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Journals Journal of Avian Medicine and ...

Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363167/what-is-your-diagnosis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tithipong Plangsangmas, Javier G Nevarez, Shannon Dehghanpir, Victoria Van, Thomas N Tully
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363166/diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-a-renal-cyst-causing-unilateral-lameness-in-a-golden-eagle-aquila-chrysaetos
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hannah Attarian, Stephanie K Lamb, Anthony Pilny
This report describes the diagnosis and treatment of a benign renal cyst in an adult, female golden eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos ) presented for unilateral leg lameness. A cyst at the cranial division of the left kidney was diagnosed by computed tomography and was suspected of compressing the lumbosacral nerve plexus, resulting in limb lameness. The renal cyst was incompletely excised because the cyst wall was closely adhered to the kidney parenchyma and local blood supply. Fluid analysis and surgical biopsy of the cyst and left kidney confirmed the diagnosis of a benign renal cyst...
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363165/antemortem-diagnosis-and-successful-long-term-management-of-disseminated-intracoelomic-xanthogranulomatous-disease-in-an-eclectus-parrot-eclectus-roratus
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Neta Ambar, Christoph Mans, David J Gasper
A 12-year-old male eclectus parrot ( Eclectus roratus ) was referred for evaluation of coelomic distention. Computed tomography and blood work revealed coelomic effusion with free coelomic mineral-attenuating material and elevations in the bile acids and aspartate aminotransferase activity, respectively. Coelomic effusion was consistent with macrophagic inflammation with abundant intracellular lipids. Initial treatment with meloxicam resulted in minimal patient improvement. Disseminated xanthogranulomatous inflammation was suspected based on imaging and diagnostic laboratory results, which were consistent with those previously reported...
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363164/multifocal-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-malayan-wreathed-hornbill-rhyticeros-undulatus
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maya L Iyer, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Mariana Sosa-Higareda, Danielle K Tarbert, Ehren McLarty, Alex Herman, Charles E Alex
A 30-year-old female intact Malayan wreathed hornbill ( Rhyticeros undulatus ) was presented for presumed nesting behavior, progressive anorexia, dropping food, and coelomic distension. A complete blood count and plasma biochemistry analysis revealed marked inflammation, severe electrolyte abnormalities, elevated liver enzyme activities and bile acids, and normal plasma iron concentrations. Radiographic images of the patient were consistent with hepatomegaly and loss of serosal detail in the coelomic cavity...
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363163/measuring-the-level-of-agreement-for-lactate-measurements-in-hispaniolan-amazon-parrots-amazona-ventralis-among-2-point-of-care-analyzers-and-a-benchtop-analyzer
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexandra K Mason, Jordan Padlo, Mark A Mitchell, J Jill Heatley, Thomas N Tully
Lactate is an important biochemistry analyte used in human and veterinary medicine to assess tissue perfusion and can be used as a prognostic indicator for certain disease conditions. Whereas lactate is commonly measured using "patient-side" handheld meters, these meters have not been validated for companion avian species. The purpose of this study was to measure the level of agreement between 2 commercially available point-of-care lactate meters and a laboratory benchtop blood analyzer in Hispaniolan Amazon parrots ( Amazona ventralis )...
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363162/parrot-dietary-habits-and-consumption-of-alternate-foodstuffs
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elise V Voltura, Donald J Brightsmith, Juan Cornejo, Ian Tizard, Christopher A Bailey, J Jill Heatley
Inappropriate diets cause many of the health problems commonly reported in parrots by psittaculturists and veterinarians. The dietary management of captive parrots would benefit from information derived from studies of dietary habits of wild parrots; however, it is unclear how complete this body of knowledge is at this time. Documentation of parrots' dietary habits appears to have grown dramatically over the past century. Reports of parrots consuming a number of foodstuffs beyond the reproductive parts of plants (alternate foodstuffs) have increased...
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363161/another-year-in-the-books-and-plans-for-2024
#7
EDITORIAL
Mark A Mitchell, Thomas N Tully, Michelle Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2024: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962321/diagnosis-and-long-term-treatment-of-suspected-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-a-pigeon-columba-livia-domestica
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicola Di Girolamo, Kelsea Studer, João Brandão, Ian Kanda, Robert A Wagner, Federico Fracassi, Kellie Fecteau
An approximately 6-month-old domestic pigeon ( Columba livia domestica ) was presented for lethargy and an inability to perform its first molt. The pigeon was obese, had anatomical characteristics of a chick, including cere and plumage, and had a ventral coelomic soft tissue mass. Initial blood work was unremarkable. A computed tomographic scan confirmed excessive fat deposition in the coelom and a mass adherent to the liver. A fine-needle aspirate of the mass indicated fat accumulation. A thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test was planned for this pigeon and 3 presumed euthyroid pigeons...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962320/correction-of-a-hyperflexed-hallux-in-a-saker-falcon-falco-cherrug-by-hemisectioning-the-deep-digital-flexor-tendon
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Raj Raghav, Vishnunarayanan Narayanannair, Jaime Samour
A 3-year-old male saker falcon ( Falco cherrug ) was presented with a history of hyperflexion of the first digit of the left pelvic limb with what appeared to be a hypercontracted distal end of the deep digital flexor tendon ( m. flexor hallucis longus ). Conservative treatment, bandaging, and splinting techniques failed to resolve the hypercontraction of the deep digital flexor tendon and improve digit function. Intraoperatively, the deep digital flexor tendon was found to have formed adhesions with the tendon sheath as well as the bone and soft tissue structures underneath it, impeding its ability to move freely within the tendon sheath...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962319/influence-of-freezing-temperature-freezing-duration-and-repeated-freeze-thaw-cycles-on-electrophoretic-profiles-in-the-white-stork-ciconia-ciconia
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Milan Thorel, Yannick Roman, Antoine Leclerc
Plasma electrophoresis is an ancillary diagnostic tool in avian medicine, with agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) being the most common techniques. Frozen samples can be used for quantitative studies or comparative diagnostic purposes, but stability of avian plasma proteins under freezing is poorly described. To evaluate the influence of plasma freezing on electrophoretograms in white storks ( Ciconia ciconia ), heparin blood was sampled from 30 individuals during annual health examinations...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962318/survey-of-the-clinical-cytological-and-histopathological-features-associated-with-neoplasms-in-captive-avian-species-in-melbourne-australia
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michelle Sutherland, Kathy Luk, Natalie Courtman, Richard Ploeg
Over a 3.5-year period, tissue samples from 141 companion and aviary birds with clinically suspected, naturally occurring solid neoplasms were collected via surgical biopsy (n = 53) or at necropsy examination (n = 88) from a population of birds presenting to an avian veterinary clinic in Melbourne, Australia. Neoplastic processes were identified in 73.7% (n = 104) of samples, with 83.7% (n = 87) being interpreted as malignant neoplasia and 16.3% (n = 17) being interpreted as benign neoplasia. The overall estimated prevalence of neoplasia in the study population (n = 5125) was 2...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962317/retrospective-study-of-intertarsal-joint-inflammation-in-avian-species-from-a-zoological-institution
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Antoine Leclerc, Nicolas Goddard, Océane Graillot, Alice Brunet, Baptiste Mulot
A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed to measure the prevalence of avian intertarsal inflammation over a 5-year period, identify risk factors, and discuss treatment options. The authors hypothesized that: 1) long-legged birds would be more affected, 2) participation in a bird show would be a significant risk factor, and 3) young animals would be more frequently affected. Thirty-five clinical cases from 9 avian orders were included in the study. Statistical analysis indicated that the orders Ciconiiformes (9/150; 6%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962316/four-different-surgical-approaches-to-vasectomies-in-male-texas-bobwhite-quail-colinus-virginianus-texanus-and-northern-bobwhite-quail-colinus-virginianus
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stephanie K Lamb, Glenn H Olsen, Anthony Pilny
Vasectomies render a male sterile and have been used for various management purposes, including conservation efforts. This report evaluated 4 different surgical approaches (external approach, internal approach with dissection, internal approach with cautery, and internal approach caudally) to perform 177 vasectomies in Texas bobwhite ( Colinus virginianus texanus ; n = 171) and northern bobwhite quail ( Colinus virginianus ; n = 6) in a field setting. Birds were not randomized into groups for the different approaches...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962315/the-effects-of-critical-care-nutrition-on-weight-gain-in-african-penguin-spheniscus-demersus-chicks
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fiona Froehlich, Neil Forbes, Daniel Calvo Carrasco, Katta Ludynia, Nola J Parsons, Rebekah Dutton Worsfold, Tom Dutton
Nutritional support in malnourished animals is an essential aspect of wildlife rehabilitation; this support is especially relevant when providing lifesaving nutrition to endangered species such as the African penguin ( Spheniscus demersus ). This study investigated the short-term effects of a commercially available, semi-elemental, critical care diet compared with a hand-made fish formula. Twenty-one African penguin chicks were selected on admission to the Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Costal Birds in Cape Town, South Africa, in November 2015...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962314/evaluation-of-thermal-antinociceptive-effects-of-intramuscular-hydromorphone-hydrochloride-in-great-horned-owls-bubo-virginianus
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marissa Rae Monopoli, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Hugues Beaufrère, Michelle G Hawkins
Across the Americas, great horned owls ( Bubo virginianus ) are often presented to veterinarians for conditions requiring pain management. Although recent studies have evaluated opioid drugs in raptor species, information in Strigiformes is lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect and duration of action of hydromorphone hydrochloride, a full µ-opioid receptor agonist, in great horned owls. In a randomized, blinded, balanced crossover study, 6 adult birds (5 females and 1 male) received hydromorphone (0...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962313/effects-of-atorvastatin-and-rosuvastatin-on-blood-lipids-in-quaker-parrots-myiopsitta-monachus
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hugues Beaufrère, Trinita Barboza, Alysha Burnett, Ken D Stark, R Darren Wood
Statin drugs are the most effective class of hypolipidemic and antiatherosclerotic drugs, with atorvastatin and rosuvastatin being the most effective. While the use of statins would be a tremendous asset in the treatment of dyslipidemia and lipid-accumulation disorders in birds, there are only limited data available regarding their use and effectiveness in psittacine species. Two consecutive randomized crossover trials on Quaker parrots ( Myiopsitta monachus ) were performed to study the effect of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin...
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37962312/thank-you-dr-bob-groskin
#17
EDITORIAL
Thomas N Tully, Michelle G Hawkins, Mark A Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37733458/partial-amputation-of-a-nonreducing-prolapsed-phallus-in-an-ostrich-struthio-camelus
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Heloísa C Lima, Arthur C T Alves, Madalena R C Mendes, Anneke Moresco, Sheila C Rahal
A 19-year-old male ostrich ( Struthio camelus ) was referred to a veterinary teaching hospital (São Paulo State University, Botucatu, Brazil) due to a 6-month history of recurrent prolapse of the phallus. On physical examination, 2 ulcerative wounds were present on the phallus, as well as caseous plaques and myiasis. Conservative treatment resulted in improvement but prolapse of the phallus remained. Thus, a decision was made to perform a partial phallectomy. The surgery was successful and no postoperative complications occurred...
September 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37733457/palliative-radiation-therapy-for-treatment-of-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-double-yellow-headed-amazon-parrot-amazona-oratrix
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anna Watson, Sara Gardhouse, Kara Hiebert, Timothy Walsh, Chieko Azuma, Samuel Hocker
A 17-year-old captive female double yellow-headed Amazon parrot ( Amazona oratrix ) was presented to the Kansas State University Zoological Medicine Service (Manhattan, KS, USA) for a 2-month history of a left sided facial swelling. On examination, a red, raised mass was noted on the left side of the face. A whole-body computed tomography scan of the bird was performed to assess the extent of the mass and evaluate the patient for obvious evidence of disseminated disease. No systemic involvement was detected, and the swelling was localized to the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues overlying the left rhamphotheca...
September 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37733456/successful-treatment-of-a-cervical-injury-and-myopathy-using-integrative-medicine-techniques-in-an-eclectus-parrot-eclectus-roratus-following-cervical-entrapment
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lorrie K Hale Mitchell, Ronald B Koh, Javier G Nevarez
A 2-year-old female eclectus parrot ( Eclectus roratus ) was presented for suspected cervical myopathy due to trauma. Severe ventroflexion of the cervical spine and mental depression were identified during the physical examination. The bird was responsive to stimuli but otherwise quiet. Plasma biochemistry results were suggestive of a myopathy, based on marked elevations of both aspartate transaminase (25 652 U/L) and creatine kinase (253 240 U/L). Whole-body radiographic images were unremarkable. Treatment was initiated with supportive therapy for presumptive shock, dehydration, pain, myopathy, and possible spinal swelling...
September 2023: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
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