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Pan African Medical Journal

Chukwuma Anyaike, Oladele Ademola Atoyebi, Omotoso Ibrahim Musa, Oladimeji Akeem Bolarinwa, Kabir Adekunle Durowade, Adeniyi Ogundiran, Oluwole Adeyemi Babatunde
Introduction: This study aims to assess the treatment adherence rate among People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) receiving treatment in a Nigerian tertiary Hospital. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that assessed self-reported treatment adherence among adults aged 18 years and above who were accessing drugs for the treatment of HIV. Systematic random sampling method was used to select 550 participants and data were collected by structured interviewer administered questionnaire...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Kenneth John, Farba Faye, Rhonda Belue
Introduction: This study analyzed the trends of trauma cases that presented to the Emergency Department (ED) in the Grand M'Bour Hospital. We examined demographics of patients, mechanisms of trauma and types of injuries that result and times from injury to arrival. Methods: This was a descriptive study using prospective ED trauma cases. Patients were selected for the study if their chief complaint was related to a traumatic injury. A trauma flow sheet was developed to obtain information...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Imad Nouamou, Monia El Mourid, Yassine Ragbaoui, Rachida Habbal
The treatment of coronary artery diseases has made significant progress. Medication adherence among patients with coronary artery disease, in particular among elderly patients, is a major challenge to disease control and prevention of its complications. Medication adherence could be influenced by the demographic and socio-economic vulnerable situation in the African countries. We conducted a cross-sectional study of elderly patients treated for stable coronary artery disease on an ambulatory basis from March to October 2016...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Obinna Ositadimma Oleribe, Obehi Hilda Okojie, Nicholas Jonathan Burstow, Simon David Taylor-Robinson
Introduction: To assess the prevalence and causes of premarital sex and condom use among trainee healthcare workers in selected healthcare institutions in Enugu State, Nigeria; and to proffer solution to challenges identified. Methods: We used a mixed study approach with qualitative and quantitative components. Informed consent was obtained from participants and data collected using self-administered structured questionnaires. Epi info® was used for data analysis...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Zeleke Mekonnen, Mestawet Getachew, Johannes Bogers, Jozef Vercruysse, Bruno Levecke
Introduction: Up to date, the frequency of preventive chemotherapy based on the prevalence is the only strategy in the control programmes of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs). However, prevalence of STHs may be affected by climatic and/or seasonal changes, particularly when these are important determinants of transmission of STH infections. Our objective was to describe the prevalence and infection intensity and seasonal variation (mainly dry vs rainy season) of any STHs among school age children...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Vita Serena, Miglietta Alessandro, Maurizio, Terrazzini Nadia, Sargentini Valeria, Cella Eleonora, Bachetoni Alessandra, Dicuonzo Giordano, Angeletti Silvia, Ciccozzi Massimo, Ceccarelli Giancarlo
Introduction: Haematological reference values are very important for diagnostic orientation and treatment decision. The aim of this study was to establish haematological reference values for Malian healthy adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study including 161 male Malians aged between 19 and 54 years old was performed. Median and reference ranges were calculated for haematological and biochemical parameters. Parametric student's t-test was used to determine any statistically significant differences by age, smoker status, body mass index (BMI) and occupation...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Hicham Abdellaoui, Youssef Bouabdallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Ginette Claude Mireille Kalla, Esther Voundi Voundi, Florence Mimo Tanghu, Christiane Medi Sike, Michel Noubom, Joseph Mendimi Nkodo, Justin Amougou, Alexis Ndjolo, Francois-Xavier Mbopi-Keou
Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the performances of the MUSE® flow cytometer compared with the reference GUAVA® flow cytometer. Methods: We conducted an experimental study on HIV-infected patient samples. Venous blood samples, collected in a K3 EDTA tube, were analyzed within 24-48 hours by MUSE® and GUAVA® cytometers at the International Center for medical diagnosis (Centre International de Diagnostic médical) in Yaoundé. Results: In total, 227 samples were analyzed...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Fatima Ladidi Cheshi, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Ndadilnasiya Endie Waziri, Kabir Sabitu, Ojor Robinson Ayemoba, Tahir Oshe Umar, Peter Nsubuga
Introduction: strong PMTCT-ART service linkages ensure continuity of care for healthier mothers and children born HIV free. Program data showed weak PMTCT- ART linkages in military health facilities. We conducted a study to assess the PMTCT-adult ART service linkage in two Nigerian military health facilities in Kaduna State. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study using mixed methods (interviews and FGDs) in 44 Nigeria Army Reference Hospital (NARH) and 1 Division Hospital, Kaduna...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Saude Abdullahi Ibrahim, Kabir Sabitu, Aisha Abubakar, Gabrielle Poggensee, Sadiya Ibrahim, Mahammad Riyad, Adebobola Bashorun, Aminu Usman Sudawa, Baffa Sule Ibrahim, Hauwa Mohammed, Chinyere Ezeudu, Adama Ahmad Abubakar, Peter Nsubuga, Patrick Nguku
Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 66% of 36.7 million individuals living with HIV in 2015 with Nigeria having the second highest prevalence in Africa. The study aimed to find the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with HIV infection and compare these findings between high and low prevalence areas. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among adults aged 15 to 49 years from March to April 2015. We administered a questionnaire to collect linked anonymous data on socio-demographic and socio-cultural characteristics and screened all respondents for HIV infection...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Ummulkhulthum Abubakar Bajoga, Hadiza Sabuwa Balarabe, Abayomi Akintunde Olufemi, Mahmood Muazu Dalhat, Ibrahim Baffa Sule, Muhammed Sani Ibrahim, Ayo Stephen Adebowale, Babatunde Olubayo Adedokun, Mohammed Yahaya, Ike Oluwapo Oyeneye Ajayi, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Olufemi Olamide Ajumobi
Introduction: in 2015, 212 million malaria cases and 429,000 malaria deaths were estimated globally. Kaduna State, located in northern Nigeria had a malaria prevalence rate of 36.7% among children less than 5 years old which was higher than the national average of 27%. We assessed the trend of malaria cases in Kaduna State from 2011 to 2015, to analyse trend of malaria in Kaduna as well as describe malaria in time, place and person. Methods: we conducted secondary data analysis of Kaduna State malaria data between January 2011 and December 2015...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Kayode Akanbi, Ikeoluwapo Ajayi, Samuel Fayemiwo, Saheed Gidado, Abisola Oladimeji, Peter Nsubuga
Introduction: tuberculosis (TB) is the commonest opportunistic infection and cause of death in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in developing countries. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends 85% treatment success rate for all TB cases as an indicator of TB control. The study aimed at determining TB treatment success rate among TB-HIV co-infected patients and identifying predictors of successful treatment among patients in TB treatment sites in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Methods: it was a cross-sectional study among HIV-TB co-infected patients in the two major health facilities in Abeokuta, Nigeria...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Musa Kalamullah Bawa, Aisha Mamman, Adebola Olayinka, Saheed Gidado, Ndadilnasiya Endie Waziri, Muhammad Shakir Balogun, Kabir Ibrahim Getso, Mahmood Muazu Dalhat, Peter Nsubuga, Nuruddeen Aliyu, Hussaini Bala, Hauwa Muhammad, Suleiman Haladu, Usman Lawan Shehu, Patrick Mboya Nguku
Introduction: human cytomegalovirus (CMV) has remained a cause of morbidity and mortality in pregnancy and immunocompromised patients. CMV is transmissible through blood transfusion. We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study to assess blood donor safety and to determine the prevalence and associated factors for CMV infection among blood donors in Minna, Nigeria. Methods: all consenting blood donors were screened for CMV antibodies (IgM and IgG) using ELISA kit and haematological indices using a haematological analyzer...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Baffa Sule Ibrahim, Rabi Usman, Yahaya Mohammed, Zainab Datti, Oyeladun Okunromade, Aisha Ahmed Abubakar, Patrick Mboya Nguku
Introduction: measles is a vaccine preventable, highly transmissible viral infection that affects mostly children under five years. We reviewed surveillance data on measles from Nigeria over a five-year period to highlights its burden and make recommendations for improvements. Methods: we conducted a secondary data analysis of measles specific Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) records of all states in Nigeria over a five-year period. Results: a total of 131,732 cases were recorded between January 2012 and September 2016...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Sudawa Aminu Usman, Adamu Shehu, Olufemi Ajumobi, Saheed Gidado, Ibrahim Dalhatu, Muhammad Balogun, Mohammed Riyad, Ibrahim Saude, Peter Adewuyi, Peter Nsubuga
Introduction: Treatment success requires both a sustainable supply of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) to clinics and lifelong adherence to treatment by patients. Poor adherence to medication may lead to treatment failure as a result of developing HIV resistance strains. Based on WHO 2014 guideline, over 26 million people will be additionally enrolled globally. Optimal treatment requires identification of patients with suboptimal adherence for targeted intervention. The aim of the study was to determine the predictors of non-adherence to ART...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Olufunmilayo Fawole, Patrick Nguku, Abisola Oladimeji, Okoro Nwenyi
Introduction: The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic devastated West Africa, with Sierra Leone recording over 50% of the 28,610 cases across the three most affected countries. Enhanced surveillance system was developed for improved identification of cases and response in Sierra Leone. Here, we evaluated the surveillance system to determine its strengths and challenges in meeting the set objectives. Methods: The EVD surveillance system in Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone, was assessed using the CDC updated guidelines for evaluating public health surveillance...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Abisola Oladimeji, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Akin Oyemakinde, Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole, Uchenna Anebonam, Ahmed Abubakar
Introduction: vital events registration is not accurately done in Nigeria. Hence, mortality data is often not available. Health facility-based data can provide useful information on the trends in mortality of a population. This study describes the trend of deaths in a tertiary health facility. Methods: a retrospective review of the medical records of all patients that died in the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria from 2006 to 2014 was conducted. Data extracted from the records included age, sex, primary cause of death and date of admission and death...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Charity Chinyere Ezeudu, Onoja Akpa, Ndadilnasiya Endie Waziri, Abisola Oladimeji, Elizabeth Adedire, Ibrahim Saude, Patrick Nguku, Peter Nsubuga, Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole
Introduction: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is an under-reported public health problem. This study determined the prevalence of IPV and types of IPV, complications and factors associated with IPV among women accessing health services. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional survey of 702 women accessing maternal and child health services in Enugu State, Nigeria using multi-stage sampling technique. Quantitative data was collected using semi-structured questionnaire, qualitative data by key informant interview (KII)...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Olukemi Titilope Olugbade, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Aishatu Bintu Gubio, Ikeoluwapo Ajayi, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Olufemi Ajumobi
Introduction: malaria in pregnancy can lead to medical emergencies. Utilization of intermittent preventive treatment for prevention of malaria in pregnancy with Sulphadoxine- Pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) has remained low in developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to identify the factors determining uptake of IPTp-SP in Nigeria using the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey. Methods: we conducted a secondary analysis of data extracted from the National Demographic Health Survey 2013 which used a three stage stratified sampling method to select respondents...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
Uchenna Anebonam, Chinedu Okoli, Pius Ossai, Olayinka Ilesanmi, Patrick Nguku, Peter Nsubuga, Ahmed Abubakar, Akin Oyemakinde
Introduction: Road traffic accidents are leading cause of injuries and deaths globally. Low income economies are the most affected. Most causes of RTA are predictable and preventable. This study describes trends and causes of road traffic accidents in Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of road traffic accidents from 2010 to 2014. Data were obtained from the Federal Road Safety Commission, Anambra State Command. Information extracted included sex, age, cause of accidents, number of people and type of vehicles involved...
2019: Pan African Medical Journal
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