Nada Hamad, Ian Bilmon, Lynette Chee, Andrea Henden, Anna Johnston, Duncan Purtill, Ashish Bajel, Siok-Keen Tey, David Yeung, Theresa Cole, Clinton Lewis, Jason Butler
This position paper provides an overview of the assessment and management of both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). There is a focus on the use of ruxolitinib, a selective inhibitor of Janus kinase (JAK)1 and JAK2, for the treatment of corticosteroid-refractory and corticosteroid-dependent GvHD.
November 28, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Thomas McNeil, Frank Zhang, Samuel Moffatt, Theophilus I Emeto, Emily Tucker
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination and antiviral therapies have altered the course of the COVID-19 pandemic through mitigating severe illness and death. However, immunocompromised, elderly and multimorbid patients remain at risk of poor outcomes and are overrepresented in hospital populations. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with nosocomial COVID-19 infection. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational study of patients who acquired COVID-19 after 7 days of hospital admission within the Southern Adelaide Local Health Network (SALHN) in South Australia between 1 June 2022 and 30 November 2022...
November 27, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Magdalen Dunn, Carmelle Peisah, Anne P Wand
BACKGROUND: Negative attitudes towards people living with mental illness (PLWMI), defined here as mentalism, are a major contribution to health care inequity, which may extend into end-of-life care. There is a clear need for investigation of the attitudes of doctors towards PLWMI at the end of life as doctors may lead processes of care that contribute to this inequity. AIMS: The aim of this pilot study is to examine the perspectives of hospital-based doctors regarding end-of-life care and medical decision-making in PLWMI...
November 27, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Claire T Deakin, Geoffrey O Littlejohn, Hedley Griffiths, Sabina Ciciriello, Catherine O'Sullivan, Tegan Smith, Peter Youssef, Paul Bird
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to assess the comparative effectiveness of the etanercept (ETN) originator (Enbrel) and ETN biosimilar SB4 (Brenzys) as first-line treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), while also exploring the potential cost-savings associated with this approach in Australia. METHODS: Clinical data were obtained from the Optimising Patient outcomes in rheumatoLogy Australian real-world data set. Adult patients with RA who had initiated treatment with the ETN originator or biosimilar as their first-recorded biologic or targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug between 1 April 2017 and 31 December 2020 were included...
November 27, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Emily Chen, Po Y Yip, Annette Tognela, Geovanny Gandy, Clare Earl, Patrick Tran, Peey-Sei Kok
BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas (EPSCCs) are rare cancers, comprising 0.1-0.4% of all cancers. The scarcity of EPSCC studies has led current treatment strategies to be extrapolated from small cell lung cancer (SCLC), justified by analogous histological and clinical features. AIMS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing the outcomes of extensive-stage (ES) SCLC and EPSCC. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ES SCLC or EPSCC between 2010 and 2020 from four hospitals in Sydney were identified...
November 27, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Stuart Tan, Anna J G Pryor, Geoffrey W Melville, Olivia Fischer, Lyndel Hewitt, Kimberley J Davis
BACKGROUND: Longer-term symptoms (long COVID) may be present in seemingly recovered patients for several months and can be debilitating. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and type of symptoms in those with a prior COVID-19 diagnosis. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal observational study commenced in July 2020 investigating the longer-term health impacts of COVID-19. Participants were recruited via public health units and media publicity...
November 26, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Philip Choi, Eileen Merriman, Ashwini Bennett, Anoop Enjeti, Chee Wee Tan, Isaac Goncalves, Danny Hsu, Robert Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Alainah Oats, Hai Phung, Lucy Tudehope, Ernesta Sofija
BACKGROUND: Demographics and comorbidities associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity differs between subpopulations and should be determined to aid future pandemic planning and preparedness. AIM: To describe the demographics and comorbidities of patients diagnosed with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in Queensland (QLD), Australia, between January 2020 and May 2021. Also, to determine the relationship between these characteristics and disease severity based on the highest level of care...
November 13, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Ross Salvaris, Stephen Mulligan, Andrea Puig, Marija McGeachie, Stephen Opat
In Australia, over half of patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treated with ibrutinib use concomitant proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). High gastric pH reduces the bioavailability of some Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors. There was no difference in duration on ibrutinib with or without concomitant PPI (unadjusted P = 0.61; adjusted hazard ratio: 1.23, 95% confidence interval: 0.75-2.02, P = 0.411). PPI use does not affect ibrutinib treatment persistence.
November 11, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Matthew B Morton, Justin A Mariani, Peter M Kistler, Hitesh Patel, Aleksandr Voskoboinik
Secondary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are indicated in young patients presenting with aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) because of ventricular arrhythmias. Transvenous-ICDs (TV-ICDs) are effective, established therapies supported by evidence. The significant morbidity associated with transvenous leads led to the development of the newer subcutaneous-ICD (S-ICD). This review discusses the clinical considerations when selecting an ICD for the young patient presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
November 6, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Aine O'Brien, Julie Hart, Ammie Higgins, Ian Arthur, Gar-Hing Lee, Michael Leung, Karina Kennedy, Susan Bradbury, Sarah Foster, Sanchia Warren, Tony M Korman, Iain J Abbott, Claire Heney, Cheryl Bletchley, Morgyn Warner, Nicholas Wells, Desley Wilson, Hemalatha Varadhan, Robert Stevens, Monica Lahra, Peter Newton, Michael Maley, Sebastian van Hal, Paul R Ingram
BACKGROUND: Nocardia is a ubiquitous saprophyte capable of causing human disease. Disease is primarily respiratory or cutaneous, usually acquired via inhalation or inoculation. Under the influence of environmental and host factors, Nocardia incidence and species distribution demonstrate geographical variation. AIMS: To examine for differences in Nocardia incidence within Western Australia (WA) and analyse species distribution in the context of prior published studies...
November 6, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Manoj Rajamohan, Zaheeruddin Jayhoon, Benjamin Gomez, Fraser Tankel, Nicholas Clarke, Sheena Foskett, Angus Baumann, Simon Quilty, Rebecca Kozor, Christopher X Wong
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the burden of heart failure (HF) in Central Australia, the most populous Indigenous region in the country. AIMS: To characterize Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians with HF in Central Australia. METHODS: Consecutive patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction <50% were included for the period 2019 to 2021. Clinical, echocardiographic and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) data were collected...
November 6, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
V Chadwick, M Kim, G Mills, C Tang, A Anazodo, R Dear, R Rogers, O Lavee, S Milliken, G McCaughn, N Hamad
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is potentially harmful to a developing foetus and there is limited data on the foetal impact of chemoimmunotherapy (CIT). Therefore, determining pregnancy status prior to initiation of CIT should be standard of care. AIMS: To determine how many women of childbearing age are tested for pregnancy prior to immunochemotherapy administration. METHODS: A retrospective chart review at a large Australian metropolitan cancer referral centre, including 304 women aged 18 to 51 years with a diagnosis of cancer receiving outpatient-based CIT between May 1 2015 and June 12 2020...
November 6, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Jeffrey Braithwaite, Georgia Fisher
The context of healthcare in Australia is shifting very rapidly; more chronic diseases, budgetary stress, and the constant threat of the next pandemic and climate change means that patterns of disease and care are changing, and the workforce is under pressure. Health systems have learned to respond as best they can, but there are many challenges and opportunities for the Australian healthcare system to plan and implement an evidence-based and sustainable approach to healthcare delivery in the next decade. To support this approach, many peak bodies and authoritative agencies, such as the Australian Government in their 2022 Strengthening Medicare Taskforce Report, have described laudable visions for healthcare, but no-one has laid out a tangible blueprint for whole-of-system change...
November 5, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Agnivo Sengupta, Simone Pettigrew, Christine R Jenkins
OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions and experiences of telemedicine amongst patients and providers (clinicians and health administrators) who were involved in telemedicine appointments in hospital outpatient clinics in 2020-2022. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Qualitative study; semi-structured interviews conducted with 37 participants (16 patients, 21 providers) in various hospital specialist outpatient clinics in a NSW local health district. RESULTS: Patients were generally satisfied with telemedicine consultations, especially during COVID restrictions, due to the convenience of accessing care from home and minimising the risk of COVID exposure...
November 5, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Muhammad Ahmed Sultan, Yvonne Kong, Chloe Story, Harriet Caterson, Caroline Dix, Fady Gad, Jagpreet Singh Dhaliwal, Scott Dunkley, Helen Jo, Sebastian van Hal, Freda Passam
BACKGROUND: Severe COVID-19 causes acute inflammation which is complicated by venous thromboembolic events (VTE). However, it is unclear if VTE risk has evolved over time since the COVID-19 outbreak. AIMS: To determine markers of thrombo-inflammation and rates of symptomatic VTE in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in a metropolitan hospital in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: A retrospective, single-centre, cohort study was performed by reviewing electronic medical records of consecutive patients admitted to Royal Prince Alfred hospital between March 2020 and September 2021...
November 5, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Thomas J Wiseman, Joshua G Kovoor, Melinda Jiang, Brandon Stretton, Aashray K Gupta, Stephen Bacchi, Frank E Kette
Intramuscular adrenaline autoinjectors are accepted as first-line treatment for out-of-hospital anaphylaxis but face ongoing issues of patient non-adherence related to drug expiry, availability, correct administration, and public recognition of the disease. Adrenaline is associated with possible harms in patients with defined comorbidities, but is still considered preferable. Further research and policy is required to facilitate the effective treatment of anaphylaxis. This article is protected by copyright...
November 5, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Jody M Bell, Tiffany J Dwyer, Michelle Cunich, Ruth L Dentice, Owen Hutchings, Helen E Jo, Edmund M Lau, Wai Y Lee, Samantha A Nolan, Phillip Munoz, Freya Raffan, Karishma Shah, Miranda Shaw, Nicole A Taylor, Simone K Visser, Veronica A Yozghatlian, Keith K H Wong, Sheila Sivam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The experience of outpatient care may differ for select patient groups. This prospective study evaluates the adult patient experience of multidisciplinary outpatient cystic fibrosis (CF) care with videoconferencing through telehealth compared with face-to-face care the year prior. METHODS: People with CF without a lung transplant were recruited. Patient-reported outcomes were obtained at commencement and 12 months into the study, reflecting both their face-to-face and telehealth through videoconferencing experience, respectively...
October 27, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Zachary Warren, Emma Guymer, Veronica Mezhov, Geoffrey Littlejohn
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common condition characterised by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and central sensitivity features. Appropriate management requires a multidisciplinary approach prioritising non-pharmacological strategies. Evidence-based fibromyalgia medications are not always easily available, effective or tolerated. AIM: To characterise actual medication usage in Australian fibromyalgia patients. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data, including medication use information, were gathered by chart review from patients attending the Monash Fibromyalgia Clinic between January 2019 and June 2022...
October 23, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
Christopher J Troupis, Jordan S Berman, Gary Hammerschlag, Anthony J Upton, Alexander N Rhodes
BACKGROUND: While it has been demonstrated that large asymptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) can occur, many studies have assessed inpatients or patients with known risk factors for venous thromboembolism (such as malignancy). There are few data regarding incidental PE in outpatients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or assessing whether these emboli occur centrally or peripherally in the pulmonary arteries. AIMS: To determine the rates of incidental central and peripheral PE in outpatients with proximal and distal DVT...
October 23, 2023: Internal Medicine Journal
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