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Journal of Child Sexual Abuse

Ian Barron, Stuart Allardyce, Hannah Young, Rebecca Levit
Despite the awareness that children with severe and complex difficulties experience child sexual abuse (CSA), the development of research in this area is still in its infancy. This call for relevant research seeks to identify the main gaps in knowledge in order to inform future debate, potential research questions, and raise issues for practice. Themes are identified relevant to researchers and practitioners globally. These include the complexity and duality of definition: recognition of CSA; barriers to communication with children and between services; diversity of segregated and inclusive settings; interaction of age and gender; adult and peer abuse in institutions; sexuality and disability; and intrusive care and medical practices...
August 6, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Rosemary Boitumelo Gqgabi, Elizabeth Ivy Smit
Father-daughter incest (FDI) is one of the most prohibited sexual acts and is increasingly becoming a widespread problem in South Africa. Specifically, the study explored factors contributing to incest, how incidences of incest become known, different ways that incest affects the offender, the victim and the family as well as how professionals intervene in incest cases. The literature was reviewed to fully understand incest within the Western and African context, the relationship of father-daughter in the incest act, what influences the occurrence of father-daughter incest and what measures are taken to intervene in father-daughter incest cases...
August 5, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Osman Celbis, İsmail Altın, Nusret Ayaz, Turgay Börk, Serdar Karatoprak
Incest is specific type of sexual abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sociodemographic data and examination findings of cases referred to our hospital as forensic court cases of incest, and to measure the effect on mental health disorders of the nature of the sexual abuse. Retrospective examination was made of the records of 40 cases of incest victims. Evaluation was made of the age, gender, incident suffered, the perpetrator, form of abuse, examination findings, and mental status. The cases comprised 36 girls and 4 boys...
August 5, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Signe Hjelen Stige, Jorunn E Halvorsen, Ellen Tvedt Solberg
While child sexual abuse is recognized as a global challenge in need of attention, all too often it takes years before sexual abuse is disclosed. We therefore need to understand more of the process leading to disclosure of child sexual abuse. The purpose of this study was to investigate how adult survivors of child sexual abuse came to understand that they had been sexually abused. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 8 women and 3 men (18-57 years old) and analyzed the interview transcripts using a hermeneutic-phenomenological approach to thematic analysis...
July 22, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Suying Guo, Jingqi Chen, Buyi Yu, Yingying Jiang, Yi Song, Yichen Jin
This study aimed to examine the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention among parents of children with hearing loss. The study involved 127 pairs of parents with deaf and hard of hearing children from three special education schools in Beijing and Hebei province, China. The findings revealed that the parents lacked knowledge about CSA prevention, such as the character of perpetrators and child victims. Parents were supportive about potential CSA prevention education in schools...
July 9, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Cedric B Stoll, Coralie Boillat, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Personality traits are considered as an important aspect in the assessment of child sex offenders (CSOs). The current study sought to elucidate the association between neuroticism, psychopathy, and abusive behavior in low risk CSOs. 43 pedophilic CSOs and 21 controls (CTLs) completed the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R), Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV), and Multiphasic Sex Inventory (MSI). Our results revealed small differences in PCL scores between CSOs and CTLs, with comparatively low levels of psychopathy in both groups...
June 21, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Megan Manheim, Richard Felicetti, Gillian Moloney
With the alarming rates of child sexual abuse in the United States, there have been several attempts to develop and implement child abuse victimization programs in elementary schools across the country. Many programs have targeted older school-age children, but research shows that these programs can be effective for children of preschool and kindergarten age. This paper will review the literature that provides the rationale behind offering these types programs to the youngest of school-children, what these programs can offer, and describe specific programs that have been validated for preschool and kindergarten-aged children, using the best practice guidelines in the field of early childhood education...
June 20, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Michael A Taylor, John C Higginbotham
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a common problem, and allegations of CSA require a thorough multidisciplinary investigation which includes a comprehensive medical evaluation. Although most CSA victims will have normal exams, some will have physical injuries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and/or other problems. We are reporting the results of the examinations of 573 children evaluated in the West Alabama Child Medical Evaluation Program (WACMEP). This is the first report of CSA exams coming from Alabama and one of a few from a smaller medical center...
June 20, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Anthony Shuko Musiwa
Intrafamilial child sexual abuse is the commonest, though the under-reported, form of child sexual abuse in Marondera District and Zimbabwe generally. However, little is known about what drives it and what practitioners know about it. This study explored the factors associated with the incidence of intrafamilial child sexual abuse in Marondera based on perceptions of Victim-Friendly Court professionals in the district. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to twenty-five professionals from thirteen agencies implementing the Victim-Friendly Court initiative in Marondera...
June 18, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Marina Vladimir, Derek Robertson
A non-offending father figure plays an integral role in the healing process of a child who survived sexual abuse. However, becoming aware of the sexual abuse can significantly affect non-offending father figures and therefore impact their ability to properly support and care for the survivor. We sought to better understand the non-offending father figures' reactions to the aftermath of sexual abuse of their children. Using an existential-phenomenological approach, we offered a platform for non-offending father figures to share their stories...
June 18, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Sunha Kim, Amanda Nickerson, Jennifer A Livingston, Melissa Dudley, Margaret Manges, Jenine Tulledge, Kathleen Allen
Teachers play a critical role in child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention and intervention efforts. We examined the impact of the Second Step Child Protection Unit (CPU) on improving teacher awareness, attitudes, and teacher-student relations for 161 teachers. Teacher baseline scores and treatment acceptability were examined as moderators. Structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed a significant effect of the CPU on teachers' awareness, attitudes, and teacher-student relations, particularly for teachers with lower prior knowledge, attitudes, and student relationships...
June 18, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Marudan Sivagurunathan, Treena Orchard, Marilyn Evans
Most research on child sexual abuse has been on survivors to the exclusion of service providers. This paper focuses on one group of findings from a larger qualitative study. The aim of the paper is to identify existing services and highlight the gaps in the current programs available for male CSA survivors from the perspective of service providers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 mental health service providers, recruited from two Southern and Central Ontario cities. Findings presented here report service providers' perspective of gaps in services for male CSA survivors...
June 11, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Mara Norton-Baker, Jenna M Wolff, Tyler W Kolander, Matthew Evans, Alan R King
This study of college undergraduates ( N = 873) examined three hypotheses regarding associations between childhood sexual abuse and lifetime aggression: 1) childhood sexual abuse was expected to account for unshared variance in the lifetime aggression indicators after controlling for the potential effects of parental physical abuse, sibling physical abuse, exposure to intimate partner violence, peer bullying, and respondent age; 2) childhood sexual abuse associations were expected to be relatively stronger among the women than the men; 3) childhood sexual abuse links to lifetime aggression were expected to vary as a function of age of victimization (adolescent < childhood < dual-age victims)...
June 10, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Jamie Yoder, Melissa D Grady, Madison Precht
Few research studies examine how the relationship between trauma and executive functioning can influence sexual violence among youth. Knight and Sims-Knight (2004) proposed a Developmental Etiological Theory (DET) connecting early life physical and sexual victimization to sexual violence via antisocial traits. Drawing from research that identifies a link between early life victimization and executive functioning, this study tests an adaptation to the DET by including executive functioning as an intervening factor...
April 24, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Rebecca Dillard, Brieanne Beaujolais
While recent research has established the abuse and victimization histories of youth who engage in sexually abusive behavior, there is still debate regarding the significance of trauma and abuse as developmental antecedents to sexual offending in adolescence. Moreover, research has not conclusively identified the types, context, and timing of adverse experiences that act as catalysts for subsequent sexual perpetration. The present comprehensive literature review has one primary aim: Explore the adverse childhood experiences of youth who engage in sexually abusive behavior, considering whether trauma may be a consistent developmental antecedent to offending...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Rebeca Alcantara, Kendahl M Shortway, Barbara A Prempeh
Allegations of child sexual abuse (CSA) across various contexts have often been denied or ignored by a multitude of people, including those who do not personally know the alleged perpetrators or victims. The lack of belief of children's CSA reports is problematic, as this may affect the child's adjustment, the consequences for the alleged perpetrator, and the likelihood of other victims reporting abuse that they experienced. One plausible explanation for low credibility is the variable of social dominance orientation...
March 28, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Maria Hardeberg Bach, Carolin Demuth
The need for professionals working with people who have committed sexual offenses is increasingly recognized. Still, relatively little is known about the personal impact of work with this population. Most research in the field has aimed to determine treatment providers' level of work-related stress and hence focused on negative aspects of experience. Moreover, most of these studies have been conducted with questionnaires and yielded mixed results. In order to learn more about individual, contextual and dynamic aspects of therapists' personal experiences with these clients, we suggest to drawing from in-depth interview studies and Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)...
March 25, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Daniel Boduszek, Agata Debowska, Dominic Willmott, Adele D Jones, Matthew DeLisi, Gillian Kirkman
Childhood abuse is associated with increased psychopathic features among girls, but most prior research is based on data from correctional samples of female delinquents and less is known about how specific forms of childhood abuse affect specific features of psychopathy. Using a school-based community sample of 696 girls aged 9-17 years from Barbados and Grenada, the current study examined latent profiles of psychopathic personality traits and their associations with physical, emotional, and sexual abuse. Latent profile analysis (LPA) revealed four distinct psychopathy groups among girls, including a 'low psychopathy' group (41...
March 25, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Shir Daphna-Tekoah, Rachel Lev-Wiesel, David Israeli, Uri Balla
Somatic dissociation is known to be associated with childhood abuse, particularly with childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Currently, the diagnosis of CSA is hampered by the lack of a validated questionnaire. While some questionnaires are excellent research tools, there is no suitable applied measure for the assessment of distress due to CSA. The current study's objective was to validate a novel questionnaire, designated the Medical Somatic Dissociation Questionnaire-MSDQ, for evaluating somatic dissociation in the healthcare system setting...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Ummu Markwei, Kwaku Osei-Hwedie
Child sexual abuse is increasingly becoming an issue of concern in most societies across the globe, including Ghana. This is a phenomenological study that sought to describe the lived experiences of victims of child sexual abuse in Ghana, using the Ga community as a case study. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to identify 17 sexually abused children in the Ga Community. Using the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), four main themes described the experiences of the victims: (a) forced sex (b) incest (c) joleying and (d) transactional sex...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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