Journals Journal of Clinical Child and ...

Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Marieke W H van den Heuvel, Denise H M Bodden, Filip Smit, Yvonne A J Stikkelbroek, Rutger C M E Engels
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate age group, gender, and baseline depressive symptom severity as possible effect moderators in (1) cognitive versus behavioral based CBT-modules and (2) sequences of modules that started either with cognitive or behavioral modules in indicated depression prevention in adolescents. METHOD: We conducted a pragmatic cluster-randomized trial under four parallel conditions. Each condition consisted of four CBT-modules of three sessions (cognitive restructuring, problem solving, behavioral activation, relaxation), but the sequencing of modules differed...
May 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Chardée A Galán, Molly A Bowdring, Irene Tung, Stefanie L Sequeira, Christine C Call, Shannon Savell, Cassandra L Boness, Jessie Northrup
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed perceptions of Clinical Psychology doctoral programs' efforts to recruit and retain faculty and graduate students of color, as well as differences in perceptions based on participants' position within their program (i.e. graduate student versus faculty) and race. METHOD: Participants ( n  = 297; 35% people of color; 79% female; mean age: 32) were graduate students and faculty from Clinical Psychology doctoral programs who completed an anonymous online survey about their programs' efforts to recruit and retain graduate students and faculty of color; sense of belonging and perceptions of racial discrimination within programs; and experiences of cultural taxation and racism within programs...
May 17, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Meital Orbach, Michal Malka, Eli R Lebowitz
OBJECTIVE: Two lines of research, on outcome moderators and on novel treatment targets, seek to improve the overall efficacy of child anxiety treatment, with mixed results. We propose that an integration of both lines of research can lead to improved treatment efficacy. In a first proof of concept of this approach, we studied whether the interaction between baseline levels and targeted changes in peripheral oxytocin (OT) can predict differential responses to two childhood anxiety treatments...
May 11, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Amy E West, Bridgid M Conn, Emma G Preston, Aridenne A Dews
The field of clinical child and adolescent psychology is in critical need of transformation to effectively meet the mental health needs of marginalized and minoritized youth. As a field, we must acknowledge and grapple with the racist and colonial structures that support the scientific foundation, education and training of psychologists, and the service systems currently in place to support youth mental health in this country. We argue that to effectuate change toward a discipline that centers inclusivity, intersectionality, anti-racism, and social justice, there are four interrelated systems, structures, or processes that currently support racial inequity and would need to be thoroughly examined, dismantled, and re-imagined: (1) the experience of mental health problems and corresponding access to quality care; (2) the school-to-mental healthcare pathway; (3) the child welfare and carceral systems; and (4) the psychology workforce...
May 11, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Noelle M Hurd, Andrea S Young
Relative to White youth, racially and ethnically marginalized youth in the U.S. are less likely to initiate treatment, stay in treatment, and receive adequate care. This special issue attends to racial injustice in clinical child and adolescent psychology. While numerous factors drive these racial disparities, this special issue focuses specifically on opportunities and responsibilities we have as mental health providers, teachers, mentors, researchers, and gatekeepers to make our field more racially just. In this introduction to the special issue, we review barriers and solutions across multiple contexts including structural, institutional, and practice-based...
May 4, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Isha W Metzger, Erlanger A Turner, Maryam M Jernigan-Noesi, Sycarah Fisher, Julie K Nguyen, Shola Shodiya-Zeumault, Brian Griffith
Historically, children and adolescents who identify as Black, Indigenous, and other people of Color (BIPOC) have had inequitable access to mental healthcare, and research shows that they are significantly less likely than their white American counterparts to utilize available services. Research identifies barriers that disproportionately impact racially minoritized youth; however, a need remains to examine and change systems and processes that create and maintain racial inequities in mental health service utilization...
May 4, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Donte L Bernard, Ashly L Gaskin-Wasson, Shawn C T Jones, Daniel B Lee, Aaron J Neal, Effua E Sosoo, Henry A Willis, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: Workforce diversity is an ongoing challenge in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychology. This article discusses individual, institutional, and nonspecific factors that contribute to a lack of diversity among clinical child and adolescent psychologists and offers suggestions to diversify and advance the field of clinical child and adolescent mental health. METHOD: Seventeen professors, licensed psychologists, faculty, and clinicians in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychology answered questions about workforce diversity and who is permitted access to the field...
April 12, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Fiorella L Carlos Chavez, Delida Sanchez, Cristalis Capielo Rosario, SeungYong Han, Alison Cerezo, German A Cadenas
OBJECTIVES: In a sample of Mexican American adolescents ( N  = 398; 51% females; aged 13-17), we examined the associations between psychological distress, COVID-19 household economic stress, COVID-19 academic stress, and whether these associations varied by adolescents' gender and by parents/caregivers' essential worker status. METHOD: First, linear regression models assessed the main effects of household economic and academic stress on psychological distress...
April 10, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Christina G McDonnell, Theresa Andrzejewski, Saily Gomez Batista, Elizabeth A DeLucia, Megan Fok, Kasey Stanton
OBJECTIVE: Autism diagnosis is fraught with inequities, including misdiagnosis and delayed identification that disproportionately affect minoritized youth. Aspects of clinician decision-making, particularly diagnostic certainty, may contribute to these inequities. Little is known about how closely clinician certainty corresponds with autistic traits, nor whether certainty relates to socio-demographic factors. METHOD: Autistic youth from the Simons Simplex Collection ( N  = 2,853) completed assessments after which clinicians rated how certain they were that the child met autism diagnostic criteria...
April 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Antonio J Polo, Jesus E Solano-Martinez, Laura Saldana, Amber D Ramos, Miguel Herrera, Taylor Ullrich, Milena DeMario
OBJECTIVE: Latinx youth exhibit disproportionately higher internalizing symptoms than their peers from other racial/ethnic groups. This study compares depression and anxiety symptoms between referred students of Latinx and non-Latinx backgrounds before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and examines key determinants within the Latinx sample. METHOD: Data are analyzed from four academic years - two before and two during the pandemic - from 1220 5th through 8th grade students ( M age  = 12...
March 30, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Meagan Docherty, Paul Boxer, L Rowell Huesmann, Brad J Bushman, Craig A Anderson, Douglas A Gentile, Eric F Dubow
OBJECTIVE: Callousness has been identified as a key driver of aggressive and violent behavior from childhood into early adulthood. Although previous research has underscored the importance of the parenting environment in contributing to the development of youth callousness, findings have generally been confined to the between-individual level and have not examined bidirectionality. In the current study, we test whether aspects of parenting are associated with callousness from childhood to adolescence both between and within individuals, examine the temporal ordering of associations, and test whether these relations are moderated by gender or developmental stage...
March 30, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Lauren S Wakschlag, Leigha A MacNeill, Lindsay R Pool, Justin D Smith, Hubert Adam, Deanna M Barch, Elizabeth S Norton, Cynthia E Rogers, Isaac Ahuvia, Christopher D Smyser, Joan L Luby, Norrina B Allen
OBJECTIVE: We provide proof-of-principle for a mental health risk calculator advancing clinical utility of the irritability construct for identification of young children at high risk for common, early onsetting syndromes. METHOD: Data were harmonized from two longitudinal early childhood subsamples (total N  = 403; 50.1% Male; 66.7% Nonwhite; Mage  = 4.3 years). The independent subsamples were clinically enriched via disruptive behavior and violence (Subsample 1) and depression (Subsample 2)...
March 28, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jason D Jones, Erin E Long, Benjamin L Hankin, Robert Gallop, Molly Davis, Jami F Young
OBJECTIVE: Depression and stressors both increase during adolescence. The stress generation model posits that depression symptoms and associated impairment contribute to the generation of dependent stressors. Adolescent depression prevention programs have been shown to reduce the risk of depression. Recently, risk-informed personalization approaches have been adopted to enhance the efficacy of depression prevention, and preliminary evidence supports the beneficial effects of personalized prevention on depression symptoms...
March 20, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Shabnam Javdani, McKenzie N Berezin, Keisha April
OBJECTIVE: Toward the overall goal of interrogating systems that contribute to racial inequity in child and adolescent psychology, we examine the role and function of Residential Treatment Centers (RTCs) in creating or exacerbating race and gender inequities using the language of mental health and the logic that treatment intentions justify children's confinement. METHODS: In Study 1, we conduct a scoping review to investigate the legal consequences of RTC placement, attending to race and gender in 18 peer-reviewed articles, encompassing data for 27,947 youth...
March 2, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
V Paul Poteat, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Sarah B Rosenbach, S Henry Sherwood, Emily K Finch, Jerel P Calzo
OBJECTIVE: Depression disparities between heterosexual youth and lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and other non-heterosexual (LGBQ+) youth are robust and linked to discrimination in schools. Advocacy by school-based Gender-Sexuality Alliances (GSAs) to raise awareness of LGBQ+ issues and to counteract discrimination may reduce these disparities within schools, yet has not been investigated schoolwide. We considered whether GSA advocacy over the school year moderated sexual orientation differences in depressive symptoms at the school year's end for students in the general school population (i...
February 20, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kimberly D Becker, Bruce F Chorpita
The field has spent more than 50 years investing in the quality of youth mental healthcare, with intervention science yielding roughly 1,300 efficacious treatments. In the latter half of this period, concurrent efforts in implementation science have developed effective methods for supporting front-line service organizations and therapists to begin to bridge the science to service gap. However, many youths and families still do not benefit fully from these strategic investments due to low treatment engagement: nearly half of youths in need of services pursue them, and among those who do, roughly another half terminate prematurely...
February 14, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Amanda Venta, Ashley Bautista, Luz M Garcini, Michelle Silva, Alfonso Mercado, Oscar F Rojas Perez, Norma Pimentel, Kathryn Hampton
The number of unaccompanied immigrant minors (UIMs) and families from Central America seeking asylum in the U.S. continues to rise. This growth, combined with restrictive government policies, led to crowded and suboptimal conditions in Customs and Border Patrol and non-governmental organization facilities. COVID-19 further taxed facilities and exacerbated uncertainty surrounding length of detention, basic human rights, and family reunification. The current project features testimonies from the authors who work as clinical experts and providers in Texas - a top destination for Central American immigrants...
February 1, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Gabriela Livas Stein, Valerie Salcido, Casandra Gomez Alvarado
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated COVID-19 stressors and silver linings, familism values, familial resilience, and coping, and their relation to internalizing symptoms among Latinx youth. METHOD: A community sample of 135 Latinx adolescents completed online surveys 6-months apart ( M age = 16, 59.3% female; majority U.S-born). RESULTS: COVID-19 stress was associated with more depressive (β = .18, p  = ...
January 26, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Roberto L Abreu, Aldo M Barrita, Julio A Martin, Jules Sostre, Kirsten A Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, Latinx youth report high rates of negative mental health outcomes such as anxiety and depression. Similarly, research with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth have documented increased negative mental health outcomes such as depression and anxiety as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the current literature has yet to systematically uncover the intersectional experiences of Latinx LGBTQ youth during this time...
January 23, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Luz M Garcini, Alejandro L Vázquez, Cristina Abraham, Ciciya Abraham, Vyas Sarabu, Pamela Lizette Cruz
BACKGROUND: A disproportionate number of COVID-19 cases and deaths have been reported among Latinxs in the U.S. Among those most affected by the pandemic are marginalized families, including those that are undocumented and mixed-status, in which some, but not all members are undocumented. Undocumented and mixed-status families face multiple and chronic daily stressors that compromised their health and wellbeing. Salient stressors faced by undocumented Latinx families include poverty, social disadvantage, discrimination, dangerous living and working conditions, and limited access to healthcare...
January 23, 2023: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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