journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228948/mri-characteristics-of-chemotherapy-related-central-neurotoxicity-a-pictorial-review
#41
REVIEW
Mina F G Isaac, Rugaiyah Alkhatib, Chi Long Ho
The relentless advancement of chemotherapeutic agents has enhanced survival rates among cancer patients. However, this success comes with an increased prevalence of chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity, which often mimics the symptoms of metastatic disease or paraneoplastic syndromes and poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. Imaging, particularly MRI, plays a pivotal role in unraveling this conundrum.This comprehensive review explores the MRI patterns associated with central neurotoxicities induced by various chemotherapeutic agents...
January 17, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228934/translating-radiological-research-into-practice-from-discovery-to-clinical-impact
#42
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marion Smits, Andrea Rockall, Stefan N Constantinescu, Francesco Sardanelli, Luis Martí-Bonmatí
At the European Society of Radiology (ESR), we strive to provide evidence for radiological practices that improve patient outcomes and have a societal impact. Successful translation of radiological research into clinical practice requires multiple factors including tailored methodology, a multidisciplinary approach aiming beyond technical validation, and a focus on unmet clinical needs. Low levels of evidence are a threat to radiology, resulting in low visibility and credibility. Here, we provide the background and rationale for the thematic series Translating radiological research into practice-from discovery to clinical impact, inviting authors to describe their processes of achieving clinically impactful radiological research...
January 17, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228903/performance-of-dual-layer-spectrum-ct-virtual-monoenergetic-images-to-assess-early-rectal-adenocarcinoma-t-stage-comparison-with-mr
#43
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ziqi Jia, Lei Guo, WenJing Yuan, JianHao Dai, JianYe Lu, ZhiQiang Li, Xiaohua Du, Weicui Chen, Xian Liu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the image quality and utility of virtual monoenergetic images (VMI) of dual-layer spectrum computed tomography (DLSCT) in assessing preoperative T-stage for early rectal adenocarcinoma (ERA). METHODS: This retrospective study included 67 ERA patients (mean age 62 ± 11.1 years) who underwent DLSCT and MR examination. VMI 40-200 keV and poly energetic image (PEI) were reconstructed. The image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and tumor contrast of different energy levels were calculated and compared, respectively...
January 17, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228899/emergency-department-ct-examinations-demonstrate-no-evidence-of-early-viral-circulation-at-the-start-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-a-multicentre-epidemiological-study
#44
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amandine Crombé, Claire Dupont, François Casalonga, Mylène Seux, Nicolas Favard, Agnès Coulon, Thomas Jurkovic, Hubert Nivet, Guillaume Gorincour
BACKGROUND: Biological studies suggested that the COVID-19 outbreak in France occurred before the first official diagnosis on January 24, 2020. We investigated this controversial topic using a large collection of chest CTs performed throughout French emergency departments within 6 months before the 1st lockdown. RESULTS: Overall, 49,311 consecutive patients (median age: 60 years, 23,636/49,311 [47.9%] women) with available chest CT images and reports from 61 emergency departments between September 1, 2020, and March 16, 2020 (day before the 1st French lockdown), were retrospectively included in this multicentre study...
January 17, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228821/ct-energy-spectral-parameters-of-creeping-fat-in-crohn-s-disease-and-correlation-with-inflammatory-activity
#45
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xianchu Li, Wei Wu, Yan Yuan, Zhiming Zhu, Xiaowei Liu, Desheng Xiao, Xueying Long
OBJECTIVES: Creeping fat is a kind of unique abnormal mesenteric tissue at the sites of diseased bowel of Crohn's disease. By using dual-energy CT enterography, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of spectral parameters in the quantitative analysis of mesenteric adipose tissue or creeping fat. METHODS: In this study, patients with known or suspected Crohn's disease who underwent dual-energy CT enterography from March 1, 2019, to March 31, 2021, were enrolled...
January 17, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38228800/a-framework-to-integrate-artificial-intelligence-training-into-radiology-residency-programs-preparing-the-future-radiologist
#46
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Jorina van Kooten, Can Ozan Tan, Elfi Inez Saïda Hofmeijer, Peter Martinus Adrianus van Ooijen, Walter Noordzij, Maria Jolanda Lamers, Thomas Christian Kwee, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Derya Yakar
OBJECTIVES: To present a framework to develop and implement a fast-track artificial intelligence (AI) curriculum into an existing radiology residency program, with the potential to prepare a new generation of AI conscious radiologists. METHODS: The AI-curriculum framework comprises five sequential steps: (1) forming a team of AI experts, (2) assessing the residents' knowledge level and needs, (3) defining learning objectives, (4) matching these objectives with effective teaching strategies, and finally (5) implementing and evaluating the pilot...
January 17, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38191955/ultrasound-shear-wave-seeds-reduced-following-hamstring-strain-injury-but-not-after-returning-to-sport
#47
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Scott K Crawford, Christa M Wille, Mikel R Joachim, Kenneth S Lee, Bryan C Heiderscheit
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate differences in ultrasound shear wave speed (SWS) between uninjured and injured limbs following hamstring strain injury (HSI) at time of injury (TOI), return to sport (RTS), and 12 weeks after RTS (12wks). METHODS: This observational, prospective, cross-sectional design included male and female collegiate athletes who sustained an HSI. SWS imaging was performed at TOI, RTS, and 12wks with magnetic resonance imaging...
January 8, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38191718/clinical-and-non-contrast-computed-tomography-characteristics-and-disease-development-in-patients-with-benign-pulmonary-subsolid-nodules-with-a-solid-component%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-5%C3%A2-mm
#48
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shun Wu, Xiao Fan, Xian Li, Tian-You Luo, Xing-Hua Li, Qi Li
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and non-contrast computed tomography (CT) features of patients with benign pulmonary subsolid nodules (SSNs) with a solid component ≤ 5 mm and their development trends via follow-up CT. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 436 data from patients who had SSNs with a solid component ≤ 5 mm, including 69 with absorbable benign SSNs (AB-SSNs), 70 with nonabsorbable benign SSNs (NB-SSNs), and 297 with malignant SSNs (M-SSNs)...
January 8, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185779/imaging-phenotyping-using-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-radiomics-to-predict-micropapillary-and-solid-pattern-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#49
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Linyi Zhou, Jinju Sun, He Long, Weicheng Zhou, Renxiang Xia, Yi Luo, Jingqin Fang, Yi Wang, Xiao Chen
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a machine learning model using 18 F-FDG PET/CT radiomics signature and clinical features to predict the presence of micropapillary and solid (MP/S) components in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-six patients who underwent preoperative PET/CT with pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma were enrolled. After segmentation, 1688 radiomics features were extracted from PET/CT and selected to construct predictive models...
January 8, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185714/impact-of-point-of-care-clinical-decision-support-on-referrer-behavior-imaging-volume-patient-radiation-dose-exposure-and-sustainability
#50
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amy L Schranz, Dave T Ryan, Raegan David, Graeme McNeill, Ronan P Killeen
OBJECTIVES: When referring patients to radiology, it is important that the most appropriate test is chosen to avoid inappropriate imaging that may lead to delayed diagnosis, unnecessary radiation dose, worse patient outcome, and poor patient experience. The current radiology appropriateness guidance standard at our institution is via access to a standalone web-based clinical decision support tool (CDST). A point-of-care (POC) CDST that incorporates guidance directly into the physician workflow was implemented within a subset of head and neck cancer specialist referrers...
January 8, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185786/the-effect-of-feature-normalization-methods-in-radiomics
#51
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aydin Demircioğlu
OBJECTIVES: In radiomics, different feature normalization methods, such as z-Score or Min-Max, are currently utilized, but their specific impact on the model is unclear. We aimed to measure their effect on the predictive performance and the feature selection. METHODS: We employed fifteen publicly available radiomics datasets to compare seven normalization methods. Using four feature selection and classifier methods, we used cross-validation to measure the area under the curve (AUC) of the resulting models, the agreement of selected features, and the model calibration...
January 7, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185753/development-and-validation-of-a-predictive-model-based-on-clinical-and-mpmri-findings-to-reduce-additional-systematic-prostate-biopsy
#52
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xueqing Cheng, Yuntian Chen, Jinshun Xu, Diming Cai, Zhenhua Liu, Hao Zeng, Jin Yao, Bin Song
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a predictive model based on clinical features and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to reduce unnecessary systematic biopsies (SBs) in biopsy-naïve patients with suspected prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: A total of 274 patients who underwent combined cognitive MRI-targeted biopsy (MRTB) with SB were retrospectively enrolled and temporally split into development (n = 201) and validation (n = 73) cohorts...
January 7, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185710/economic-evaluation-of-percutaneous-cryoablation-vs-conventional-surgery-in-extra-abdominal-desmoid-tumours-in-the-spanish-healthcare-system
#53
JOURNAL ARTICLE
José Antonio Narvaez, Daniel Bernabeu, Lorenzo Muntaner, Fernando Gomez, José Martel, María Del Mar Castellano, Raúl García-Marcos, Reda Britel, Itziar Oyagüez, Nerea Tejado, Eduardo Ortiz-Cruz
BACKGROUND: Desmoid tumours (DTs) or deep fibromatosis are benign soft-tissue tumours, sometimes locally aggressive, requiring intervention on some cases. Surgery has been the gold standard, but new less invasive techniques such as percutaneous cryoablation have proved their effectiveness, reducing health resources and complications. The study aimed to compare the total cost of percutaneous cryoablation and conventional surgery for patients with extra-abdominal and/or abdominal wall DTs, candidates for local ablative treatment in Spain...
January 7, 2024: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38153591/ecr-2023-book-of-abstracts
#54
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38129708/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-automatic-deep-learning-network-and-radiomics-models-for-differentiating-tumor-stroma-ratio-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#55
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hongfan Liao, Jiang Yuan, Chunhua Liu, Jiao Zhang, Yaying Yang, Hongwei Liang, Song Jiang, Shanxiong Chen, Yongmei Li, Yanbing Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the feasibility and effectiveness of automatic deep learning network and radiomics models in differentiating low tumor stroma ratio (TSR) from high TSR in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on a total of 207 PDAC patients from three centers (training cohort: n = 160; test cohort: n = 47). TSR was assessed on hematoxylin and eosin-stained specimens by experienced pathologists and divided as low TSR and high TSR...
December 21, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38117404/deep-learning-predicts-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-in-clinically-node-negative-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#56
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Li-Qiang Zhou, Shu-E Zeng, Jian-Wei Xu, Wen-Zhi Lv, Dong Mei, Jia-Jun Tu, Fan Jiang, Xin-Wu Cui, Christoph F Dietrich
OBJECTIVES: Precise determination of cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) involvement in patients with early-stage thyroid cancer is fairly significant for identifying appropriate cervical treatment options. However, it is almost impossible to directly judge lymph node metastasis based on the imaging information of early-stage thyroid cancer patients with clinically negative lymph nodes. METHODS: Preoperative US images (BMUS and CDFI) of 1031 clinically node negative PTC patients definitively diagnosed on pathology from two independent hospitals were divided into training set, validation set, internal test set, and external test set...
December 20, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38117396/predicting-tumor-deposits-in-rectal-cancer-a-combined-deep-learning-model-using-t2-mr-imaging-and-clinical-features
#57
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yumei Jin, Hongkun Yin, Huiling Zhang, Yewu Wang, Shengmei Liu, Ling Yang, Bin Song
BACKGROUND: Tumor deposits (TDs) are associated with poor prognosis in rectal cancer (RC). This study aims to develop and validate a deep learning (DL) model incorporating T2-MR image and clinical factors for the preoperative prediction of TDs in RC patients. METHODS AND METHODS: A total of 327 RC patients with pathologically confirmed TDs status from January 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively recruited, and the T2-MR images and clinical variables were collected...
December 20, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38117394/a-european-society-of-oncologic-imaging-esoi-survey-on-the-radiological-assessment-of-response-to-oncologic-treatments-in-clinical-practice
#58
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giovanni Cappello, Vittorio Romano, Emanuele Neri, Laure Fournier, Melvin D'Anastasi, Andrea Laghi, Giulia A Zamboni, Regina G H Beets-Tan, Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Daniele Regge
OBJECTIVES: To present the results of a survey on the assessment of treatment response with imaging in oncologic patient, in routine clinical practice. The survey was promoted by the European Society of Oncologic Imaging to gather information for the development of reporting models and recommendations. METHODS: The survey was launched on the European Society of Oncologic Imaging website and was available for 3 weeks. It consisted of 5 sections, including 24 questions related to the following topics: demographic and professional information, methods for lesion measurement, how to deal with diminutive lesions, how to report baseline and follow-up examinations, which previous studies should be used for comparison, and role of RECIST 1...
December 20, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38105345/reply-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-referring-to-dual-energy-ct-for-the-detection-of-skull-base-invasion-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-comparison-of-simulated-single-energy-ct-and-mri
#59
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yang Zhan, Peng Wang, Yuzhe Wang, Yin Wang, Zuohua Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38105394/letter-to-editor-dual-energy-ct-for-the-detection-of-skull-base-invasion-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-comparison-of-simulated-single-energy-ct-and-mri
#60
COMMENT
Takashi Hiyama, Hirofumi Kuno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2023: Insights Into Imaging
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