journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900559/a-brief-reappraisal-intervention-leads-to-durable-affective-benefits
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julia W Y Kam, Lauren Wan-Sai-Cheong, Alexandra A Ouellette Zuk, Ashish Mehta, Matthew L Dixon, James J Gross
People who report frequently using cognitive reappraisal to decrease the impact of potentially upsetting situations report better affective functioning than people who report using cognitive reappraisal less frequently. However, most work linking everyday reappraisal use to affective outcomes has been correlational, making causal inference difficult. In this study, we examined whether 2 weeks of daily practice of reappraising negatively valenced personally relevant events would improve affective functioning compared with a wait-list control...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900558/how-bad-becomes-good-a-neurocomputational-model-of-affect-informed-choice
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ian D Roberts, Azadeh HajiHosseini, Cendri A Hutcherson
People often draw on their current affective experience to inform their decisions, yet little is known about the underlying mechanisms of this process. Understanding them has important implications for many big questions in both the affective and decision sciences. Do the same neural circuits that generate affect generate value? What differentiates people who have greater contextual flexibility in their reliance on affect? Do affective choices invoke processes that are distinct from less affective choices? To investigate these questions, we developed a neurocomputational model of affect-informed choice, in which people convert subjective affect into context-sensitive decision value through a process of weighted evidence accumulation...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900557/emotion-concordance-is-higher-among-immigrants-from-more-individualist-cultures-implications-for-cultural-differences-in-adherence-to-emotion-norms
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Allon Vishkin, Shinobu Kitayama
Recent findings show that in more individualist cultures, people's emotions are more homogenous and more concordant with the emotions of others in their culture. These findings have been interpreted as evidence that adherence to emotion norms is greater in more individualist cultures. This investigation examined a consequence of this to the acquisition of emotion norms. If immigrants from more individualist cultures are more likely to adhere to emotion norms, they should be more sensitive to the emotion norms of their host culture and will acquire them more readily...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900556/the-transfer-of-social-threat-learning-to-decision-making-is-robust-to-extinction
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ida Selbing, David Sandberg, Andreas Olsson, Björn Lindström, Armita Golkar
Through traditional mass media and online social media, we are almost constantly exposed to second-hand experiences of trauma and violence, providing ample opportunities for us to learn about threats through social means. This social threat learning can influence instrumental decision making through a social learning to decision-making transfer process, resembling the so-called Pavlovian to instrumental transfer effect, resulting in consequences that can be maladaptive. Here, we assessed if this influence could be diminished by extinction learning, a procedure where a previously threatening stimulus is learned to be safe, and thereby mitigate possible maladaptive consequences...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900555/individual-differences-in-emotion-prediction-and-implications-for-social-success
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elyssa M Barrick, Mark A Thornton, Zidong Zhao, Diana I Tamir
The social world requires people to predict others' thoughts, feelings, and actions. People who successfully predict others' emotions experience significant social advantages. What makes a person good at predicting emotions? To predict others' future emotional states, a person must know how one emotion transitions to the next. People learn how emotions transition from at least two sources: (a) internal information, or one's own emotion experiences, and (b) external information, such as the social cues detected in a person's face...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900554/examining-demand-effects-on-direct-and-indirect-affect-measures-in-affect-induction-procedures
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mario Wenzel, Matthias Winkler, Jonathan Lasi, Zarah Rowland
Affect induction procedures are effectively implemented in psychological research. However, because participants are typically asked to self-report their affect immediately after viewing emotional stimuli, the goal of eliciting affect is relatively easy for participants to infer, making their responses susceptible to demand effects. To examine this demand effect, research has used an unrelated-studies paradigm, in which participants are led to believe that they are participating in two different, unrelated studies...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900553/interpersonal-emotion-regulation-as-a-source-of-positive-relationship-perceptions-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-dependence
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Edward P Lemay, Nadya Teneva, Zizhong Xiao
The current research unveils a novel mechanism through which interpersonal emotion regulation enhances romantic relationship quality and affective experience. Across three studies, we tested the hypothesis that depending on interactions with a romantic partner for emotion regulation (emotion regulation dependence [ERD]) motivates people to see their partner as more supportive and responsive, and evaluate their partner's traits more positively. In turn, we expected these elevated perceptions to partially account for the positive effect of ERD on relationship satisfaction and affective experience...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900552/positive-autobiographical-memories-to-counteract-low-mood-in-remitted-depression-a-longitudinal-daily-life-investigation
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christina Haag, Melody So, Maris Vainre, Birgit Kleim, Tim Dalgleish, Caitlin Hitchcock
Positive autobiographical memories (AMs) have the potential to repair low mood, but previously depressed individuals have difficulty leveraging their positive AMs for emotion regulation purposes. We examined whether previously depressed individuals benefit from guided, deliberate recollection of preselected AMs to counteract low mood in daily life, utilizing individuals' smartphones to facilitate recollection. Sixty participants enrolled in 2020 were randomly allocated to retrieval of positive or everyday activity AMs and completed ecological momentary assessment of emotional experience for 3 weeks...
June 20, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38884970/the-dynamics-of-interpersonal-emotion-regulation-how-sharers-elicit-desired-but-not-necessarily-helpful-support
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lisanne S Pauw, Disa A Sauter, Gerben A Van Kleef, Laura Sels, Agneta H Fischer
When in distress, people often seek help in regulating their emotions by sharing them with others. Paradoxically, although people perceive such social sharing as beneficial, it often fails to promote emotional recovery. This may be explained by people seeking-and eliciting-emotional support, which offers only momentary relief. We hypothesized that (1) the type of support sharers seek shapes corresponding support provided by listeners, (2) the intensity of sharers' emotions increases their desire for emotional support and decreases their desire for cognitive support, and (3) listeners' empathic accuracy promotes support provision that matches sharers' desires...
June 17, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869854/the-role-of-executive-function-in-cognitive-reappraisal-a-meta-analytic-review
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wei Xing Toh, Jun Sheng Keh, James J Gross, Laura L Carstensen
Cognitive reappraisal refers to the reinterpretation of a situation to alter its emotional meaning. Theoretically, executive functions (EFs), such as inhibition, updating, and shifting, are core elements of reappraisal processes. However, empirical studies have yielded inconsistent evidence as to whether and to what extent EFs are associated with reappraisal. To address this issue, we conducted a meta-analysis of the literature in which 179 effect sizes from 59 independent samples ( N = 4,703) were included...
June 13, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869853/emotional-scenes-as-context-in-emotional-expression-recognition-the-role-of-emotion-or-valence-match
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lachlan Bryce, Georgia Mika, Belinda M Craig, Ursula Hess, Ottmar V Lipp
Emotion recognition is influenced by contextual information such as social category cues or background scenes. However, past studies yielded mixed findings regarding whether broad valence or specific emotion matches drive context effects and how multiple sources of contextual information may influence emotion recognition. To address these questions, participants were asked to categorize expressions on male and female faces posing happiness and anger and happiness and fear on pleasant and fearful backgrounds (Experiment 1, conducted in 2019), fearful and disgusted expressions on fear and disgust eliciting backgrounds (Experiment 2, conducted in 2022), and fearful and sad expressions on fear and sadness eliciting backgrounds (Experiment 3, conducted in 2022)...
June 13, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869852/go-with-your-gut-the-beneficial-mood-effects-of-intuitive-decisions
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carina Remmers, Sascha Topolinski, Christine Knaevelsrud, Thea Zander-Schellenberg, Sebastian Unger, Albert Anoschin, Johannes Zimmermann
People make countless decisions every day. We explored the self-regulatory function of decisions and assumed that the very act of making a decision in everyday life enhances people's mood. We expected that this decision-related mood change would be more pronounced for intuitive decisions than for analytical ones. The ease of making a decision and the feeling of rightness were expected to mediate the effect of intuitive (vs. analytical) decisions on participants' mood. In a preregistered experimental experience sampling study, participants from the general population were asked to report when they were about to make an everyday decision over the course of 14 days ( N = 256 participants, 6,779 decisions)...
June 13, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38869851/couple-conflict-observed-emotions-in-belgium-and-japan
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anna Schouten, Michael Boiger, Atsuhiko Uchida, Alice Verstaen, Camille Paillé, Yukiko Uchida, Batja Mesquita
In the present study, we examined cultural variation in couples' emotions during disagreement. We coded the emotions of 58 Belgian and 80 Japanese couples using the Specific Affect Coding System. We observed more anger and domineering, but less fear/tension and other-validation in Belgian than in Japanese couples. Moreover, in Japanese couples, culturally typical emotions were associated with higher conflict resolution and relationship satisfaction. The findings suggest meaningful cultural differences in couples' observed emotions during disagreement, as they can be understood from the prevailing relationship ideals in each culture...
June 13, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38842878/the-face-pareidolia-illusion-drives-a-happy-face-advantage-that-is-dependent-on-perceived-gender
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ottmar V Lipp, Jessica Taubert
The happy face advantage, the faster recognition of happy than of negative, angry or fearful, emotional expressions, has been reliably found and is modulated by social category cues, such as perceived gender, that is, is larger on female than on male faces. In this study, we tested whether this pattern of results is unique to human faces by investigating whether ambient examples of face pareidolia can also evoke a happy face advantage that is dependent on perceived gender. "Face pareidolia" describes the illusion of facial structure on inanimate objects, such as a tree trunk or a piece of burnt toast...
June 6, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38842877/differentiating-anticipated-and-anticipatory-emotions-and-their-sensitivity-to-depressive-symptoms
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J Helgi Clayton McClure, Kevin J Riggs, Stephen A Dewhurst, Rachel J Anderson
Anticipated emotions are the feelings one expects if a hypothetical future event were to occur, whereas anticipatory emotions are those one experiences right now while imagining the event. There has been little direct comparison of these two forms of future-oriented emotion, and authors have typically focused on positive emotions (e.g., pleasure). Besides, their sensitivity to depressive symptoms-which may help to explain motivational problems in depression-has only recently been investigated (e.g., Anderson et al...
June 6, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38842876/emotional-clarity-in-daily-life-is-associated-with-reduced-indecisiveness-and-greater-goal-pursuit
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nathaniel S Eckland, Rebecca L Feldman, Haijing Wu Hallenbeck, Renee J Thompson
Affect-as-information theory posits that understanding of one's emotions (i.e., emotional clarity) can be leveraged to make decisions and attain goals. Furthermore, recent work has emphasized the dynamic nature of emotional clarity and its fluctuations in daily life. Therefore, we sought to test how momentary emotional clarity, experienced in everyday life, would be associated with levels of indecisiveness and goal pursuit. Following affect-as-information, we hypothesized that emotional clarity would be associated with lower indecisiveness but greater goal pursuit...
June 6, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38842875/holiday-or-hell-emotion-regulation-and-memory-of-depressive-symptoms-during-lockdown
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Valerie T Chang, Nickola C Overall
The ongoing repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic provide an unparalleled context to examine how distressing events are remembered. Prior theory and research suggest that (a) distress during lockdowns may fade and be remembered as less distressing, or remain salient and be remembered as more distressing, than initially experienced and (b) emotional suppression and cognitive reappraisal may predict these memory biases. We test these possibilities by assessing depressive symptoms and emotion regulation during two lockdowns: at the start of the pandemic (Lockdown 2020) and 17 months later (Lockdown 2021) in a sample of parents with young children ( N = 272)...
June 6, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38829353/longitudinal-associations-between-changes-in-peer-victimization-and-emotion-dysregulation-across-adolescence
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Toria Herd, Celina Meyer, Brooks Casas, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Emotion dysregulation emerges from an interaction between individual factors and environmental factors. Changes in biological, cognitive, and social systems that characterize adolescence create a complex array of environmental factors contributing to emotion dysregulation during this developmental period. In particular, peer victimization (PV) has long-term consequences for emotion dysregulation. Yet, previous research has also indicated that emotion dysregulation can be both an antecedent to and outcome of PV...
June 3, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38829352/the-development-of-a-novel-scale-to-assess-intra-and-interpersonal-emotion-regulation-strategies-the-emotion-regulation-strategy-scale-erss
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elizabeth T Kneeland, Aleena Hay, Joshua Curtiss, Anah Hennessey, W Michael Vanderlind, Jutta Joormann, Margaret S Clark
Existing emotion regulation research focuses on how individuals use different strategies to manage their own emotions-also called intra-personal emotion regulation. However, people often leverage connections with others to regulate their own emotions-interpersonal emotion regulation. The goal of the present studies was to develop a comprehensive and efficient scale-the Emotion Regulation Strategies Scale (ERSS)-to assess nine specific emotion regulation strategies that individuals use both intra-personally and interpersonally...
June 3, 2024: Emotion
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38829351/types-of-social-media-use-are-differentially-associated-with-trait-and-momentary-affect
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alison B Tuck, Renee J Thompson
Research on how social media use (SMU) is associated with emotion is equivocal, possibly because the factor structure of SMU had not been adequately identified. Prior research has found support for four SMU types: belief-based (e.g., sharing opinions), comparison-based (e.g., body comparison), image-based (e.g., monitoring likes), and consumption-based (e.g., watching videos). In this study, we examined how participants' weekly engagement in each SMU type was associated with trait affect and how engagement in each type in real time was related to changes in momentary affect (preregistered: https://osf...
June 3, 2024: Emotion
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