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Health Promotion Practice

Jonathan Shuter, Caterina Rosander, Ryung S Kim, John S Brownstein
Americans spend trillions of minutes in cars annually, tens of billions of minutes traveling to health care providers, and hundreds of millions of minutes ridesharing (e.g., with Uber or Lyft). From July to October 2017, we recruited rideshare users (e.g., Uber or Lyft) to participate in a survey about health messaging during rides. Responses were collected anonymously on tablet devices. We interviewed 170 ridesharers and assessed their interest in health messaging delivered during rides. Participants ranged from 19 to 79 years of age, and most (87%) reported using their smartphones to search for health information...
February 15, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Heidi L Hancher-Rauch, Yordanos Gebru, Any'e Carson
Health advocacy is a central responsibility for health educators and public health practitioners, as documented clearly in our professional competencies. Professional organizations such as the Society for Public Health Education and the American Public Health Association undertake frequent advocacy initiatives and strive to engage their members in advocacy strategies on a regular basis. Despite this understanding and advocacy training requirements in academic preparation programs for public health professionals, students and emerging professionals often lack advocacy experience...
February 14, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Jodi D Barnett, Tara C Schmidt, Bridie Trainor, Lisa Wexler
Suicide is a significant health disparity among Alaska Native youth, which is linked to cultural disruptions brought about by colonialism and historical trauma. Many Indigenous suicide prevention efforts center on revitalizing and connecting youth to their culture to promote mental health and resilience. A common cultural approach to improve psychosocial outcomes is youth culture camps, but there has been little evaluation research to test this association. Here, we conduct a pilot evaluation of a 5-day culture camp developed in two remote regions of Alaska...
February 12, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Alice Fiddian-Green, Sunny Kim, Aline C Gubrium, Linda K Larkey, Jeffery C Peterson
We currently see an interdisciplinary shift toward a "participatory turn" in health research and promotion under which community engagement, shared decision making and planning, and the use of visual and digital methods have become paramount. Digital storytelling (DST) is one such innovative and engaging method increasingly used in applied health interventions, with a growing body of research identifying its value. Despite its increasing use, a standard approach to empirically assess the impacts on individuals participating in DST interventions does not currently exist...
February 8, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Sarah Flicker, Ciann Wilson, Renée Monchalin, Jean-Paul Restoule, Claudia Mitchell, June Larkin, Tracey Prentice, Randy Jackson, Vanessa Oliver
INTRODUCTION: This article reports on the micro-, meso-, and macro-level impacts of sharing digital stories created by Indigenous youth leaders about HIV prevention activism in Canada. METHOD: Eighteen participants created digital stories and hosted screenings in their own communities to foster dialogue. Data for this article are drawn from individual semistructured interviews with the youth leaders, audio-recordings of audience reflections, and research team member's field notes collected between 2012 and 2015 across Canada...
February 6, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Pamela L Linden, Lisa M Endee, Erik Flynn, Lisa M Johnson, Carrie-Ann Miller, Russell Rozensky, Stephen G Smith, Casey Verderosa
OBJECTIVES: Distracted driving is a major public health issue in the United States. In response to requests from high school students participating in a university-based initiative, the authors describe the collaborative development and implementation of a curriculum designed to address distracted driving behaviors among students in four high-needs school districts in the northeastern United States. METHOD: The curriculum integrates current statistics on distracted and drowsy driving and three interactive learning stations: driving while distracted, walking while distracted, and driving while drowsy...
January 31, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Laundette P Jones, Jimmie L Slade, Felicia Davenport, Sherie Lou Z Santos, Cheryl L Knott
Project HEAL (Health through Early Awareness and Learning) is an evidence-based intervention rooted in health behavior change theory and aims to increase cancer awareness and early detection through African American faith-based organizations. This study explored the potential for broader scale-up and dissemination of Project HEAL with the team's participation in a training program called Speeding Research-Tested INTerventions (SPRINT). The SPRINT training was framed using tools from the Business Model Canvas and the Value Proposition Canvas to guide trainees in designing (1) compelling value propositions, (2) a minimal viable product, and (3) questions to gain critical insight from various stakeholders during a process called Customer Discovery...
January 24, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Dianne Kerr, Alexis Blavos, Heidi Hancher-Rauch, Jodi Brookins-Fisher, Amy Thompson
The health education profession within the broader context of public health has chosen certification to grant recognition to individuals meeting certain standards, as well as optional accreditation of academic programs. Regarding certification options for health education professionals, those who qualify may sit for the exams to achieve one of the following certifications: Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES), Master Certified Health Education Specialist (MCHES), or Certified in Public Health (CPH)...
January 24, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Leticia Manning Ryan, Barry S Solomon, Susan Ziegfeld, Andrea Gielen, Lauren Malloy, Daniel Foster, Katherine Clegg Smith, Eileen McDonald
Bicycle-related falls are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity. Use of bicycle helmets substantially reduces risk of severe traumatic brain injury but compliance with this safety practice is particularly low in urban children. We recruited eleven 8- to 15-year-old youth to participate in focus groups to inform the creation of a video promoting helmet use. Key emerging themes included that youth were responsible for keeping themselves safe and that most youth had cell phones with cases to protect them...
January 22, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Wilson Majee, Adaobi Anakwe, Levona Johnson, Anthea Rhoda, Jose Frantz, Laura Schopp
BACKGROUND: While community health workers (CHWs) are increasingly being used as a strategy for increasing health care access, particularly in rural communities, interventions are needed to improve their skill sets in inspiring health behavior change, both for themselves and among their community clients. Self-management (SM) education interventions have shown to improve health behaviors and well-being. PURPOSE: This article reports on systematic, in-depth interviews conducted with rural CHWs in South Africa to understand (1) their motivation for participating in SM training, (2) skills gained from training and (3) perceived impact of training on CHW health behavior, both personally and as health professionals...
January 7, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Ashley Wennerstrom, Julia Sliver, Miranda Pollock, Jeanette Gustat
Disparities in chronic disease and life expectancy remain a significant public health problem and are largely attributable to social determinants of health. Community health workers (CHWs) promote health equity through individual- and community-level activities, and leadership and advocacy skills training make CHWs more likely to catalyze structural change. CHWs are increasingly being integrated into clinical practices to support care management, creating a need for new grassroots community-level advocates...
January 7, 2019: Health Promotion Practice
Chris M Coombe, Amy J Schulz, Lello Guluma, Alex J Allen, Carol Gray, Wilma Brakefield-Caldwell, J Ricardo Guzman, Toby C Lewis, Angela G Reyes, Zachary Rowe, Lisa A Pappas, Barbara A Israel
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is an equitable partnership approach that links academic researchers, community organizations, and public health practitioners to work together to understand and address health inequities. Although numerous educational materials on CBPR exist, few training programs develop the skills and knowledge needed to establish effective, equitable partnerships. Furthermore, there are few professional development opportunities for academic researchers, practitioners, and community members to obtain these competencies in an experiential co-learning process...
December 29, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Robin Lindquist-Grantz, Michelle Abraczinskas
Youth participatory action research (YPAR) emphasizes positive youth development by engaging young people as co-researchers and change agents on complex issues to produce solutions that are relevant to youth. YPAR has primarily been used in classroom and youth organization settings, which means there are very few examples of its usage in other community-based settings or as a health intervention approach. Additionally, there is a need for further study of YPAR implementation processes and the effect on youth development and well-being outcomes...
December 21, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sanchez, Matthew C Keifer
Resumen Con el propósito de prevenir lesiones y enfermedades ocupacionales, diseñamos un currículo de seguridad y salud para trabajadores inmigrantes en la industria lechera para aumentar el conocimiento, fomentar prácticas de seguridad, y reducir inequidades en la comunicación. El currículo se basa principalmente en la Taxonomía para el Aprendizaje Significativo-TAS ( Taxonomy of Significant Learning) e incorpora teorías de la conducta y de aprendizaje para adultos, así como también los principios de control de riesgos ocupacionales...
December 3, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Whitney Garney, Kelly Wilson, Jordan Nelon, Daenuka Muraleetharan, Kenneth McLeroy, Dawn-Marie Baletka
Over the past 20 years, teenage birth rates in the United States have declined substantially but continue to persist among certain populations. During this time period, a series of rigorously tested teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) programs were developed, and a number of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) emerged. In April 2017, researchers reviewed EBIs in TPP and examined each program's socioecological levels of intervention, measurements approaches, and other ecological aspects. Findings indicate that the majority of TPP EBIs are aimed at the individual and/or interpersonal level of intervention...
November 28, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
John A Bernhart, Kelly R Ylitalo, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Eva I Doyle, Lindsay R Wilkinson, Kahler W Stone
Health behavior changes often require focusing on factors beyond the individual, particularly in low-income and underresourced areas. The purpose of this article was to assess associations between household structure and adult physical activity levels. Data were collected using Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response methodology to administer a household survey ( n = 100). Household structure was calculated from summing the number of adults (⩾18 years) and children (<18 years) reported living in the house...
November 28, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Katherine E McLeod, Cara Bergen, Kate Roth, Catherine Latimer, Debra Hanberg, Blake Stitilis, Jane A Buxton, Lynn Fels, John L Oliffe, Nicole Myers, Carl Leggo, Ruth Elwood Martin
As part of a participatory health research project seeking to support men in achieving their health goals during the transition from prison to community, a workshop program was developed and piloted in a Community Residential Facility in British Columbia, Canada. The pilot program was evaluated through feedback surveys at each of the 16 workshops and a focus group interview at the end of the program. Workshops were highly valued by participants and seen as a means for (1) building skills relevant to their health and wellness, (2) working toward changing attitudes and behaviors adopted in prison, and (3) helping others and accepting help from others...
November 23, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Michael Stellefson, Adam E Barry, Margaret Stewart, Samantha R Paige, Avery Apperson, Ethan Garris, Alex Russell
Underage college student alcohol consumption results in adverse consequences for students, colleges, and communities. Unfortunately, college health practitioners have invested time and effort implementing interventions that either fail to account for the complexity of this public health problem or are not evidence-based. Consequently, in September 2015, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism published CollegeAIM, which was developed to support higher education administrators and campus health/wellness professionals in selecting appropriate interventions for reducing harmful and underage drinking...
November 23, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Leilani Dodgen, Emily Spence-Almaguer, Katherine Cantu Anguiano, Alison Hooker, Sonia White
Chronic diseases, like diabetes and heart disease, disproportionately impact women of color as compared to White women. Community-engaged and participatory approaches are proposed as a means to address chronic disease health disparities in minority communities, as they allow for tailoring and customization of strategies that align with community needs, interests, and priorities. While community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a framework that offers a clear set of principles to guide intervention design and development, the complexity and diversity of community contexts make it challenging to anticipate all of the possible pathways to implementation...
November 20, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Ryan G Erbe, Susan E Middlestadt, David K Lohrmann, Jonathon J Beckmeyer
The purpose of this study was to identify adolescents' consequence, referent, and circumstance beliefs about trying to meditate at least twice in the next week in order to inform subsequent meditation intervention design. A survey based on reasoned action approach (RAA) constructs was developed and pilot-tested. Thereafter, adolescents ( N = 129), recruited from a northeastern U.S. high school, responded to open-ended survey questions eliciting beliefs underlying intention to try meditating. Thematic analysis was executed to examine beliefs and frequencies of beliefs...
November 15, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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