journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38601168/implantable-collamer-lens-procedure-planning-a-review-of-global-approaches
#1
REVIEW
Vance Thompson, Arthur B Cummings, Xiaoying Wang
More than 2 million implantable collamer lenses (ICLs) have been implanted worldwide. With a central port to improve aqueous flow through the ICL, the latest iteration of this phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) has been shown to have stable outcomes with very low rates of adverse events. However, correct planning and ICL size selection continue to be important to achieve an optimal vault. Shallow or excessive vaults are not complications in and of themselves but may increase the risk of complications. Historically, surgeons have relied on measurements of anterior chamber depth (ACD) and manual, caliper-measured white-to-white (WTW) distance to select the ICL size...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38596663/phacoemulsification-versus-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-for-treating-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Rahaf K Sharif, Faisal F Aljahdali, Hind M Aljabri, Lugean K Alomari, Renad A Sagim, Duaa M Alamri, Merai A Alshehri, Rayan Abdullah Alshigari
BACKGROUND: Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG), is caused by narrowing the iridocorneal angle and increases the risk of blockage in the trabecular meshwork. Phacoemulsification and laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) effectively control IOP elevation and widen the angle. This systematic review and meta-analysis compared Phacoemulsification and LPI Effectiveness for PACG. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, and CENTRAL. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared Phacoemulsification and LPI for individuals with PACG...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584723/customizing-clinical-outcomes-with-implantation-of-two-diffractive-trifocal-iols-of-identical-design-but-differing-light-distributions-to-the-far-intermediate-and-near-foci
#3
Hakan Kaymak, Richard Potvin, Kai Neller, Karsten Klabe, Robert Donald Anello
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes after bilateral or contralateral implantation of the Gemetric™ (G) and Gemetric™ Plus (GPlus) diffractive trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, multi-center open-label study comparing clinical results and subjective patient responses around 6 months after implantation of the study lenses (toric and non-toric) in three different groups (bilateral G, bilateral GPlus and contralateral G/GPlus implantation)...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584722/visual-and-refractive-outcomes-of-a-new-hydrophobic-trifocal-toric-intraocular-lens
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sheraz Daya, Marcela Espinosa Lagana
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual outcomes and efficacy of astigmatism correction using a new hydrophobic trifocal toric intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: This study involved 62 eyes implanted with the FineVision HP Toric IOL. The visual and refractive outcomes were assessed preoperatively and 6 weeks after the surgery. Specifically, monocular uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected intermediate visual acuity (UIVA) at 80 and 60 cm and uncorrected near visual acuity at (UNVA) at 40 cm were evaluated...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584721/improved-glaucoma-medication-access-through-pharmacy-partnership-a-single-institution-experience
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jin G Choi, Pathik Amin, Alaina Tarantino, Mary Qiu
PURPOSE: A major barrier to glaucoma medication adherence is the patient's out-of-pocket costs. At the University of Chicago Medical Center (UCMC), the institutional pharmacy piloted a program to query out-of-pocket costs for each patient's medication list based on their insurance coverage. This study aims to describe the impact of this collaboration between the glaucoma service and the outpatient pharmacy service. METHODS: This study is a single institution, retrospective chart review of glaucoma patients with a formulary inquiry placed by a single glaucoma specialist between 4/1/2020 and 2/28/2022...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38584720/determination-of-refractive-error-using-direct-ophthalmoscopy-in-children
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sruthi Vijendran, Yogish S Kamath, Yash Alok, Neetha I R Kuzhuppilly
PURPOSE: Refractive error is a major cause of visual impairment in children and its early detection can prevent ocular morbidity such as amblyopia and strabismus. Brückner test is a comprehensive test which can be easily administered in children using a direct ophthalmoscope. We aimed to determine refractive error in children by analysis of the red reflex using modified Brückner test. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted on 683 undilated eyes of 683 children aged four to 10 years...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38566829/the-underutilization-of-mental-health-care-services-in-the-lives-of-people-with-blindness-or-visual-impairment-a-literature-review-on-rehabilitation-factors-toward-provision
#7
REVIEW
Clairissa G Richardson
PURPOSE: Roughly 3 million adult Americans have a visual impairment or blindness, and over 4 million adults aged 40 and older. Despite data demonstrating an elevated prevalence of mental health symptoms in people with BVI, this population remains largely untreated. Given that people with BVI often interface with multiple systems of rehabilitative care that are designed to improve quality of life, the relatively low rates of initiation of mental health care services are particularly alarming...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38562644/quantification-of-metamorphopsia-in-resolved-idiopathic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-an-analysis-using-m-charts-amsler-grid-and-optical-coherence-tomography
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Barsha Suwal, Deepak Khadka, Arjun Shrestha, Rinkal Suwal, Bijay Khatri
PURPOSE: To quantify metamorphopsia in patients with resolved idiopathic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSCR) using M-CHARTS and compare the results with the traditional Amsler grid and optical coherence tomography (OCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For the purpose of this study, all consecutive cases of patients with resolved CSCR were evaluated for metamorphopsia (using the standard Amsler grid and M-CHARTS) and spectral domain OCT. The OCT images were analyzed for the following five parameters: central macular thickness, pigment epithelial detachment, retinal pigment epithelial bumps, discontinuation in the inner segment/outer segment junction or the external limiting membrane, fibrinous exudates in the subretinal space, and hyperreflective dots in the intraretinal and/or subretinal layer...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38560334/addressing-technical-failures-in-a-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-program-response-to-letter
#9
COMMENT
Ian Gerard Brennan, Stephen R Kelly, Edel McBride, Darragh Garrahy, Robert Acheson, Joanne Harmon, Shane McMahon, David J Keegan, Helen Kavanagh, Louise O'Toole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38560333/comparison-of-machine-and-human-expert-evaluation-of-capsulorrhexis-creation-performance-through-analysis-of-surgical-video-recordings
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anvesh Annadanam, Ethan Kahana, Chris Andrews, Alexa R Thibodeau, Shahzad I Mian, Bradford L Tannen, Nambi Nallasamy
PURPOSE: Achieving competency in cataract surgery is an essential component of ophthalmology residency training. Video-based analysis of surgery can change training through its objective, reliable, and timely assessment of resident performance. METHODS: Using the Image Labeler application in MATLAB, the capsulorrhexis step of 208 surgical videos, recorded at the University of Michigan, was annotated for subjective and objective analysis. Two expert surgeons graded the creation of the capsulorrhexis based on the International Council of Ophthalmology's Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric:Phacoemulsification (ICO-OSCAR:phaco) rating scale and a custom rubric (eccentricity, roundness, size, centration) that focuses on the objective aspects of this step...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38550359/real-world-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-bimatoprost-sustained-release-glaucoma-implant-where-american-indians-comprise-the-largest-minority-population
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Steven R Sarkisian, Evann C Mitchell
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of bimatoprost sustained release (SR) glaucoma implant as a treatment for open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension in a real-world private practice setting with a significant American Indian population. METHODS: This retrospective study included 156 eyes from adult patients who received a single injection of bimatoprost implant between June 2020 and May 2022 at the Oklahoma Eye Surgeons. Patients were stratified by baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) (≥21 mmHg versus IOP<21 mmHg)...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38544502/etiology-and-characteristics-of-patients-presenting-with-eyelid-lacerations-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdelhalim A Awidi, Jiawei Zhao, Ximin Li, Fatemeh Rajaii, Meleha Ahmad, Adrianna Jensen, Fasika A Woreta
PURPOSE: To investigate the etiology and demographic associations of patients presenting with eyelid lacerations to a US level 1 trauma center emergency department (ED). PATIENT AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients with eyelid lacerations presenting to the ED at a single level 1 trauma center was performed. Eyelid lacerations were categorized as simple eyelid lacerations, eyelid lacerations with eyelid margin involvement, and eyelid lacerations with nasolacrimal system involvement...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38544501/erratum-surgical-outcome-of-inferior-oblique-myectomy-versus-recession-anteriorization-in-the-treatment-of-inferior-oblique-overaction-corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S454260.].
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38544500/erratum-time-savings-using-a-digital-workflow-versus-a-conventional-for-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-a-corporate-chain-hospital-setting-corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S439930.].
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529006/prevalence-and-distribution-of-macular-fluid-with-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-and-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yousef A Fouad, Mohamed Nabil Hamza, Moataz M Wessam
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence and distribution of fluid within a cohort of eyes with acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patient records and OCT imaging. Patients presenting with acute CRAO or AION who had available macular OCT imaging and no co-morbidities known to cause macular fluid were included in the analysis...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529005/characterization-of-corneal-biomechanics-using-corvis-st-device-in-different-grades-of-myopia-in-a-sample-of-middle-eastern-ethnicity
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Esraa El-Mayah, Ahmed Saad Albalkini, Omar A Barrada
PURPOSE: To characterize corneal biomechanical properties using the CORVIS-ST device in myopic individuals. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included patients with myopia. Our study included 154 eyes of 154 myopic patients aged between 18 and 40 years, with stable refraction for at least 2 years. A full ophthalmological examination and corneal tomography were performed using a Pentacam HR device. Corneal biomechanical parameters were assessed using the CORVIS-ST device in mild, moderate, severe, and extreme myopia groups...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38529004/comparison-of-refractive-prediction-error-by-axial-length-in-flanged-intrascleral-intraocular-lens-fixation
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yoshiaki Kabata, Tetsutaro Oki, Tadashi Nakano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the refractive prediction error in flanged intrascleral intraocular lens (IOL) fixation using the SRK/T formula and compare the axial length using a single IOL. METHODS: Seventy-six eyes from 70 patients (45 males and 25 females) were included in this study. The mean age at the time of surgery was 73.4 ±12.3 years. The patients underwent flanged IOL fixation using a PN6A (Kowa). All surgeries were performed by two surgeons (Y. K. and T...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525385/corneal-collagen-crosslinking-for-ectasia-after-refractive-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Dillan Cunha Amaral, Adriano Henrique Gomes Menezes, Luan Cavalcante Vila├ža Lima, Adriano Cypriano Faneli, Pedro Fernandes Souza Neto, Ana Laura Caiado Canedo, Denisse Josefina Mora-Paez, Jaime Augusto Ferreira Guedes, Ricardo Noguera Louzada, Bruno Machado Fontes
INTRODUCTION: Corneal ectasia leads to progressive irregular corneal curvature and reduced visual acuity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for managing corneal ectasia resulting from refractive laser surgery (RSL). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were realized according to PRISMA guidelines. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases for studies on CXL in patients with ectasia after RLS...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525384/noninvasive-ocular-surface-workup-in-patients-with-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-using-microwave-heated-eye-bag
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Costanza Rossi, Sabrina Vaccaro, Massimiliano Borselli, Giovanna Carnovale Scalzo, Mario Damiano Toro, Vincenzo Scorcia, Giuseppe Giannaccare
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of a novel microwave heating device (Blepha EyeBag® ) used serially for the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective single center study was conducted at University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro. Patients were instructed to apply the compress twice daily for 15 days and once per day every two days, as reported in the package insert. Outcome measures were i) ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score, ii) tear meniscus height (TMH), iii) non-invasive keratograph break-up time (NIKBUT) (first and average), iv) meiboscore, v) bulbar redness...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38525383/trends-in-medicare-submitted-charges-to-allowed-payment-ratios-for-ophthalmology-services
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdelrahman M Elhusseiny, Muhammad Z Chauhan, Ahmed B Sallam
PURPOSE: Many physicians charge more than the Medicare insurance program pays. Current charge-to-payment ratios in ophthalmology and trends over the years are unknown. In this work, we examined physician charge-to-payment ratios in ophthalmology across procedures and consultations. METHODS: We utilized data from 100% final-action physician/supplier Part B Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) population from 2015 to 2020. We retrieved data on ophthalmic procedures and consultations, both facility-based and non-facility-based, conducted by ≥ 50 ophthalmologists...
2024: Clinical Ophthalmology
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