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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

Belén Zapata-Diomedi, Claire Boulangé, Billie Giles-Corti, Kath Phelan, Simon Washington, J Lennert Veerman, Lucy Dubrelle Gunn
BACKGROUND: A consensus is emerging in the literature that urban form can impact health by either facilitating or deterring physical activity (PA). However, there is a lack of evidence measuring population health and the economic benefits relating to alternative urban forms. We examined the issue of housing people within two distinct types of urban development forms: a medium-density brownfield development in an established area with existing amenities (e.g. daily living destinations, transit), and a low-density suburban greenfield development...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Ingrid Marie Hovdenak, Tonje Holte Stea, Jos Twisk, Saskia Jacqueline Te Velde, Knut-Inge Klepp, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: The rationale for promoting increased consumption of fruit and vegetables (FV) at an early age is based on results from previous tracking-studies, indicating that dietary habits learned in childhood sustain into adulthood. Previous tracking studies have several limitations (e.g. low study sample, few repeated measurements and/or short a follow-up period). In addition, to our knowledge, no study has shown that a dietary intervention initiated in childhood affects tracking of dietary behaviour...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Mariel Marcano-Olivier, Ruth Pearson, Allycea Ruparell, Pauline J Horne, Simon Viktor, Mihela Erjavec
BACKGROUND: Research has consistently indicated that most children do not consume sufficient fruit and vegetables to provide them with a healthy, balanced diet. This study set out to trial a simple, low-cost behavioural nudge intervention to encourage children to select and consume more fruit and vegetables with their lunchtime meal in a primary school cafeteria. METHODS: Four primary schools were randomly allocated to either the control or the intervention condition and baseline data were collected over two days in each school...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Teresa Correa, Camila Fierro, Marcela Reyes, Francesca R Dillman Carpentier, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Camila Corvalan
BACKGROUND: In line with calls for action from international health organizations, Chile implemented in June 2016 a set of regulations to tackle the obesity epidemic. The new regulation includes the mandatory use of front-of-package warning labels on packaged foods/beverages high in energy, sugars, saturated fats and sodium. Additionally, such foods cannot be sold nor offered in daycares/schools and cannot be promoted to children under 14yo. The law is targeted to children; thus, this study examined mothers' understanding, perceptions, and behaviors associated with the regulation one year after its implementation, using a qualitative approach...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Peiyuan Huang, Majella O'Keeffe, Christelle Elia, Alexis Karamanos, Louise M Goff, Maria Maynard, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Seeromanie Harding
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption (FV) and mental health in adolescence is sparse and inconsistent. Social determinants of FV include ethnicity, family environments and economic disadvantage. We investigated the relationship between FV and mental health in the British multi-ethnic Determinants of Adolescents (now young Adult) Social well-being and Health (DASH) longitudinal study. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 4683 adolescents living in London at age 11-13 years and followed up at 14-16 years...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Asha Kaur, Peter Scarborough, Mike Rayner
BACKGROUND: Health-related claims (HRCs) are statements found on food packets that convey the nutritional quality of a food (nutrition claims) and/or its impact on a health outcome (health claims). The EU stated that HRCs should be regulated such that they can only appear on foods that meet a specified nutrient profile (NP). A NP model has been proposed, but not agreed by the European Commission. METHODS: To model the impact of HRCs on health impacts in the UK, we built a front-end model to a pre-established non-communicable-disease (NCD) scenario model, the Preventable Risk Integrated ModEl (PRIME) by combining data from a meta-analysis examining the impact of HRCs on dietary choices and a survey of pre-packaged foods examining the prevalence of HRCs and the nutritional quality of foods that carry them...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Matthijs D van der Zee, Denise van der Mee, Meike Bartels, Eco J C de Geus
BACKGROUND: The aim of many physical activity interventions is to develop life-long habits of regular exercise and sports activities in leisure time. Previous studies that assessed tracking (i.e. the stability of a trait over the lifespan) of leisure time exercise behaviour across various parts of the life span have treated it as a uniform construct by summing all types of leisure time exercise activities into a single summary score for the total volume of exercise. This study provides new insight by additionally determining tracking across leisure time exercise activities in six different domains: (1) team-based versus solitary activities, (2) competitive versus non-competitive activities, and (3) externally paced versus internally paced activities...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Shannon M Robson, Melissa L Ziegler, Mary Beth McCullough, Cathleen Odar Stough, Cynthia Zion, Stacey L Simon, Richard F Ittenbach, Lori J Stark
BACKGROUND: Family-based obesity treatment interventions can successfully reduce energy intake in preschoolers. An implicit goal of obesity treatment interventions is to improve diet quality, but diet quality has been less examined as a treatment outcome in studies of preschoolers. The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis comparing the change in diet quality and home food environment in preschoolers assigned to a behavioral family-based obesity intervention (LAUNCH), motivational interviewing (MI) condition, or standard care (STC) condition...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Namrata Sanjeevi, Leah Lipsky, Aiyi Liu, Tonja Nansel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions typically rely on self-reported intake that may be susceptible to differential reporting bias due to exposure to the intervention. Such differences may result from increased social desirability, increased attention to eating or improved recall accuracy, and may bias estimates of the intervention effect. This study investigated differential reporting bias of fruit and vegetable intake in youth with type 1 diabetes participating in a randomized controlled trial targeting increased whole plant food intake...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jessica Gokee LaRose, Rebecca H Neiberg, E Whitney Evans, Deborah F Tate, Mark A Espeland, Amy A Gorin, Letitia Perdue, Karen Hatley, Cora E Lewis, Erica Robichaud, Rena R Wing
BACKGROUND: Young adults (YA) are at high-risk for unhealthy dietary behaviors and weight gain. The Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention (SNAP) Trial demonstrated that two self-regulation approaches were effective in reducing weight gain over 2 years compared with control. The goal of this analysis was to examine effects of intervention on dietary outcomes and the association of diet changes with weight change. METHODS: Participants were 599 YA, age 18-35 years, BMI 21...
January 31, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Christina Vogel, Gavin Abbott, Georgia Ntani, Mary Barker, Cyrus Cooper, Graham Moon, Kylie Ball, Janis Baird
BACKGROUND: To improve population diet environmental strategies have been hailed the panacea because they require little agency or investment of personal resources; this contrasts with conventional strategies that rely on individuals to engage high levels of agency and make deliberate choices. There is an immediate need to improve understanding of the synergy between the psychological and environmental determinants of diet in order to optimise allocation of precious public health resources...
January 30, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Miriam Alvarado, Nigel Unwin, Stephen J Sharp, Ian Hambleton, Madhuvanti M Murphy, T Alafia Samuels, Marc Suhrcke, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has advocated for sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes as part of a broader non-communicable disease prevention strategy, and these taxes have been recently introduced in a wide range of settings. However, much is still unknown about how SSB taxes operate in various contexts and as a result of different tax designs. In 2015, the Government of Barbados implemented a 10% ad valorem (value-based) tax on SSBs. It has been hypothesized that this tax structure may inadvertently encourage consumers to switch to cheaper sugary drinks...
January 30, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Elizabeth S Limb, Shaleen Ahmad, Derek G Cook, Sally M Kerry, Ulf Ekelund, Peter H Whincup, Christina R Victor, Steve Iliffe, Michael Ussher, Julia Fox-Rushby, Cheryl Furness, Judith Ibison, Stephen DeWilde, Tess Harris
BACKGROUND: Few trials have compared estimates of change in physical activity (PA) levels using self-reported and objective PA measures when evaluating trial outcomes. The PACE-UP trial offered the opportunity to assess this, using the self-administered International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and waist-worn accelerometry. METHODS: The PACE-UP trial (N = 1023) compared usual care (n = 338) with two pedometer-based walking interventions, by post (n = 339) or with nurse support (n = 346)...
January 22, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jennifer O Fisher, Elena L Serrano, Gary D Foster, Chantelle N Hart, Adam Davey, Yasmeen P Bruton, Linda Kilby, Lisa Harnack, Karen J Ruth, Alexandria Kachurak, Hannah G Lawman, Anna Martin, Heather M Polonsky
BACKGROUND: Few interventions have shown efficacy to influence key energy balance behaviors during the preschool years. OBJECTIVE: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was used to evaluate the efficacy of Food, Fun, and Families (FFF), a 12 week authoritative food parenting intervention for mothers with low-income levels, to reduce preschool-aged children's intake of calories from solid fat and added sugar (SoFAS). METHODS: Mothers were randomly assigned to receive FFF (n = 59) or to a delayed treatment control (n = 60)...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
M M Borghese, E Borgundvaag, M A McIsaac, I Janssen
BACKGROUND: A limitation of measuring sedentary time with an accelerometer is device removal. The resulting nonwear time is typically deleted from the data prior to calculating sedentary time. This could impact estimates of sedentary time and its associations with health indicators. We evaluated whether using multiple imputation to replace nonwear accelerometer epochs influences such estimates in children. METHODS: 452 children (50% male) aged 10-13 were tasked with wearing an accelerometer (15 s epochs) for 7 days...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Catrine Tudor-Locke, Elroy J Aguiar, Ho Han, Scott W Ducharme, John M Schuna, Tiago V Barreira, Christopher C Moore, Michael A Busa, Jongil Lim, John R Sirard, Stuart R Chipkin, John Staudenmayer
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that walking cadence (steps/min) is associated with absolutely-defined intensity (metabolic equivalents; METs), such that cadence-based thresholds could serve as reasonable proxy values for ambulatory intensities. PURPOSE: To establish definitive heuristic (i.e., evidence-based, practical, rounded) thresholds linking cadence with absolutely-defined moderate (3 METs) and vigorous (6 METs) intensity. METHODS: In this laboratory-based cross-sectional study, 76 healthy adults (10 men and 10 women representing each 5-year age-group category between 21 and 40 years, BMI = 24...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Chloe Clifford Astbury, Tarra L Penney, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Despite inconclusive evidence, the idea that a lack of home food preparation and skills is a limiting factor in achieving a healthy diet is widespread. Cooking skills interventions proliferate, and several countries now mention cooking in their dietary guidelines. The aim of this study was to determine whether substantial consumption of home-prepared food is necessary for high dietary quality by exploring whether individuals can eat healthily while eating little home-prepared food...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Bailey Houghtaling, Elena L Serrano, Vivica I Kraak, Samantha M Harden, George C Davis, Sarah A Misyak
BACKGROUND: Altering food store environments is a promising approach to encourage healthy product purchases by consumers to improve their diet quality and health. Food store owners and managers are intermediaries to ensure that environmental changes are enacted. Despite their role as gatekeepers to implement and sustain healthy food environment changes, no systematic review has been published that examines food store owner and manager (retailer) data. Thus a review of retailer information available within the expansive United States (US) food environment literature was the purpose of this research...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Nidhi Gupta, Mette Korshøj, Dorothea Dumuid, Pieter Coenen, Karen Allesøe, Andreas Holtermann
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown contrasting effects on hypertension for occupational and leisure-time physical behaviors-physical activity and sedentary behavior and time in bed. However, (a) none of these studies have addressed the compositional property of the physical behaviors and (b) most knowledge on the association between domain-specific physical behaviors and hypertension relies upon self-reported physical behaviors information primarily on white-collar worker study samples...
January 10, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
T M van Elten, M D A Karsten, A Geelen, R J B J Gemke, H Groen, A Hoek, M N M van Poppel, T J Roseboom
BACKGROUND: The preconceptional period may be an optimal window of opportunity to improve lifestyle. We previously showed that a 6 month preconception lifestyle intervention among women with obesity and infertility was successful in decreasing the intake of high caloric snacks and beverages, increasing physical activity and in reducing weight in the short term. We now report the effects of the preconception lifestyle intervention on diet, physical activity and body mass index (BMI) at 5...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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