systematically assessed in early-mid stage Parkinson's disease (PD) and REM sleep behavioral disorder (RBD), a prodrome of PD. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate metacognitive accuracy and self-confidence in PD and RBD patients across various cognitive tasks...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854969/mechanisms-and-recent-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-nitrous-oxide-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Xiaodi Zou, Fangyu Yi, Weijie Zhou, Yanzhao Dong, Ahmad Alhaskawi, Haiying Zhou, Sohaib Hasan Abdullah Ezzi, Vishnu Goutham Kota, Mohamed Hasan Abdulla Hasan Abdulla, Olga Alenikova, Sahar Ahmed Abdalbary, Hui Lu, Changxin Wang
Under standard conditions, nitrous oxide (N2 O) manifests as a colorless, odorless gas with a mildly sweet taste. The compound finds applications in various fields, including its use as an aerosol propellants, an accelerant in motor racing, and an anesthetic in surgical procedures and dentistry. Unfortunately, the recreational misuse of N2 O has become prevalent among young individuals due to its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects. Compounding this issue is the fact that nitrous oxide can be easily obtained from over-the-counter household items, facilitating its non-medical use...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854968/factors-influencing-physiotherapy-decisions-between-restorative-and-compensatory-gait-rehabilitation-an-italian-multicenter-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fabiola G Mestanza Mattos, Thomas Bowman, Francesca Marazzini, Silvia Salvalaggio, Cristina Allera Longo, Serena Bocini, Viviana Bonci, Francesco G Materazzi, Elisa Pelosin, Martina Putzolu, Andrea Turolla, Susanna Mezzarobba, Davide Cattaneo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the factors that influence physiotherapists' decision in choosing restorative or compensatory rehabilitation during gait training in people with neurological disorders (PwNDs) and the different treatments used in the approaches. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis used the baseline data from an observational cohort study. We analyzed data from 83 PwNDs (65 people after stroke, 5 with multiple sclerosis, and 13 with Parkinson's disease) who underwent at least 10 sessions of physiotherapy (PT) focusing on gait function...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854967/bidirectional-communication-of-the-gut-brain-axis-new-findings-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
REVIEW
Zhang Wanyi, Yan Jiao, Huang Wen, Xu Bin, Wang Xuefei, Jiang Lan, Zhou Liuyin
Parkinson's disease (PD) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are the two chronic inflammatory diseases that are increasingly affecting millions of people worldwide, posing a major challenge to public health. PD and IBD show similarities in epidemiology, genetics, immune response, and gut microbiota. Here, we review the pathophysiology of these two diseases, including genetic factors, immune system imbalance, changes in gut microbial composition, and the effects of microbial metabolites (especially short-chain fatty acids)...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854966/the-role-of-digestive-system-diseases-in-cerebrovascular-disease-a-comprehensive-mendelian-randomization-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hao Qin, Shihuan Suo, Fan Yang, Pengfei Hao, Xianfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease, among the most prevalent neurological disorders, poses a substantial threat to human health with its elevated mortality and disability rates, placing considerable strain on healthcare systems. Although several studies in recent years have suggested a potential association between digestive system diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, the findings remain inconsistent. METHODS: Genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary data for 12 digestive diseases and cerebrovascular diseases were used to conduct Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854965/multimodal-imaging-and-electrophysiological-study-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-rest-tremor
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Federica Aracri, Andrea Quattrone, Maria Giovanna Bianco, Alessia Sarica, Marida De Maria, Camilla Calomino, Marianna Crasà, Rita Nisticò, Jolanda Buonocore, Basilio Vescio, Maria Grazia Vaccaro, Aldo Quattrone
INTRODUCTION: Distinguishing tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease (tPD) from essential tremor with rest tremor (rET) can be challenging and often requires dopamine imaging. This study aimed to differentiate between these two diseases through a machine learning (ML) approach based on rest tremor (RT) electrophysiological features and structural MRI data. METHODS: We enrolled 72 patients including 40 tPD patients and 32 rET patients, and 45 control subjects (HC). RT electrophysiological features (frequency, amplitude, and phase) were calculated using surface electromyography (sEMG)...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854964/editorial-machine-intelligence-and-technology-clinical-applications-in-neurology
#18
EDITORIAL
Sim Kuan Goh, Jimmy Y Zhong, Chow-Khuen Chan, Siti Balqis Samdin, Si-Lei Fong, Choong Yi Fong, Kheng Seang Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854963/balloon-angioplasty-for-intracranial-atherosclerotic-minor-stroke-tia-blast-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shuang Qi, Liang Liu, Fei-Xue Yue, Jing Qiu, Wei Li, Chao Li, Thanh N Nguyen, Ming Wei, Hui-Sheng Chen, Shou-Chun Wang
RATIONALE/AIM: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is a common cause of stroke in Asia and is significantly associated with stroke recurrence. The Balloon angiopLasty for intracranial Atherosclerotic minor Stroke/TIA (BLAST) study aims to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of early submaximal balloon angioplasty (SBA) combined with standard medical therapy vs. standard medical therapy alone in patients with minor stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) due to ICAS. METHODS: The BLAST study is a multicenter prospective cohort study which will enroll patients with minor stroke or TIA due to symptomatic ICAS within 1 week of symptom onset from 20 centers in China...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38854962/downbeat-nystagmus-a-clinical-and-pathophysiological-review
#20
REVIEW
Vincenzo Marcelli, Beatrice Giannoni, Giampiero Volpe, Mario Faralli, Anna Rita Fetoni, Vito E Pettorossi
Downbeat nystagmus (DBN) is a neuro-otological finding frequently encountered by clinicians dealing with patients with vertigo. Since DBN is a finding that should be understood because of central vestibular dysfunction, it is necessary to know how to frame it promptly to suggest the correct diagnostic-therapeutic pathway to the patient. As knowledge of its pathophysiology has progressed, the importance of this clinical sign has been increasingly understood. At the same time, clinical diagnostic knowledge has increased, and it has been recognized that this sign may occur sporadically or in association with others within defined clinical syndromes...
2024: Frontiers in Neurology
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