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Journal of Aging and Health

Mai S Yang, Jan E Mutchler
OBJECTIVE: We estimate depressive symptoms in a sample of older Hmong refugees in the United States, and investigate factors shaping risk of depression in this population. METHOD: Data were collected in California and Minnesota ( N = 127). The study sample included Hmong immigrants aged 55 and over. The measure of depression used is the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-10 (HSCL-10) inventory. Linear regression models were used to identify significant correlates of depressive symptoms...
April 19, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Bianca Suanet, Marja J Aartsen, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Martijn Huisman
OBJECTIVE: Despite evidence that social support is strongly related to health, very little is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. This study investigates whether physical activity, depressive symptoms, and chronic diseases mediate the associations between social support and functional capacity. METHOD: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam on 954 participants, aged 75 and older, covering 9 years, are analyzed with latent growth mediation models...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Bamini Gopinath, Gerald Liew, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the cross-sectional associations between sensory impairments (vision, hearing, and/or olfactory loss) and handgrip strength. METHOD: In the Blue Mountains Eye Study, 947 participants aged 65+ years had handgrip strength measured using a dynamometer. Visual impairment was defined as visual acuity <20/40 (better eye), and hearing impairment as average pure-tone air conduction threshold >25 dBHL (500-4,000 Hz). Olfaction was measured using the San Diego Odor Identification Test...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Vu Tuan Pham, Ya-Mei Chen, Tuyen Van Duong, Thao Phuong Thi Nguyen, Wei-Chu Chie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to adapt and validate the Vietnamese version of Active Aging Index (AAI). METHOD: We conducted an expert panel, focus groups, test-retest and examination of internal consistency, and construct and concurrent validity among 804 older Vietnamese adults. RESULTS: Scale content validity index (CVI) was 0.98. Test-retest coefficients ranged from 0.70 to 1.00. The Cronbach's alphas of well-being, voluntary, affordability, and politics were 0...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Zachary A Morris
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between loneliness and work disability and whether depression mediates the hypothesized relationship. METHOD: We draw on data from the 2013 and 2015 waves of the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe. We limited the sample to adults between the ages of 50 and 65 who were working and without work limitations in 2013, which consisted of 10,154 adults from 14 countries. We apply multivariate logistic regression and a binary mediation analysis with logistic regression to examine predictors of the onset of work disability in 2015...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Colette V Browne, Kathryn L Braun, Noreen K Mokuau, Yan Yan Wu, Shelley Muneoka
OBJECTIVE: The Native Hawaiian population experiences numerous disparities in health and income. Using a mixed-method research (MMR) design, we summarize findings from three phases of an MMR approach used to uncover kūpuna (elder) long-term service and support (LTSS) needs and care preferences. METHODS: Key informants in Hawaiian health were interviewed, secondary analyses of large state data sets were conducted, and kūpuna and "ohana (family) caregivers were engaged in listening sessions...
April 8, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Emma Aguila, Maria Casanova
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the short-run (6-9 months) impact and mediating mechanisms of an intervention providing supplemental income to individuals 70 years and above from the Mexican state of Yucatan on markers of cognitive functioning (immediate and delayed word recall). METHOD: Regression-adjusted difference-in-differences (DID) analysis using baseline and follow-up data collected at treatment and control sites from an experiment. RESULTS: The intervention improved immediate and delayed recall scores for men and women...
April 5, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Zi Zhou, Fanzhen Mao, Yaofeng Han, Jian Fu, Ya Fang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the association between social engagement and cognitive impairment with psychological well-being (PWB) as a mediator in older Chinese adults and to further test the gender differences in this association. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey of older Chinese adults, aged 65 and older ( N = 6,998). The total effect was decomposed into direct and indirect effects by logistic regression based on the Karlson, Holm, and Breen method...
April 5, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Sadaf Arefi Milani, Shawnta Lloyd, Linda B Cottler, Catherine W Striley
OBJECTIVE: To compare Alzheimer's disease (AD) knowledge by race and ethnicity in a community sample of middle-aged and older adults aged 50 and over in Florida. METHOD: Data from HealthStreet, a University of Florida community engagement program, which uses community health workers to assess the health conditions, concerns, and knowledge of community members, was used ( n = 842). A multivariate regression model was used to quantify differences in AD knowledge by race and ethnicity...
March 27, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, José Mario González-Meljem, Héctor Gómez-Dantés, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo, Mariana López-Ortega, Carmen García-Peña, Raúl Hernán Medina-Campos
OBJECTIVES: To assess the burden of disease and disability in older persons in Mexico from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2016 study data. METHODS: Analysis of the Mexican data from the GBD 2016 study is presented by state, sex, and stratified into four age groups: 60 to 69, 70 to 79, 80 to 89, and 90+ years. RESULTS: The majority of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) attributable to disorders in persons 60+ in Mexico were due to premature mortality (68%)...
March 27, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Yuhei Inoue, Daniel L Wann, Daniel Lock, Mikihiro Sato, Christopher Moore, Daniel C Funk
OBJECTIVE: We investigate how (a) attendance at sport games and (b) identification with a sport team as fans (i.e., team identification) influence older adults' perceptions of emotional support, belonging, and subjective well-being (SWB). METHOD: An experimental pilot study was conducted with 50 older adults, followed by a main survey study administered to 534 older adults from various communities across the United States. RESULTS: Pilot study results indicated that game attendance and team identification had a positive and significant influence on older adults' perceptions of emotional support from fellow team fans...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Sarah L Hipp, Yan Yan Wu, Nicole T A Rosendaal, Catherine M Pirkle
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of number of children birthed/fathered with incident heart disease, accounting for socioeconomic and lifestyle characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed data from 24,923 adults 50 and older (55% women) in the Health and Retirement Study. Participants self-reported number of children and doctor-diagnosed incident heart disease. Cox proportional hazards models estimated heart disease risk. RESULTS: Compared to women with one to two children, those with five or more had increased risk of heart disease (hazard ratio [HR] = 1...
March 10, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Morgan E Peele
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts of four childhood disadvantage domains-parental behavior, hunger, health, and socioeconomic status (SES)-on functional limitation trajectories among midlife adults in China. METHOD: Data (2011-2015) from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study ( N = 8,646) were used to examine the associations between different domains of childhood disadvantage and functional limitation trajectories among adults aged 45 to 64. RESULTS: Adverse parental behavior was not associated with baseline functional limitation but was associated with steeper trajectories for men...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Ashley Zuverink, Xiaoling Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potentially bidirectional relationship between anxiety symptoms and unmet needs for assistance with daily activities among older adults. METHOD: Data came from the National Health and Aging Trends Study, 2011 through 2016 surveys. The study sample consisted of 3,936 Medicare beneficiaries with activity limitations at baseline, aged 65 or older. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to test the proposed relationship between anxiety symptoms and unmet needs for assistance with daily activities...
March 5, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
James R Muruthi, Lauren C Zalla, Denise C Lewis
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the longitudinal effects of spousal support on aging Hispanic Americans' depressive symptoms using population-based data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). METHOD: Using hierarchical multiple regressions, we investigated whether baseline positive spousal support and previous depressive symptoms were significant predictors of depressive symptoms 8 years later in a sample of 264 aging Hispanic Americans. RESULTS: We discovered that previous depressive symptoms, baseline chronic conditions, and positive spousal support were all significant predictors of long-term depressive symptoms...
March 2, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Sophie Meredith, Jane Frawley, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
OBJECTIVE: To test the association between sleeping problems and multiple epidemiological factors among women over 50 with a chronic condition. METHOD: The Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale (MOS-SS) was employed to measure sleep problems among 1,925 participants with chronic conditions who also responded to questions about health service use, self-care and demographics. RESULTS: About 43% of women reported sleeping problems. Women were more likely to have a sleeping problem if they reported some difficulties with available income, odds ratio (OR) = 1...
February 28, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Aniruddha Das
OBJECTIVE: This study examined genetic roots of later life social integration, and their confounding of this social factor's health linkages. METHOD: Data were from the 2010 wave of the Health and Retirement Study. Two dimensions of integration were examined: with one's "stakeholder" network of family and friends and with the community. Genetic measures included polygenic scores for extraversion and educational attainment. RESULTS: Ties to one's stakeholder network had no genetic associations...
February 28, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Ying Jessica Cao, Katia Noyes, Gregory G Homish
OBJECTIVES: This study examines how the patterns of life partner concordance on preventive health service uptake vary by a partner's previous behavioral history and between genders. METHOD: This study uses 2008 and 2012 waves of Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a nationally representative sample of U.S. aging population, to examine one's decision to receive a preventive service as a function of the partner's decision changes over time ( N = 2,680). RESULTS: Life partner concordance on preventive service use is different by the partner's previous use history and gender...
February 22, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Kelly M Shaffer, Chandylen L Nightingale
OBJECTIVE: The demands of providing unpaid care for someone with a disabling health condition (i.e., informal caregiving) can limit attention to one's own health needs. Using a nationally representative survey, this study examines whether caregivers report different healthcare utilization relative to non-caregivers. METHOD: Participants in the Health Information National Trends Survey 5, Cycle 1 reported whether they provided unpaid care and healthcare utilization outcomes...
February 22, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
Miriam Mutambudzi, Cesar Gonzalez Gonzalez, Rebecca Wong
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of diabetes and disease duration on work status over a 9-year period. METHOD: Multinomial logistic regression models examined the probability of retirement and disability impeding work, using data from the Health and Retirement Study ( n = 5,576). RESULTS: Among participants who had retired in 2012, almost 14% had incident diabetes (4.91 mean years with diabetes, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [4.67, 5.15])...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
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