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Oman Medical Journal

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671193/letter-in-reply-neonatal-bell-s-palsy-and-possible-correlation-with-human-leukocyte-antigens
#1
EDITORIAL
Abdulhafeez M Khair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671192/neonatal-bell-s-palsy-and-possible-correlation-with-human-leukocyte-antigens
#2
EDITORIAL
Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671191/impact-of-acgme-i-accreditation-on-patient-outcomes-at-hamad-medical-corporation-a-call-for-evidence
#3
EDITORIAL
Mohamad Abdul-Halim Chehab, Nagah Abdel-Aziz Selim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671190/what-could-this-thoracic-mass-be
#4
Kaarthigeyan Kalaniti, Inez Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671189/nasopharyngeal-mantle-cell-lymphoma-an-extremely-rare-entity
#5
Mark Paul, Najihah Hanim Asmi, Eshamsol Kamar Omar, Suhaila Abdullah, Irfan Mohamad
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare, aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with a poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. It seldom affects the Waldeyer's ring let alone the nasopharynx. Patients usually present at late stages of the disease leading to poor failure-free and overall survival rates. Intensive chemotherapy regimes and autologous stem cell transplantation have reported increased survival rates. We report a relapsed case of nasopharyngeal MCL, which previously occurred in the gastrointestinal tract...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671188/dissecting-aneurysm-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-as-a-complication-of-facial-bone-trauma
#6
Sami Tahir Al Kindi, Abdulaziz Bakathir, Faisal Al Azri, Khalifa Al Wahaibi
The involvement of the internal carotid artery in dissecting aneurysm is rarely reported in the literature and may occur as a complication of trauma, surgery, and other medical conditions. We report a case of a 22-year-old male who was involved in a motor vehicle accident with associated multiple orthopedic and maxillofacial fractures. During surgical management, the patient was incidentally diagnosed with a dissecting aneurysm involving the right internal carotid artery.
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671187/rare-association-of-leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-in-visceral-leishmaniaisis
#7
Bharath A Chhabria, Ram V Nampoothiri, Sweta Rajpal, Kirti Gupta, Sanjay Jain
A 30-year-old man presented with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and a rash over his lower limbs (palpable purpura). Evaluation revealed pancytopenia and hypergammaglobulinemia. A subsequent bone marrow examination and serology confirmed visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar), while the biopsy of skin lesion suggested leukocytoclastic vasculitis. No alternate cause of vasculitis was forthcoming, and the patient was treated with conventional amphotericin B for 14 days after which resolution of symptoms (including the rash) was noted...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671186/chikungunya-masquerading-as-acute-rheumatism-in-an-omani-traveler
#8
Mohammed Al Amin, Shadin Ibrahim, Abdullah Balkhair, Ibrahim Al Busaidi, Zied Gaifer, Hashim Ba Taher
Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease. It typically presents as an acute febrile illness associated with a varying degree of arthralgia and musculoskeletal sequelae. Cases of chikungunya have been reported from more than 40 countries in several continents. Chikungunya is often reported in travelers returning to non-endemic/epidemic countries. With increasing international travel, it is vital that clinicians in non-endemic areas are made aware of this rapidly spreading infection. Increasing international travel (for social, leisure, and business) between Oman and several chikungunya endemic countries including Pakistan may facilitate the introduction of chikungunya to Oman...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671185/evaluation-of-fto-rs9939609-and-mc4r-rs17782313-polymorphisms-as-prognostic-biomarkers-of-obesity-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mina Mozafarizadeh, Mohsen Mohammadi, Soha Sadeghi, Morteza Hadizadeh, Tayebe Talebzade, Massoud Houshmand
Objectives: Obesity is a significant risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. Obesity usually results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including genetics and lifestyle choices. Many studies have shown an association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the fat mass and obesity-associated ( FTO ) and the melanocortin-4 receptor ( MC4R ) genes with body mass index (BMI). Therefore, recognizing the main genes and their relevant genetic variants will aid prediction of obesity risk...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671184/the-effectiveness-of-a-voice-care-program-among-primary-school-teachers-in-northeastern-malaysia
#10
Esther Rishma Sundram, Bachok Norsa'adah, Hazama Mohamad, Foong Ming Moy, Nik Rosmawati Nik Husain, Mohd Nazri Shafei
Objectives: We sought to determine the effectiveness of a voice care program among primary school teachers in a northeastern district in Malaysia. Methods: We conducted a randomized community trial in eight primary schools in a northeastern district in Malaysia. The self-administered and validated Malay-Voice Handicap Index-10 (M-VHI-10) questionnaire was used to assess overall voice handicap scores pre-intervention and eight weeks post-intervention. Teachers with a score of five or more (n = 86) were randomized into intervention (n = 41) and control groups (n = 45)...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671183/gender-differences-and-obesity-influence-on-pulmonary-function-parameters
#11
Rahimah Zakaria, Noraini Harif, Badriya Al-Rahbi, Che Badariah Abdul Aziz, Asma Hayati Ahmad
Objectives: Overweight and obesity are known to cause various patterns of alteration to the pulmonary function test (PFT) parameters. We sought to investigate gender differences in PFT parameters and examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and PFT parameters. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 126 patients referred for a PFT by various medical specialties between January and December 2015. PFT was measured using spirometry, and BMI was calculated using Quetelet's index...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671182/autologous-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-transplantation-among-lymphoproliferative-disease-patients-factors-influencing-engraftment
#12
Mohd Nazri Hassan, Hafizuddin Mohamed Fauzi, Azlan Husin, Rapiaah Mustaffa, Rosline Hassan, Mohd Ismail Ibrahim, Noor Haslina Mohd Noor
Objectives: Autologous peripheral blood stem cells transplantation (APBSCT) is a therapeutic option which can be used in various hematological, neoplastic disorders including lymphoproliferative disease (LPD). Differences in patient populations and treatment modalities in different transplant centers mean it is important to improve the knowledge of the different factors affecting engraftment after APBSCT for the success of this procedure. We sought to determine the factors influencing neutrophil and platelet engraftment after APBSCT in patients with LPD...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671181/a-novel-non-invasive-technique-of-measuring-bilirubin-levels-using-bilicapture
#13
Moattar Raza Rizvi, Farah Mansoor Alaskar, Raid Saleem Albaradie, Noor Fatima Rizvi, Khaled Al-Abdulwahab
Objectives: In preterm infants, hyperbilirubinemia is common and can impair the central nervous system. The tests available for measuring bilirubin is to collect blood from heel pricking and occasionally taking blood samples from inserted cannulas, which is painful. Therefore, there is a need to develop a non-invasive device to detect bilirubin levels in newborns and interpret the severity of jaundice. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 100 neonates...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671180/glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-across-primary-and-tertiary-government-health-sectors-in-the-emirate-of-dubai-united-arab-emirates-a-five-year-pattern
#14
Fatheya Alawadi, Elamin Abdelgadir, Alaaeldin Bashier, Mohamed Hassanein, Fauzia Rashid, Maryam Alsaeed, Khadija Hafidh, Mohamed Abdellatif Elsayed, Sona Abuelkheir, Muhammad H Farooqi
Objectives: In the UAE, the comparative prevalence of diabetes is reported as 18.98%, but there are very few studies evaluating glycemic control. Attaining the optimum glycemic control has been a global challenge over the years. However, there is a trend of global improvement with the availability of newer options of antidiabetic medications, increasing numbers of physicians, and patient awareness. Our primary aim was to assess the level of glycemic control across Dubai Health Authority points of care over the past five years...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671179/impact-of-blood-transfusion-on-troponin-i-levels-and-outcomes-after-cardiac-surgery-a-cohort-study
#15
Arwa Z Al-Riyami, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Balan Baskaran, Hatim Al-Lawati, Mirdavron Mukaddirov, Hilal A Al-Sabti
Objectives: Increased cardiac troponin I (TI) has been suggested to be a sensitive indicator of intraoperative myocardial injury. We investigated the association of transfusion on TI levels post-surgery and outcomes in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgeries. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 542 patients. Patients were divided into two groups based on TI levels at 24 hours (TI24) (> 6.5 µg/L vs. ≤ 6.5 µg/L). The impact of transfusion on TI levels was estimated using logistic regression and adjusted for using a multivariable model that included aortic cross-clamp time and preoperative ejection fraction...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671178/scorpion-sting-management-at-tertiary-and-secondary-care-emergency-departments
#16
Suad Al Abri, Munira Al Rumhi, Ghaitha Al Mahruqi, Ali Salih Shakir
Objectives: We sought to review the management of scorpion stings in tertiary and secondary care emergency departments in Oman and determine physician's knowledge of management protocols. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all scorpion stings cases seen in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) emergency department (ED) from March 2016 to July 2017. Additionally, we conducted a survey of ED physicians regarding their management of scorpion stings in three different EDs including SQUH...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671177/successes-and-challenges-of-hiv-aids-program-in-oman-1984-2015
#17
REVIEW
Salah T Al Awaidy, Adithya Sharanya
We sought to provide an epidemiological situation of HIV in Oman and assess the ongoing impact of the program established in 1987 using data collected from national health reports between 1984 and 2015. Since the report of the first AIDS case in Oman in 1984, the numbers have steadily increased. Eighty percent of the cases were reported between 1996 and 2015. By the end of 2015, there were 2879 people known to be living with HIV (PLHIV) giving a prevalence of < 1%. More males were affected than females ( p < 0...
January 2019: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30410701/letter-in-reply-thrombophilic-evaluation-in-cases-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#18
EDITORIAL
Sudhir Kumar Palat Chirakkara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30410700/thrombophilic-evaluation-in-cases-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#19
EDITORIAL
Helia Hemasian, Atousa Hakamifard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30410699/radiology-quiz-right-thoracic-cavity-mass
#20
Aziza Al Ghafri, Amira Gano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Oman Medical Journal
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