Journals Journal of Steroid Biochemistr...

Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Yasuko Fujisawa, Yohei Masunaga, Wataru Tanikawa, Shinichi Nakashima, Daisuke Ueda, Shinichiro Sano, Maki Fukami, Hirotomo Saitsu, Takashi Yazawa, Tsutomu Ogata
Although 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (HSD17B3) deficiency is diagnosed when a testosterone/androstenedione (T/A-dione) ratio after human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation is below 0.8, this cut-off value is primarily based on hormonal data measured by conventional immunoassay (IA) in patients with feminized or ambiguous genitalia. We examined two 46,XY Japanese patients with undermasculinized genitalia including hypospadias (patient 1 and patient 2). Endocrine studies by IA showed well increased serum T value after hCG stimulation (2...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
E Fanjara, G H Aas, Y Cao, V Kristinova, A Saeboe Sæbø, A Stene
As a stress hormone, cortisol and more recently its metabolites are analysed when assessing fish stress and welfare status, although the exact identity of these metabolites is not clearly defined for the Atlantic salmon. LC-MS/MS techniques, owing to their specificity, sensitivity and ability to simultaneously identify and measure several relevant compounds, can be useful tools for this purpose. Using the guidelines provided by the European Decision no. 657/2002/EC for validation, the LC-MS/MS method presented here, can reliably identify and quantify cortisol and five of its metabolites (5β-THF, cortisone, 5β-DHE, 5β-THE and β-cortolone) in bile and faeces, and cortisol and cortisone in skin mucus and blood plasma of farmed Atlantic salmon within 15min...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Liang Pan, Shiyu Su, Yuanyuan Li, Di Liu, Lingyu Shen, Haiying Wang, Jiayu Wen, Hui Hu, Ruwen Zheng
The effects of acupuncture on the protein and gene expression of oestrogen receptors (ERs) alpha (α) and beta (β) in testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in rats remains unclear. In this study, rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10 per group). The rats in the blank group did not receive any treatment, while the rats in the model group were injected intraperitoneally with testosterone propionate for 28 days to establish the BPH model and then randomly sub-divided into a control group, an acupuncture group and a finasteride group (positive control group)...
September 19, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Wenqian Xie, Qingjing Gao, Pengyu Chen, Haolin Zhang, Yuning Liu, Qiang Weng
Steroidogenesis machinery involves the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), which regulates cholesterol transfer within the mitochondria, and the transport of cholesterol via a channel composed of 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO), the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) plus some accessory proteins. In this study, we investigated the immunolocalizations and expressions of StAR, TSPO, VDAC and cytochrome P450 side chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc, CYP11A1) in the scent glands of muskrats (Ondatra zibethicus) during the breeding and non-breeding periods...
September 16, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Kristina W Thiel, Andreea M Newtson, Eric J Devor, Yuping Zhang, Paige K Malmrose, Jianling Bi, Haley A Losh, Suzy Davies, Lane E Smith, Jamie Padilla, Stephanie M Leiva, Chad E Grueter, Patrick Breheny, Christy R Hagan, Miles A Pufall, Jason Gertz, Yan Guo, Kimberly K Leslie
Progesterone prevents development of endometrial cancers through its receptor (PR) although the molecular mechanisms have yet to be fully characterized. In this study, we performed a global analysis of gene regulation by progesterone using human endometrial cancer cells that expressed PR endogenously or exogenously. We found progesterone strongly inhibits multiple components of the platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), Janus kinase (JAK), signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway through PR...
September 14, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Anna Tabęcka-Łonczyńska, Piotr Kaczka, Edyta Kaleniuk
Good-quality reproductive cells are essential for reproduction. Endocrine disruptors are widely available in the environment and are known to have an adverse effect on spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis. One of them is tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) isocyanurate (TBC), i.e. one of the novel brominated flame retardants (NBFR). TBC is a widely distributed ingredient used in the production of flame retardants. Currently, it is known to affect the hormonal system, but the exact mechanism of its action is unknown. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine whether TBC alone and in cotreatment with BHPI (estrogen receptor alpha antagonist) has an impact on the expression of nuclear receptors involved in the formation of steroid hormones, proteins, and enzymes responsible for steroidogenesis and the levels of steroid hormones (E2 , P4 , and T) in the GC-1 spg cell line as a mouse model of spermatogenic cells in vitro...
September 11, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Oksana Shynlova, Lubna Nadeem, Stephen Lye
During pregnancy, the primary function of the uterus is to be quiescent and not contract, which allows the growing fetus to develop and mature. A uterine muscle layer, myometrium, is composed of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Before the onset of labour contractions, the uterine SMCs experience a complex biochemical and molecular transformation involving the expression of contraction-associated proteins. Labour is initiated when genes in SMCs are activated in response to a combination of hormonal, inflammatory and mechanical signals...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Philippe de Médina, Silia Ayadi, Régis Soulès, Bruno Payre, Sandrine Rup-Jacques, Sandrine Silvente-Poirot, Mohammad Samadi, Marc Poirot
Cholestane-3β,5α,6β-triol (CT) is a primary metabolite of 5,6-epoxycholesterols (5,6-EC) that is catalyzed by the cholesterol-5,6-epoxide hydrolase (ChEH). CT is a well-known biomarker for Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C), a progressive inherited neurodegenerative disease. On the other hand, CT is known to be metabolized by the 11β-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase of type 2 (11β-HSD2) into a tumor promoter named oncosterone that stimulates the growth of breast cancer tumors. Sulfation is a major metabolic transformation leading to the production of sulfated oxysterols...
September 6, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Alexey I Ilovaisky, Alexander M Scherbakov, Elena I Chernoburova, Andrey A Povarov, Marina A Shchetinina, Valentina M Merkulova, Diana I Salnikova, Danila V Sorokin, Eugene I Bozhenko, Igor V Zavarzin, Alexander O Terent'ev
A convenient and selective approach to 13,17-secoestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-oic acid [N'-arylcarbothioamido]hydrazides and hybrid molecules containing secosteroid and 1,2,4-triazole fragments was disclosed and these novel types of secosteroids were screened for cytotoxicity against hormone-dependent human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Most of secosteroid-1,2,4-triazole hybrids showed significant cytotoxic effect comparable or superior to that of the reference drug cisplatin. Hit secosteroid-1,2,4-triazole hybrids 4b and 4h were characterized by high cytotoxicity and good selectivity towards MCF-7 breast cancer cells...
September 2, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Yanmin Huang, Wenhao Tian, Zining Peng, Yang Cheng, Meizhen Wei, Zhiping Liu, Liping Pang, Jianguo Cui
Starting with pregnenolone, a 20-carbonyl group was converted into an amino group through a series of chemical reactions. This amino group was further converted into selenocyanoalkylamide, leading to the synthesis of six pregnenolone selenocyanoalkylamide derivatives. These compounds were then screened for antitumor activity in vitro, yielding promising results. Compounds 4b-4f show higher inhibitory activity than the positive control abiraterone and 2-methoxyestradiol, with IC50 values lower than 10 μmol/L against breast, ovarian, and cervical cancer cell lines that closely related to human hormone expression levels...
August 29, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Julen Goikolea, Maria Latorre-Leal, Christina Tsagkogianni, Sonja Pikkupeura, Balazs Gulyas, Angel Cedazo Minguez, Raul Loera-Valencia, Ingemar Björkhem, Patricia Rodriguez Rodriguez, Silvia Maioli
The oxysterol 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) is produced by the enzyme sterol 27-hydroxylase (Cyp27A1) and is mainly catabolized to 7α-Hydroxy-3-oxo-4-cholestenoic acid (7-HOCA) by the enzyme cytochrome P-450 oxysterol 7α-hydroxylase (Cyp7B1). 27OHC is mostly produced in the liver and can reach the brain by crossing the blood-brain barrier. A large body of evidence shows that CYP27A1 overexpression and high levels of 27OHC have a detrimental effect on the brain, causing cognitive and synaptic dysfunction together with a decrease in glucose uptake in mice...
August 28, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Wenjing Lu, Yue Zhou, Yuning Liu, Haolin Zhang, Zhengrong Yuan, Yingying Han, Qiang Weng
There is mounting evidence that vitamin D3 regulates female reproductive function critically, while little is known about the function of seasonally variable vitamin D3 in regulating ovarian steroidogenesis. This study examined the seasonal expressions of vitamin D receptor (VDR), vitamin D metabolic molecules (CYP2R1, CYP27B1, and CYP24A1), and steroidogenic enzymes (P450scc, 3β-HSD, P450c17, and P450arom) in the ovaries of the wild ground squirrels (Citellus dauricus Brandt) during the different breeding seasons...
August 24, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Martin Roumain, Owein Guillemot-Legris, Hafsa Ameraoui, Mireille Alhouayek, Giulio G Muccioli
Oxysterols are oxidized derivatives of cholesterol that are formed by enzymatic processes or through the action of reactive oxygen species. Several of these bioactive lipids have been shown to be affected and/or play a role in inflammatory processes. 4β-hydroxycholesterol is one of the major oxysterols in mice and humans and its levels are affected by inflammatory diseases. However, apart from its long half-life, little is known about its catabolism. By incubating 4β-hydroxycholesterol with mouse mitochondria-enriched liver fractions, as well as 25-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol with recombinant CYP3A4, we identified 4β,25-dihydroxycholesterol and 4β,27-dihydroxycholesterol as 4β-hydroxycholesterol metabolites...
August 19, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Chang Ho Ahn, Jaeyoon Shim, Han Na Jang, Young Ah Lee, Sang-Won Lee, Man Ho Choi, Jung Hee Kim
OBJECTIVES: Adult patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency have an increased risk of metabolic diseases. We aimed to investigate whether liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based serum steroid profiling reveals metabolic phenotypes in adults with classic CAH. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 63 adult patients with CAH and 38 healthy volunteers. The levels of the 24 steroids were quantified in the morning serum using LC-MS...
August 10, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Yu Xiong, Zhen Zeng, Tingting Liang, Pingping Yang, Qingxiang Lu, Jingye Yang, Jing Zhang, Wen Fang, Panyu Luo, Ying Hu, Miao Zhang, Ding'an Zhou
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) family CYP11B2/CYP11B1 chimeric genes have been shown to arise from unequal crossing over of the genes encoding aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) during meiosis. The activity deficiency or impaired activity of aldosterone synthase and 11β-hydroxylase resulting from these chimeric genes are important reasons for 11β-hydroxylase deficiency (11β-OHD). Here,two patients with pseudoprecocious puberty and hypokalemia hypertension and three carriers in a consanguineous marriage family were studied...
August 10, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Huovinen Jere, Palosaari Sanna, Pesonen Paula, A Huhtakangas Johanna, Lehenkari Petri
Vitamin D analogue calcipotriol is currently used in the local treatment of psoriasis. However, it also has antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory effects in the cells of the joint - suggesting a possible benefit in local treatment of arthritis. In this study, calcipotriol was studied in different in vitro methods to find out its effect on synovial and mesenchymal stromal cells. Primary human cell lines of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis patients (five mesenchymal stromal cells, MSC, and four synovial stromal cells, SSC) were cultured to study migration and proliferation of the cells in a wound healing model...
August 7, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Xingyu Yan, Linlin Hou, Cong Zhang
TGF-β superfamily has long been demonstrated to be essential for folliculogenesis and luteinization. Forkhead box G1 (FOXG1, also known as BF1), a member of the FOX family and an inhibitor of TGF-β signaling pathway, is a nucleocytoplasmic transcription factor that is essential for forebrain development. FOXG1 is involved in neurodevelopment and cancer pathology, however, little is known about the role of FOXG1 in reproduction. In this study, the spatiotemporal expression pattern of FOXG1 was examined during early mouse oocyte and embryonic development and its role during corpora luteum (CL) formation was further elucidated...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Takuya Kushioka, Hiroki Mano, Sayuri Matsuoka, Miyu Nishikawa, Kaori Yasuda, Shinichi Ikushiro, Toshiyuki Sakaki
Many assays are currently being developed to measure the levels of vitamin D metabolites in various samples (such as blood, urine, and saliva). This study focused on the measurement of vitamin D metabolites in serum and urine using the NLucVDR assay system, which consists of a split-type nanoluciferase and ligand-binding domain (LBD) of the human vitamin D receptor. Blood and urine samples were collected from 23 participants to validate the NLucVDR assay. The 25(OH)D3 levels in the serum and urine determined by the NLucVDR assay showed good correlations with those determined by standard analytical methods (ECLIA for serum and LC-MS/MS for urine), with correlation coefficients of 0...
July 28, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Afnan Banibakhsh, Daljit Sidhu, Sunera Khan, Hope Haime, Paul A Foster
The colon is the largest hormonally active tissue in the human body. It has been known for over a hundred years that various hormones and bioactive peptides play important roles in colon function. More recently there is a growing interest in the role the sex steroids, oestrogens and androgens, may play in both normal colon physiology and colon pathophysiology. In this review, we examine the potential role oestrogens and androgens play in the colon. The metabolism and subsequent action of sex steroids in colonic tissue is discussed and how these hormones impact colon motility is investigated...
July 28, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Emre Murat Altinkilic, Therina du Toit, Önder Sakin, Rukset Attar, Michael Groessl, Christa E Flück
CONTEXT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is defined by androgen excess and ovarian dysfunction in the absence of a specific physiological diagnosis. The best clinical marker of androgen excess is hirsutism, while the best biochemical parameter is still a matter of debate. Current consensus guidelines recommend, among other hormones, serum free testosterone as an important serum parameter to measure androgen excess. Recently, however, novel active androgens and androgen metabolic pathways have been discovered...
July 25, 2023: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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