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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Mohanad Kamaz, S Ranil Wickramasinghe, Satchithanandam Eswaranandam, Wen Zhang, Steven M Jones, Michael J Watts, Xianghong Qian
Direct potable reuse of wastewater is attractive as the demand for potable water increases. However, the presence of organic micropollutants in industrial and domestic wastewater is a major health and environmental concern. Conventional wastewater treatment processes are not designed to remove these compounds. Further many of these emerging pollutants are not regulated. Membrane bioreactor based biological wastewater treatment has recently become a preferred method for treating municipal and other industrial wastewaters...
April 16, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Paloma Cariñanos, Filipa Grilo, Pedro Pinho, Manuel Casares-Porcel, Cristina Branquinho, Nezha Acil, María Beatrice Andreucci, Andreia Anjos, Pietro Massimiliano Bianco, Silvia Brini, Pedro Calaza-Martínez, Enrico Calvo, Elisa Carrari, José Castro, Anna Chiesura, Otilia Correia, Artur Gonçalves, Paula Gonçalves, Teresa Mexia, Marzia Mirabile, Elena Paoletti, Margarida Santos-Reis, Paolo Semenzato, Ursa Vilhar
The impact of allergens emitted by urban green spaces on health is one of the main disservices of ecosystems. The objective of this work is to establish the potential allergenic value of some tree species in urban environments, so that the allergenicity of green spaces can be estimated through application of the Index of Urban Green Zones Allergenicity (IUGZA ). Multiple types of green spaces in Mediterranean cities were selected for the estimation of IUGZ . The results show that some of the ornamental species native to the Mediterranean are among the main causative agents of allergy in the population; in particular, Oleaceae, Cupressaceae, Fagaceae, and Platanus hispanica ...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Changlin Han, Yangqun Liu, Xiao Gong, Xiaohua Ye, Junli Zhou
Previous studies have suggested an association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and risk of depressive symptoms. However, it remains unclear whether there is a dose-response relationship. The effect estimates were pooled using fixed-effect or random-effect models based on homogeneity analysis. The dose-response meta-analysis was performed by linear and non-linear regression. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the possible sources of heterogeneity. Twenty-four studies were included in this meta-analysis...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Joan Guerra, María García-Gómez, Jorge Turanzas, Jose R Cordón, Cristina Suárez-Jurado, José Miguel Mestre
Dispositional Mindfulness (DM) is the awareness of the thoughts and feelings in the present moment. DM in children and adolescents has been related to mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based interventions , which have shown significant mediation relationships with mental health outcomes (for instance, lower social anxiety, depression symptoms, or perceived stress). However, the assessment of DM among children and adolescents is being unsatisfactory due cultural biases and/or reliability issues. In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) in a sample of 687 children and adolescents between 8 and 16 years old...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Uchendu Eugene Chigbu, Pierre Damien Ntihinyurwa, Walter Timo de Vries, Edith Ishimwe Ngenzi
Land use consolidation aims to address food insecurity challenges in Rwanda. However, there is contradictory evidence on whether this tool has met food security objectives or not. This study addresses two questions: How has the land use consolidation improved (or not improved) food security at the local level? How can food security challenges be addressed using a renewed approach to land use consolidation that adopts a tenure responsive land use planning procedure? We investigate these questions in Nyange Sector (in the Musanze District) of Rwanda using mixed research methods...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Florian Weiler
Climate change poses a severe challenge for many developing countries, and the need to adapt has been widely recognized. Public health is one of the sectors where adaptation is necessary, as a warming climate likely affects general health conditions, the spread of various diseases, etc. Some countries are more affected by such climatic challenges, as their climate sensitivity-both to health-related issues and to climate change in general-is higher. This study examines whether more climate-sensitive countries are more likely to receive support from donors through the relatively new channel of adaptation aid, with a particular focus on the health sector...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ian Lahart, Patricia Darcy, Christopher Gidlow, Giovanna Calogiuri
We aimed to examine the evidence for the proposed additive effect of exercise in the presence of nature (green exercise) by systematically reviewing studies that investigated the effects of outdoor or virtual green exercise compared with indoor exercise. Our review updates an earlier review, whose searches were conducted in April 2010. Trials were eligible if: (a) participants in an outdoor or virtual exercise condition were exposed to views of nature (green exercise); (b) green exercise was compared with indoor exercise with no exposure to nature; (c) included an outcome related to physical or mental health; (d) used comparative or crossover trial design...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anna Carceller, Casimiro Javierre, Martín Ríos, Ginés Viscor
In recent years, the incidence of frostbite has increased among healthy young adults who practice winter sports (skiing, mountaineering, ice climbing and technical climbing/alpinism) at both the professional and amateur levels. Moreover, given that the population most frequently affected is healthy and active, frostbite supposes a substantial interruption of their normal activity and in most cases is associated with long-term sequelae. It particularly has a higher impact when the affected person's daily activities require exposure to cold environments, as either sports practices or work activities in which low temperatures are a constant (ski patrols, mountain guides, avalanche forecasters, workers in the cold chain, etc...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Vincenzo Restivo, Achille Cernigliaro, Alessandra Casuccio
Urban sprawl has several negative impacts on the environment, the economy, and human health. The main objective of this work was to formulate and validate a sprawl/compactness index for Sicilian municipalities and evaluate its association with health outcomes. An ecological study was conducted with 110 municipalities in Sicily, Italy. Principal component analysis was adopted to create the sprawl/compactness Sicilian index, and linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between the sprawl index and health outcomes...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pei-Jian Lin, Yih-Chearng Shiue, Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng, Shan-Lin Huang
Most of the baby boomers born after the Second World War (WWII) have passed the age of 65, meaning they have gradually lost their social functions and positions, and are facing the need for care. In Taiwan, the lack of a long-term care mechanism is having a certain degree of impact on society as a whole, and thus, it is important to have a mechanism to take care of the elderly. In order to make this system sustainable, sufficient funds and continuous improvement are important factors. In the past, in order to avoid the illegal transfer of benefits, the social welfare mechanism avoided the use of for-profit organizations...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tian Gao, Rui Song, Ling Zhu, Ling Qiu
Several studies have revealed the positive effects of green space and certain activities on counteracting the physical and mental pressure felt by human beings. However, how self-reported stressed people perceive restorative green spaces, their preferences for specific characteristics and activities, and what characteristics of urban green space can induce various types of activities for stress recovery has not been fully examined in the high-density cities of China. Using an on-site questionnaire survey conducted in the People's Park (PP) in Baoji, China, this study is the first to consider the relationship among eight sensory dimensions, activity types and stress recovery in Chinese green space...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nazeem Muhajarine, Daphne McRae, Mohsen Soltanifar
The negative impact of school absenteeism on children's academic performance has been documented in the educational literature, yet few studies have used validated development indicators, or investigated individual and neighborhood characteristics to illuminate potential moderating factors. Using cross-sectional Early Development Instrument (EDI) panel data (2001-2005) we constructed multilevel linear and logistic regression models to examine the association between school absenteeism and early childhood development, moderated by Aboriginal status, length of school absence, neighborhood-level income inequality, and children's sex assigned at birth...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Joyce C Pressley, Leah M Hines, Michael J Bauer, Shin Ah Oh, Joshua R Kuhl, Chang Liu, Bin Cheng, Matthew F Garnett
Rural areas of New York State (NYS) have higher rates of alcohol-related motor vehicle (MV) crash injury than metropolitan areas. While alcohol-related injury has declined across the three geographic regions of NYS, disparities persist with rural areas having smaller declines. Our study aim was to examine factors associated with alcohol-related MV crashes in Upstate and Long Island using multi-sourced county-level data that included the Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES) with emergency department visits and hospitalizations, traffic citations, demographic, economic, transportation, alcohol outlets, and Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCCS)...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Daniel N Tollosa, Meredith Tavener, Alexis Hure, Erica L James
Lifestyle behaviours have an important role in preventing cancer, reducing treatment side effects, and improving survival and quality of life for cancer survivors. This study investigated adherence to multiple lifestyle behaviours among women with and without a cancer history. From the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) surveys, 2407 cancer survivors and 3896 controls (cancer free population) were identified. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) recommendations, adherence to six health behaviours (smoking, physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, alcohol consumption, sugary drink intake, and Body Mass Index [BMI]) were assessed...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Bin Ding, Wei Liu, Sang-Bing Tsai, Dongxiao Gu, Fang Bian, Xuefeng Shao
Using service-dominant logic as a theoretical lens, this study investigated the co-production of healthcare service and service value co-creation between nurses and patients. The main objective of this study was to: (1) examine the effect of patient participation on patient satisfaction and nurses' attitudes and behaviors; (2) examine boundary conditions of the effect of patient participation on patients and nurses. We proposed that patient participation positively impacted patient satisfaction and nurse job satisfaction, work engagement, and helping behaviors...
April 15, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jingdong Zhong, Jingjing Gao, Chengfang Liu, Jie Huang, Renfu Luo
This paper empirically investigates the causal effect of having siblings on the cognitive, language, motor, and social-emotional skills of infants under the age of 2 in rural families in Guizhou Province in China. The results are based on data from a survey conducted in 2017. To effectively relieve the endogeneity induced by selection bias, we applied the matching-smoothing (MS) method to evaluate the effects of having siblings. The results show that, first, having siblings produces significant negative impacts on an infant's cognitive, language, and social-emotional skills; second, intrahousehold resource allocation is the mechanism behind the Quantity-Quality (Q-Q) trade-off, and it exerts its effects through two key identified channels-the home environment and parental warmth...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Han-Na Kim, Wook-Sung Kong, Jung-Ha Lee, Jin-Bom Kim
Since 2000, a community water fluoridation program (CWFP) has been implemented in Hapcheon for over 15 years. We aimed to evaluate the caries-reducing effect on permanent teeth after this implementation. In 2015, evaluation surveys were conducted by our study group, 498 subjects aged 8, 10, 12, and 15 years. As the control, 952 similarly aged subjects were selected from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015 KNHANES). Data of a prospective cohort of 671 8-,10- and 12-year-olds, collected when CWFP started, were used for the evaluation...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Mary Ann Jarvis, Anita Padmanabhanunni, Jennifer Chipps
There is a high prevalence of loneliness among older people, especially in residential care settings. Loneliness is often accompanied by maladaptive cognitions which can affect the maintenance and establishment of meaningful social connections. This study implemented and evaluated a low-intensity Cognitive Behavior Therapy (LI-CBT) mHealth-supported intervention which targeted maladaptive cognitions in older people (≥60 years) experiencing loneliness. The three-month intervention using WhatsApp was implemented with older people in four inner-city residential care facilities...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Frank Doyle, Karen Morgan, Mary Mathew, Princy Palatty, Prashanti Kamat, Sally Doherty, Jody Quigley, Josh Henderson, Ronan O'Carroll
Eliciting different attitudes with survey questionnaires may impact on intention to donate organs. Previous research used varying numbers of questionnaire items, or different modes of intervention delivery, when comparing groups. We aimed to determine whether intention to donate organs differed among groups exposed to different theoretical content, but similar questionnaire length, in different countries. We tested the effect of excluding affective attitudinal items on intention to donate, using constant item numbers in two modes of intervention delivery...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dariusz Świetlik, Jacek Białowąs
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the usefulness of artificial neural networks in Alzheimer disease diagnosis (AD) using data of brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). The results were compared with discriminant analysis. The study population consisted of 132 clinically diagnosed patients. There were 72 subjects with AD and 60 belonging to the normal control group. The artificial neural network used 36 numerical values being the count numbers obtained for each area of brain SPECT. These numbers determined the set of input data for the artificial neural network...
April 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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