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American Journal of Audiology

Ann E Perreau, Richard S Tyler, Patricia C Mancini, Shelley Witt, Mohamed Salah Elgandy
Purpose Audiologists should be treating hyperacusis patients. However, it can be difficult to know where to begin because treatment protocols and evidence-based treatment studies are lacking. A good place to start in any tinnitus and hyperacusis clinic is to incorporate a group educational session. Method Here, we outline our approach to establishing a hyperacusis group educational session that includes specific aspects of getting to know each patient to best meet their needs, understanding the problems associated with hyperacusis, explaining the auditory system and the relationship of hyperacusis to hearing loss and tinnitus, describing the influence of hyperacusis on daily life, and introducing treatment options...
May 16, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Ahmad A Alanazi, Nannette Nicholson
Purpose This study aimed to find out more about the effect of the use of the 1-3-6 early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) timeline and interprofessional simulation training on audiology and speech-language pathology graduate students' confidence level of knowledge and skills. Method A 1-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study design was used to assess self-ratings of confidence in knowledge and skills. The mean age for 50 graduate students participating in this study was 25.32 years ( SD = ±3...
May 16, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Kristen L D'Onofrio, René H Gifford, Todd A Ricketts
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential group differences between musicians and nonmusicians in their self-adjusted (SA) gain and compression settings for both music and speech stimuli. Speech recognition, sound quality, and strength of preference for the SA settings and the original prescriptive (National Acoustic Laboratories-Nonlinear 2 [NAL-NL2]) settings were also compared. Method Participants included 12 musician ( M = 60 years) and 12 nonmusician ( M = 55 years) adult hearing aid users with mild-moderate hearing loss, on average...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Nicole D Ayasse, Lana R Penn, Arthur Wingfield
Purpose Many young adults with a mild hearing loss can appear unaware or unconcerned about their loss or its potential effects. A question that has not been raised in prior research is whether slight variability, even within the range of clinically normal hearing, may have a detrimental effect on comprehension of spoken sentences, especially when attempting to understand the meaning of sentences that offer an additional cognitive challenge. The purpose of this study was to address this question. Method An exploratory analysis was conducted on data from 3 published studies that included young adults, ages 18 to 29 years, with audiometrically normal hearing acuity (pure-tone average < 15 dB HL) tested for comprehension of sentences that conveyed the sentence meaning with simpler or more complex linguistic structures...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Monica L De Iorio, Lisa J Rapport, Christina G Wong, Brad A Stach
Purpose Early detection of hearing loss is important for providing support and intervention for adults with age-related hearing loss. However, many older adults have hearing loss that is unidentified. Because they do not present the problem at health care settings, there is a dearth of research on people with unrecognized hearing loss (URHL). This study elucidates differences between older adults with normal hearing, adults with recognized hearing loss (RHL), and adults with URHL. Method Participants included 130 adults, ages 55-85 years...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Aurora J Weaver, Jeffrey J DiGiovanni, Dennis T Ries
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether merging the clinical pitch pattern test procedure with psychoacoustic adaptive methods would create a new tool feasible to capture individual differences in pitch temporal processing and patterning capacity of children and adults. Method Sixty-six individuals, young children (ages 10-12 years, n = 22), older children (ages 13-15 years, n = 23), and adults (ages 18-33 years, n = 21), were recruited and assigned to subgroups based on reported duration (years) of instrumental music instruction...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Elizabeth D Casserly, Thea Krizmanich, Hunter Drews
Purpose Rehabilitative auditory training for people with hearing loss faces 2 primary challenges: generalization of learning to novel contexts and user adherence to training goals. We hypothesized that using interview excerpts from popular media as training materials would have the potential to positively influence both of these areas. Interviews contain predictable, structured complexity that promotes perceptual generalization and are also designed to be engaging for consumers. This study tested the viability of such popular media interviews as training materials, comparing their effectiveness to that obtained with sentence transcription training...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Rebecca Awad, Johanna Oropeza, Kristin M Uhler
Purpose The aim of this study was to determine how a large metropolitan children's hospital's practices align with the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) 1-3-6 guidelines (diagnose hearing loss by 3 months of age, fitted with hearing aids within 1 month of diagnosis, and enroll in early intervention by 6 months of age) and examine variables that have impacted meeting these guidelines. This hospital is not a birthing hospital. Therefore, the first recommendation (hearing screen by 1 month of age) was not evaluated...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Jakov Ajduk, Andro Košec, Iva Kelava, Mihael Ries, Tomislav Gregurić, Livije Kalogjera
Purpose This article investigates the possible connections between the level of chronic stress and success of steroid therapy in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). Method A single-center, retrospective, longitudinal cohort study on 55 patients in a tertiary referral otology center was examined. Patients diagnosed with SSNHL between 2014 and 2017 were asked to complete a Measure of Perceived Stress (Brajac, Tkalcic, Dragojević, & Gruber, 2003 ) questionnaire. Inclusion criteria were patients > 18 years of age, SSNHL diagnosed within 4 previous weeks, completed steroid treatment, and complete documentation...
May 14, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Hsin-Wei Huang, Nannette Nicholson, Sheila Thomas
Purpose Tai chi is receiving increasing research attention with its benefit of improving flexibility and balance. The objective of this review was to examine the evidence concerning the impact of tai chi as a practical therapy for vestibular rehabilitation on individuals with balance and vestibular disorders. Method A systematic review using 4 electronic databases was conducted. Randomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies were included. Results Four studies met the inclusion criteria and were included for data analysis...
May 2, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Hideaki Suzuki, Rintaro Kawaguchi, Tetsuro Wakasugi, Ba Hung Do, Takuro Kitamura, Toyoaki Ohbuchi
Purpose We retrospectively studied the efficacy of intratympanic steroid administration in comparison with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) with negative prognostic factors. Method We enrolled 301 patients (302 ears) with ISSNHL (average hearing level at 250-4000 Hz ≥ 40 dB; time from onset to treatment ≤ 30 days). From August 2002 to March 2009, 174 patients (174 ears) received systemic steroid plus HBO therapy (HBO group), and from June 2015 to January 2018, 127 patients (128 ears) received systemic plus intratympanic steroid (IT group)...
May 2, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Kaylee J Smith, Devin L McCaslin, Gary P Jacobson, Robert Burkard
Objectives The objectives of this study were (a) to investigate the optimal tone burst duration when recording the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) and the ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) and (b) to determine whether monopolar recording influences the latency or amplitude of the cVEMP or the oVEMP. Method Fifteen subjects ( M = 27.7 years, SD = 6.73 years) participated in this study. The participants had no prior history of otological or neurological disease. Both oVEMPs and cVEMPs were recorded at a fixed stimulus level for stimulus durations of 2, 5, 10, and 25 ms...
April 30, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Alex Meibos, Karen Muñoz, Michael Twohig
Purpose Counseling practices in audiology play a critical role in helping patients and families understand, accept, and adjust to the dynamic impacts ear-related disorders have on their lives. The purpose of this study was to identify what competencies (i.e., knowledge, skills, and attitudes) are important for audiologists to possess to provide effective counseling in practice. Method A modified Delphi study design was used to survey a panel of 33 professionals with expertise in audiologic counseling from 5 different countries...
April 25, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Jinbae Shin, Sohee Heo, Ho-Ki Lee, Richard Tyler, In-Ki Jin
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of a Korean version of the Tinnitus Primary Function Questionnaire (K-TPFQ). Method A total of 79 subjects participated in the study. All participants completed the K-TPFQ, and the Korean versions of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index ( Buysse, Reynolds, Monk, Berman, & Kupfer, 1989 ; Sohn, Kim, Lee, & Cho, 2012 ), the Beck Depression Inventory ( Beck, Ward, Mendelson, Mock, & Erbaugh, 1961 ; Jo, Park, Jo, Ryu, & Han, 2007 ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory questionnaire ( Cho & Choi, 1989 ; Spielberger & Gorsuch, 1983 ), and the Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire ( Kuk, Tyler, Russell, & Jordan, 1990 )...
April 25, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Sarah M Theodoroff, Gabrielle H Saunders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
James A Henry, Candice Manning
Purpose Clinical services for tinnitus are needed by millions of people annually. These services have not been standardized, and patients are vulnerable to receiving services that may appear legitimate but are not based on research evidence. The purpose of this clinical focus article is to promote standardization of tinnitus services by proposing an efficient clinical protocol for audiologists. Method The suggested clinical protocol is based primarily on research conducted at the National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research for the past 2 decades, with the focus on 2 randomized controlled trials completed recently that showed efficacy of an audiologic protocol involving hearing aids and brief tinnitus counseling...
April 22, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Fatima T Husain, Sara A Schmidt, Yihsin Tai, Elsa C Granato, Pedro Ramos, Paul Sherman, Carlos Esquivel
Purpose In the past decade, resting-state functional connectivity, acquired using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), has emerged as a popular measure of tinnitus, especially as related to self-reported handicap or psychological reaction. The goal of this study was to assess replicability of neural correlates of tinnitus, namely, resting-state functional connectivity, in the same individuals acquired over 2 sessions. Method Data were collected at 2 different sites (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Joint Base San Antonio Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center) using similar 3T magnets and similar data acquisition paradigms...
April 22, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Jenifer E Beck, Tara L Zaugg, Jessica L Egge, Elizabeth N Lima, Emily J Thielman
Purpose This is a description of the clinical implementation and outcomes of progressive tinnitus management (PTM) at 2 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers: Both programs modified the protocol originally described by PTM developers. Method Modifications at both sites were classified according to an evidence-based framework set forth by Stirman, Miller, Toder, and Calloway (2013) . The Iowa City VA PTM program clinicians made 2 modifications and the Asheville, North Carolina, VA PTM program clinicians made 6 modifications to the standard PTM protocol...
April 22, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Julia Campbell, Alison LaBrec, Connor Bean, Mashhood Nielsen, Won So
Purpose The goal of this study was to assess whether peripheral auditory sensitivity in frequency regions above 8 kHz is related to central inhibitory function, as measured through a sensory gating paradigm, in normal-hearing adults with tinnitus (TINN) and without tinnitus (NTINN). The contribution of gating processes and peripheral sensitivity in extended high frequencies to tinnitus severity was evaluated via a hierarchical multiple regression method. Method Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) were recorded in response to pairs of tones in normal-hearing adults without tinnitus, NTINN ( n = 45), and adults with tinnitus, TINN ( n = 21)...
April 22, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
Candice Manning, Emily J Thielman, Leslie Grush, James A Henry
Purpose Psychoacoustic characteristics of tinnitus include its loudness and pitch. These characteristics are commonly measured and reported; however, it has not been shown that they are associated with the impact, or bothersomeness, of tinnitus. This study addressed this question by determining correlations between measures of tinnitus loudness, tinnitus pitch, and functional effects of tinnitus. Method Tinnitus loudness matches, pitch matches, a numeric rating scale (NRS) of tinnitus loudness, and responses to the 25-item tinnitus functional index (TFI) were obtained from 223 participants who experienced tinnitus for at least 6 months...
April 22, 2019: American Journal of Audiology
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