Journals International Journal of Speec...

International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kate J Cook, Cheryl Messick, Carolyn Baylor, Megan J McAuliffe
PURPOSE: Engaging in reflective practice (RP) and demonstrating reflective abilities is an essential graduate skill for speech-language pathologists (SLPs), yet limited studies have examined the perspectives of practicing SLPs and how and why they engage in RP. This qualitative study aimed to examine SLPs' experiences and perspectives of RP in diverse workplaces. METHOD: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 SLPs working in health, education, or private practice sectors...
December 6, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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December 5, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jayne Newbury, Jessica Eagle
PURPOSE: This study reported the experiences of New Zealand caregivers of children with language and literacy difficulties in having their child's needs identified. METHOD: The participants were 14 mothers of children with idiopathic language and literacy difficulties, recruited through social media language and literacy difficulties support groups. Two mothers identified as Māori and 12 New Zealand European. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews...
November 22, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anne Li, Michelle G Ganann, Jessica M Pisegna
PURPOSE: The spread of airborne diseases, including coronaviruses, remains a widespread public health concern. Published studies outline the use of protective barriers to limit the spread of pathogenic particles and droplets resulting from coughing, sneezing, and talking. The findings suggest a role for these barriers during aerosol-generating procedures, such as flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). However, the question remains of whether doffing a protective barrier will create a concentrated cloud of particles that will increase health professionals' exposure...
November 8, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jamie B Boster
PURPOSE: Children who utilise augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) have difficulty participating in interactions with peers and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) lack training in the development of activities to specifically target participation. The purpose of the current study was to explore a pilot online training program designed to provide information about the development of collaborative learning (CL) activities to support participation. METHOD: A single-subject, multiple baseline across six participants in an initial group and a replication group was completed to assess the number of CL elements included in probe responses during baseline, intervention, and maintenance phases...
November 7, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sharon Smart, Denise Imms, Margo Brewer
PURPOSE: The rapid adoption of telepractice services by health professionals was necessary to maintain service continuity for children with paediatric feeding disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic, during periods where in-person therapy was restricted. The aim of this study was to explore clinical perspectives and reflections on the use of telepractice for managing paediatric feeding disorders during the pandemic. METHOD: A post-positivist qualitative approach using thematic analysis was adopted...
November 7, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ming-Jhen Tsai, Chi-Te Wang, Sherry Fu, Feng-Chuan Lin
Purpose: The aim of this pilot study was to explore the efficacy of an intensive 3 week water resistance phonation (WRP) therapy program for people with presbyphonia. Method: Participants included 13 people with presbyphonia who received intensive WRP therapy. All participants completed eight sessions of therapy over 3 weeks. Auditory perceptual ratings, and acoustic and aerodynamic assessments were performed before and after treatment. Participants also completed the voice-related quality of life questionnaire before and after the treatment...
October 31, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jingyu Linna Jin, Carolyn Baylor, Jeffrey Teixeira, Kathryn Yorkston, Michael Nuara
PURPOSE: To understand the communicative participation experiences of transgender people through a qualitative inquiry, and to address similarities and differences in experiences across genders. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of interview data gathered for modifying the Communicative Participation Item Bank for use with transgender populations. Fourteen transgender participants attended individual qualitative interviews. During the interview, participants shared their communication experiences in various situations and the availability of social supports related to communication...
October 31, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Raymond Hayler, Emma Charters, Susan Coulson, Tsu-Hui Hubert Low
PURPOSE: Facial nerve palsy (FNP) affects physical and social function, including speech. There exists discrepancy between professional and patient perception of appearance following FNP; however, speech differences remain unknown. We aimed to compare ratings of speech intelligibility by different listeners. METHOD: Patients were identified through the Sydney Facial Nerve Service. FNP related scoring was obtained using the Sunnybrook Facial Grading System, Sydney Facial Grading Score, Facial Disability Index, and Speech Handicap Index...
October 31, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marizete Ilha Ceron, Marileda Barichello Gubiani, Karina Carlesso Pagliarin, Denis Altieri O Moraes, Márcia Keske-Soares
PURPOSE: To present the sensitivity and specificity and establish cutoff points (receiver operating characteristic [ROC] curve) for the PraxiFala Battery. METHOD: The sample included 308 Brazilian-speaking children aged 3;0-7;11. Twenty-one children had motor speech disorders (MSD), 58 children had phonological disorder (PD), and 229 had typical speech (TS) development. Participants were administered the PraxiFala Battery, which contains verbal (word and sentence production), nonverbal (orofacial praxis), and diadochokinetic tasks...
October 30, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Eddy C H Wong, Min Ney Wong, Tiffany On Kiu Wong
PURPOSE: The assessment and diagnosis of apraxia of speech (AOS) have been well studied in the English context, yet there is limited understanding of the clinical practice in speakers of other languages, like Cantonese. This study aimed to obtain information about the clinical practice of assessment methods and diagnostic criteria used, and confidence in diagnosing, AOS in Cantonese speakers. METHOD: An online survey constructed with Google Forms was completed by 27 speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in Hong Kong...
October 26, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maryane Gomez, Alison Purcell, Kathy Jakielski, Patricia McCabe
PURPOSE: A Phase I study was conducted to examine the treatment effectiveness of the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol using a research-operationalised protocol. It was hypothesised that articulatory accuracy would improve as a result of the treatment and that these improvements would be maintained after treatment was discontinued. METHOD: A single case experimental design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol. Four children with a confirmed childhood apraxia of speech diagnosis were included in this study...
October 19, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Elizabeth D Young, Sarah Hargus Ferguson, Lara M Brewer, Benjamin F Schiedermayer, Samuel M Brown, Lindsay M Leither
Purpose: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) provides respiratory support without invasive endotracheal intubation but can hinder patients' ability to communicate effectively. The current study presents preliminary results using a novel in-mask ventilator microphone to enhance talker intelligibility while receiving NIV. Method: A proof-of-concept study assessed sentence intelligibility of five healthy adult talkers using a prototype model of the microphone under continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP; 5/5 cm H2 O) and bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP; 8/4 cm H2 O) ventilator conditions...
October 13, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Caitlin F Stephenson, Tanya A Serry, Pamela C Snow
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of teachers in early year levels about the role and scope for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to work on literacy support in schools. Method: Sixty-one teachers from mainstream government schools across Victoria, Australia, completed an anonymous, online survey. Result: Although many respondents reported knowing that SLPs support the literacy learning of some students in their school, they had limited awareness of the scope of speech-language pathology practice in literacy instruction and intervention...
October 11, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Katie A Strong, Thomas W Sather
PURPOSE: Storytelling is an integral part of human life, providing opportunities for social closeness, relationship development, and identity exploration. Having aphasia can disrupt the ability to convey stories across a variety of settings. Structured songwriting frameworks may provide people with aphasia an opportunity to successfully engage in this medium for storytelling. METHOD: Three individuals with aphasia participated in a structured songwriting intervention modified to support individuals with aphasia...
October 8, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rachel B Convey, Tiina Ihalainen, Yuanyuan Liu, Okko Räsänen, Sari Ylinen, Nelly Penttilä
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between automatic vowel articulation index (aVAI) and direct magnitude estimation (DME) among speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy controls. We further analysed the potential of aVAI to serve as an objective measure of speech impairment in the clinical setting. METHOD: Speech samples from native Finnish speakers were utilised. Expert raters utilised DME to scale the intelligibility of speech samples...
October 6, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Malin Antonsson, Kerstin Johansson, Anna Bonde Dalemo, Cornelia Ivehorn Axelsson, Åsa Burge, Ulrike Lesueur, Lena Hartelius
PURPOSE: This study explored how respiration, voice, and speech were affected following expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) and maintenance training in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) or multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: Nine participants with PD and six with MS participated in a randomised study, where the effects of EMST, sham, and maintenance treatment were investigated. Outcome measures included maximum expiratory pressure (MEP); maximum phonation time (MPT); intelligibility; verbal diadochokinesis (DDK); speech rate; a self-report form on voice, speech, and communication; and open questions about how the participants experienced the intervention...
October 3, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Rachel Santiago, Blair J Gorenberg, Christine Hurtubise, Panayiota Senekki-Florent, Sapna R Kudchadkar
PURPOSE: To measure the prevalence of speech-language pathologist (SLP) involvement and associated trends for critically ill children in United States (US) paediatric intensive care units (PICU) through secondary analysis of the Prevalence of Acute Rehab for Kids in the PICU (PARK-PICU) study data. METHOD: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional point prevalence study conducted over 1 day in 82 US PICUs. Data collected included SLP presence, patients' age, length of stay, medical interventions, aetiology, admission data, Glasgow Coma Scale scores, staffing involvement, and family presence...
October 1, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Christina M Charles, Andrea A N MacLeod, Ann Sutton
PURPOSE: The present study examines cross-sectional trends in performance on a quasi-universal non-word repetition (NWR) task. It also considers whether NWR performance is dependent on levels of exposure to a language and compares the performance of bilingual children across their two languages. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed. The English and French quasi-universal NWR tasks, featuring stimuli from two to five syllables in length, was administered to Canadian school-aged monolinguals and two groups of bilinguals: those who encountered their second language in early childhood and those who encountered their second language at school entry...
October 1, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Eli G Cohn, Keith R Mcvilly, Matthew J Harrison
PURPOSE: Echolalia, the repetition of previously heard speech, is prevalent in a variety of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Within the context of echolalia in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research and intervention historically assume a clinical standpoint with two opposing paradigms: behaviourism and developmentalism. The literature is largely silent on how those other than researchers and clinicians understand echolalia. This study examined how parents experience echolalia through their children with ASD...
September 20, 2023: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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