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International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders

Jasvinder K Sekhon, Jennifer Oates, Ian Kneebone, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client group. AIMS: To identify current training in counselling for speech-language therapists to address psychological well-being in people affected by post-stroke aphasia...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Tamar Degani, Varda Kreiser, Rama Novogrodsky
BACKGROUND: Bilingual children and children diagnosed with developmental language disorder (DLD) are characterized by reduced lexical-retrieval abilities. Few studies examined their joint contribution and the mechanisms underlying these effects in the lexical domain. AIMS: To explore the joint effects of bilingualism and DLD by adopting a four-group comparison in which the difference between bi- and monolingual children with DLD is directly compared with that of bi- and monolingual children with typical language development (TLD)...
February 10, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Manuela Lavelli, Chiara Barachetti, Marinella Majorano, Elena Florit, Cristina Brotto, Piergiorgio Miottello
BACKGROUND: The regular practice of shared book reading (SBR) at home may play a key role in fostering the linguistic development of children with developmental language disorder (DLD). However, more evidence is needed of the benefits of home-based SBR interventions on the parents' conversational strategies and on the communicative and linguistic production of children with DLD. AIMS: To examine the impacts of a parent-based SBR intervention on the parent's use of conversational strategies, and on the engagement, conversational participation and linguistic production of Italian-speaking children with DLD...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Leisa Turkington, Elizabeth C Ward, Anna Farrell, Linda Porter, Laurelie R Wall
BACKGROUND: The need for effective compensatory strategies in neurogenic dysphagia management has led to the exploration of sensory enhancement strategies (SES), such as carbonated liquids. Despite some positive findings, evidence related to the efficacy of carbonation as an SES is limited. AIMS: To determine if carbonated thin liquids reduced dysphagia symptoms and to explore clinical factors associated with response to carbonation. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Participants (n = 29) with neurogenic dysphagia demonstrating deep penetration or aspiration on thin liquids during videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) completed a set protocol: discrete sips of non-carbonated thin fluids (DS-NC) followed by discrete sips of carbonated thin fluids (DS-C) and then consecutive sips of carbonated fluids (CS-C)...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Inge S Klatte, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Parents' play an essential role in Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) as the primary agent of intervention with their child. Unfortunately, speech and language therapists (SLTs) report that parents' engagement is challenging when conducting PCIT. Although focusing on and stimulating the engagement of parents, when needed, can increase the success of PCIT, little is known about what factors influence parent engagement. AIMS: To explore SLTs' views about the factors that facilitate or pose barriers to parents' engagement in PCIT...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Laurence B Leonard, Justin B Kueser
BACKGROUND: During grammatical treatment of children with developmental language disorder (DLD), it is natural for therapists to focus on the grammatical details of the target language that give the children special difficulty. However, along with the language-specific features of the target (e.g., for English, add -s to verbs in present tense, third-person singular contexts), there are overarching factors that operate to render the children's learning task more, or less, challenging, depending on the particular target...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Hee-Su Park, Dong-Hwan Oh, Taehyung Yoon, Ji-Su Park
BACKGROUND: Effortful swallowing training (EST) is a remedial method for the training of swallowing-related muscles in the oropharyngeal phase. However, clinical evidence of its effectiveness is insufficient. AIMS: To investigate the effects of EST on tongue strength and swallowing function in patients with stroke. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly assigned to one of two groups: an experimental group (n = 12) and a control group (n = 12)...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Nicholas Behn, Jane Marshall, Leanne Togher, Madeline Cruice
BACKGROUND: Communication impairments are common and pervasive for people a long time following acquired brain injury (ABI). These impairments have a significant impact on a person's quality of life (QOL) post-injury. Project-based treatment is a treatment approach that could have an impact on communication skills and QOL for people with ABI a long-term post-injury. This treatment is embedded in a context of meaningful activities chosen by people with ABI, whereby, as a group, they work collaboratively to achieve a tangible end product...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Astrid Kruythoff-Broekman, Carin Wiefferink, Carolien Rieffe, Noëlle Uilenburg
BACKGROUND: Late language emergence is a risk indicator for developmental language disorder. Parent-implemented early language intervention programmes (parent programmes) have been shown to have positive effects on children's receptive and expressive language skills. However, long-term effectiveness has rarely been studied. Additionally, little is known about which strategies parents learn to use after participating in parent programmes and whether this affects their child's language development...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Kristin Lamvik-Gozdzikowska, Esther Guiu Hernandez, Olivia Apperley, Theresa McIntosh, Maggie-Lee Huckabee
BACKGROUND: The Test of Masticating and Swallowing Solids (TOMASS) has been developed to provide clinicians with objective data regarding the efficiency of oral phase function and solid bolus ingestion. AIMS: To determine if the TOMASS will detect changes in the oral phase of swallowing imposed by topical anaesthesia, thus providing validation of its clinical utility. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Per the standard protocol, 10 healthy participants ate one-quarter of an Arnotts SaladaTM biscuit...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Annalu Waller
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) has been transformed by the social media revolution made possible by the emergence of mobile technology. The cumbersome dedicated devices of the 1970s have evolved into a burgeoning AAC app industry. However, the limited use and abandonment of AAC technologies remains high. Unlocking the untapped potential of technology requires a paradigm shift in the design of AAC technologies by building systems that minimize the cognitive load placed on users, adapting to their individual physical and language needs...
December 30, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Caroline Barnett, Jean Armes, Christina Smith
BACKGROUND: Functional neurological disorder (FND) is common across healthcare settings. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders states that speech and swallowing symptoms can be present in FND. Despite this, there is a dearth of guidelines for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for this client group. AIMS: To address the following question in order to identify gaps for further research: What is known about speech, language and swallowing symptoms in patients with FND? METHODS & PROCEDURES: A scoping review was conducted...
December 27, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Carolyn Bruce, Caroline Newton
BACKGROUND: Many people with aphasia have word-finding difficulties, with some showing particular difficulties with verbs. Picture-naming therapy is often used to improve naming, but gains are usually limited to therapy items and do not transfer to conversation. Therapy where words are produced in sentences and in real-life activities may be more effective. AIMS: The current pilot study investigated whether an activity-oriented therapy approach would be accepted and viable if implemented in a community setting, and whether communicating whilst cooking was more beneficial than using paper-based activities...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Magali Krzemien, Christelle Maillart, Christophe Parisse, Sandrine Leroy
BACKGROUND: Analogical mapping is a domain-general cognitive process used notably in language development, and particularly in the abstraction of construction schemas. Children with developmental language disorders (DLD) display an impairment in linguistic productivity and creativity, which can be linked to a lack of generalization of construction schemas. AIMS: To investigate analogical mapping in children with DLD, and especially the influence of processing load, as it could explain the lack of creativity observed in children with DLD...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
James Law
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
James Law, Judy Clegg, Robert Rush, Sue Roulstone, Tim J Peters
BACKGROUND: An association between social disadvantage and early language development is commonly reported in the literature, but less attention has been paid to the way that different aspects of social disadvantage affect both expressive and receptive language in the first 2 years of life. AIMS: To examine the contributions of gender, parental report of early language skills and proximal social variables (the amount of stimulation in the home, the resources available to the child and the attitudes/emotional status of the primary carer and the support available to him/her) controlling for distal social variables (family income and maternal education) to children's expressive and receptive language development at 2 years in a community ascertained population cohort...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Michal Icht
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) often demonstrate speech impairments and reduced intelligibility. However, traditional treatment methods, which involve using repetitive verbal and non-verbal exercises, may not be fully suitable for this population. As adults with ID tend to lose interest and motivation facing the demands of a typical speech therapy session, other intervention methods are needed. The current study tested a novel intervention technique, Beatalk, based on practising vocally produced sounds and rhythms, imitating the sounds produced by rhythm machines in an a cappella musical context (i...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Arpita Bose, Fiona Höbler, Douglas Saddy
BACKGROUND: Severe word production difficulties remain one of the most challenging clinical symptoms to treat in individuals with jargon aphasia. Clinically, it is important to determine why some individuals with jargon aphasia improve following therapy when others do not. We report a therapy study with AM, an individual with severe neologistic jargon aphasia, and provide a subsequent comparison with previous cases, with the purpose of informing both our theoretical and clinical understanding of jargon aphasia...
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Carol-Anne Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Rebecca Sutherland, David Trembath, Marie Antoinette Hodge, Veronica Rose, Jacqueline Roberts
BACKGROUND: Access to timely and appropriate speech-language pathology (SLP) services is a significant challenge for many families. Telehealth has been used successfully to treat a range of communication disorders in children and adults. Research examining the use of telehealth for children with autism has focused largely on diagnosis, parent-implemented interventions, and behavioural interventions involving interactions between clinicians and parents. There is, however, very limited research into the use of telehealth directly to assess or intervene with children with autism...
November 22, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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