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Drug and Alcohol Review

Yvonne Lao, Bich Diep Pham, Huong Thi Le, Hien Nguyen Van, Knut Erik Hovda
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Methanol poisonings pose a major risk especially where illegal alcohol is consumed. The source of the methanol in the drinks are debated. We aimed to evaluate whether home distillation of alcohol made from rice was capable of producing toxic amounts of methanol. DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty households with homemade alcohol production in Phu Tho province in Vietnam were included in this pilot study. We followed the whole production process and an alcohol sample from each household was analysed for methanol content...
May 16, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jakob Demant, Silje Anderdal Bakken, Atte Oksanen, Helgi Gunnlaugsson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Internet use has changed drug dealing over the past decade owing to the emergence of darknet services. Yet, little is known about drug dealing in public online services. This study reports findings from a Nordic comparative study on social media drug dealing. It is the first in-depth study on the increase of digitally mediated drug dealing outside the cryptomarkets. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study using online ethnography and semi-structured interviews...
May 3, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Michael Livingston, Sarah Callinan, Claire Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Public support for restrictions on late night trading of licensed venues increased substantially between 2001 and 2013, a period with very few policy interventions in Australia. In early 2014 a set of high profile restrictions were introduced in Sydney, New South Wales. In this study, we examine whether these 2014 policy interventions affected public support for late trading restrictions. DESIGN AND METHODS: We use data from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey, focussing especially on the 2013 (n = 23 521) and 2016 (n = 23 425) waves...
April 30, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Laura D Robinson, Peter J Kelly, Frank P Deane, Michelle L Townsend
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Methamphetamine (MA) use has increased markedly over the past decade, during which time there has been an increase in children in out of home care. This study explores whether MA use in parents attending residential treatment services for substance use issues is associated with higher proportions of children living out of the home. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected from individuals attending residential treatment centres provided by the Australian Salvation Army between 2009 and 2016...
April 30, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Oulmann Zerhouni, Laurent Bègue, Kerry S O'Brien
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We tested whether incidental exposure to alcohol marketing messages in sporting events: (i) influenced automatic evaluation of brands and alcohol in general; and (ii) if these processes occur through deliberative (conscious) or non-conscious processes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using an experimental design, participants watched a sport event containing: (i) a prototypical alcohol brand; (ii) a brand unrelated to alcohol; or (iii) a non-prototypical alcohol brand...
April 30, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Hannah L Brooks, Daniel C O'Brien, Ginetta Salvalaggio, Kathryn Dong, Elaine Hyshka
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Injection drug use is associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Needle and syringe programs (NSP) have been shown to reduce negative health outcomes for people who inject drugs. However, NSPs have limited reach in hospitals, and no peer-reviewed research has examined NSP implementation in acute care settings. We describe the implementation of an inpatient NSP offered through an addiction medicine consultation service in a large, urban acute care hospital in Edmonton, Canada, and compared characteristics of inpatients who did versus did not access the NSP...
April 25, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Mikaela Lindeman, Anu Katainen, Johan Svensson, Emmi Kauppila, Matilda Hellman
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study has, for the first time, mapped the extent to which alcoholic beverage brands operating on the Swedish market follow national advertising regulations and industry self-regulating codes in their postings on social media. DESIGN AND METHODS: All social media content posted on YouTube, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram by 52 brands operating in the Swedish market was gathered from three sample months in 2014, 2016 and 2017. A content analysis was performed...
April 5, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ashlee Curtis, Brian Vandenberg, Richelle Mayshak, Kerri Coomber, Shannon Hyder, Arlene Walker, Paul Liknaitzky, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The link between alcohol and experience of violence is well-documented, but there is a paucity of empirical research on the role of alcohol specifically in family and domestic violence (FDV) in Australia. The aim of the current study was to describe the relationship between alcohol use and FDV in the Australian population, and to examine key differences between three different types of violence: family violence, intimate partner violence (IPV) and other violence...
April 3, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Vendula Belackova, Allison M Salmon, Carolyn A Day, Alison Ritter, Marian Shanahan, Dagmar Hedrich, Thomas Kerr, Marianne Jauncey
ISSUES: Drug consumptions rooms (DCR) and supervised injecting facilities (SIF) are expanding internationally. Previous reviews have not systematically addressed evaluation methodologies. APPROACH: Results from systematic searches of scientific databases in English until June 2017 were coded for paper type, country and year of publication. For evaluation papers, study outcome, methodology/study design and main indicators of DCR/SIF 'exposure' were recorded. KEY FINDINGS: Two hundred and nineteen eligible peer-reviewed papers were published since 1999: the majority from Canada (n = 117 papers), Europe (n = 36) and Australia (n = 32)...
April 1, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Catherine A Quinn, Leanne Hides, Dominique de Andrade, Nina Pocuca, Megan Wilson, David J Kavanagh
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Many young people engage in risky partying behaviours and excessive alcohol use in the transition period following high school graduation. Despite this, there is limited longitudinal research on adolescents before and after school graduation; and limited evaluation of interventions targeting these high-risk periods. The present study aims to address this gap in the literature by examining the impact of brief psychoeducation interventions on substance use, psychological distress and well-being during this important life transition...
April 1, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Carolien J W H Bruijnen, Boukje A G Dijkstra, Serge J W Walvoort, Wiebren Markus, Joanne E L VanDerNagel, Roy P C Kessels, Cornelis A J DE Jong
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cognitive impairments in substance use disorder predict treatment outcome and are assumed to differ between substances. They often go undetected, thus the current study focuses on the prevalence of and differences in cognitive functioning across substances by means of a cognitive screen at the early stage of addiction treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment was administered to outpatients seeking treatment for substance use disorder...
March 27, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Kypros Kypri, Brett Maclennan, Shawnee Brausch, Emma Wyeth, Jennie Connor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Treaty of Waitangi stipulates equality between Māori and non-Māori, yet Māori continue to have substantially poorer health, a driver of which is alcohol-related morbidity. In 2012, the New Zealand government introduced legislation claiming it would facilitate community input on decisions about alcohol. We investigated the experience of Māori communities with the new law. DESIGN AND METHODS: We obtained submissions made to local governments and invited a diverse range of submitters from iwi (tribes), hapū (sub-tribes/clan groups) and Māori service providers, to participate in semi-structured interviews with Māori researchers...
March 26, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Julia Goldman-Hasbun, Ekaterina Nosova, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood, Kora DeBeck
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: While much research has sought to identify the factors associated with initiation and cessation of various forms of drug use among vulnerable youth, little is known about relapse into drug use in this population. We sought to characterise relapse into stimulant and opioid use among street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were collected between 2005 and 2017 from the At-Risk Youth Study, a prospective cohort study of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs in Vancouver...
March 21, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Christine M Wickens, Tara Marie Watson, Robert E Mann, Bruna Brands
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: While the perceived risks of driving under the influence of cannabis (DUIC) have been a focus of recent drug-driving research, relevant concepts from the social cognition literature have rarely been applied to inform understanding of DUIC. This study aims to expand knowledge of perceived collision risk and social influences associated with DUIC and driving after other substance use. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 participants of a remedial program for impaired drivers...
March 21, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Shann Hulme, Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes, Suzanne Nielsen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Increasing quantities of pharmaceutical drugs are used non-medically around the world, including in Australia, resulting in rising harms. This study examines the role of health practitioners (HP) in diversion and the circumstances surrounding their misconduct in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Tribunal decisions were obtained from the Australasian Legal Information Institute for 117 complaints against HPs for inappropriately prescribing/supplying or misappropriating drugs, representing a comprehensive search of cases from 2010 to 2016...
March 18, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Jennifer Debenham, Nicola Newton, Louise Birrell, Mina Askovic
Older adolescence represents a critical period of brain development whereby the prefrontal cortex, responsible for higher level thinking and emotional regulation, is under construction. During this period, the brain is wired to underestimate risk and overestimate pleasure, which primes young people towards risky, pleasure-oriented experiences. Substance use during this time can hinder brain maturation and lead to development related disorders. However, young people are the most likely to drink at risky quantities, use cannabis, MDMA and cocaine in the previous 12 months than any other age group...
March 12, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Hoang Thi My Hanh, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Alan Frederick Geater, Vu Thi Minh Hanh
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol-related harm reduction may target individuals, their households or communities. This study investigates the prevalence of and socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences (injury, accident, property loss and interpersonal violence) at the family-level. DESIGNS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 2394 households was conducted in eight provinces from six socioeconomic regions and two metropolitan cities in Vietnam...
February 20, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
Suzanne Nielsen, Paul M Dietze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Drug and Alcohol Review
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