Journals Cardiopulmonary Physical Thera...

Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Rebecca Byrd, Patrick Smith, Omar Mohamedaly, Laurie D Snyder, Amy M Pastva
Purpose: Rehabilitation can improve health outcomes in candidates for lung transplantation. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effect of a one-month physical therapy (PT)-based outpatient program on exercise capacity, symptoms, quality of life and examine predictors of functional outcome changes in adults awaiting lung transplantation. Methods: Participants (n=141) completed a 23-session exercise and educational program over one month...
April 2019: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Shakeel Ahmed, A Daniel Martin, Barbara K Smith
Patients with impending respiratory failure often require mechanical ventilation to optimize gas exchange. Although this form of assisted ventilation is required for survival, its persistent use results in diaphragm weakness and muscle fiber atrophy. There is strong evidence that mechanical ventilation alters the structure and function of the diaphragm, resulting in prolonged dependence on assisted ventilation and long-term consequences such as a delayed functional recovery, reduced quality of life and increased risk of mortality...
January 2019: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Christopher Brown, Shih-Chiao Tseng, Katy Mitchell, Toni Roddey
Purpose: (1) Determine whether ultrasonography can detect differences in diaphragm contractility between body positions. (2) Perform reliability analysis of diaphragm thickness measurements in each test condition. Methods: We used a repeated-measures experimental design with 45 healthy adults where 3 B-mode ultrasound images were collected at peak-inspiration and end-expiration in supine, sitting, and standing. Mean diaphragm thickening fractions were calculated for each test position...
October 2018: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Eric Nolen-Doerr, Kent Crick, Chandan Saha, Mary de Groot, Yegan Pillay, Jay H Shubrook, David Donley, W Guyton Hornsby
Objective: The 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a measure that is routinely used to assess a response to treatment for cardiopulmonary diseases such as pulmonary fibrosis and congestive heart failure. The measure has never been verified as a valid measure of exercise capacity in the highly prevalent patient population of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This study investigated the correlation between the 6MWT and graded exercise testing (GXT) in an effort to validate the 6MWT as a quality tool for assessing exercise capacity in adults with T2DM...
July 2018: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Anna E Mattlage, Sara A Redlin, Lee R Rosterman, Nick Harn, Jason-Flor V Sisante, Michael G Abraham, Sandra A Billinger
PURPOSE: For individuals with acute stroke, it is difficult to conduct an exercise test to assess peak oxygen consumption (peak Vo2 ). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to use a clinically feasible tool for assessing prestroke peak Vo2 using a nonexercise estimation equation to test whether estimated prestroke peak Vo2 was related to the functional outcome measures at discharge from the hospital in individuals after an acute stroke. We hypothesized that the estimated prestroke peak Vo2 would be significantly related to discharge Physical Performance Test (PPT), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), and lower extremity Fugl-Meyer (LEFM) assessment...
July 2016: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Rasinio S Graves, Jonathan D Mahnken, Rodrigo D Perea, Sandra A Billinger, Eric D Vidoni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to create an equation for continuous percentile rank of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) from ages 20 to 99. METHODS: We used a two-staged modeling approach with existing normative data from the American College of Sports Medicine for VO2 max. First, we estimated intercept and slope parameters for each decade of life as a logistic function. We then modeled change in intercept and slope as functions of age (stage two) using weighted least squares regression...
December 2015: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Patricia A Hageman, Carol H Pullen, Paul Dizona, Kristin Schmidt, Linda S Boeckner
PURPOSE: Rural women have high prevalence of obesity and prehypertension. Obesity, if associated with poor physical function, may have implications for applying activity guidelines for women volunteering for lifestyle modification. This study examined associations of body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat with measures of 1-mile walk time, post-walk perceived exertion, and 10-repetition chair stands in rural women ages 40-69. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data were collected using standardized methods from 289 rural women with prehypertension who volunteered for a lifestyle clinical trial for reducing blood pressure...
December 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Christopher M Wilson, Stephanie R Kostsuca, Judith A Boura
PURPOSE: The 5-Meter Walk Test (5MWT) has been recommended for use by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons as an outcome measure in the Adult Cardiac Surgery Database to predict frailty in individuals who are candidates for cardiac surgery. However, there are no published reports of performance on this test in the literature. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide descriptive analysis of the 5MWT for individuals who were candidates for cardiac surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 113 preoperative cardiac surgery candidates who underwent a 5MWT...
September 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Lissa M Spencer, Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough
PURPOSE: To determine the opinions and attitudes toward exercise in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who had completed a randomised controlled trial of 12-months maintenance exercise. METHODS: Participants were eligible for recruitment to the maintenance exercise study if they had COPD and had completed an 8-week pulmonary rehabilitation program. They were randomized into an Intervention Group (IG) that consisted of once weekly, supervised hospital-based maintenance exercise plus home exercise for 12 months or a Control Group that undertook unsupervised home maintenance exercise for 12 months...
September 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Michael J Shoemaker, Amy B Curtis, Eric Vangsnes, Michael G Dickinson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present pilot study was to provide a preliminary estimate of the minimum detectable difference (MDD) and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and daily activity in outpatients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: A convenience sample of 22 adults with stable New York Heart Association Functional Class II and III CHF performed two baseline 6MWTs separated by 30 minutes of rest. Subjects then wore a triaxial accelerometer for 7 days to monitor daily activity...
September 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Anna E Mattlage, Abigail L Ashenden, Angela A Lentz, Michael A Rippee, Sandra A Billinger
PURPOSE: Reduced cardiovascular fitness post-stroke may negatively impact recovery. There is little information regarding exercise testing performance and cardiorespiratory response to an aerobic exercise intervention in subacute stroke. The purpose of this study was to examine cardiorespiratory response in subacute stroke after an 8-week aerobic exercise intervention using a total body recumbent stepper (TBRS). METHODS: Nine individuals with mean age 61.2 (SD 4...
September 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Eduard Gappmaier, Sima F Tavazoie, Michael G Jacketta
PURPOSE: Large therapeutic rolls (LTR) and balls are popular rehabilitation tools and have also been advertised as cardiovascular training devices. The aim of this study was to determine if individuals of varying fitness levels would reach aerobic training levels by evidence-based standards as described in American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) publications. METHODS: Fourteen volunteers performed a maximal exercise test and on subsequent days, two submaximal exercise tests on the LTR (LTR-A and -B)...
September 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Anne K Swisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Rachel Scheiderer, Courtney Belden, Darla Schwab, Casey Haney, Jaime Paz
BACKGROUND: For patients with end-stage heart failure awaiting transplantation, lack of donor organs has created an increased need for alternatives such as left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. The purpose of this study is to determine safe and effective exercise parameters for physical therapy in the acute care setting. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines using Sackett's Levels of Evidence to rate the evidence...
June 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Paul D Loprinzi, Gina Pariser
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report cardiorespiratory fitness levels among adults with diabetes and report differences by demographic (eg, body mass index) and behavioral (eg, physical activity) variables. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used in the analyses. Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed using a non-exercise prediction equation and through a submaximal treadmill-based test using heart rate extrapolation...
June 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
R Scott Van Zant, Kelly Jo Cape, Katrina Roach, Janie Sweeney
PURPOSE: The study purpose was to assess perceptions of physical therapists (PTs) regarding the role of physical therapy in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. METHODS: A 25-item survey, validated by expert cardiovascular/pulmonary (CVP) PTs, was sent electronically to 2,673 PTs. Each item represented an element of clinical practice behavior: education of CVD/risk factors (EDCVD), administration of primary CVD prevention (PRECVD), identifying underlying CVD/risk factors (IDCVD), monitoring CV status in patients with CVD (MONCVD)...
June 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Christiane Perme, Theresa Nalty, Chris Winkelman, Ricardo Kenji Nawa, Faisal Masud
INTRODUCTION: There are limited data describing mobility interventions provided to patients with femoral catheters. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of femoral catheter related adverse effects during physical therapy (PT) sessions in a cardiovascular intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study and included patients with at least one femoral catheter. Data were collected after each PT session. RESULTS: There were 77 subjects with a total of 92 femoral catheters (50 arterial, 15 central venous, and 27 dialysis) treated...
June 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Sandra Cassady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Anne K Swisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
Michael L Puthoff, Dan Saskowski
PURPOSE: Following a cardiac event patients are at risk for deficits in mobility and function. However, measures of physical performance are not commonly used and have not been extensively studied in patients enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and the minimal detectable change (MDC) of gait speed, 5 times sit to stand (5 STS) and hand grip strength for individuals enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals enrolled in phase II or III cardiac rehabilitation participated in the study...
March 2013: Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal
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