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Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi

Adnan Ayan, Metin Pekağırbaş, Süleyman Aypak, Tülin Karagenç
The popularity of Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) as pets as well as experimental animals is continuously increasing. Mongolian gerbils are the main natural hosts of the nematode Dentostomella translucida, also referred to as pinworm, threadworm, or seatworm. D. translucida (Oxyuridae) was recently detected in the necropsy of a gerbil housed at the experimental animal production center of Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Mongolian gerbils are the main natural hosts of D. translucida, also referred to as pinworm...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Gülten Emek Tuna, Serkan Bakırcı, Ceren Dinler, Gizem Battal, Bülent Ulutaş
Hepatozoon is a genus of protozoa belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa. Ticks are the vectors for the members of this genus. The protozoans infect a wide variety of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. The domestic and wild felids are also susceptible to Hepatozoon infection. A five-year-old female cat was presented to the Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Animal Hospital, with a 1-month history of inappetence and weight loss. In a physical examination, weakness, depression, anorexia, lymphadenopathy, icteric mucous membranes, abdominal distension, and fever were detected...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Gökçe Coşkun, Hüseyin Çetin
OBJECTIVE: Many pet owners are taking precautions to protect their cats and dogs from ectoparasites only during the spring and summer months. However, some studies have shown that fleas can also be found as parasites on pets during winter. In this research, we investigated the species composition of fleas infesting cats and dogs that were brought to a veterinary clinic in Muratpasa, Antalya during the 3-months survey period. METHODS: In total, 50 domestic animals were examined between December 1, 2017 and February 28, 2018...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Koray Öncel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify Blastocystis spp. (particularly the granular form), Dientamoeba fragilis, and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar trophozoites, which are difficult to identify using wet mount, as well as Giardia intestinalis cysts, which are difficult to identify by unexperienced researchers, in fresh fecal samples within 5 min using a different fixative employing trichrome staining. METHODS: The slides were fixed by fixatives based ethyl alcohol, formalin, acetic acid, and distilled water including four different mordants (divalent or polyvalent metals that form coordination complex with some dyes) consisted of zinc sulfate hydrate, copper sulfate hydrate, aluminum sulfate hydrate, and ferric sulfate hydrate using a modification of Gomori's trichrome staining...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Lotfi Moussouni, Mokhtar Benhanifia, Abdelhanine Ayad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate in vitro the anthelmintic activity of Marrubium vulgare L. growing in Algeria against digestive strongyles in naturally infected bovine. METHODS: The anthelmintic activities of the extracts were evaluated using the egg hatch assay and larval mortality assay. Leaves powder of M. vulgare as extracted by maceration. Ethanolic (EE) and aqueous extracts (AE) were tested at 0.78, 1.55, 3.1, 6.2, 12.5, 25, and 50 mg/ml...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Bilge Karatepe, Mustafa Karatepe
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to detect the prevalence of haemoprotozoan parasites in the domestic and wild pigeons in Niğde province. METHODS: The study material included a total of 216 pigeons, which comprised 105 domestic (55 females, 50 males) and 111 wild (53 females, 58 males) pigeons belonging to Niğde province. Smears were prepared using the blood collected from the vena cutanea ulnaris of the pigeons and then examined for the presence of haemoprotozoan parasites under a light microscope using immersion objective...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Varol Tunalı, Eylem Akdur Öztürk, Ayşegül Ünver, Nevin Turgay
OBJECTIVE: Blastocystosis has been linked with non-specific symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and distention. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between Blastocystis spp. with urticaria and intestinal symptoms. METHODS: The results of the stool examinations of the patients who were referred to Ege University Medical Faculty Hospital's Medical Parasitology Department Direct Diagnosis Laboratory with gastrointestinal (GIS) and/or dermatologic symptoms between January 2011 and July 2016 were retrospectively scanned...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Ahmet Özbilgin, Tuğba Kaya, İbrahim Çavuş, Ahmet Yıldırım, Necati Özpınar
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the optimum liquid medium for the reproduction of Trypanosoma cruzi strains and provide cryopreservation. METHODS: The reproduction density of T. cruzi strain was evaluated in the following five different commercial liquid culture media: RPMI 1640, Medium 199 (M199), Schneider's İnsect Medium (SİM), Nutrient Broth (NB), Brain Heart İnfusion Broth (BHİB). Cultures were monitored on every other day for a period of 24 days...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Sajad Rashidi, Kurosh Kalantar, Davood Rostamzadeh, Gholamreza Hatam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of checking the viability of Leishmania promastigote by flow cytometry using propidium iodide (PI) and microscopic method using trypan blue (TB) before proteomics analysis of the secretions. METHODS: The promastigotes (6×109) of Leishmania infantum in the exponential growth phase were transferred to serum-free media. Then, the viability of promastigotes was checked and compared with flow cytometry and microscopic method at 0, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 72 h...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Perçem Atan, Kader Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of two extracellular DNA dyes (Sytox Orange and PicoGreen) in quantitative measurement of the DNA that forms the backbone of the extracellular trap structures in vitro. Toward this aim, the co-culture of polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) and Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites isolated from sheep was selected as model. METHODS: T. gondii tachyzoites and PMNs isolated from the sheep were incubated for varied durations (30, 60, 90 and 120 min); the extracellular DNA released following this incubation was stained using two different dyes...
December 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Halide Nihal Açıkgöz, Eser Ethem Ilgıt, Meriem Taleb
OBJECTIVE: Carrion insects inhabiting the soil play an important role in forensic investigations because they may help to solve both active and cold cases. The aim of this study was to examine the entomofauna of forensic importance in soil samples removed after 13 years from a pig carrion decomposition site. METHODS: Soil samples were collected from an old carrion decomposition study site in Bâla, the Ankara Province. Four holes, approximately 40 cm deep and 35 cm width were excavated at the study site...
September 24, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Muhammet Karakavuk, Duygu Aldemir, Esra Atalay Şahar, Hüseyin Can, Hüseyin Gökhan Özdemir, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz, Mert Döşkaya
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular protozoon parasite that causes toxoplasmosis in humans and all warm-blooded animals. In this study, we aimed to investigate the presence of T. gondii DNA in a Eurasian badger (Meles meles) that was found dead in the wildlife area of Izmir. According to the results of real time polymerase chain reaction, T. gondii REP gene was found to be positive in the Eurasian badger brain homogenate. In conclusion, Eurasian badger, a known carnivore, can be a potential source of toxoplasmosis in the natural settings of İzmir, Turkey...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Erdal Polat, Hülya Ağgez
OBJECTIVE: Classical treatment was administered on the wound on the left foot of the patient, but no improvement was observed. When advised to undergo amputation, the patient came to the wound care unit to treat the larval wound. It was observed that the wound had been wormed while the patient was undergoing larval treatment. Interestingly, this incidental encounter was thought to be appropriate for case presentation. METHODS: The larvae seen in the left hand of the patient were removed using forceps and sent to a laboratory...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Zuhal Önder, Abdullah İnci, Alparslan Yıldırım, Arif Çiloğlu, Önder Düzlü
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the molecular characterization of moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) based on their mitochondrial DNA sequences and determine the vectorial potential and damage caused by moth flies in future researches. METHODS: A total of 240 adult moth flies were collected from toilet, bathroom, and basement walls of houses from different locations of the Kayseri region between May 2016 and April 2017. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses were performed using primer pairs, specificaly targeting the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit I (mt-COI) gene of adult flies...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Elham Elzayyat, Noha Elleboudy, Azza Moustafa, Asmaa Ammar
OBJECTIVE: The wide-reaching Culex pipiens has long been a public apprehension. Combating serious vector-borne diseases requires the use of insecticides effective against both humans and the ecosystem. The wide variation of botanicals that nature has to offer tempts researchers to study their interactions with the insects. Environment-friendly insecticides light up hope for maintaining ecological balance and pollution mitigation. This study aimed at evaluating the insecticidal, oxidative, and genotoxic activities of eucalyptus and clove oils on C...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Bilal Dik, Ali Halajian, Martin Turner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the morphological characteristics of Colpocephalum nanum (C. nanum) Piaget, 1890 using light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: For this purpose, the C. nanum specimens collected from long-legged buzzards, Buteo rufinus (B. rufinus) (Accipitriformes: Accipitridae), in Turkey were examined under LM and SM for morphological characteristics. The specimens were fixed and kept in 70% ethanol, cleared and mounted on the slides in Canada balsam...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Ozan Artun, Hakan Kavur
OBJECTIVE: In our study, we aimed to develop an ecological niche model showing current distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) by using location information on 630 cases of CL reported in the Mersin province between 2005 and 2015 and bioclimatic and environmental variables. METHODS: The ecological niche model was based on interpretation of patient locations and climatic data entered in geographical information systems and maximum entropy databases. RESULTS: In the model produced for the Mersin province, the area under the curve was calculated as 0...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Orçun Zorbozan, Günel Quliyeva, Varol Tunalı, Ahmet Özbilgin, Nevin Turgay, Ayşe Deniz Gökengin
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal parasitic infections are common in immunodeficient patients. In developing countries, the incidence of diarrhea due to parasitic infections in HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)-positive individuals is reported to be over 90%. The present study aimed to investigate the presence of intestinal protozoa in HIV-positive patients with gastrointestinal complaints. METHODS: The fecal samples of 65 HIV-positive patients (14 women, 51 men) were included...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Sevtap Şenoğlu, Zuhal Yeşilbağ, Özlem Altuntaş Aydın, Hayat Kumbasar Karaosmanoğlu, Kadriye Kart Yaşar
OBJECTIVE: Toxoplasmosis is a common opportunistic infection in patients with HIV/AIDS and may cause life-threatening clinical courses, such as encephalitis and pneumonia. METHODS: Patients admitted between January 2006 and August 2017 with anti-HIV positivity confirmed by Western blotting were included in the study. Demographic data, CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts, and Toxoplasma gondii IgG/IgM levels were retrospectively obtained from patient records. RESULTS: T...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Yitayih Wondimeneh, Teklay Gebrecherkos, Dagnachew Muluye, Demekech Damtie, Getachew Ferede
OBJECTIVE: Malaria and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are the major medical challenges of priority faced by the sub-Saharan African countries in general and Ethiopia in particular. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of HIV and malaria infections among febrile illness patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 1, 2014 to May 30, 2015 at Kolla-Diba Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia...
September 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
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