journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38878604/current-diversity-in-radiology-a-comparative-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amir Hassankhani, Melika Amoukhteh, Parya Valizadeh, Payam Jannatdoust, Delaram J Ghadimi, Jennifer H Johnston, Pauravi S Vasavada, Daphne K Walker, Ali Gholamrezanezhad
PURPOSE: To compare the demographic characteristics of active physicians, trainees, medical school clinical sciences faculty, and department chairs in radiology with those in other medical specialties. METHODS: An analysis was conducted using publicly available deidentified aggregate data from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). Our data collection included information from the 2022 AAMC Physician Specialty Data Report, the 2022 AAMC Report on Residents, and the 2022 AAMC Faculty Roster...
June 11, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38852214/brief-communication-the-current-status-of-contrast-enhanced-mammography-in-breast-imaging
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel Savaria, Chhavi Kaushik
Improvising and developing state of the art techniques for breast cancer detection have always been an area of great interest in the field of imaging. Adding intravenous contrast to any imaging study, is well-known to increase the sensitivity and specificity of detection of a pathological process, especially in the setting of neoplasia secondary to tumor neoangiogenesis. Contrast enhanced MRI is known to be highly sensitive breast cancer screening tool till date, however, has been limited by long scan times, claustrophobia experienced by some women and high false positive findings...
June 5, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850711/what-makes-a-good-scientific-presentation-on-artificial-intelligence-in-medical-imaging
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stefan J Fransen, Quintin van Lohuizen, Christian Roest, Derya Yakar, Thomas C Kwee
PURPOSE: Adequate communication of scientific findings is crucial to enhance knowledge transfer. This study aimed to determine the key features of a good scientific oral presentation on artificial intelligence (AI) in medical imaging. METHODS: A total of 26 oral presentations dealing with original research on AI studies in medical imaging at the 2023 RSNA annual meeting were included and systematically assessed by three observers. The presentation quality of the research question, inclusion criteria, reference standard, method, results, clinical impact, presentation clarity, presenter engagement, and the presentation's quality of knowledge transfer were assessed using five-point Likert scales...
June 1, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38850710/primary-care-provider-perspectives-on-the-value-of-opportunistic-ct-screening
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adam E M Eltorai, Suzannah E McKinney, Marcio A B C Rockenbach, Saby Karuppiah, Bernardo C Bizzo, Katherine P Andriole
BACKGROUND: Clinical adoption of AI applications requires stakeholders see value in their use. AI-enabled opportunistic-CT-screening (OS) capitalizes on incidentally-detected findings within CTs for potential health benefit. This study evaluates primary care providers' (PCP) perspectives on OS. METHODS: A survey was distributed to US Internal and Family Medicine residencies. Assessed were familiarity with AI and OS, perspectives on potential value/costs, communication of results, and technology implementation...
June 1, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38843590/women-in-radiology-wir-and-the-turning-of-the-tide
#5
EDITORIAL
Avani Pathak, Arif Musa, Anicia Mirchandani, Gulcin Altinok, Evita Singh, Natasha Robinette, Ali Harb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38838448/no-code-machine-learning-validating-the-approach-on-use-case-for-classifying-clavicle-fractures
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giridhar Dasegowda, James Yuichi Sato, Daniel C Elton, Emiliano Garza-Frias, Thomas Schultz, Christopher P Bridge, Bernardo C Bizzo, Mannudeep K Kalra, Keith J Dreyer
PURPOSE: We created an infrastructure for no code machine learning (NML) platform for non-programming physicians to create NML model. We tested the platform by creating an NML model for classifying radiographs for the presence and absence of clavicle fractures. METHODS: Our IRB-approved retrospective study included 4135 clavicle radiographs from 2039 patients (mean age 52 ± 20 years, F:M 1022:1017) from 13 hospitals. Each patient had two-view clavicle radiographs with axial and anterior-posterior projections...
May 31, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833916/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-versus-18-f-fdg-pet-mri-in-the-evaluation-of-liver-metastasis-in-patients-with-primary-cancer-a-head-to-head-comparative-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Yige Shi, Hanxiang Yu, Xiaoyang Zhang, Xing Xu, Hongfang Tuo
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis aimed to compare the diagnostic effectiveness of [18 F]FDG PET/CT with that of [18 F]FDG PET/MRI in terms of identifying liver metastasis in patients with primary cancer. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library were searched, and studies evaluating the diagnostic efficacy of [18 F]FDG PET/CT and [18 F]FDG PET/MRI in patients with liver metastasis of primary cancer were included. We used a random effects model to analyze their sensitivity and specificity...
May 31, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38865899/i-saw-the-swirl-sign-acute-extravasation-of-blood-within-a-hematoma
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mina B Botros, Ajit S Puri, Jasmeet Singh, Anna Luisa Kuhn
The swirl sign is a finding on non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scans that represents an acute extravasation of blood into a hematoma filled with clotted blood. In it, a "swirl" of active bleeding within a body of acutely clotted blood is noted as a hypodense accumulation within a hyperdense fluid collection. Here, we describe a case in which a 35-year-old female presents unresponsive with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3 and is ultimately found to have a large frontal intraparenchymal hematoma with intraventricular extension and an area of low attenuation within the hyperattenuating fluid collection on CT, otherwise known as the swirl sign...
May 25, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38820977/evaluation-of-responses-to-cardiac-imaging-questions-by-the-artificial-intelligence-large-language-model-chatgpt
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cynthia L Monroe, Yasser G Abdelhafez, Kwame Atsina, Edris Aman, Lorenzo Nardo, Mohammad H Madani
PURPOSE: To assess ChatGPT's ability as a resource for educating patients on various aspects of cardiac imaging, including diagnosis, imaging modalities, indications, interpretation of radiology reports, and management. METHODS: 30 questions were posed to ChatGPT-3.5 and ChatGPT-4 three times in three separate chat sessions. Responses were scored as correct, incorrect, or clinically misleading categories by three observers-two board certified cardiologists and one board certified radiologist with cardiac imaging subspecialization...
May 23, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38795589/evaluation-of-radiology-resident-well-being-at-a-single-institution-with-a-dedicated-wellness-curriculum
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jenifer Pitman, Juliana Atallah, Connie Lu, Zoe Verzani, Andrew Schweitzer, Robert J Min, Lily Belfi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing rates of physician burnout over recent years have resulted in the need for formal tools and programming dedicated to physician well-being. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has taken measures to prioritize trainee well-being by revising its common program requirements. Widespread departmental initiatives have been developed in line with these changes. At the authors' institution, a committee was developed to design and implement a holistic wellness curriculum for radiology trainees...
May 16, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781616/more-is-missed-by-not-looking-incidental-findings-on-fdg-pet
#11
EDITORIAL
Joseph C Lee, Jia Wen Chong, Gemma F Hartnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781614/image-guided-percutaneous-strategies-to-improve-the-resectability-of-hcc-portal-vein-embolization-liver-venous-deprivation-or-radiation-lobectomy
#12
REVIEW
Shin Mei Chan, Joshua Cornman-Homonoff, Pierleone Lucatelli, David C Madoff
Despite considerable advances in surgical technique, many patients with hepatic malignancies are not operative candidates due to projected inadequate hepatic function following resection. Consequently, the size of the future liver remnant (FLR) is an essential consideration when predicting a patient's likelihood of liver insufficiency following hepatectomy. Since its initial description 30 years ago, portal vein embolization has become the standard of care for augmenting the size and function of the FLR preoperatively...
May 13, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759602/i-saw-the-puff-of-smoke-sign-before-it-vanished-into-thin-air
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lyle Suh, Ajit S Puri, Jasmeet Singh, Anna Luisa Kuhn
Moyamoya is characterized as a non-atherosclerotic and non-inflammatory vasculopathy that leads to progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries as well as the Circle of Willis. While it can be idiopathic (Moyamoya disease) or associated with another condition (Moyamoya syndrome), there is a characteristic 'puff of smoke' sign that can be appreciated on cerebral angiography.
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759600/a-teleradiology-network-for-the-improvement-of-healthcare-and-patient-management-in-the-developing-countries-of-the-african-continent
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katelyn E Rudisill, Neetika Mathur, Arjun Kalyanpur
INTRODUCTION: Africa is the second-largest continent on Earth in terms of both size and population. However, inaccessibility and shortfall of trained radiologists impede the delivery of adequate healthcare to such a large population. Teleradiology holds considerable potential in improving patient outcomes and healthcare delivery in African nations by furnishing timely interpretation of radiological examinations, particularly in those areas where there is a particular scarcity of radiologists...
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759599/breast-cancer-screening-in-brca1-2-pathogenic-sequence-variant-carriers-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vera Sorin, Hila Bufman, Rinat Bernstein-Molho, Renata Faermann, Eitan Friedman, Daniel Raskin, Nora Balint Lahat, Miri Sklair-Levy
OBJECTIVES: Women harboring germline BRCA1/BRCA2 pathogenic sequence variants (PSVs) are at an increased risk for breast cancer. There are no established guidelines for screening during pregnancy and lactation in BRCA carriers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of whole-breast ultrasound (US) screening in pregnant and lactating BRCA PSV carriers. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from medical records of BRCA PSV carriers between 2014 and 2020, with follow-up until 2021...
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38754179/partial-visualization-of-appendix-on-ultrasound-what-does-it-mean-in-the-child-with-suspected-appendicitis
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pradipta Debnath, Andrew T Trout, Rama S Ayyala
BACKGROUND: Visualization of the entire appendix, including the tip, is thought, but has not been demonstrated, to be important for exclusion of appendicitis by ultrasound. OBJECTIVE: To determine if incomplete visualization of the appendix has negative clinical ramifications including missed appendicitis. METHODS: Under IRB approval we retrospectively reviewed right lower quadrant ultrasound reports from January 2017 to December 2020 to identify examinations with impressions of full visualization of the normal appendix, non-visualization of the appendix with and without secondary findings of appendicitis, and partial visualization of the appendix...
May 10, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38781615/yield-of-mr-directed-us-for-mri-detected-breast-findings-how-often-can-we-avoid-mr-biopsy
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Melissa Reichman, Xiaoxuan Chen, Annabel Lee, Julia Losner, Charlene Thomas, Janine Katzen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the yield of MR-directed ultrasound for MRI detected breast findings. METHODS: This retrospective study included 857 consecutive patients who had a breast MRI between January 2017-December 2020 and received a BI-RADS 4 assessment. Only exams recommended for MR-directed ultrasound were included in the study, yielding 765 patients. Findings were characterized by presence or absence of a sonographic correlate. Utilizing the electronic medical record, for those with a sonographic correlate, the size, location, and morphology were noted...
May 8, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759601/i-saw-the-shrimp-sign-cerebellar-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oliver Casagrande Calomeno Domit, Diogo Goulart CorrĂȘa
The shrimp sign is characterized by a well-defined lesion in the deep cerebellar white matter, with hyperintense signal on T2- and hypointense signal on T1-weighted imaging, abutting and outlining the dentate nucleus, unilaterally or bilaterally. This sign has high sensitivity and specificity for cerebellar progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) within the correct clinical scenario. In this article, we present a case of cerebellar PML in a woman living with human immunodeficiency virus, who was not using antiretroviral therapy, and presented the shrimp sign on brain MRI...
May 7, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38735100/response-to-letter
#19
LETTER
Kanhai S Amin, Howard P Forman, Melissa A Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2024: Clinical Imaging
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38729068/comment-on-even-with-chatgpt-race-matters
#20
LETTER
Hinpetch Daungsupawong, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2024: Clinical Imaging
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