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Personality and Mental Health

Farid Chakhssi, Ies Dijksman, Mara L Velmans, J Monique Zoet, Jeanine M Oostendorp, Geert-Jan Dinant, Mark Spigt
Incorporating online tools in clinical practice could help improve routine assessments of personality disorders and their co-occurring clinical disorders. TeleScreen, a Web-based self-report questionnaire for DSM-IV disorders, has not yet been compared with well-validated structured interviews for clinical and personality disorders. Patients with personality disorders (n = 89) were assessed with TeleScreen and independently interviewed with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis-I disorders (SCID-I) and personality disorders (SCID-II)...
December 27, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Rute Pires, Ana Sousa Ferreira, Bruno Gonçalves, Joana Henriques-Calado, Marco Paulino
The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) measures the maladaptive traits of the model for personality and its disorders, as proposed in section III of the DSM-5. The current study aimed to examine whether the Portuguese PID-5 distinguished non-clinical participants (N = 1223, Mage  = 36.73, standard deviation = 15.72) from clinical participants (N = 202, Mage  = 43.82, standard deviation = 11.33) with respect to dysfunctional personality traits and to explore the PID-5 factor structure in both samples...
November 19, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Nicholas J S Day, Annalise Hunt, Louise Cortis-Jones, Brin F S Grenyer
Stigma towards people with borderline personality disorder has been a common theme reported within mental health services staff. A longitudinal, mixed method design investigated attitudes of mental health staff working at the same public health service in 2000 and 2015. Participants from both the 2000 and 2015 samples completed a short 10-item version of the Attitude to Personality Disorders Questionnaire and identical qualitative questions. The 2015 sample also completed the Attitude to Deliberate Self-Harm Questionnaire and the Attitude and Skills Questionnaire...
November 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Dexter D Wilborn, Matthew P Kramer, Brittany L Stevenson, Robert D Dvorak
Personality has long held a prevalent place in the pantheon of psychological research. In the last 40 years, neuropsychological models of personality have become a popular predictor of human behaviour and emotionality. With a particular focus on Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory, this study investigated the interaction of high Behavioural Activation System (BAS) and Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS) as a predictor of emotional functioning. Participants (n = 499) recruited from the community completed an online survey composed of questions on demographic information, behavioural inhibition and activation, emotional instability and indices of depression, anxiety and mixed depression-anxiety...
November 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Vania Lugo, Sérgio Eduardo Silva de Oliveira, Carolina Rabello Hessel, Ricardo Tavares Monteiro, Nickolle Lorandi Pasche, Gabriela Pavan, Luis Souza Motta, Marco Antônio Pacheco, Lucas Spanemberg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test if the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) is an adequate instrument to evaluate psychiatric inpatients' pathological personality traits. METHODS: Inpatients (n = 130; mean age: 38.5 years; 62.3% female; 63.9% single) answered the PID-5 after clinical improvement of their psychiatric symptoms. The mean scores of the DSM-5 personality domains, facets and profiles, and ICD-11 domain traits were compared with the mean scores of a Brazilian normative sample (n = 656)...
October 24, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Ali Mohammadzadeh, Marzieh Monazzami
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) in Iranian adolescents. METHODS: A number of 805 high school and freshman students answered the HPS, the Hypomania scale of the MMPI-2, the Borderline Traits Questionnaire (STB) and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief. Data were analysed using explanatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient as well as independent t-test...
October 15, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Laura C Weekers, Joost Hutsebaut, Jan H Kamphuis
Section III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) introduced the alternative model of personality disorders that includes assessing levels of personality functioning. Here, we describe the development, preliminary psychometric evaluation and sensitivity to change of a revised brief self-report questionnaire, the Level of Personality Functioning Scale-Brief Form 2.0 (LPFS-BF 2.0). Patients (N = 201) referred to a specialized centre for the assessment and treatment of personality disorders completed the LPFS-BF 2...
September 19, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Hyoun S Kim, Christina L Rash, Daniel S McGrath
Personality dimensions have been found to be important in understanding the aetiology of disordered gambling. While the majority of research has focused on the Five-Factor Model of personality, recent empirical evidence also indicated that the honesty-humility factor of the HEXACO personality model may be a key personality correlate of gambling behaviour. In the present research, we extend the understanding between personality and gambling severity by further assessing whether HEXACO dimensions are associated with both current gambling status and gambling severity in a community-recruited sample of gamblers (N = 427)...
September 11, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Donald W Black, Nancee Blum, Jeff Allen
We examined which items on the Borderline Evaluation of Severity Over Time and the Zanarini Rating Scale for Borderline Personality Disorder improved during participation in Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS). Data on 193 subjects from two independent sources were included: (1) a randomized controlled trial at an academic medical centre and (2) uncontrolled data from Iowa's correctional system. STEPPS effect size was estimated by contrasting effect size for those in the randomized controlled trial assigned to STEPPS + treatment as usual to effect size for those assigned to treatment as usual alone...
August 28, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Ellen Sleuwaegen, Laurence Claes, Koen Luyckx, Tom Wilderjans, Ann Berens, Bernard Sabbe
Heterogeneity in borderline personality disorder (BPD) drives the search for BPD subtypes to optimize the assessment and treatment of these patients. Therefore, the aims of the present study were (1) to replicate previously identified BPD subtypes based on reactive and regulative temperament; (2) to compare them on symptomatology and coping; and (3) to investigate whether these subtypes show different treatment responses after 3 months of inpatient dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT). A total of 145 BPD inpatients were assessed by means of measures of temperament, symptomatology and coping...
August 28, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Caitlin E Miller, Kate L Lewis, Elizabeth Huxley, Michelle L Townsend, Brin F S Grenyer
BACKGROUND: For individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD), both the reduction in symptoms and the improvement of vocational and interpersonal function (psychosocial function) are important for recovery. Research suggests that some components of BPD make it harder to achieve functional recovery; however, findings are varied and inconclusive. The present study assesses recovery over time in BPD, investigates which symptoms make it harder to function and explores the relationships between these symptoms...
August 22, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Miquel Tortella-Feliu, Joaquim Soler, Leonard Burns, Ausiàs Cebolla, Matilde Elices, Juan C Pascual, Yolanda López Del Hoyo, Rosa Baños, Javier García-Campayo
As dimensions of effortful control (EC), activation control, attentional control, and inhibitory control could mediate the relationship between mindfulness meditation practice and the facets of mindfulness (i.e., observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging and non-reacting to inner experience). In this study, we tested whether participant status: meditators (n = 330), healthy non-meditators (n = 254) and individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis (n = 46) predicted the facets of mindfulness and if these potential effects were mediated through the three effortful control (EC) dimensions (activation, attentional and inhibitory control)...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
S G Selvik, B Hummelen, U Romild, D R Langbehn, G Pedersen
Personality disorder (PD) is common among psychiatric patients, and diagnosing such disorders is of great importance for the choice of treatment. Diagnosing PD is a demanding and time-consuming process. The utilities of several PD screening instruments have been studied in different populations, but not in a population who receives long-term group psychotherapy. In the current study, we investigate the predictive properties of the Iowa Personality Disorder Screen (IPDS) in a sample of 694 psychiatric outpatients with and without PD who were admitted for psychodynamic long-term group therapy from 2012 to 2014...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Lise Laporte, Joel Paris, Tanya Bergevin, Ronald Fraser, Jean-François Cardin
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the clinical outcomes of two clinics for borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a naturalistic setting, offering a stepped care model with both short-term (ST) treatment lasting 12 weeks and extended care (EC) up to 24 months. METHODS: A total of 479 patients attending the ST clinic and 145 attending the EC clinic were assessed on depression, impulsivity, self-esteem, emotion dysregulation, substance abuse, self-harm and suicidality...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Shereen Khoo, Leonard J Simms
Most studies on depression and personality have focused on the role of Neuroticism and Extraversion. Openness is a much less studied trait in this literature, as past studies investigating Openness and depression often have found non-significant correlations between them. However, past studies mostly have investigated Openness and depression at the domain level and used non-clinical samples. In the present study, the relationship between depression and Openness at the domain and facet levels was examined in a sample of 266 participants recruited from outpatient psychiatric settings...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Nora H Hope, Matthew A Wakefield, Lynnaea Northey, Alexander L Chapman
BACKGROUND: Locus of control (LOC) represents individuals' beliefs about how much control they have over outcomes in their life. Previous research has found an association between external LOC and psychopathology. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by mood instability, identity disturbance and difficulties in impulse control. AIMS: The aims of this study are to evaluate the relationship between BPD features and LOC in a non-clinical sample and to assess whether external LOC is associated with BPD features after controlling for symptoms of depression and anxiety...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Nikki Guy, Giles Newton-Howes, Hannah Ford, Jonathan Williman, James Foulds
Comorbid personality disorder (PD) worsens outcome in mental state disorders; however, the proportion of people with PD who have an alcohol use disorder (AUD) is poorly described. A systematic review of the literature for studies reporting on AUD in those with PD was completed. Lifetime prevalence figures were meta-analysed using multilevel models, accounting for type of PD and population examined. Sixteen unique studies contributed data to the analysis. PD type accounted for most of the heterogeneity in lifetime AUD prevalence...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Charlie Andrew Davidson, John E Kiat, Melissa Tarasenko, A Jocelyn Ritchie, Dennis Molfese, William D Spaulding
Impairments in social cognition and associated abnormalities in brain function are well documented in psychotic disorders. They may represent neurodevelopmental vulnerabilities and may therefore be present in less severe or even subclinical conditions of the schizophrenia spectrum, such as schizotypy. Schizotypy has features highly suggestive of social cognitive impairments, but little is known about possible related abnormalities of brain function. This exploratory pilot study examines electrophysiological event-related potentials (ERPs) implicated in schizophrenia, in 23 undergraduates with a range of subclinical schizotypal characteristics...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Nagila Koster, Odilia Laceulle, Paul van der Heijden, Barbara de Clercq, Marcel van Aken
In this study, it was analysed whether trajectories of change in symptom distress could be identified in a clinical group of late adolescents with personality pathology. Furthermore, it was examined whether maladaptive personality traits and relations with parents were predictive of following one of these trajectories. Three latent classes emerged from growth mixture modelling with a symptom inventory (n = 911): a Stable High, a Strong Decreasing and a Moderate Decreasing trajectory. Subsequently, by using multinomial logistic regression analyses in a subsample of late-adolescents (n = 127), it was revealed that high levels of Negative Affectivity and Detachment were predictive of following the Strong Decreasing, and high levels of Detachment were predictive of following the Stable High trajectory...
August 2018: Personality and Mental Health
Karel D Riegel, Albert J Ksinan, Dita Samankova, Marek Preiss, Pavel Harsa, Robert F Krueger
To date, numerous studies have confirmed empirical relevance of the personality trait model defined in the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders. The supposed single-factor structure of its facets and general domains across various samples, however, has not been researched thoroughly. This study focused on evaluating the hypothesized unidimensional factor structure of the lower-order personality trait facets, as well as the validity of the higher-order domains. The Czech version of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) was used in a sample of 351 community volunteers and 143 psychiatric patients...
June 28, 2018: Personality and Mental Health
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