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Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Thejeswini Mahadevaiah, Pradeep Rangappa, Ipe Jacob, Karthik Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Rachana Warrier, Santosh Kumar Singh, Sarvinder Singh, Ajai Kumar Tentu, Nidhi Singh, Chinmaya Dash, Vani Singh
Leptospirosis is an important re-emerging infectious disease. Leptospirosis has been estimated to affect tens of millions of humans annually with a case fatality rate ranging from 5% to 25%; however, it is underreported due to the lack of clinical suspicion and barriers to diagnostic capacity. A 33-year-old healthy male presented with a history of fever of 2-day duration. His examination revealed icterus. His workup did not show any significant findings except for a mild transaminitis and a rise in serum creatinine by 0...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Vijoy Kumar Jha, Tushar Vidhale
Splenic abscess is a rare complication of enteric fever in developing countries. This is seen mostly solitary rather than being multiple and can be fatal if untreated. In general clinical practice, multiple splenic abscesses or thick pus with septations may require splenectomy. Here, we report a rare case of enteric fever with multiple splenic abscesses in a young immunocompetent male who was successfully managed with antibiotics and percutaneous pigtail drainage of pus from the larger cavity.
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Johannes Heymer, Andreas Lienig, Joachim Löffler, Tobias Schilling, Daniel Räpple
Repeated vomiting may lead to profound loss of fluid and electrolytes. We describe a case with life-threatening acid-base disturbances due to vomiting. A 38-year-old man presented to an emergency department with weakness and decreased urine output after having vomited up to 20 times per day over a period of 7 days. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed a metabolic alkalosis with partial respiratory compensation. Initial management consisted of oxygen therapy and intravenous fluid therapy with normal saline and potassium chloride...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Jose Chacko, Gagan Brar, Bhargav Mundlapudi, Pradeep Kumar
Paralysis of the lower cranial nerves is uncommon after closed head injuries. Most cases reported are unilateral and associated with base of skull fractures, usually involving the occipital condyles. Bilateral lower cranial nerve palsy is even less common, with only a handful of cases reported in literature. A 17-year-old girl presented to us after she was involved in a side-on collision with a car while driving a scooter. She sustained traumatic brain injury requiring mechanical ventilation. Detailed neurological evaluation revealed bilateral paralysis of the IXth , Xth , and XIIth cranial nerves with no evidence of a fracture of the base of skull or brain stem injury...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Bandya Sahoo, Mukesh Kumar Jain, Reshmi Mishra, Sibabratta Patnaik
Objective: The main objective is to assess the challenges in diagnosis and treatment while managing seronegative cases of autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) in Indian children. Methods: A cohort study of patients with AIE was done where clinical presentations, investigations, management were analyzed and these patients were followed up to assess the evolution of the disease. Results: Nine patients were included in the study. Four patients presented with super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE)...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Agus Iwan Foead, Amuthaganesh Mathialagan, Raghu Varadarajan, Michael Larvin
Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG) is a rare, debilitating disease that deserves more widespread concern among the medical fraternities. The objective of this review is to outline the etiology, pathology findings, and management practices of SPG. About 18%-40% mortality rate was reported, and survivors have high frequency of multiple limb amputations. SPG is the hallmark of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The main pathogenesis theory, to date, is microthrombosis associated with disturbed procoagulant-anticoagulant balance...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Vijoy Kumar Jha, K V Padmaprakash
Extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) represents a treatment modality promoting removal of endogenous or exogenous poisons and supporting or temporarily replacing a vital organ. This article aims to provide a brief overview of the technical aspects and the potential indications and limitations of the different ECTRs, highlighting the important characteristics of poison amenable to ECTR and the most appropriate prescriptions used in the setting of acute poisoning. The various principles that govern poison elimination by ECTR (diffusion, convection, adsorption, and centrifugation) and how components of the ECTR can be adjusted to maximize clearance have also being discussed...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Fahd Khaleefah Al Khaleefah, Ibrahim Saifi Al Harbi, Fiaz Ahmed, Sinimol Jabar, Marilou Andal Torre, Sunitha Lorin Mathias
Introduction: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are an infection that patients acquire during receiving treatment and care for the medical or surgical problem. Objective: The objective of this study is to find the patterns of HAIs cases in the hospital and to know the impact of the intervention on prevention and control of health care associated infection. Methodology: This was prospective interventional study. Results: The majority of cases of HAIs was reported from intensive care unit 47%...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Pooja Anthwal, Nirmal Kumar, Ayush Manchanda, Bhawna Garg
Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate whether 6-h sepsis bundle component compliance (complete vs. incomplete) decreases mortality in pediatric patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Methodology: The study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital. Patients aged 1 month-13 years admitted to pediatric intensive care unit with severe sepsis, or septic shock were prospectively enrolled. The clinical data and blood investigations required for sepsis bundle were recorded...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Rujipat Samransamruajkit, Kawiwan Limprayoon, Rojanee Lertbunrian, Rattapon Uppala, Chutima Samathakanee, Pravit Jetanachai, Nopparat Thamsiri
Background: Sepsis is a common condition affecting the lives of infants and children worldwide. Although implementation of the surviving sepsis campaign (SSC) care bundles was once believed to be effective in reducing sepsis mortality rates, the approach has recently been questioned. Methods: The study was a prospective, interventional, multicenter trial. Infants and children aged 1 month to 15 years in seven different large academic centers in Thailand who had been diagnosed with severe sepsis or septic shock...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Keertana Badrinath, Monica Shekhar, Moturu Sreelakshmi, Meenakshi Srinivasan, Girish Thunga, Sreedharan Nair, Karthik Rao Nileshwar, Athira Balakrishnan, Vijayanarayana Kunhikatta
Background: Sepsis is a complex condition defined by the systemic response to infection. Severity assessment scoring systems are used to aid the physician in deciding whether aggressive treatment is needed or not. In this study, various severity assessment scoring systems, namely Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), Rapid Emergency Medicine Score (REMS), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score (MODS), Predisposition, Infection, Response, and Organ Dysfunction (PIRO), and Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS), were compared to assess their sensitivity and specificity...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Pralay Shankar Ghosh, Afzal Azim, Sai Saran, Arvind Kumar Baronia, Banani Poddar, Ratender Kumar Singh, Mohan Gurjar, Prabhaker Mishra
Introduction: Lung-protective ventilation strategy and prone positioning are the strategies practiced to manage patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Inferior Vena Cava Distensibility (dIVC) Index has been used for predicting fluid responsiveness (FR) in supine position. We conducted this study to observe the utility of dIVC in prone position in ARDS patients and compare it with esophageal Doppler (ED) parameters. Materials and Methods: After ethical clearance, a prospective observational pilot study was conducted in a 12-bedded tertiary care hospital...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Azrina Md Ralib, Suhaila Nanyan, Nur Fariza Ramly, Lim Chew Har, Tan Cheng Cheng, Mohd Basri Mat Nor
Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in the intensive care unit (ICU) with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. The high incidence of AKI in our population may be attributed to sepsis. We investigated the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of AKI in four tertiary Malaysian ICUs. We also evaluated its association with sepsis. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study extracted de-identified data from the Malaysian Registry of Intensive Care in four Malaysian tertiary ICUs between January 2010 and December 2014...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Naveen Agnihotri, Ajju Agnihotri
Background and Aim: The turnaround time (TAT) for blood transfusion (BT) is an important quality indicator for the health-care institutions undertaking this procedure. There is no established national or international benchmark for this TAT due to the dearth of a published literature. We thus studied the TAT and the contributory procedures leading to delay in commencing a red blood cell transfusion in the hospitalized patient. Materials and Methods: Delay was captured for the blood order transcription, requisitioning and sampling by the nurse, blood bank (BB) processing, blood issue, and the transfusion commencement in the hospitalized patients...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Tuna Demirdal, Pinar Sen, Salih Atakan Nemli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Sonika Agarwal, Barnali Kakati, Sushant Khanduri
Opportunistic infections in the intensive care unit are quite common which can cause devastating disease in many hospitalized and immunocompromised patients. Chryseobacterium indologenes is one such microorganism which is an emerging cause of nosocomial infections. Many cases had been reported from its infections, but the treatment protocol for its management is still not established. We present two cases of C. indologenes infections which were hospital acquired. The pandrug-resistant nature of the bacteria and the associated mortality were uncommon with these two cases...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Pedja Kovacevic, Sasa Dragic, Vlado Djajic
The widespread use of various devices in the diagnosis or treatment of critically ill neurological patients has led to the more frequent appearance of a new group of meningitis and ventriculitis caused by resistant Gram-negative bacteria or staphylococci. In literature, it has been labeled as health care-associated meningitis and ventriculitis. In our clinical practice (in resource-limited countries), we still have any viable experience neither in the application of these diagnostic and therapeutic tools nor in the handling of complications resulting from their use...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Sai Saran, Vijay Sundar Singh, Sagarika Panda, Mohan Gurjar, Krushna Chandra Pani, Kalyani Borde, Afzal Azim
Pyomyositis is a tropical infection affecting skeletal muscles manifesting as high-grade fever with pain in the affected limbs usually caused by Gram-positive microorganisms. Gram-negative organisms causing pyomyositis is uncommon but has been reported. Burkholderia cepacia is a Gram-negative nonfermenter causing opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients, has been reported to cause pyomyositis only once before. We report a case of B. cepacia pyomyositis in a patient with no history of immunocompromised status, manifesting as disseminated infection with hemophagocytic syndrome presenting to our intensive care unit...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Sujeet Raina, Bhagwan Dass Negi, Sayan Malakar, Rajesh Sharma, Mahesh Kumar
We report a case of bilateral parotid enlargement and trismus due to the bite of common krait ( Bungarus caeruleus ). These clinical findings have not been reported in literature after the bite with this species.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
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