Journals Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chem...

Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Thoraya A Farghaly, Ghada S Masaret, Sayed M Riyadh, Marwa F Harras
Out of a variety of heterocycles, triazole scaffolds have been shown to play a significant part in a wide array of biological functions. Many drug compounds containing a triazole moiety with important antimicrobial, anticancer and antidepressant properties have been commercialized. In addition, the triazole scaffold exhibits remarkable antiviral activity either incorporated into nucleoside analogs or non-nucleosides. Many synthetic techniques have been produced by scientists around the world as a result of their wide-ranging biological function...
November 24, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Xueqing Yang, Jinlian Dai, Chenglong Wu, Zongliang Liu
There is growing epidemiologic evidence of an inverse association between cancer and AD. In addition, both cell survival and death are regulated by the same signaling pathways, and their abnormal regulation may be implicated in the occurrence and development of cancer and AD. Research shows that there may be a common molecular mechanism between cancer and AD. This review will discuss the role of GSK3, DAPK1, PP2A, P53 and CB2R in the pathogenesis of cancer and AD and describe the current research status of drug development based on these targets...
November 21, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Sarkar M A Kawsar, Nasrin S Munia, Supriyo Saha, Yasuhiro Ozeki
Nucleoside analogs have been widely used as antiviral, antitumor, and antiparasitic agents due to their ability to inhibit nucleic acid synthesis. Adenosine, cytidine, guanosine, thymidine and uridine analogs such as didanosine, vidarabine, remdesivir, gemcitabine, lamivudine, acyclovir, abacavir, zidovusine, stavudine, and idoxuridine showed remarkable anticancer and antiviral activities. In our previously published articles, our main intention was to develop newer generation nucleoside analogs with acylation-induced modification of the hydroxyl group and showcase their biological potencies...
November 10, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Poonam Piplani, Ajay Kumar, Akanksha Kulshreshtha, Tamanna Vohra, Vritti Piplani
Antibiotic or antimicrobial resistance is an urgent global public health threat that occurs when bacterial or fungal infections do not respond to the drug regimen designed to treat these infections. As a result, these microbes are not evaded and continue to grow. Antibiotic resistance against natural and already-known antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin and Novobiocin can be overcome by developing an agent that can act in different ways. The success of agents like Zodiflodacin and Zenoxacin in clinical trials against DNA gyrase inhibitors that act on different sites of DNA gyrase has resulted in further exploration of this target...
October 31, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Li Li, Fan Wang, Xirong Jia, Luyang Yao, Yu Liu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. AD patients usually present symptoms, such as cognitive dysfunction, progressive memory loss, and other manifestations. With the increasing number of AD cases worldwide, there is an urgent need to develop effective drug treatments. Currently, drugs targeting AD symptoms may not change or prevent the progression of the disease. Curcumin, a polyphenol extracted from the turmeric herb, has been used for the treatment of AD. In this review, we summarized both cellular and animal studies and described the mechanism of action of curcumin in altering the pathological features of AD...
October 30, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Thoraya A Farghaly, Raghad M Alqurashi, Ghada S Masaret, Hanan Gaber Abdulwahab
Quinoxaline derivatives have been incorporated into numerous marketed drugs used for the treatment of various diseases. Examples include glecaprevir (Mavyret), voxilaprevir (Vosevi), Balversa (L01EX16) (erdafitinib), carbadox, XK469R (NSC698215), and becampanel (AMP397). These quinoxaline derivatives exhibit a diverse range of pharmacological activities, including antibacterial, antitubercular, antiviral, anti-HIV, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, anticancer, antiproliferative, antitumor, kinase inhibition, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and analgesic effects...
October 25, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
S B Zangade, B S Dhulshette, P B Patil
BACKGROUND: Flavonoids and their analogous are mainly found in pink lady apples, green and black tea (catechins), celery and red peppers, onions, broccoli and spinach, berries, cherries, soybean, citrus fruits, and fungi. The different derivatives of flavonoids belonging to polyphenolic compounds such as 3,4',5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavylium (pelargonidin), 2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)chromenylium-3,5,7-triol (cyanidin), 3,3',4',5,5',7-Hexahydroxyflavylium (delphinidin), 3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxy-5'-methoxyflavylium (petunidin), and 3,4',5,7-Tetrahydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxyflavylium (malvidin) can act as good chelating agents for metal-chelate complex formation...
October 20, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Sumera Zaib, Areeba, Imtiaz Khan
Purinergic signaling is a mechanism in which extracellular purines and pyrimidines interact with specialized cell surface receptors known as purinergic receptors. These receptors are divided into two families of P1 and P2 receptors, each responding to different nucleosides and nucleotides. P1 receptors are activated by adenosine, while P2 receptors are activated by pyrimidine and purines. P2X receptors are ligand-gated ion channels, including seven subunits (P2X1-7). However, P2Y receptors are the G-protein coupled receptors comprising eight subtypes (P2Y1/2/4/6/11/12/13/14)...
October 11, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Monali B Patil, Piyush Ghode, Prashant Joshi
Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy and Transthyretin amyloid peripheral neuropathy are progressive disease conditions caused by Transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) fibril infiltration in the tissue. Transthyretin (TTR) protein misfolding and amyloid fibril deposits are pathological biomarkers of ATTR-related disorders. There are various treatment strategies targeting different stages in pathophysiology. One such strategy is TTR tetramer stabilization. Recently, a new TTR tetramer stabilizer, tafamidis, has been introduced that reduces the protein misfolding and amyloidosis and, consequently, disease progression in ATTR cardiomyopathy and peripheral neuropathy...
October 11, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Vijay Patel, Aayush Vaishnaw, Ekta Shirbhate, Rakesh Kore, Vaibhav Singh, Ravichandran Veerasamy, Harish Rajak
Cortisol, commonly known as the "stress hormone," plays a critical role in the body's response to stress. Elevated cortisol levels have been associated with various mental disorders, including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Consequently, researchers have explored cortisol modulation as a promising avenue for treating these conditions. However, the availability of research on cortisol as a therapeutic option for mental disorders is limited, and existing studies employ diverse methodologies and outcome measures...
October 10, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Jayshree Swain, Pooja Jadhao, Surapaneni Lakshmi Sravya, Brij Teli, Kasukurti Lavanya, Jaspreet Singh, Abhay Sahoo, Srijit Das
Diabetes is a rapidly growing health challenge and epidemic in many developing countries, including India. India, being the diabetes capital of the world, has the dubious dual distinction of being the leading nations for both undernutrition and overnutrition. Diabetes prevalence has increased in both rural and urban areas, affected the younger population and increased the risk of complications and economic burden. These alarming statistics ring an alarm bell to achieve glycemic targets in the affected population in order to decrease diabetes-related morbidity and mortality...
October 10, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Sachindra Kumar, Vishal Chhabra, Smita Shenoy, Rajni Daksh, Velayutham Ravichandiran, Ravindra Swamy, Nitesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Flavonoids are a widespread category of naturally occurring polyphenols distinguished by the flavan nucleus in plant-based foods and beverages, known for their various health benefits. Studies have suggested that consuming 150-500 mg of flavonoids daily is beneficial for health. Recent studies suggest that flavonoids are involved in maintaining mitochondrial activity and preventing impairment of mitochondrial dynamics by oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE: This review emphasized the significance of studying the impact of flavonoids on mitochondrial dynamics, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response...
October 9, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Da-Peng Wang, Yu-Long Ji, Qiao-Li Lv, Kai Kang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent a large subgroup of RNA transcripts that lack the function of coding proteins and may be essential universal genes involved in carcinogenesis and metastasis. LncRNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (lncRNAMALAT1) is overexpressed in various human tumors, including gliomas. However, the biological function and molecular mechanism of action of lncRNA-MALAT1 in gliomas have not yet been systematically elucidated. Accumulating evidence suggests that the abnormal expression of lncRNA-MALAT1 in gliomas is associated with various physical properties of the glioma, such as tumor growth, metastasis, apoptosis, drug resistance, and prognosis...
October 6, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Zhi-Gang Sun, Cheng-Jie Yao, Inam Ullah, Zhu Hailiang
Leukemia and lymphoma are the most common blood cancers, which pose a critical threat to the health of adults and children. The total incidence and mortality rates of both are approximately 6% globally. Compared with the expensive cost of CAR T cell therapy, natural products from animals, plants and microorganisms have the characteristics of wide-range sources and costeffectiveness in the treatment of cancer. Moreover, the drug resistance that emerged in leukemia and lymphoma treatments shows an urgent need for new drugs...
October 6, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Yuan Zhang, Xin Wu, Xueyan Sun, Jun Yang, Chang Liu, Guotao Tang, Xiaoyong Lei, Honglin Huang, Junmei Peng Peng
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a malignant myeloproliferative disease. According to the American Cancer Society's 2021 cancer data report, new cases of CML account for about 15% of all leukemias. CML is generally divided into three stages: chronic phase, accelerated phase, and blast phase. Nearly 90% of patients are diagnosed as a chronic phase. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation and chemotherapeutic drugs, such as interferon IFN-α were used as the earliest treatments for CML. However, they could generate obvious side effects, and scientists had to seek new treatments for CML...
October 6, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Susan Panahi, Zohreh Yazdi, Mahboubeh Sanchouli, Fatemehsadat Sajadi, Fateme Motavasselian, Hedyeh Maghareh Abed, Zahra Beygi, Seyed Mohammad Gheibihayat
Efferocytosis is the physiological process of phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells by both professional phagocytic cells, such as macrophages, and non-professional phagocytic cells, such as epithelial cells. This process is crucial for maintaining tissue homeostasis in normal physiology. Any defects in efferocytosis can lead to pathological consequences and result in inflammatory diseases. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, microvesicles (MVs), and apoptotic vesicles (ApoVs), play a crucial role in proper efferocytosis...
October 5, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Totan Das, Samima Khatun, Tarun Jha, Shovanlal Gayen
HDAC9 is a histone deacetylase enzyme belonging to the class IIa of HDACs which catalyses histone deacetylation. HDAC9 inhibit cell proliferation by repairing DNA, arresting the cell cycle, inducing apoptosis, and altering genetic expression. HDAC9 plays a significant part in human physiological system and are involved in various type of diseases like cancer, diabetes, atherosclerosis and CVD, autoimmune response, inflammatory disease, osteoporosis and liver fibrosis. This review discusses the role of HDAC9 in different diseases and structure-activity relationships (SARs) of various hydroxamate and non-hydroxamate-based inhibitors...
October 5, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
(no author information available yet)
This Perspective provides an updated overview on the involvement of phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoforms and of the corresponding inhibitors in neurological disorders, including dementia, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, neuropsychiatric conditions and cerebral ischemia. Particular attention has been dedicated to natural and semi-synthetic compounds. Translation into the clinic of preclinical results, toxicity profile and bioavailability represent the challenging aspects in the development of PDE inhibitors...
October 4, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Shuxian Liu, Minghao Xu, Lei Zhong, Xiangmin Tong, Suying Qian
Lymphoma is the eighth most common type of cancer worldwide. Currently, lymphoma is mainly classified into two main groups: Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), with NHL accounting for 80% to 90% of the cases. NHL is primarily divided into B, T, and natural killer (NK) cell lymphoma. Nanotechnology is developing rapidly and has made significant contributions to the field of medicine. This review summarizes the advancements of nanobiotechnology in recent years and its applications in the treatment of NHL, especially in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), central nerve cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma...
September 15, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
Farak Ali, Shahnaz Alom, Sheikh Rezzak Ali, Biswanarayan Kondoli, Prativa Sadhu, Chinmoyee Borah, Bibhuti Bushan Kakoti, Surajit Kumar Ghosh, Anshul Shakya, Abdul Baquee Ahmed, Udaya Pratap Singh, Hans Raj Bhatt
Ebselen is a selenoorganic chiral compound with antioxidant properties comparable to glutathione peroxidase. It is also known as 2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one. In studies examining its numerous pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, and anti-Alzheimer's, ebselen has demonstrated promising results. This review's primary objective was to emphasize the numerous synthesis pathways of ebselen and their efficacy in fighting cancer. The data were collected from multiple sources, including Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Publons...
September 14, 2023: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
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