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Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773273/control-and-prevention-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-taiwan-current-achievements-and-future-challenges
#1
Wei-Ju Su, Chin-Hui Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773272/taiwan-s-nationwide-cancer-registry-system-of-40-years-past-present-and-future
#2
Chun-Ju Chiang, Ying-Wei Wang, Wen-Chung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744935/cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-accelerated-brain-aging
#3
Yen-Ling Chiu, Hsiu-Hui Tsai, Yen-Jun Lai, Hsin-Yi Tseng, Yen-Wen Wu, Yu-Sen Peng, Cheng-Ming Chiu, Yi-Fang Chuang
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease exhibits a prominent premature aging phenotype in many different organ systems, including the brain. Nevertheless, a comprehensive characterization of brain aging in non-demented patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is lacking and it remains unclear if the collective changes of cognitive functions and brain structures in ESRD is compatible with aging. METHODS: We compared 56 non-demented, independently living dialysis patients (mean age 59...
February 7, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30738634/predisposing-factors-of-necrotizing-fasciitis-with-comparison-to-cellulitis-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#4
Tom J Liu, Hao-Chih Tai, Kuo-Liong Chien, Nai-Chen Cheng
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening soft tissue infection with low incidence that requires prompt surgery. In the initial stage, it is difficult to distinguish NF and cellulitis, and limited population-based reports are available. METHODS: We queried inpatient data sets of National Health Institute Research Database in Taiwan from 2002 to 2011 for all patients with diagnoses of NF. Of them, only patients who underwent surgeries and had been admitted to intensive care units were included as the study group...
February 6, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736997/gastric-parietal-cell-and-thyroid-autoantibodies-in-patients-with-atrophic-glossitis
#5
Chun-Pin Chiang, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Yi-Ping Wang, Yu-Hsueh Wu, Yang-Che Wu, Andy Sun
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Gastric parietal cell antibody (GPCA), thyroglobulin antibody (TGA), and thyroid microsomal antibody (TMA) are organ-specific autoantibodies. This study mainly assessed the frequencies of presence of serum GPCA, TGA, and TMA in atrophic glossitis (AG) patients. METHODS: Serum GPCA, TGA, and TMA levels were measured in 1064 AG patients and in 532 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects. RESULTS: We found that 26.7%, 28...
February 5, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30711255/emergency-department-utilization-and-resuscitation-rate-among-patients-receiving-maintenance-hemodialysis
#6
Yi-Chih Lin, Hua-Kuei Hsu, Tai-Shuan Lai, Wen-Chih Chiang, Shuei-Liong Lin, Yung-Ming Chen, Chu-Chieh Chen, Tzong-Shinn Chu
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a growing global health concern with increased disease burden and high medical costs. Utilization of the emergency department (ED) among dialyzed patients and the associated risk factors remain unknown. METHODS: Participants of this study, selected from the National Health Insurance Database in Taiwan, were aged 19-90 years and received maintenance hemodialysis from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010. A control group consisting of individuals who did not receive dialysis, selected from the same data source, were matched for age, sex, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI)...
January 31, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709695/modulation-of-parietal-cytokine-and-chemokine-gene-profiles-by-mesenchymal-stem-cell-as-a-basis-for-neurotrauma-recovery
#7
Cheng-Hsien Lin, Willie Lin, Yu-Chin Su, Yogi Cheng-Yo Hsuan, Yu-Chien Chen, Ching-Ping Chang, Willy Chou, Kao-Chang Lin
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), primary mechanical injury to the brain may cause blood-brain-barrier damage followed by secondary injury, ultimately culminating in cell death. We aimed to test whether one injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) derived from the human umbilical cord can modulate brain cytokine and chemokine gene profiles and attenuate neurological injury in rats with TBI. METHODS: One-day post-TBI, the injured rats were treated with one injection of MSC (4 × 106 /rat, i...
January 29, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709694/randomized-controlled-clinical-effectiveness-of-adjunct-660-nm-light-emitting-diode-irradiation-during-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy
#8
Yi-Wen Chen, Olivia Hsieh, Yueh-An Chen, Lan-Lin Chiou, Po-Chun Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The irradiation of 660-nm light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has exhibited potential to accelerate oral wound healing and prevent periodontal breakdown in rodents. This study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of 660-nm LEDs during non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT). METHODS: Nineteen patients with at least one periodontitis-involved tooth in three quadrants received NSPT, and three protocols of LED light irradiation, including LED light irradiation from initial clinical assessment (T0) until the completion of scaling and root planning (T1) (LED01), LED light irradiation from T1 until re-evaluation (T2) (LED02), and no LED light irradiation (control treatment), were randomly assigned to respective quadrant...
January 29, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709693/integration-of-imaging-and-molecular-approaches-in-selective-fetal-reduction-in-twin-pregnancies-with-one-carrying-a-pathogenic-genomic-aberration
#9
W J Wu, L T Yeh, G C Ma, S P Chang, D J Lee, M Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: With the evolution of assisted fertility and prenatal diagnostic technology, the prevalence of multi-fetal pregnancy increased, followed by the demand for prenatal intervention if genomic aberration was detected. How to distinguish the affected foetus from the normal co-twin before selective fetal reduction is therefore challenging. OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of dichorionic twins at our centre during 2004-2018, where selective fetal reduction was requested because one foetus carried a pathogenic genomic aberration...
January 29, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704815/successful-management-of-type-iv-hypersensitivity-reactions-to-human-insulin-analogue-with-injecting-mixtures-of-biphasic-insulin-aspart-and-dexamethasone
#10
Wei-Lun Wen, Kun-Bow Tsai, Yi-Huei Lin, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Pi-Jung Hsiao, Shyi-Jang Shin, Wei-Wen Hung
Although hypersensitivity reaction to insulin was supposed to be less-frequent with current insulin analogue, case reports with different types of allergic reactions to insulin analogue were still reported. The most common form is type I hypersensitivity reaction with IgE-mediated. Besides, type III (IgG and IgM-mediated) and type IV (T-cell mediated delayed reaction) hypersensitivity reactions were also reported. Here we presented a long-standing type 2 diabetes with insulin requirements with hypersensitivity reactions to insulin actrapid, insulin aspart, insulin glargine, insulin detemir, and biphasic insulin aspart 30...
January 28, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704814/reply-to-the-type-of-dyspepsia-is-important-in-the-context-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#11
LETTER
Wei-Yi Lei, Chien-Lin Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670341/the-type-of-dyspepsia-is-important-in-the-context-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#12
LETTER
Rinaldo Pellicano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30670340/the-effectiveness-of-music-therapy-for-individuals-with-rett-syndrome-and-their-families
#13
Ming-Yi Chou, Nai-Wen Chang, Chieh Chen, Wang-Tso Lee, Yi-Jung Hsin, Ka-Kit Siu, Chih-Jen Chen, Liang-Jen Wang, Pi-Lien Hung
BACKGROUND: Patients with Rett syndrome (RTT) present characteristic regression in communication and hand skills, which eventually leads to intellectual and physical disability. Moreover, caregivers of patients with RTT face stressors related to patients' medical and developmental concerns. Given the indications from case reports, this pilot study investigated the effectiveness of music therapy on RTT patients, as well as on parental stress for families of children with RTT. METHODS: Families in the study group were enrolled in a twice-weekly 120-minute music therapy program for 24 weeks (n = 11), whereas families in the control group did not receive music therapy (n = 12)...
January 19, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661919/early-timing-of-single-balloon-enteroscopy-is-associated-with-increased-diagnostic-yield-in-patients-with-overt-small-bowel-bleeding
#14
Chia-Hung Tu, John Y Kao, Ping-Huei Tseng, Yi-Chia Lee, Tsung-Hsien Chiang, Chien-Chuan Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang, Han-Mo Chiu, Ming-Shiang Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although performing balloon enteroscopy soon after the onset of small bowel bleeding appeared to enhance diagnostic rate, the optimal timing was unclear. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study in a single referral center. Patients with overt, suspected small bowel bleeding who underwent primary single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE) were evaluated to determine the association between procedure timing and diagnostic yield rates. RESULTS: A total of 220 patients were enrolled (47...
January 17, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30655033/microbiota-and-gastrointestinal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Meng-Tzu Weng, Yu-Tse Chiu, Ping-Ya Wei, Chien-Wei Chiang, Huei-Ling Fang, Shu-Chen Wei
Gut microbiota plays important roles in many diseases, including cancer. It may promote carcinogenesis by inducing oxidative stress, genotoxicity, host immune response disturbance, and chronic inflammation. Colorectal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and gastric cancer are the major gastrointestinal tract cancers in Taiwan. The microbiota detected in patients with tubular adenoma and villous/tubulovillous polyps is different from that in healthy controls and patients with hyperplastic polyps. Normalization of the microbiota is observed in patients after colorectal cancer treatment...
January 14, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30648551/seasonal-influenza-prevention-and-control-in-taiwan-strategies-revisited
#16
Chia-Ping Su, Tsung-Pei Tsou, Chang-Hsun Chen, Tzou-Yien Lin, Shan-Chwen Chang
Influenza remains a serious public health threat in Taiwan. During 2017-18, Taiwan experienced two seasonal influenza epidemics caused by A/H3N2 and B, respectively. In addition to national influenza vaccination campaign, Taiwan Centers for Diseases Control and Infectious Disease Control Advisory Committee has multi-faceted strategies for seasonal influenza prevention and control to mitigate the risk of disease transmission among vulnerable groups and decrease influenza-related morbidity and mortality. In this article, we reviewed the key elements of the prevention and control strategies-enhanced influenza surveillance, antiviral drugs stockpile and management, critical care and medical resources reallocation, public risk communication and infection control measures...
January 12, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30639075/the-relationship-of-anti-phospholipase-a2-receptor-antibody-and-c5a-complement-with-disease-activity-and-short-term-outcome-in-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy
#17
Jyun Ni Chi, Tai Shuan Lai, Ching Fang Wu, Tian Yi Fu, Yu Hsiang Chou, Yen Ling Chiu, Wei Chou Lin, Wen Chih Chiang, Yung Ming Chen, Ming Shiou Wu
BACKGROUND: The binding of anti-phospholipase A2 receptor (anti-PLA2R) antibody to podocyte and complement activation is the mechanisms of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). C5a, a complement activation end product, is a strong inflammatory cell stimulator and can influence the behavior of T cells and dendritic cells. This study examined the etiology-disease relationship and significance of auto-antibody and C5a with short-term remission. METHOD: Plasma anti-PLA2R antibody and C5a were measured with the blood samples that were collected when patients were admitted for renal biopsy...
January 10, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30638734/tuberculosis-case-finding-supplement-intensified-case-finding-among-acute-lower-respiratory-infection-alri-hospitalized-patients-in-sa-kaeo-province-thailand
#18
Sathapana Naowarat, Chanapong Rojanaworarit, Wanwimon Surinsak, Kanjana Umain, Dara Ruadreaw, Somkid Yuenprakone, Apirak Pisutaporn, Arongrag C Meeyai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate TB prevalence among in-patients hospitalized with acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) through a routine TB case finding approach (Patient-Initiated-Pathway, PIP) and among those without initial TB detection by PIP using a supplementary-Intensified-Case-Finding (supplementary-ICF) approach to determine the extent of active TB infection in patients enrolled in population-based surveillance in Sa Keao, Thailand. We also investigated secondary TB transmission through household contacts (HHCs)...
January 9, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30638735/does-one-man-method-better-than-two-man-method-for-colonoscopy-insertion-in-children
#19
Ho-Sheng Chen, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: One-man method had shown several advantages over two-man method in adult colonoscopy insertion. However, whether this advantage can be extended to children is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that one-man method is the preferred method to two-man method in pediatric colonoscopy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, from July 2010 to June 2014, colonoscopy examinations in children were recruited. These colonoscopy examinations were performed by second-year pediatric GI fellows under the supervision of an experienced attending physician...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30635154/etiologies-and-clinical-characteristics-of-non-obstructive-dysphagia-in-a-taiwanese-population-a-prospective-study-based-on-high-resolution-impedance-manometry
#20
Chia-Chu Yeh, Chien-Chuan Chen, Jia-Feng Wu, Hui-Chuan Lee, Yi-Chia Lee, Kao-Lang Liu, Hsiu-Po Wang, Ming-Shiang Wu, Ping-Huei Tseng
BACKGROUND: Esophageal motility disorders are the major cause of non-obstructive dysphagia (NOD), but may be underdiagnosed. In this high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM)-based study, we aimed to clarify the etiologies and clinical characteristics of patients presenting with NOD in a Taiwanese population. METHODS: From October 2014 to July 2017, consecutive patients with the chief complaint of dysphagia were prospectively enrolled in the study at a tertiary medical center...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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