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Journals Cochrane Database of Systemati...

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804265/transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-for-detecting-jaundice-in-term-or-late-preterm-neonates
#21
REVIEW
Charles I Okwundu, Vinod K Bhutani, Olalekan A Uthman, Johan Smith, Abiola Olowoyeye, Michelle Fiander, Charles S Wiysonge
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Canadian Paediatric Society both advise that all newborns should undergo bilirubin screening before leaving the hospital, and this has become the standard practice in both countries. However, the US Preventive Task Force has found no strong evidence to suggest that this practice of universal screening for bilirubin reduces the occurrence of significant outcomes such as bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction or kernicterus. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of transcutaneous screening compared to visual inspection for hyperbilirubinemia to prevent the readmission of newborns (infants greater than 35 weeks' gestation) for phototherapy...
May 28, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38802121/manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-lateral-elbow-pain
#22
REVIEW
Jason A Wallis, Allison M Bourne, Rebecca L Jessup, Renea V Johnston, Aviva Frydman, Sheila Cyril, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy and prescribed exercises are often provided together or separately in contemporary clinical practice to treat people with lateral elbow pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of manual therapy, prescribed exercises or both for adults with lateral elbow pain. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the databases CENTRAL, MEDLINE and Embase, and trial registries until 31 January 2024, unrestricted by language or date of publication...
May 28, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780138/dressings-and-securement-devices-to-prevent-complications-for-peripheral-arterial-catheters
#23
REVIEW
Jessica A Schults, Heather Reynolds, Claire M Rickard, Martin D Culwick, Gabor Mihala, Evan Alexandrou, Amanda J Ullman
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial catheters (ACs) are used in anaesthesia and intensive care settings for blood sampling and monitoring. Despite their importance, ACs often fail, requiring reinsertion. Dressings and securement devices maintain AC function and prevent complications such as infection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of peripheral AC dressing and securement devices to prevent failure and complications in hospitalised people. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Wounds Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL Plus up to 16 May 2023...
May 23, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38780066/restrictive-versus-liberal-red-blood-cell-transfusion-strategies-for-people-with-haematological-malignancies-treated-with-intensive-chemotherapy-or-radiotherapy-or-both-with-or-without-haematopoietic-stem-cell-support
#24
REVIEW
Michael Radford, Lise J Estcourt, Emily Sirotich, Tyler Pitre, Joanne Britto, Megan Watson, Susan J Brunskill, Dean A Fergusson, Carolyn Dorée, Donald M Arnold
BACKGROUND: An estimated one-quarter to one-half of people diagnosed with haematological malignancies experience anaemia. There are different strategies for red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to treat anaemia. A restrictive transfusion strategy permits a lower haemoglobin (Hb) level whereas a liberal transfusion strategy aims to maintain a higher Hb. The most effective and safest strategy is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of restrictive versus liberal RBC transfusion strategies for people diagnosed with haematological malignancies treated with intensive chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or both, with or without a haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)...
May 23, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38775299/interventions-for-preventing-haemodialysis-dysequilibrium-syndrome
#25
REVIEW
Manjunath Kulkarni, Attur Ravindra Prabhu, Indu Ramachandra Rao, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju
BACKGROUND: Dialysis dysequilibrium syndrome (DDS) refers to neurological symptoms usually seen during or after new initiation or following reinitiation of haemodialysis (HD) after missing multiple sessions. DDS is associated with death and morbidity. We studied interventions aimed at preventing DDS. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefits and harms of different types of interventions for preventing DDS. SEARCH METHODS: We contacted the information specialist and searched the Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Register of Studies up to 8 May 2024 using search terms relevant to this review...
May 22, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38775255/antioxidant-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#26
REVIEW
Abiola B Bolarinwa, Olabisi Oduwole, Joseph Okebe, Ann A Ogbenna, Oluwakemi E Otokiti, Adejoke T Olatinwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) refers to a group of genetic disorders characterized by the presence of an abnormal haemoglobin molecule called haemoglobin S (HbS). When subjected to oxidative stress from low oxygen concentrations, HbS molecules form rigid polymers, giving the red cell the typical sickle shape. Antioxidants have been shown to reduce oxidative stress and improve outcomes in other diseases associated with oxidative stress. Therefore, it is important to review and synthesize the available evidence on the effect of antioxidants on the clinical outcomes of people with SCD...
May 22, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38775253/continuous-infusion-versus-bolus-injection-of-loop-diuretics-for-acute-heart-failure
#27
REVIEW
Debar Rasoul, Juqian Zhang, Ebony Farnell, Andreas A Tsangarides, Shiau Chin Chong, Ranga Fernando, Can Zhou, Mahnoor Ihsan, Sarah Ahmed, Tin S Lwin, Joanne Bateman, Ruaraidh A Hill, Gregory Yh Lip, Rajiv Sankaranarayanan
BACKGROUND: Acute heart failure (AHF) is new onset of, or a sudden worsening of, chronic heart failure characterised by congestion in about 95% of cases or end-organ hypoperfusion in 5% of cases. Treatment often requires urgent escalation of diuretic therapy, mainly through hospitalisation. This Cochrane review evaluated the efficacy of intravenous loop diuretics strategies in treating AHF in individuals with New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification III or IV and fluid overload...
May 22, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38770818/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-protein-2-sglt2-inhibitors-for-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-diabetes
#28
REVIEW
Patrizia Natale, David J Tunnicliffe, Tadashi Toyama, Suetonia C Palmer, Valeria M Saglimbene, Marinella Ruospo, Letizia Gargano, Giovanni Stallone, Loreto Gesualdo, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is associated with high risks of premature chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular diseases, cardiovascular death and impaired quality of life. People with diabetes are more likely to develop kidney impairment, and approximately one in three adults with diabetes have CKD. People with CKD and diabetes experience a substantially higher risk of cardiovascular outcomes. Sodium-glucose co-transporter protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have shown potential effects in preventing kidney and cardiovascular outcomes in people with CKD and diabetes...
May 21, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38770804/interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalised-patients
#29
REVIEW
Joanna M Streck, Nancy A Rigotti, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Hilary A Tindle, Carole Clair, Marcus R Munafò, Cecely Sterling-Maisel, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: In 2020, 32.6% of the world's population used tobacco. Smoking contributes to many illnesses that require hospitalisation. A hospital admission may prompt a quit attempt. Initiating smoking cessation treatment, such as pharmacotherapy and/or counselling, in hospitals may be an effective preventive health strategy. Pharmacotherapies work to reduce withdrawal/craving and counselling provides behavioural skills for quitting smoking. This review updates the evidence on interventions for smoking cessation in hospitalised patients, to understand the most effective smoking cessation treatment methods for hospitalised smokers...
May 21, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38770799/psychological-and-social-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-mental-health-in-people-living-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-affected-by-humanitarian-crises
#30
REVIEW
Davide Papola, Eleonora Prina, Caterina Ceccarelli, Camilla Cadorin, Chiara Gastaldon, Madalena C Ferreira, Wietse A Tol, Mark van Ommeren, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato
BACKGROUND: Because of wars, conflicts, persecutions, human rights violations, and humanitarian crises, about 84 million people are forcibly displaced around the world; the great majority of them live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). People living in humanitarian settings are affected by a constellation of stressors that threaten their mental health. Psychosocial interventions for people affected by humanitarian crises may be helpful to promote positive aspects of mental health, such as mental well-being, psychosocial functioning, coping, and quality of life...
May 21, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38767196/early-pharmacological-interventions-for-prevention-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-individuals-experiencing-acute-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#31
REVIEW
Federico Bertolini, Lindsay Robertson, Jonathan I Bisson, Nicholas Meader, Rachel Churchill, Giovanni Ostuzzi, Dan J Stein, Taryn Williams, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: Acute traumatic stress symptoms may develop in people who have been exposed to a traumatic event. Although they are usually self-limiting in time, some people develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a severe and debilitating condition. Pharmacological interventions have been proposed for acute symptoms to act as an indicated prevention measure for PTSD development. As many individuals will spontaneously remit, these interventions should balance efficacy and tolerability...
May 20, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38763518/interventions-to-prevent-obesity-in-children-aged-12-to-18-years-old
#32
REVIEW
Francesca Spiga, Eve Tomlinson, Annabel L Davies, Theresa Hm Moore, Sarah Dawson, Katie Breheny, Jelena Savović, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Julian Pt Higgins, Carolyn D Summerbell
BACKGROUND: Prevention of obesity in adolescents is an international public health priority. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is over 25% in North and South America, Australia, most of Europe, and the Gulf region. Interventions that aim to prevent obesity involve strategies that promote healthy diets or 'activity' levels (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and/or sleep) or both, and work by reducing energy intake and/or increasing energy expenditure, respectively. There is uncertainty over which approaches are more effective, and numerous new studies have been published over the last five years since the previous version of this Cochrane Review...
May 20, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38763517/interventions-to-prevent-obesity-in-children-aged-5-to-11-years-old
#33
REVIEW
Francesca Spiga, Annabel L Davies, Eve Tomlinson, Theresa Hm Moore, Sarah Dawson, Katie Breheny, Jelena Savović, Yang Gao, Sophie M Phillips, Frances Hillier-Brown, Rebecca K Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Julian Pt Higgins, Carolyn D Summerbell
BACKGROUND: Prevention of obesity in children is an international public health priority given the prevalence of the condition (and its significant impact on health, development and well-being). Interventions that aim to prevent obesity involve behavioural change strategies that promote healthy eating or 'activity' levels (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and/or sleep) or both, and work by reducing energy intake and/or increasing energy expenditure, respectively. There is uncertainty over which approaches are more effective and numerous new studies have been published over the last five years, since the previous version of this Cochrane review...
May 20, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38757544/hearing-protection-field-attenuation-estimation-systems-and-associated-training-for-reducing-workers-exposure-to-noise
#34
REVIEW
Thais C Morata, Wei Gong, Christina Tikka, Alessandra G Samelli, Jos H Verbeek
BACKGROUND: Global Burden of Disease studies identify hearing loss as the third leading cause of years lived with a disability. Their estimates point to large societal and individual costs from unaddressed hearing difficulties. Workplace noise is an important modifiable risk factor; if addressed, it could significantly reduce the global burden of disease. In practice, providing hearing protection devices (HPDs) is the most common intervention to reduce noise exposure at work. However, lack of fit of HPDs, especially earplugs, can greatly limit their effectiveness...
May 17, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38753314/interventions-with-pregnant-women-new-mothers-and-other-primary-caregivers-for-preventing-early-childhood-caries
#35
REVIEW
Judith C Gomersall, Linda Slack-Smith, Nicky Kilpatrick, M S Muthu, Elisha Riggs
BACKGROUND: Dental caries, a common chronic disease of childhood, is associated with adverse health and economic consequences for infants and their families. Socioeconomically disadvantaged children have a higher risk of early childhood caries (ECC). This review updates one published in 2019. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions undertaken with pregnant women, new mothers or other primary caregivers of infants in the first year of life, for preventing ECC (from birth to six years)...
May 16, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38738639/oral-vitamin-a-supplements-to-prevent-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-up-to-seven-years-of-age
#36
REVIEW
Xiao Cheng, Dan Li, Chunsong Yang, Bin Chen, Ping Xu, Lingli Zhang
BACKGROUND: According to global prevalence analysis studies, acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are the most common acute infectious disease in children, especially in preschool children. Acute URTIs lead to an economic burden on families and society. Vitamin A refers to the fat-soluble compound all-trans-retinol and also represents retinol and its active metabolites. Vitamin A interacts with both the innate immune system and the adaptive immune system and improves the host's defences against infections...
May 13, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38726892/shared-decision-making-for-supporting-women-s-decisions-about-breast-cancer-screening
#37
REVIEW
Paula Riganti, M Victoria Ruiz Yanzi, Camila Micaela Escobar Liquitay, Nadia J Sgarbossa, Christoper A Alarcon-Ruiz, Karin S Kopitowski, Juan Va Franco
BACKGROUND: In breast cancer screening programmes, women may have discussions with a healthcare provider to help them decide whether or not they wish to join the breast cancer screening programme. This process is called shared decision-making (SDM) and involves discussions and decisions based on the evidence and the person's values and preferences. SDM is becoming a recommended approach in clinical guidelines, extending beyond decision aids. However, the overall effect of SDM in women deciding to participate in breast cancer screening remains uncertain...
May 10, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38726883/magnesium-sulphate-for-women-at-risk-of-preterm-birth-for-neuroprotection-of-the-fetus
#38
REVIEW
Emily S Shepherd, Shona Goldsmith, Lex W Doyle, Philippa Middleton, Stéphane Marret, Dwight J Rouse, Peter Pryde, Hanne T Wolf, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulphate is a common therapy in perinatal care. Its benefits when given to women at risk of preterm birth for fetal neuroprotection (prevention of cerebral palsy for children) were shown in a 2009 Cochrane review. Internationally, use of magnesium sulphate for preterm cerebral palsy prevention is now recommended practice. As new randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and longer-term follow-up of prior RCTs have since been conducted, this review updates the previously published version...
May 10, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38721883/exposure-to-the-smell-and-taste-of-milk-to-accelerate-feeding-in-preterm-infants
#39
REVIEW
Lilia Delgado Paramo, Anja Bronnert, Luling Lin, Frank H Bloomfield, Mariana Muelbert, Jane E Harding
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants (born before 37 weeks' gestation) are often unable to co-ordinate sucking, swallowing, and breathing for oral feeding because of their immaturity. In such cases, initial nutrition is provided by orogastric or nasogastric tube feeding. Feeding intolerance is common and can delay attainment of full enteral and sucking feeds, prolonging the need for nutritional support and the hospital stay. Smell and taste play an important role in the activation of physiological pre-absorptive processes that contribute to food digestion and absorption...
May 9, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38721875/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-versus-open-nephrectomy-for-live-kidney-donors
#40
REVIEW
Georgios Kourounis, Samuel J Tingle, Thomas J Hoather, Emily R Thompson, Alistair Rogers, Tobias Page, Aliu Sanni, David A Rix, Naeem A Soomro, Colin Wilson
BACKGROUND: Waiting lists for kidney transplantation continue to grow. Live kidney donation significantly reduces waiting times and improves long-term outcomes for recipients. Major disincentives to potential kidney donors are the pain and morbidity associated with surgery. This is an update of a review published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of open donor nephrectomy (ODN), laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN), hand-assisted LDN (HALDN) and robotic donor nephrectomy (RDN) as appropriate surgical techniques for live kidney donors...
May 9, 2024: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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