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International Journal of Speech-language Pathology

Hailey C Kopera, Maria I Grigos
PURPOSE: This study investigated the acoustic and articulatory movement parameters underlying lexical stress production in children with apraxia of speech (CAS), children with articulation/phonological delay (i.e. speech delay, SD), and children with typical speech-language development (TD). We examined whether there were group differences in these instrumental measures of stress production. METHOD: Participants were 24 children (seven CAS, eight SD, nine TD) between three and seven years of age...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Esra Özcebe, Aysin Noyan Erbas, Tuğçe Karahan Tiğrak
PURPOSE: Developmental language disorder (DLD) is common in early childhood and there may be an increased risk of co-occurring social, emotional, and behavioural problems related to the language problems of children. The aim of this study was to determine whether children with DLD experience more emotional and/or behavioural problems as compared to their typically developing peers. METHOD: A prospective case-control study design was used to perform a comparison between children with DLD and their typically developing peers...
February 11, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Manwa L Ng, Gloria C K Tsang
OBJECTIVE: Alaryngeal speech shows marked reduction in vocal intensity, resulting in reduced intelligibility. Lombard effect, speaking with background noise has been found to boost speakers' intensity. The study investigated oesophageal (ES), tracheoesophageal (TE) and electrolaryngeal (EL) speech production under quiet and noisy background conditions to determine if the Lombard effect is still present after laryngectomy. METHOD: Fifteen laryngeal and thirty-seven alaryngeal speakers who were native speakers of Cantonese were recruited and instructed to read aloud a Cantonese passage under two background conditions: quiet and 100 dB background noise conditions...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lauren H Hampton, Michal Harty, Elizabeth A Fuller, Ann P Kaiser
PURPOSE: Efficient and effective interventions are required to meet the communication needs of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). However, most children with ASD living in South Africa do not receive individualised interventions. METHOD: This multiple baseline study examined the effects of therapist-implemented enhanced milieu teaching (EMT) on the diversity and frequency of spoken language of three children with ASD in South Africa. RESULT: A moderate functional relation was demonstrated between the introduction of EMT and increases in (1) the number of different words and (2) the number of spontaneous utterances used by each participant...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ronald B Gillam, James W Montgomery, Julia L Evans, Sandra L Gillam
PURPOSE: This paper summarises the clinical ramification of a large-scale study of the direct and indirect (mediated) influences of four cognitive mechanisms that are relevant to the comprehension of syntactic structure by school-age children with and without developmental language disorder (DLD). METHOD: A total of 117 children with DLD and 117 propensity-matched typically-developing (TD) children completed sentence comprehension tasks and cognitive tasks related to fluid reasoning, controlled attention, speed of processing, phonological short-term memory (pSTM), complex working memory (cWM) and language knowledge in long-term memory (LTM)...
February 3, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Erin M Wilson, Madhura Kulkarni, Meg Simione, Panying Rong, Jordan R Green, Yana Yunusova
PURPOSE: To compare two different tasks and kinematic measures in terms of their ability to detect Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and differences in ALS severity in order to establish potential candidate markers of bulbar decline. METHOD: We tracked jaw kinematics during speech and chewing to determine which is more affected by bulbar motor deterioration, based on measures of maximum speed and articulatory working space. Data were collected from 31 individuals diagnosed with ALS and 17 neurologically intact controls...
January 29, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marie Atherton, Bronwyn Davidson, Lindy McAllister
PURPOSE: This paper reports findings from phase two of a multiphase cross-cultural research programme exploring the professional practice of a group of Vietnam's first university-qualified speech-language pathologists. METHOD: Employing qualitative research methodology, this study involved a series of workshops with seven Vietnamese speech-language pathologists in which visual research methods were used to explore the evolution of their work, the challenges they faced, and opportunities to progress their professional practice...
January 25, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Appaswamy Thirumal Prabhakar, Vivek Mathew, Ajith Sivadasan, Sanjith Aaron, Anirudh George, Mathew Alexander
PURPOSE: Progressive language dysfunction due to a selective neurodegeneration of the language networks is called primary progressive aphasia (PPA). However, demographic data on PPA is limited. In this study from India, we determined the prevalence and clinical profile of patients presenting with PPA and its subtypes. METHOD: Patients who were admitted to the neurosciences department during the period between January 2012 and December 2016 were screened, and patients who presented with slowly progressive aphasia for at least 2 years without other significant cognitive or behavioural symptoms and preservation of daily living activities were included...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Deborah Denman, Jae-Hyun Kim, Natalie Munro, Renée Speyer, Reinie Cordier
PURPOSE: Given the barriers that inconsistent terminology poses for the Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) profession, this study aimed to develop an agreed-upon taxonomy with well-defined categories for describing language assessment practices for children. METHOD: A taxonomy with illustrative terms for describing assessments across four aspects (modality/domain, purpose, delivery and form) was developed with reference to contemporary literature. In a three round Delphi study, SLPs with expertise in child language were asked to indicate their level of agreement with the taxonomy and provide feedback...
January 11, 2019: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Simon Sundström, Björn Lyxell, Christina Samuelsson
PURPOSE: To examine repetition of stress and tonal word accents in real words and non-words in Swedish-speaking children with developmental language disorder (DLD), and to investigate the relation of prosodic repetition to measures of language ability. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with 30 monolingual Swedish-speaking children with DLD, mean age 4;11 (years;months) and 29 age-matched controls, mean age 5;1, who repeated words and non-words with systematically varying prosody...
December 17, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Megan Swales, Deborah Theodoros, Anne J Hill, Trevor Russell
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical practices of Australian speech-language pathologists in the management of communication disorders in people with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) and their perspectives on service provision. METHOD: A cross-sectional, mix-methods online survey was conducted. Nonprobability, purposive sampling was utilised to recruit speech-language pathologists who currently work with PwPD. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were employed. RESULT: Ninety-nine clinicians responded...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jun Wang, Prasanna V Kothalkar, Myungjong Kim, Andrea Bandini, Beiming Cao, Yana Yunusova, Thomas F Campbell, Daragh Heitzman, Jordan R Green
PURPOSE: This research aimed to automatically predict intelligible speaking rate for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) based on speech acoustic and articulatory samples. METHOD: Twelve participants with ALS and two normal subjects produced a total of 1831 phrases. NDI Wave system was used to collect tongue and lip movement and acoustic data synchronously. A machine learning algorithm (i.e. support vector machine) was used to predict intelligible speaking rate (speech intelligibility × speaking rate) from acoustic and articulatory features of the recorded samples...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marilyn Langevin, Phyllis Schneider, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow
PURPOSE: Play is critically important for the healthy development of children. This study explored the viability of a methodology to investigate how preschoolers who stutter use language in play with peers. METHOD: Transcripts of peer-directed utterances of four preschoolers who stutter and four matched non-stuttering children during free play were analysed for measures of verbal output (numbers of utterances and words), length and complexity of utterances (mean length of communication unit and syntactic complexity), and lexical diversity (number of different words, type token ratio and vocd)...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sarah El-Wahsh, Robert Heard, Hans Bogaardt
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Speech pathology-specific questionnaire for persons with Multiple Sclerosis (SMS). METHOD: Forty-one items were generated through a literature review. Items were submitted to a preliminary psychometric validation process consisting of principal component analysis, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and floor and ceiling effects using data from 164 participants. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing the SMS with the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12)...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Caroline A Niziolek, Swathi Kiran
PURPOSE: Disorders of speech production may be accompanied by abnormal processing of speech sensory feedback. Here, we introduce a semi-automated analysis designed to assess the degree to which speakers use natural online feedback to decrease acoustic variability in spoken words. Because production deficits in aphasia have been hypothesised to stem from problems with sensorimotor integration, we investigated whether persons with aphasia (PWA) can correct their speech acoustics online...
October 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Megan J McAuliffe, Philip J Schluter, Hamish A Jamieson
PURPOSE: Research on the prevalence of communication disability among community living older adults is scant, and often suffers from limitations. Using a national database, this study presents an epidemiological profile of communication disability in older community residents within New Zealand and examines whether ethnic populations are disproportionately represented. METHOD: Since 2012, all New Zealand community care recipients have undergone a standardised needs assessment, which includes questions directed at expressive and receptive language abilities...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Asti Hill, Rachael Blevins, Chris Code
BACKGROUND: Surveys of awareness of aphasia have been conducted worldwide. There has been no survey of change in awareness in one place over time. A survey in Exeter, UK in 2001 found awareness of aphasia was strikingly low. The aim of this study was to conduct a repeat survey using the same methods in the same city 16 years later to examine changes in awareness and knowledge. METHOD: We surveyed 167 shoppers in Exeter examining awareness and knowledge of aphasia...
October 11, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Beena Ahmed, Penelope Monroe, Adam Hair, Chek Tien Tan, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: To assist in remote treatment, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) rely on mobile games, which though entertaining, lack feedback mechanisms. Games integrated with automatic speech recognition (ASR) offer a solution where speech productions control gameplay. We therefore performed a feasibility study to assess children's and SLPs' experiences towards speech-controlled games, game feature preferences and ASR accuracy. METHOD: Ten children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), six typically developing (TD) children and seven SLPs trialled five games and answered questionnaires...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Megan E Cuellar, Jennine Harvey
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between air pulse vs. touch laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) tests and the clinical sensory findings of fiberoptic endoscopic evaluations of swallowing. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted for 43 patients with dysphagia due to stroke that underwent fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing (FEESST). Each patient received LAR testing using air pulse or touch methodologies. Clinically, responsiveness to pharyngeal residue and responsiveness to penetration or aspiration were analysed...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Naomi Li'el, Cori Williams, Robert Kane
PURPOSE: To investigate an assessment approach that incorporates a parent questionnaire (ALDeQ) and two language processing tasks (nonword repetition [NWR] and recalling sentences [RS]) administered in English to differentiate bilingual children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) from typically developing (TD) bilingual children. METHOD: Participants were 42 typically developing bilingual children (biTD) and 19 bilingual children with DLD (biDLD). Groups were matched for age (M = 5;10) socioeconomic status (M = 1,023 SEIFA) and length of exposure to English (M = 33...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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