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International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541377/barriers-to-accessing-and-engaging-in-hiv-preventive-care-and-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-experienced-by-transgender-women-in-florida
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Sandra Kiplagat, Sarah Lavari, Francisco Sastre, Jessy G Devieux, Daniel Jimenez, Rachel D Clarke, Ines Noel, Eric W Schrimshaw, Jae Sevelius, Elena Cyrus
BACKGROUND: PrEP, a biomedical HIV prevention option, continues to be underutilized among transgender women who could benefit from sustained use, especially women of color and those who identify as Latina and/or reside in the southeastern US. OBJECTIVE: We explored the barriers and facilitators experienced by transgender women who live in Florida regarding accessing, using, and/or staying on PrEP. METHODS: In-depth interviews and focus groups were conducted in either Spanish or English with adult transgender women living in Florida (N = 22)...
March 21, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541376/planning-individual-and-population-based-interventions-in-global-health-applying-the-dea-a-framework-to-promote-behavioral-emotional-and-or-cognitive-change-among-stakeholders
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guillaume Broc, Jean Baptiste Fassier, Stéphane Raffard, Olivier Lareyre
Addressing health challenges that impact human well-being requires a comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach that would be at the crossroad of population-based prevention and individual-level clinical care, which is in line with a Global Health perspective. In the absence of a unifying theoretical framework to guide such interventions, a Dynamic Ecosystem Adaptation through the Allostasis (DEA-A) framework has been proposed, emphasizing the functional adaptation of individuals and organizations in symbiosis with their living ecosystem...
March 21, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541375/a-bi-objective-home-health-care-routing-and-scheduling-problem-under-uncertainty
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiao Zhao, Tao Wang, Thibaud Monteiro
Home health care companies provide health care services to patients in their homes. Due to increasing demand, the provision of home health care services requires effective management of operational costs while satisfying both patients and caregivers. In practice, uncertain service times might lead to considerable delays that adversely affect service quality. To this end, this paper proposes a new bi-objective optimization problem to model the routing and scheduling problems under uncertainty in home health care, considering the qualification and workload of caregivers...
March 21, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541374/evolution-of-primary-research-studies-in-digital-interventions-for-mental-well-being-promotion-from-2004-to-2023-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-studies-on-the-web-of-science
#4
REVIEW
Maria Armaou, Matthew Pears, Stathis Th Konstantinidis, Holly Blake
Research into digital interventions for mental well-being promotion has grown in recent years, fuelled by the need to improve mental health prevention strategies and respond to challenges arising from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. This bibliometric analysis provides a structured overview of publication trends and themes in primary research studies reporting an array of digital interventions indexed at WoS from 2004 to 2023. Bibliometric data were collected on a sample of 1117 documents and analysed using the Biblioshiny package...
March 21, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541373/examining-the-impacts-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-on-iraqi-refugees-in-canada
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Needal Ghadi, Jordan Tustin, Ian Young, Nigar Sekercioglu, Susan Abdula, Fatih Sekercioglu
The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated health and social inequities among migrant groups more than others. Higher rates of poverty, unemployment, living in crowded households, and language barriers have placed resettled refugees at a higher risk of facing disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic. To understand how this most vulnerable population has been impacted by the ongoing pandemic, this study reports on the responses of 128 Iraqi refugees in the city of London, Ontario, to a survey on the economic, social, and health-related impacts that they have faced for almost two years since the beginning the pandemic...
March 20, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541372/investigating-the-potential-double-edged-score-of-immigration-related-stress-discrimination-and-mental-health-access
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arthur R Andrews, Kevin Escobar, Sandra Mariely Estrada Gonzalez, Sara Reyes, Laura M Acosta
Prior work has suggested that discrimination and immigration-related stress may impede mental health care seeking and utilization among Latinx populations. These effects may be more nuanced as both discrimination and immigration-related stress may increase symptomology, particularly post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Both symptoms may, in turn, prompt attempts to seek care. The current study examined the direct effects of discrimination and immigration-related stress on care access, as well as potentially indirect effects with PTSD and depression symptoms as mediators...
March 20, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541371/the-wellbeing-of-healthcare-workers-during-covid-19-era-in-public-primary-health-facilities-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Glory Makhado, Busisiwe Ntuli, Lindiwe Zungu, Ntevhe Thovhogi, Peter Modupi Mphekgwana, Sogolo Lucky Lebelo, Sphiwe Madiba, Perpetua Modjadji
As the world grappled with the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers (HCWs) continued to provide uninterrupted health care service delivery; therefore, this disproportionately affected their wellbeing. Our study explored the wellbeing of HCWs during the COVID-19 era in public health facilities in the City of Johannesburg, Gauteng province, South Africa. A qualitative study was conducted among twenty (20) HCWs through face-to-face in-depth interviews (IDIs) in the form of semi-structured interviews, audiotapes, and transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed with NVivo version 10...
March 20, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541370/plateau-in-core-temperature-during-shorter-but-not-longer-work-rest-cycles-in-heat
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joseph P Bachraty, JianBo Qiao, Elizabeth S Powers, Lesley W Vandermark, J Luke Pryor, Riana R Pryor
This study compared physiological responses to two work/rest cycles of a 2:1 work-to-rest ratio in a hot environment. In a randomized crossover design, fourteen participants completed 120 min of walking and rest in the heat (36.3 ± 0.6 °C, 30.2 ± 4.0% relative humidity). Work/rest cycles were (1) 40 min work/20 min rest [40/20], or (2) 20 min work/10 min rest [20/10], both completing identical work. Core temperature (Tc ), skin temperature (Tsk ), heart rate (HR), nude body mass, and perception of work were collected...
March 20, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541369/healthy-inclusive-and-sustainable-catering-in-secondary-schools-an-analysis-of-a-transformation-process-with-multiple-tensions
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benjamin Hennchen, Martina Schäfer
Interest in catering for public sector schools is increasing due to its potential role in addressing the prevailing problems of malnutrition, food insecurity and non-sustainable food habits. Based on the case of secondary schools in Berlin, this study aims to explore this potential by focusing on the process of transformation towards healthy, inclusive and sustainable school catering. It employs a multi-perspective analysis based on the two concepts of food environment and social cohesion. Results are based on quantitative and qualitative data collected via an online survey of pupils from 25 secondary schools in Berlin as well as field notes from six stakeholder events...
March 20, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541368/autism-stigma-and-south-asian-immigrant-families-in-canada
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fariha Shafi, Amirtha Karunakaran, Farah Ahmad
Considerable empirical evidence suggests early recognition of autism and access to support result in long-term positive outcomes for children and youth on the spectrum and their families. However, children of racialized families are often diagnosed at later ages, are more likely to be misdiagnosed, and experience many barriers to service access. There is also a paucity of research exploring the experiences of parents from specific immigrant groups caring for their children on the spectrum in Canada, many of whom identify as members of racialized communities...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541367/examining-health-seeking-behavior-among-diverse-ethnic-subgroups-within-black-populations-in-the-united-states-and-canada-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yordanos M Tiruneh, Oluwatunmininu Anwoju, Ariel C Harrison, Martha T Garcia, Shauna K Elbers
The Black populations, often treated as ethnically homogenous, face a constant challenge in accessing and utilizing healthcare services. This study examines the intra-group differences in health-seeking behavior among diverse ethnic subgroups within Black communities. A cross-sectional analysis included 239 adults ≥18 years of age who self-identified as Black in the United States and Canada. Multiple logistic regression assessed the relationship between health-seeking behaviors and ethnic origin, controlling for selected social and health-related factors...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541366/healing-together-a-narrative-review-on-how-psychiatric-treatment-for-parental-depression-impacts-children
#12
REVIEW
Michelle Cross, Yasmeen Abdul-Karim, Amy Johnson, Colleen Victor, Andrew Rosenfeld
It is well known that parental depression is correlated to adverse child mental health outcomes; but what is the effect of treating parental depression on the child? This narrative review aims to explore this question, and how certain specific interventions designed to help depressed parents affect mental health outcomes in their children. The academic database APA PsychInfo was searched for articles that broadly included interventions for parents with depression as well as child wellbeing or outcomes as of October 2023...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541365/health-literacy-and-environmental-risks-focusing-air-pollution-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-germany
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elisabeth Pfleger, Hans Drexler, Regina Lutz
(1) Background: Environmental risks such as air pollutants pose a threat to human health and must be communicated to the affected population to create awareness, such as via health literacy (HL); (2) Methods: We analyzed HL in the context of environmental health risks, including sources of information and prior knowledge, in a sample from the German general population using Kendall's rank correlations, regression analyses, and explorative parallel mediation analysis; (3) Results: The survey included 412 German participants aged between 18 and 77...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541364/redefining-age-friendly-neighbourhoods-translating-the-promises-of-blue-zones-for-contemporary-urban-environments
#14
REVIEW
Peyman Najafi, Masi Mohammadi
The longevity and healthy ageing observed in Blue Zones offer valuable insights for contemporary urban neighbourhood planning and design. This paper reviews the age-friendly features of the built environment in Blue Zones, aiming to translate these insights into actionable strategies for urban neighbourhood development. Employing a systematic literature review and Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) analysis of Google Street View imagery, this study assesses the built environments in Blue Zones, including housing, public spaces, and transportation systems...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541363/bullying-in-the-arab-world-definition-perception-and-implications-for-public-health-and-interventions
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muthanna Samara, Nura Alkathiri, Mahitab Sherif, Aiman El-Asam, Sara Hammuda, Peter K Smith, Hisham Morsi
The present research aimed to examine bullying among diverse Arab nationalities residing in Qatar across two separate studies. Study 1 examined how Arabic-speaking adolescents and adults describe and perceive bullying, participants ( N = 36) from different Arab nationalities (i.e., Egyptians, Qataris, Syrians, and other Arabs) were presented with three tasks in a focus group where they were asked questions about how they describe and perceive three scenarios without reference to the term "bullying". Findings indicated that (1) the majority of participants referred to the intention to cause harm and the imbalance of power in their descriptions, and (2) differences in describing the behaviours in the scenarios were notable when comparing Egyptians with the three other nationalities...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541362/association-between-the-composition-of-drinking-water-and-cognitive-function-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Annie Wasick, Yeonsoo Kim
The prevalence of dementia increases with nearly 10 million new cases each year, with Alzheimer's disease contributing to 60-70% of cases. Environmental factors such as drinking water have been evaluated to determine if a relationship exists between trace elements in drinking water and the risk of developing cognitive disorders in the elderly. The purpose of the current systematic review was to evaluate an association between the composition of drinking water and cognitive function in the elderly. In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses guidelines, a literature search was conducted using PubMed and CINAHL databases...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541361/trends-and-patterns-in-electronic-health-record-research-1991-2022-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-australian-literature
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hongmei Xie, Andreas Cebulla, Peivand Bastani, Madhan Balasubramanian
Electronic Heath Records (EHRs) play vital roles in facilitating streamlined service provision and governance across the Australian health system. Given the recent challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic, an ageing population, health workforce silos, and growing inefficiencies in traditional systems, a detailed historical analysis of the use of EHR research in Australia is necessary. The aim of this study is to examine the trends and patterns in EHR research in Australia over the past three decades by employing bibliometric methods...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541360/paramedic-willingness-to-report-violence-following-the-introduction-of-a-novel-point-of-event-reporting-process-in-a-single-canadian-paramedic-service
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Justin Mausz, Michael-Jon Braaksma, Mandy Johnston, Alan M Batt, Elizabeth A Donnelly
Violence against paramedics is increasingly recognized as an important occupational health problem, but pervasive and institutionalized underreporting hinders efforts at risk mitigation. Earlier research has shown that the organizational culture within paramedicine may contribute to underreporting, and researchers have recommended involving paramedics in the development of violence prevention policies, including reporting systems. Eighteen months after the launch of a new violence reporting system in Peel Region, Ontario, Canada, we surveyed paramedics about their experiences reporting violent encounters...
March 19, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541359/coaching-home-care-clients-to-prepare-their-homes-for-safe-care-visits-a-mixed-methods-study-to-evaluate-a-nurse-led-educational-intervention-process
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pia K Markkanen, Rebecca J Gore, Susan R Sama, John E Lindberg, Catherine J Galligan, Margaret M Quinn
Assuring home care (HC) workers' safety is challenging because the work environment is a private home. This paper presents the process evaluation for a proof-of-concept safety intervention study to assess whether nurse-led safety coaching, using motivational interviewing and a safety handbook, could enable HC clients to improve safety in their homes. The process evaluation objectives were to (i) document the intervention's implementation progress and (ii) assess the intervention's dose delivery, dose reception, and fidelity...
March 18, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38541358/assessing-the-quality-and-coverage-of-maternal-postnatal-care-in-bangladesh-a-comparative-analysis-of-quality-postnatal-care-among-home-and-facility-births
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sabrina Sharmin Priyanka, Dibbya Pravas Dasgupta, Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Nazia Binte Ali, Hafeza Khatun, Sk Masum Billah
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has achieved remarkable progress in reducing maternal mortality, yet postpartum deaths remain a significant issue. Emphasis on quality postnatal care (qPNC) is crucial, as increased coverage alone has not sufficiently reduced maternal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This study included data from the Bangladesh Maternal Mortality Survey of 32,106 mothers who delivered within three years prior to the survey. Descriptive statistics were used to report coverage and components of postnatal care stratified by covariates...
March 18, 2024: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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