journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781616/more-is-missed-by-not-looking-incidental-findings-on-fdg-pet
#21
EDITORIAL
Joseph C Lee, Jia Wen Chong, Gemma F Hartnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781614/image-guided-percutaneous-strategies-to-improve-the-resectability-of-hcc-portal-vein-embolization-liver-venous-deprivation-or-radiation-lobectomy
#22
REVIEW
Shin Mei Chan, Joshua Cornman-Homonoff, Pierleone Lucatelli, David C Madoff
Despite considerable advances in surgical technique, many patients with hepatic malignancies are not operative candidates due to projected inadequate hepatic function following resection. Consequently, the size of the future liver remnant (FLR) is an essential consideration when predicting a patient's likelihood of liver insufficiency following hepatectomy. Since its initial description 30 years ago, portal vein embolization has become the standard of care for augmenting the size and function of the FLR preoperatively...
May 13, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759602/i-saw-the-puff-of-smoke-sign-before-it-vanished-into-thin-air
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lyle Suh, Ajit S Puri, Jasmeet Singh, Anna Luisa Kuhn
Moyamoya is characterized as a non-atherosclerotic and non-inflammatory vasculopathy that leads to progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries as well as the Circle of Willis. While it can be idiopathic (Moyamoya disease) or associated with another condition (Moyamoya syndrome), there is a characteristic 'puff of smoke' sign that can be appreciated on cerebral angiography.
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759600/a-teleradiology-network-for-the-improvement-of-healthcare-and-patient-management-in-the-developing-countries-of-the-african-continent
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katelyn E Rudisill, Neetika Mathur, Arjun Kalyanpur
INTRODUCTION: Africa is the second-largest continent on Earth in terms of both size and population. However, inaccessibility and shortfall of trained radiologists impede the delivery of adequate healthcare to such a large population. Teleradiology holds considerable potential in improving patient outcomes and healthcare delivery in African nations by furnishing timely interpretation of radiological examinations, particularly in those areas where there is a particular scarcity of radiologists...
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759599/breast-cancer-screening-in-brca1-2-pathogenic-sequence-variant-carriers-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vera Sorin, Hila Bufman, Rinat Bernstein-Molho, Renata Faermann, Eitan Friedman, Daniel Raskin, Nora Balint Lahat, Miri Sklair-Levy
OBJECTIVES: Women harboring germline BRCA1/BRCA2 pathogenic sequence variants (PSVs) are at an increased risk for breast cancer. There are no established guidelines for screening during pregnancy and lactation in BRCA carriers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of whole-breast ultrasound (US) screening in pregnant and lactating BRCA PSV carriers. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from medical records of BRCA PSV carriers between 2014 and 2020, with follow-up until 2021...
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754179/partial-visualization-of-appendix-on-ultrasound-what-does-it-mean-in-the-child-with-suspected-appendicitis
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pradipta Debnath, Andrew T Trout, Rama S Ayyala
BACKGROUND: Visualization of the entire appendix, including the tip, is thought, but has not been demonstrated, to be important for exclusion of appendicitis by ultrasound. OBJECTIVE: To determine if incomplete visualization of the appendix has negative clinical ramifications including missed appendicitis. METHODS: Under IRB approval we retrospectively reviewed right lower quadrant ultrasound reports from January 2017 to December 2020 to identify examinations with impressions of full visualization of the normal appendix, non-visualization of the appendix with and without secondary findings of appendicitis, and partial visualization of the appendix...
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781615/yield-of-mr-directed-us-for-mri-detected-breast-findings-how-often-can-we-avoid-mr-biopsy
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melissa Reichman, Xiaoxuan Chen, Annabel Lee, Julia Losner, Charlene Thomas, Janine Katzen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the yield of MR-directed ultrasound for MRI detected breast findings. METHODS: This retrospective study included 857 consecutive patients who had a breast MRI between January 2017-December 2020 and received a BI-RADS 4 assessment. Only exams recommended for MR-directed ultrasound were included in the study, yielding 765 patients. Findings were characterized by presence or absence of a sonographic correlate. Utilizing the electronic medical record, for those with a sonographic correlate, the size, location, and morphology were noted...
May 8, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759601/i-saw-the-shrimp-sign-cerebellar-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oliver Casagrande Calomeno Domit, Diogo Goulart Corrêa
The shrimp sign is characterized by a well-defined lesion in the deep cerebellar white matter, with hyperintense signal on T2- and hypointense signal on T1-weighted imaging, abutting and outlining the dentate nucleus, unilaterally or bilaterally. This sign has high sensitivity and specificity for cerebellar progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) within the correct clinical scenario. In this article, we present a case of cerebellar PML in a woman living with human immunodeficiency virus, who was not using antiretroviral therapy, and presented the shrimp sign on brain MRI...
May 7, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735100/response-to-letter
#29
LETTER
Kanhai S Amin, Howard P Forman, Melissa A Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38729068/comment-on-even-with-chatgpt-race-matters
#30
LETTER
Hinpetch Daungsupawong, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38703476/screening-for-exclusion-of-high-risk-bleeding-features-of-esophageal-varices-in-cirrhosis-through-ct-and-mri
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali Borhani, Harry Luu, Alireza Mohseni, Ziyi Xu, Mohammadreza Shaghaghi, Celestina Tolosa, Mohammad Mirza Aghazadeh Attari, Seyedeh Panid Madani, Haneyeh Shahbazian, Pegah Khoshpouri, Shadi Afyouni, Ghazal Zandieh, Ihab R Kamel, Amy K Kim
BACKGROUND & AIM: Esophageal varices (EV) screening guidelines have evolved with improved risk stratification to avoid unnecessary esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in individuals with low bleeding risks. However, uncertainties persist in the recommendations for certain patient groups, particularly those with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and/or receiving non-selective beta-blockers (NSBB) without prior endoscopy. This study assessed the efficacy of imaging in ruling out EVs and their high-risk features associated with bleeding in patients with cirrhosis and with HCC...
April 29, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38696999/the-life-and-legacy-of-hedvig-hricak-md-phd
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laura E Minton, Yolanda Bryce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38696998/epicardial-adipose-tissue-volume-assessed-by-cardiac-ct-as-a-predictor-of-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-following-catheter-ablation
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bárbara Lacerda Teixeira, Pedro Silva Cunha, Ana Sofia Jacinto, Guilherme Portugal, Sérgio Laranjo, Bruno Valente, Ana Lousinha, Madalena Coutinho Cruz, Ana Sofia Delgado, Manuel Brás, Margarida Paulo, Cátia Guerra, Ruben Ramos, Iládia Fontes, Rui Cruz Ferreira, Mário Martins Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), up to one third have recurrence after a first catheter ablation (CA). Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been considered to be closely related to AF, with a potential role in its recurrence. We aimed to evaluate the association between the volume of EAT measured by cardiac computed tomography (CT) and AF recurrence after CA. METHODS: Consecutive AF patients underwent a standardized cardiac CT protocol for quantification of EAT, thoracic adipose volume (TAV) and left atrium (LA) volume before CA...
April 28, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38713996/acr-joins-more-than-75-health-care-organizations-in-affirming-that-abortion-is-an-essential-component-of-reproductive-healthcare
#34
EDITORIAL
Katherine Frederick-Dyer, Meridith J Englander, Geraldine McGinty, Kristin K Porter, David W Jordan, Kirti Magudia, Peter R Eby, Elizabeth H Dibble, Candice Johnstone, Gaurang V Shah, Lisa A Mullen, Kathryn Zamora, Maryellyn Gilfeather, Kimberly Feigin, Christina Ferraro, Joshua M McDonald, Jordan Perchik, Alisha Rathi, Ilse Castro-Aragon, Elizabeth Kagan Arleo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38788517/-a-patient-s-doctor-a-high-school-freshman-s-reflection-on-the-field-of-breast-imaging
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ella Atzil, Katerina Dodelzon
Despite an increasing focus on gender diversity in radiology the underrepresentation of women in radiology has not significantly improved over the last two decades, with women continuing to representing just a quarter of the radiology workforce since 2007 (AAMC, 20191 ). Although multifactorial, lack of perceived patient interaction in the field has been reported to be one of the main deterring factors in why women chose not to pursue radiology (Arleo et al., 2016; Fielding et al., 20072 , 3 ). With increasing advances and integration of medical imaging into medical care (Brink and Hricak, 20234 ), Radiology's impact on daily patient care will continue to increase and with it, the need for an expert and diverse radiologist workforce...
April 21, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38691911/use-of-natural-language-processing-to-uncover-racial-bias-in-obstetrical-documentation
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Itamar D Futterman, Hila Friedmann, Oleksii Shpanel-Yukhta, Howard Minkoff, Shoshana Haberman
Natural Language Processing (NLP), a form of Artificial Intelligence, allows free-text based clinical documentation to be integrated in ways that facilitate data analysis, data interpretation and formation of individualized medical and obstetrical care. In this cross-sectional study, we identified all births during the study period carrying the radiology-confirmed diagnosis of fibroid uterus in pregnancy (defined as size of largest diameter of >5 cm) by using an NLP platform and compared it to non-NLP derived data using ICD10 codes of the same diagnosis...
April 21, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669916/watch-wait-post-neoadjuvant-imaging-for-rectal-cancer
#37
REVIEW
Maria El Homsi, Aron Bercz, Stephanie Chahwan, Maria Clara Fernandes, Sidra Javed-Tayyab, Jennifer S Golia Pernicka, Josip Nincevic, Viktoriya Paroder, Lisa Ruby, J Joshua Smith, Iva Petkovska
Rectal cancer management has evolved over the past decade with the emergence of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT). For select patients who achieve a clinical complete response following TNT, organ preservation by means of the watch-and-wait (WW) strategy is an increasingly adopted alternative that preserves rectal function and quality of life without compromising oncologic outcomes. Recently, published 5-year results from the OPRA trial demonstrated that organ preservation can be achieved in approximately half of patients managed with the WW strategy, with most local regrowth events occurring within two years...
April 21, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38691910/thyroid-abnormalities-identified-on-ct-screening-for-lung-cancer
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maaike van Gerwen, Teng Ma, Rowena Yip, Chris Choi, Natela Paksashvili, David Yankelevitz, Claudia Henschke
PURPOSE: Because incidental thyroid nodules (ITNs) are common extrapulmonary findings in low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scans for lung cancer screening, we aimed to investigate the frequency of ITNs on LDCT scans separately on baseline and annual repeat scans, the frequency of malignancy among the ITNs, and any association with demographic, clinical, CT characteristics. METHODS: Retrospective case series of all 2309 participants having baseline and annual repeat screening in an Early Lung and Cardiac Action Program (MS-ELCAP) LDCT lung screening program from January 2010 to December 2016 was performed...
April 20, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38678765/establishing-robust-governance-of-clinical-artificial-intelligence-software-why-radiologists-should-lead
#39
EDITORIAL
Joseph J Cavallo, Melissa A Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754178/i-saw-the-sea-anemone-sign-puffy-face-of-borderline-ovarian-tumors
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yesim Yekta Yuruk, Hilal Sahin
The sea anemone sign is a radiologic sign seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies that indicates the morphological development of serous borderline ovarian tumors (SBOTs), as papillary projections originating from the wall of the cystic lesion. The presence of T2 hypointense fibrous stroma in the center of the papilla is a helpful tip in the diagnosis of SBOTs. Those projections might also be assumed to have a frond-like appearance which can be seen as branching papillary projections, especially on T2-weighted imaging...
July 2024: Clinical Imaging
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