Yvonne N Becqu, Maaike van der Wel, Muzeyyen Aktan-Arslan, Anne Geert van, Driel J Rietjens, A van der Heide, Erica Witkamp, Maggie Watson
OBJECTIVE: Family caregivers are often intensively involved in palliative and end-of-life cancer care. A variety of interventions to support family caregivers have been developed, differing in target population, modality, and components. We aimed to systematically examine characteristics and the effectiveness of interventions to support family caregivers of patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using Embase, Medline Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and Cinahl...
March 23, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Ashley Leak Bryant, Ebahi Ikharo, Kaboni Whitney Gondwe, Jamie L Conklin, Chifundo Colleta Zimba, Agatha Bula, Wongani Jumbo, Kondwani Wella, Patrick Mapulanga, Eno Idiagbonya, Samuel A M Bingo, Evelyn Chilemba, Jennifer Hotchkiss, Nilda Peragallo Montano, Yousef Qan'ir, Lixin Song
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and examine current literature on survivorship experiences and psychosocial oncologic care programs of individuals affected by cancer in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: This was a systematic review guided by the PRISMA 2020 guidelines. We searched 6 databases for articles published from inception to October 21, 2021. Articles were appraised using the Johanna Briggs Institute's Checklist for Qualitative Research. For data synthesis, we used the World Health Organization (WHO) quality of life framework [WHOQOL] to organize experiences into 6 domains/themes...
March 21, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Avril Deegan, Ciara Brennan, Pamela Gallagher, Veronica Lambert, Simon Dunne
OBJECTIVE: Research has indicated that social support may play a protective role in the face of stress and help children and adolescents cope with the demands and challenges they face on a daily basis during their cancer journey. However, social support tends to reduce over time as survivors overcome their illness despite its ongoing importance even years after treatment has finished. The current review aimed to systematically examine existing evidence on social support in child and adolescent cancer survivors...
March 21, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Robert S Kerrison, Natalie Gil, Elizabeth Travis, Robyn Jones, Katriina L Whitaker, Colin Rees, Stephen Duffy, Christian von Wagner
OBJECTIVE: People from ethnic minority backgrounds are less likely to attend colonoscopy, following faecal immunochemical test screening, and are more likely to be diagnosed with colorectal cancer at an advanced stage as a result. The aim of this research was to explore the barriers and facilitators to attending colonoscopy, perceived by ethnic minority groups living in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Semi-structured online and telephone interviews were conducted with thirty men and women of Black-African(n=5), Black-Caribbean(n=5), South Asian(n=10) and White British(n=10) descent...
March 16, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Steve Kisely, Meshary Khaled N Alotiby, Melinda M Protani, Rebecca Soole, Urska Arnautovska, Dan Siskind
OBJECTIVE: The incidence and mortality rates of breast cancer in individuals with pre-existing severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression, are higher than in the general population. Reduced screening is one factor but there is less information on possible barriers to subsequent treatment following diagnosis. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis on access to guideline-appropriate care following a diagnosis of breast cancer in people with SMI including the receipt of surgery, endocrine, chemo- or radiotherapy...
March 9, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Chen Hsiu Chen, Fur-Hsing Wen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Wen-Chi Chou, Jen-Shi Chen, Siew Tzuh Tang
OBJECTIVE: Unprecedently investigate associations of prognostic-awareness-transition patterns with (changes in) depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) during cancer patients' last 6 months. METHODS: In this secondary analysis study, 334 cancer patients in their last 6 months transitioned between four prognostic-awareness states (unknown and not wanting to know, unknown but wanting to know, inaccurate awareness, and accurate awareness), thus constituting three transition patterns: maintaining-accurate-, gaining-accurate-, and maintaining-inaccurate/unknown prognostic awareness...
March 8, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Hui Wang, Haorun Yue, Zenghui Wang, Mengxin Lu, Danjun Feng
OBJECTIVE: Cancer is a family affair that negatively impacts the lives of patients and their family caregivers. This study takes a dyadic perspective to investigate the effect of patient-family caregiver illness acceptance congruence/incongruence on family caregivers' anticipatory grief (AG) and examine whether caregivers' resilience moderates the abovementioned relationship. METHODS: For the study, 304 dyads of advanced lung cancer patients and their family caregivers from three tertiary hospitals in Jinan, Shandong Province, China were recruited...
March 8, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Juan Ignacio Arraras, Jose Juan Illarramendi, Ana Manterola, Susana de la Cruz, Uxue Zarandona, Berta Ibañez, Esteban Salgado, Ignacio Visus, Marta Barrado, Lucia Teijeira, Enrique Martinez, Ruth Vera
Objectives To describe the Quality of Life (QOL) of breast-cancer patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and analyse its evolution, compare the QOL of these patients according to the COVID-19 wave in which they were diagnosed, and examine the clinical and demographic determinants of QOL. Methods A total of 260 patients with breast cancer (90.8% I-III stages) and COVID-19 (85% light/moderate) were included (February-September 2021) in this study. Most patients were receiving anticancer treatment (mainly hormonotherapy)...
March 7, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Rose Rickford, Melanie Rogers, Abigail Halliday, Pearl Lamptey, Susanna Kola-Palmer
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer remains a significant health threat amongst women globally despite most cervical cancers being preventable through screening and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccination. With the introduction of HPV testing and vaccination, evidence suggests that the frequency of cervical screening for women can be reduced. However, there is limited evidence on women's attitudes to possible changes to the cervical screening programme. This study explored attitudes, perceptions and beliefs of women in the United Kingdom (UK) regarding potential changes to the National Cervical Screening Programme...
February 28, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Brenna Mossman, Laura M Perry, James I Gerhart, Laurie E McLouth, Ashley B Lewson, Michael Hoerger
OBJECTIVE: Although palliative care can mitigate emotional distress, distressed patients may be less likely to engage in timely palliative care. This study aims to investigate the role of emotional distress in palliative care avoidance by examining the associations of anger, anxiety, and depression with palliative care attitudes. METHODS: Patients (N=454) with heterogeneous cancer diagnoses completed an online survey on emotional distress and palliative care attitudes...
February 17, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Eleni Arvaniti, Maria Nikoloudi, Nikolaos Tsoukalas, Efi Parpa, Kyriaki Mystakidou
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are common in cancer patients and seem to affect quality of life, treatment compliance and even survival. Defining factors related to anxiety and depression and exploring the role of demoralization and satisfaction with care, could contribute to the improvement of patients' quality of life and quality of health services as well. METHODS: A convenience sample of 150 cancer inpatients and outpatients from two oncology centers, with various types of solid tumors, participated in a prospective cross-sectional observational study...
February 16, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Thinh Toan Vu, Wenhua Lu, Marina Weiss, Linh Thi-Hoai Nguyen, Victoria Khanh Ngo
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the prevalence and severity of depression and anxiety symptomatology, barriers to mental health access, and correlates of functional impairment among cancer inpatients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited adult cancer patients (N=300) in June and July 2022 at the largest oncological hospital in Vietnam. Multivariable linear regression analyses examined the association between demographics, clinical characteristics, and patients' functional impairment...
February 16, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Florence Lui, Malwina Lewicka, George C Bao, Anne Moyer, Lindsay Boyce, Jennifer Leng
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants, particularly those who are less acculturated and limited English proficient (LEP), often lack access to culturally and linguistically appropriate psychosocial care in cancer survivorship. We sought to determine what psychosocial interventions are available for immigrant and/or LEP cancer patients and to assess treatment and patient factors that may correlate with better psychosocial outcomes for this population. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published through August 2022 of interventions conducted with immigrant and/or LEP cancer patients aimed at improving psychosocial outcomes (i...
February 15, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Natascha Fahmer, Hermann Faller, Achim Wöckel, Jessica Salmen, Peter U Heuschmann, Karin Meng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine challenges, competencies, and supportive care needs (SCN) of women with breast or gynecological cancer during acute cancer treatment and associations to other health-related variables. METHODS: We surveyed 120 patients with breast or gynecological cancer at the end of acute cancer treatment, either directly after surgery or during adjuvant chemotherapy. We assessed challenges, subjective competencies, and SCN using a self-developed measure comprising 25 items referring to coping tasks assigned to six domains...
February 15, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Anna Isselhard, Anja Tüchler, Julia Dick, Anne Scherer, Viktoria Aue, Rita K Schmutzler, Kerstin Rhiem
OBJECTIVE: Women carrying a BRCA1/2 pathogenic variant have increased risk for breast cancer and may opt for risk-reducing bilateral mastectomy. In this study, we examine which demographic, psychosocial, and personality factors are associated with their decision to undergo risk-reducing bilateral mastectomy. METHODS: Cancer-unaffected women with a pathogenic variant in BRCA1 or BRCA2 were recruited before receiving their genetic test result and completed follow-up including decision to undergo mastectomy over 6-8 months after genetic test result disclosure...
February 12, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Maria Rothmund, Micha J Pilz, Nathalie Egeter, Emma Lidington, Claire Piccinin, Juan I Arraras, Mogens Grønvold, Bernhard Holzner, Marieke van Leeuwen, Morten Aa Petersen, Heike Schmidt, Teresa Young, Johannes M Giesinger
BACKGROUND: Cancer and its treatment can have substantial impact on patients' emotional functioning. Several patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) assessing emotional functioning are available, but differences in content limit the comparability of results. To better understand conceptual (dis)similarities, we conducted a content comparison of commonly used PROMs. METHODS: We included emotional functioning items, scales, and item banks from the EORTC CAT Core, EORTC QLQ-C30, FACT-G, Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), SF-36, PRO-CTCAE, and PROMIS (item banks for anxiety, depression, and anger)...
January 27, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Isabelle Merckaert, Pauline Waroquier, Marie Caillier, Oriane Verkaeren, Sadio Righes, Aurore Liénard, Yves Libert, Paulus Kristanto, Darius Razavi
PURPOSE: This study reports the short- and mid-term benefits of an eight-session emotion and self-regulation group intervention ecologically boosted through daily app-based prompts. The intervention was designed for breast cancer patients in the early survivorship period meeting criteria for clinical levels of psychological symptoms. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to the immediate intervention arm (n=61; intervention received immediately) or to the delayed intervention arm (n=59; intervention received five months later)...
January 26, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Mariska Blom, Onno R Guicherit, Madelein T Hoogwegt
OBJECTIVE: Improved medical treatment has led to an increased cohort of cancer survivors. The prevalence of emotional problems in this group is high, with fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) being among the most prevalent and distressing conditions. In order to gain more insight in the psychological mechanisms playing a role in levels of FCR, this study examined the relationship between perfectionism and FCR in breast cancer patients, as well as the mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and coping in this relationship...
January 26, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Nicole Heneka, Suzanne K Chambers, Isabelle Schaefer, Jeff Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability of a nurse-led prostate cancer survivorship intervention adapted for virtual delivery and tailored to post-surgical care, in a regional Australian hospital and health service. METHODS: A qualitative exploratory study using the Theoretical Framework of Acceptability (TFA). RESULTS: Twenty-two participants took part in a semistructured interview comprising men who had completed the program (n=16) and health professionals/service stakeholders involved in program delivery (n=6)...
January 24, 2023: Psycho-oncology
Sophie Lelorain, Lucie Gehenne, Véronique Christophe, Christelle Duprez
OBJECTIVE: In oncology, research remains unclear as to whether physician empathy is associated with patient outcomes. Our goal was to answer this question and explore potential moderators of the association. METHODS: In this meta-analysis on adult cancer care, we excluded randomised controlled trials, and studies of survivors without active disease or involving analogue patients. Eight databases were searched, in addition to reference lists of relevant articles and grey literature...
January 24, 2023: Psycho-oncology
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