Journals Environmental Geochemistry and...

Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Muhammad Ashfaq, Yan Li, Muhammad Zubair, Muhammad Saif Ur Rehman, Sajjad Hussain Sumrra, Muhammad Faizan Nazar, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Tahir Fazal, Humayun Ashraf, Qian Sun
The current study highlights the occurrence, spatial distribution, and risk assessment of 16 endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) including their transformation products (TPs) in the wastewater and surface water of Lahore, Pakistan, using solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The parent EDCs include bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS), triclocarban (TCC), estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), ethinylestradiol (EE2), 4-n-octylphenol (4n-OP), and 4-n-nonylphenol (4n-NP)...
March 22, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Xiaoqing Dong, Bin Ye, Huiqiang Xiang, Meng Yao
Heavy metal pollution has been regarded as a significant public health hazard during the industrialization, which also have exhibited various types of toxicological manifestations. Moreover, due to the high cost and toxic by-products, some conventional remediation methods were limited to heavy metals pollution control. In this work, autoclaved Saccharomyces cerevisiae was used as a biosorbent for the removal of Cd2+ and Pb2+ from single and binary ions aqueous solution system. The kinetics and isotherm of Cd2+ and Pb2+ were studied in different ion systems...
March 22, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Meisam Rahimi, Taraneh Kamyab, Ghasem Rahimi, Ehsan Chatraei Aziz Abadi, Eisa Ebrahimi, Salman Naimi
Soil contamination by anthropogenic heavy metals has become a global issue. This study aimed to investigate cadmium (Cd) concentration, mobility, and contamination indices of Cd in soils in the Hamadan province, west of Iran. To investigate the concentration of Cd in soil, one hundred soil samples from wheat farms and five samples from control lands were collected. Pollution indexes, including Cd mobility, enrichment factor, geoaccumulation index, contamination index, and availability ratio, were investigated...
March 21, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Yasmin L Safe, Manuela Palenzona, Leandro D Lucchi, Claudia E Domini, Marcelo T Pereyra
A multi-year monitoring data set of potentially harmful elements (PHEs), which are present in the chemical composition of atmospheric settleable particulate matter (SPM) in the urban, industrial and port areas in Bahía Blanca, was studied in order to assess potential ecological risk. The selected PHEs were metal elements of local and regional environmental importance (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn). Seventeen sampling campaigns were carried out between April 2013 and September 2019. After the microwave-assisted acid digestion of samples, the total contents of the PHEs were determined by ICP-OES...
March 21, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Soroush Modabberi, Mahsa Tashakor, Najmeh Rajabian, Mehdi Khorasanipour, Esmat Esmaeilzadeh, Maurizio Ambrosino, Domenico Cicchella
The environmental geochemical characterization of mineralized areas prior to mining does not receive adequate attention. This study shows trace element distribution in soils of two unexploited porphyry copper deposits located in Darreh-Zereshk and Ali-Abad in central Iran. The study was carried out using a compositional data analysis (CoDa) approach and combination of multivariate statistics and clustering techniques, which made it possible to identify the geochemical associations representing the different areas of the mineral deposits...
March 21, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Wenjie Zhang, Jinhua Wang, Lusheng Zhu, Jun Wang, Shushuai Mao, Xiaojing Yan, Shengfang Wen, Lanjun Wang, Zikun Dong, Young Mo Kim
Residual antibiotics (ABs) and heavy metals (HMs) are continuously released from soil, reflecting their intensive use and contamination of water and soil, posing an environmental problem of great concern. Relatively few studies exist of the functional diversity of soil microorganisms under the combined action of ABs and HMs. To address this deficiency, BIOLOG ECO microplates and the Integrated Biological Responses version 2 (IBRv2) method were used to comprehensively explore the effects of single and combined actions of copper (Cu) and enrofloxacin (ENR), oxytetracycline (OTC), and sulfadimidine (SM2) on the soil microbial community...
March 20, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Elif Eren, Yasemin Yuyucu Karabulut, Muhsin Eren, Selahattin Kadir
This study describes the primary characteristics of the selected kidney stones surgically removed from the patients at the Mersin University Hospital in the southern Turkey and interprets their formation via petrographic, geochemical, XRD, SEM-EDX, and ICP-MS/OES analyses. The analytical results revealed that the kidney stones are composed of the minerals whewellite, struvite, hydroxyapatite, and uric acid alone or in different combinations. The samples occur in staghorn, bean-shaped composite, and individual rounded particle shapes, which are controlled by the shape of the nucleus and the site of stone formation...
March 19, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Yahui Qian, Keyue Yuan, Jing Wang, Zhenpeng Xu, Handong Liang, Cai Tie
The Wuda coalfield in Inner Mongolia is a vital coal base in China, and it is the hardest-hit area for coal fires (spontaneous combustion of coal seams and coal gangue). Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, this work tested the concentration and analyzed the characteristics, distribution, sources, and health risks of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) in the surface soil of the Wuda District, including the coal mine, coal fire, agricultural, and background areas. The soil of coal mine and coal fire area were heavily polluted with PACs, with mean concentrations of 9107 and 3163 µg kg-1 , respectively, considerably higher than those in the agricultural (1232 µg kg-1 ) and background areas (710 µg kg-1 )...
March 18, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Shijie Song, Ruisi Peng, Yi Wang, Xing Cheng, Ruilin Niu, Hao Ruan
The pollution of heavy metals in soil caused by exposed coal gangue and its prevention and control has become a hot issue restricting the green mining of coal in China. Nemerow integrated pollution index (NIPI), potential ecological risk index (RI) and human health risk assessment model were used to evaluate the pollution and risk of heavy metals (Cu, Cr, As, Pb) in the soil around the typical coal gangue hill in Fengfeng mining area of China. The results show that: firstly, the accumulation of coal gangue leads to the enrichment of four heavy metals in the surrounding shallow soil, and NIPI and RI were 1...
March 18, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Anju Verma, Sudesh Yadav, Rakesh Kumar
Urban spaces have become sink for metal-rich waste, particularly in unorganized industrial clusters and metro-cities. Geochemical distribution of metals in different forms and their mobility and bioavailability in topsoils of Bhiwadi Industrial Cluster (BIC) near New Delhi are studies following m-BCR-SEP. Contamination factor (Cf ), risk assessment code (RAC), ecological risk assessment (Er ), and carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk (HRA) were calculated to assess health and environmental risks. Residual fraction (F4 ) contained considerable amounts of Cd (57...
March 17, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Maurizio Barbieri, Michael J Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Ashley Schnackenberg, Madeleine Billmann, Géraldine Bidar, Francis Douay, Aurélie Pelfrêne
Composting can turn organic waste into a valuable soil amendment that can improve physical, chemical, and biological soil quality. Compost amendments can also contribute to the remediation of areas anthropogenically degraded by metals. However, it is well known that compost, particularly self-produced compost, can show enrichment in metals. An experimental study was conducted to examine the short- and long-term distribution and the mobility of metals in soils amended with a self-produced compost when it was added alone or in combination with different doses of a natural zeolite to soil...
March 16, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
C Barba-Brioso, P J Hidalgo, S Fernández-Landero, I Giráldez, J C Fernández-Caliani
Sulfidic mine wastes have the potential to generate acid mine drainage (AMD) and release acid leachates containing high levels of iron, sulfate and potentially toxic elements (PTEs). Soils receiving AMD discharges are generally devoid of vegetation. Only a few metal-tolerant plant species can survive under such adverse soil conditions. This work investigates two plant species, Nicotiana glauca and Euphorbia segetalis, that have successfully colonized an AMD-impacted wetland area in south-western Spain. The uptake of PTEs from the soil by roots and their transfer and accumulation in the above-ground biomass were quantified...
March 16, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Baojie Li, Yingzhen Lin, Teng Wang, Wanyanhan Jiang, Xiaorui Wang
The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) has undergone widespread polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pollution. In this study, we simulated the spatial distribution of atmospheric benzo[a]pyrene (BaP, the most carcinogenic PAH) in the YRD in 2016 and 2030 under different emission scenarios using a 3-D atmospheric transport model and evaluated the lung cancer risks posed by BaP during the study years. The purpose of this study is to suggest targeted policy recommendations for policy-makers to mitigate BaP pollution through numerical simulation...
March 15, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Wenwen Cui, Xiaoqiang Li, Wei Duan, Mingxing Xie, Xiaoqiang Dong
The remediation of soil contaminated by heavy metals has long been a concern of academics. This is due to the fact that heavy metals discharged into the environment as a result of natural and anthropogenic activities may have detrimental consequences for human health, the ecological environment, the economy, and society. Metal stabilization has received considerable attention and has shown to be a promising soil remediation option among the several techniques for the remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soils...
March 12, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Liqun Sun, Weifeng Wan, Qiushi Luo, Fengwei Yang, Zhiyu Song, Xin Zhang, Xing Liang, Menggui Jin, Lewei He
Groundwater is susceptible to arsenic contamination by sediment with high arsenic content, which is the primary culprit of regional arsenic pollution and poisoning. To explore the influence of the change in hydrodynamic conditions caused by changes in the sedimentary environment over time on arsenic content in sediments during the Quaternary, the hydrodynamic characteristics and arsenic content enrichment of borehole sediments were studied in typical high-arsenic groundwater areas of the Jianghan-Dongting Basin, China...
March 11, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Sangita Dey, N Janardhana Raju, Wolfgang Gossel, R K Mall
This study focuses on determining significant controlling factors of chemical consequences, inverse geochemical modeling, water quality, and human health risk in the Varuna River basin of India. The study interprets that according to pH, total dissolved solids, and total hardness, the maximum number of groundwater samples are alkaline, fresh, and have substantial hardness. The abundance of major ions follows a pattern: Na > Ca > Mg > K, and HCO3  > Cl > SO4  > NO3  > F...
March 10, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Valeria Medoro, Giacomo Ferretti, Annalisa Rotondi, Lucia Morrone, Barbara Faccini, Massimo Coltorti
Recently, food quality and safety has become of great interest, with a consequent demand for geographical identification of agri-food products and eco-friendly agricultural practices. In this study geochemical analyses of soils, leaves and olives from two areas in the Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy), Montiano and San Lazzaro were performed aiming at identifying geochemical fingerprints able to (1) univocally determine the locality of provenance and (2) the effect of different foliar treatments (control, dimethoate, and alternating of natural zeolitite and dimethoate in MN; Spinosad + Spyntor fly, natural zeolitite and NH4 + -enriched zeolitite in SL)...
March 9, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Vajihe Shahrokh, Silvia Martínez-Martínez, Ángel Faz, Raúl Zornoza, Jose A Acosta
Mining activities accumulate large quantities of waste in tailing ponds, which results in several environmental impacts. In Cartagena-La Unión mining district (SE Spain), a field experiment was carried out in a tailing pond to evaluate the effect of aided phytostabilization on reducing the bioavailability of zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) and enhancing soil quality. Nine native plant species were planted, and pig manure and slurry along with marble waste were used as amendments. After 3 years, the vegetation developed heterogeneously on the pond surface...
March 9, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Sankar Suresh Kumar Pillai, M C Manoj, Runcie Paul Mathews, Srikanta Murthy, Mrutyunjaya Sahoo, Anju Saxena, Anupam Sharma, Sanghamitra Pradhan, Suraj Kumar
Early Permian floral diversity and palaeodepositional environment of the Lower Permian Rajhara sequence of Damodar Basin have been studied based on mega-, microfossil and geochemical proxies. Even though Gondwana sediments are generally considered as fluvio-lacustrine deposits, recent studies indicate marine inundations with patchy records. Here in the present study, an attempt has been made to address the changeover from fluviatile to shallow marine conditions and also to address the palaeodepositional aspects...
March 8, 2023: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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