journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38370333/an-unexpected-midline-neck-swelling-in-a-young-female
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jennifer Peak Hui Lee, Jeyasakthy Saniasiaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357435/two-common-pelvic-diseases-detected-on-x-ray-pelvis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Minal Dhanvij, Avantika Gupta, Bishnupriya Moharana, Chandrakant Munjewar, Neha Gangane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357434/incremental-cost-effectiveness-thresholds-for-policy-decision-makers-is-icer-the-most-appropriate-measure-to-use
#3
EDITORIAL
Sultana Al Sabahi, Ahmed Almasharfi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38357433/latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-a-case-report
#4
Khalid Shaikh, Natasha Mathew
Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a slow progressive autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells. This condition tends to manifest during adulthood, often around 35 years of age. While LADA can initially be managed by oral medications, eventually the patient will require insulin. We report a case of a 34-year-old woman who was initially treated for type 2 diabetes mellitus but was later diagnosed with LADA.
January 2024: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38371506/rectal-lymphoma-report-of-a-rare-case
#5
Ali Hayder Baqer Al-Dujaili, Ibrahim Al Alawi, Nabila Ali Said Al Julandani
Rectal lymphoma is a rare condition, presenting in less than 0.5% of all primary rectal neoplasms. Due to the disease's primary non-specific symptoms, its diagnosis is usually made at advanced stages. Clinically, it is indistinguishable from rectal carcinoma. The optimal approach for managing rectal lymphoma has still not been determined. We report a case of primary rectal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (stage IV) in a 71-year-old Omani woman.
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38343447/acute-pulmonary-embolism-in-oman-a-situational-analysis
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sally Al Harrasi, Issa Al Salmi, Nasser Al Busaidi
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is increasingly prevalent in Oman. The aim of this situational analysis of PE among Omani patients was to study its predisposing factors, diagnostic issues, and optimal management. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional situational analysis, the subjects were Omani patients who were diagnosed with acute PE using computed tomography pulmonary angiogram from 2010-2021. The required data was collected from the hospital database and statistically analyzed...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38317858/epidemiology-management-and-outcome-of-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-in-an-omani-cohort
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dawood Al Riyami, Saja Mohammed, Issa Al Salmi, AbdelMasiah Metry, Naifain Al Kalbani, Fathyia Almurshadi, Samira Al Rasbi, Faisal Al Ismaili, Alan Hola, Suad Hannawi
OBJECTIVES: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare, life-threatening disease of chronic uncontrolled complement pathway activation that leads to thrombotic-microangiopathy, along with severe organ damage, including end-stage kidney disease. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology, management, and outcome of aHUS in an Omani population. METHODS: This retrospective descriptive cohort study assessed all cases of aHUS diagnosed and followed up at two tertiary care centers in Oman from January 2008 to December 2019, based on clinical features, complement pathway assays, histopathological, and genetic testing...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38293270/healthy-aging-and-its-determinants-among-community-dwelling-older-persons-in-east-coast-malaysia-a-multidimensional-assessment
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Suriawati Ghazali, Aniza Abd Aziz, Rahmah Mohd Amin
OBJECTIVES: Exploring the possibility of healthy aging among older persons is crucial for achieving optimal health in the growing older population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern, and determinants of healthy aging among older persons in Terengganu, Malaysia. METHODS: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study involving older persons aged % 60 years. An interviewer-guided questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, and physical assessments were administered to operationalize healthy aging based on a multidimensional concept...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38283211/integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-in-oman-16-years-of-pre-service-initiatives-for-education-and-training
#9
REVIEW
Yusra Al Nasiri, Amal Al Balushi, Fannah Al Oraimi, Salah Al Awaidy
Each year, approximately 10 million children worldwide die before reaching the age of five, yet two-thirds of these deaths could be prevented with effective, low-cost interventions. The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy was adopted in 1996 by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund to address the holistic well-being of children. The ultimate goals of IMCI are to develop a healthcare system that adheres to best practices and to improve the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of healthcare professionals...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38283210/cytomegalovirus-infection-post-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcome-in-an-omani-cohort
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatma Al Farsi, Khuloud Al Maamari, Fatma Ba Alawi, Murtadha Al-Khabori, David Dennison, Abdullah Al Busaidi, Iman Al Manthari
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during the first year following hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) among Omani patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included allogenic HSCT recipients between January 2006 and December 2018. We investigated the possible factors associated with CMV infection and CMV impact on one-year mortality. RESULTS: Among 556 recipients of allogenic HSCT, 308 (55...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38283209/persistence-of-symptoms-following-hospitalization-for-covid-19-in-oman-%C3%A2-a-bidirectional-observational-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Issa Al Jahdhami, Husna Arshad, Hiba Omar, Sami M Bennji, Khalid Al Nomani, Manal Al Ghafri, Maryam Al Syabi, Sumaya Al Hinai, Adhra Al Mawali
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prevalence of persistent COVID-19-related symptoms in patients with mild, severe, and critical disease. METHODS: We conducted a bidirectional cohort observational study that included all adult patients ≥ 18 years, admitted to Armed Forces Hospital, Muscat between July 2020 and June 2022, with COVID-19 infection and discharged alive. Patients were requested to attend outpatient clinic at weeks six and 12 post-discharge, where they filled out a questionnaire and underwent a chest X-ray...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38283208/cesarean-scar-pregnancy-time-to-initiate-universal-screening
#12
EDITORIAL
Abdul Rahman Al Farsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38283207/prospective-cohort-study-of-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-212-intensive-care-units-of-nine-middle-eastern-countries
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhilin Jin, Ruijie Yin, Eric Christopher Brown, Bhavarth Shukla, Brandon Hochahn Lee, Safaa Abdulaziz-Alkhawaja, Tahera Anwar Magray, Hala Mounir Agha, Amal El-Sisi, Amani Ali El-Kholy, Victor Bayani, Mohammad Abdellatif Daboor, Majeda Afeef Al Ruzzieh, Ertugrul Guclu, Esra Olmez-Gazioglu, Oguz Dursun, Tuğçe Tural Kara, Iftihar Koksal, Ahmet Eroglu, Merve Havan, Tanıl Kendirli, Suna Secil Ozturk Deniz, Gizem Aktas, Dincer Yildizdas, Ozden Ozgur Horoz, Emel Okulu, Yasemin Ezgi Kostekci, Abeer Aly Omar, Ziad A Memish, Victor Daniel Rosenthal
OBJECTIVES: To identify urinary catheter (UC)-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) incidence and risk factors (RF) in nine Middle Eastern countries. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study between 1 January 2014 and 2 December 2022 in 212 intensive care units (ICUs) of 67 hospitals in 38 cities in nine Middle Eastern countries (Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the UAE). To estimate CAUTI incidence, we used the number of UC days as denominator and the number of CAUTIs as numerator...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38274949/covid-19-associated-acute-viral-myocarditis-and-thyroid-gland-follicular-neoplasm-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#14
Ahmed Atris, Issa Al Salmi, Suad Hannawi
Since the first cases were reported in Wuhan, China, COVID-19 has spread swiftly worldwide and is caused by SARS-CoV-2. The development of myocardial injury is associated with significantly worse clinical course and increased mortality. However, currently, it is unclear whether cardiac injury occurred in COVID-19 patients. Histological results obtained directly from the viral infection of the myocardium (i.e., SARS-CoV-2 viral myocarditis) or indirectly from the complications of COVID-19, showed that only a portion of patients infected with the virus developed viral myocarditis...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38269208/rare-congenital-dissecting-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-in-a-child-with-noonan-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Siti Aishah Ahmad Maulana, Sharifah Huda Engku Alwi, Mohd Shafie Hashim, Rabiatul Adawiyah Abdul Rohim
We present a rare case of congenital thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) complicated with dissection in a nine-year-old girl with Noonan syndrome and atrial septal defect. She presented with rapid breathing and upper respiratory tract symptoms. Chest X-ray revealed a huge upper mediastinum with cardiomegaly. Echocardiogram showed possible ascending TAA. Computerized tomography angiogram of the aorta revealed huge aortic root-ascending TAA with small aortic dissection. Despite immediate treatment, the patient passed away due to severe airway compromise...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38264518/quality-of-life-among-postgraduate-medical-residents-in-oman-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noor Al Wahaibi, Rahma Al Kindi, Mustafa Al Hinai
OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of life (QoL) of medical residents enrolled in the various postgraduate programs of the Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB). METHODS: The data for this cross-sectional study was collected from January to June 2022. All postgraduate residents who were enrolled in all 19 OMSB training programs were targeted. An online English version of the validated 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to assess the participants' self-reported QoL...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38264517/disseminated-adenoviral-infection-complicated-by-fatal-hemorrhagic-enterocolitis-in-a-child-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#17
Hanan Nazir, Mathew Zachariah, Laila Al Yazidi
Adenovirus infections are common and self-limiting in young children except those with compromised cellular immunity. However, serious adenovirus infections are rare in children with acute leukemia. We report a rare case of a toddler with acute myeloid leukemia who developed a disseminated adenoviral infection complicated by hemorrhagic enterocolitis and septic shock that led to a fatal outcome.
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38264516/n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-post-herpes-encephalitis-in-two-pediatric-cases
#18
Amna Al Futaisi, Wafa Bani Uraba, Naji Al Dhawi, Eiman Al Ajmi, Mahmood Al Kindi, Jalila Al Shukaili, Azza Al Adi
Commonly, herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes infectious encephalitis among children. A neurological relapse after primary HSV encephalitis in the weeks or months after presentation is well recognized. Relapsing symptoms of post-HSV encephalitis can present either as a true relapse or an immune-mediated disorder. A relationship is predicted between immune-mediated disorder and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antibodies. This study presents two cases of patients suffering from anti-NMDAR encephalitis that appeared after treatment for proven HSV encephalitis...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38264515/the-practice-of-prescribing-antidepressants-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding-among-mental-health-practitioners-in-tertiary-care-centers-in-oman
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salim Al Kasbi, Yousif Obaid, Samir Al Adawi, Sanjay Jaju
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the confidence level of mental health practitioners in Oman regarding the use of antidepressants during pregnancy and breastfeeding, assess their knowledge and need for further training in this area, and examine their current prescribing patterns and preferences. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted from May to June 2017 among all practitioners in the psychiatry specialty, including medical officers authorized to prescribe medications, at the Behavioral Medicine Department of Sultan Qaboos University Hospital and Al Masarra Hospital...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38264514/impact-of-clinical-pharmacists-driven-bundled-activities-from-admission-to-discharge-on-90-day-hospital-readmissions-and-emergency-department-visits
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bayan Muhannad Al Abd, Juhaina Salim Al-Maqbali, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani
OBJECTIVES: Patient-centered clinical pharmacists' activities play a major role in improving clinical outcomes by optimizing the efficacy of drug therapies and minimizing associated toxicities during hospitalization, at the transition of care, and upon discharge. We aimed to compare the impact of comprehensive versus partial clinical pharmacists-driven bundled of care services on the rate of 90-day hospital readmissions and emergency department (ED) visits. METHODS: This retrospective study included all admitted patients who received a comprehensive or partial bundle of clinical pharmacy services (medication history, interventions, counseling, and discharge prescription review) from 1 January 2021 to 30 June 2021 at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital...
November 2023: Oman Medical Journal
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