Sam Lam
Follicular unit excision (FUE) has risen to the forefront as the world's most popular hair transplant procedure. However, most writing on this subject has catered to the advanced practitioner. The goal of this chapter will be to focus on safe planning and decision making along with key technical steps that will guide the beginner surgeon to harvest a graft safely and to harvest the donor area in a uniform way to avoid overharvesting. Topics covered in this chapter also include instrumentation and decision making between FUE versus linear strip excision...
September 21, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Salwa Al Maamari, Alwyn D'Souza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
K Storck, S Kotz, F Riedel, J A Veit
Whereas rhinoplasty with a reduction of the dorsum and modification of the tip is a common procedure among Caucasians, augmentation of the dorsum remains a challenge in Asians. Choice of the ideal grafting material for dorsal augmentation is a matter of preference and remains under discussion. Autologous and alloplastic materials have their advantages and disadvantages. We report our experiences of the extrusion of alloplastic materials and their management. We report of 18 patients, who had rhinoplasty in the past for dorsal augmentation with alloplastic material...
September 14, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Dean M Toriumi, Robert T Cristel
There are many concepts for surgical management of the nasal tip with varying outcomes on esthetics and nasal function. Nasal tip surgery can influence nasal function based on how the techniques can alter lateral wall integrity. A retrospective chart review of rhinoplasty patients undergoing lateral crural strut grafting (LCSG) with and without repositioning from 2009 to 2017 of the primary author (D.M.T.) was performed. Preoperative and postoperative Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scores were analyzed...
September 14, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Jonas R Miller, Joseph Madison Clark
Nasal obstruction is a significant challenge greatly affecting individual quality of life. It is one of the most common presentations in the otolaryngology clinic, often persisting despite medical and, at times, surgical intervention. The butterfly graft has proven to be a veritable option addressing nasal valve collapse. Herein, we describe our most recent operative technique, highlight its application in ethnic rhinoplasty and revision cases, and discuss incorporation of dorsal preservation techniques in functional rhinoplasty...
September 14, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Sara W Liu, Sofia Lyford-Pike
Lateral wall insufficiency is a commonly encountered etiology of nasal obstruction, resulting from dynamic collapse at the level of the internal or external nasal valve. Various management strategies exist to strengthen the lateral wall or stent the nasal valves to relieve nasal obstruction, and range from noninvasive devices, minimally invasive implants, or surgical reconstructive techniques. Surgical options to address the nasal valves are selected based on each patient's anatomic findings, aesthetic and functional goals, and surgeon preference...
September 14, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Sisi Luo, Zhe Yang, Ning Ma, Yangqun Li
Over the past 20 years, we have designed various types of expanded cervical flaps for large facial defects and achieved excellent tissue matching. This study was performed to propose a treatment strategy for flap selection for the reconstruction of different facial units. The authors retrospectively reviewed the application of cervical expanded flaps for facial rehabilitation in our department between January 2003 and January 2023. The study included 122 patients with unilateral (62.3%) and bilateral (37.7%) facial deformities ranging from the zygomatic arch level to the chin...
September 12, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Clinton D Humphrey, Anna C Lawrence
Obesity is a growing global health concern, leading to various health issues, including diabetes. Semaglutide-based medications, such as Ozempic, Wegovy, and Rybelsus, have emerged as potential treatments. These medications, belonging to the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist class, mimic the action of GLP-1, regulating appetite and promoting weight loss. Clinical trials have shown their effectiveness in reducing body weight and improving metabolic parameters. Ozempic, though Food and Drug Administration-approved for diabetes, is also used off-label for weight loss alone...
August 29, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Cornelia Spatz, Thomas Kühnel, Achim Stegmann, Franziska Schwan, Klaus Bumm, Christopher Bohr
The spectrum of surgical techniques in the repair of nasal septal defects is wide. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using a diced cartilage in fascia (DC-F) graft for successful closure of nasal septal perforations and to evaluate symptom reduction. This was a retrospective study of 18 patients undergoing surgical repair of symptomatic nasoseptal perforations of different etiologies using a DC-F graft from 2020 until 2021. The procedure was feasible in all of the 18 patients. Reconstruction of septal defects with a DC-F graft led to reduction of crust formation, reduction of epistaxis, and improvement of nasal breathing in 13 out of the 18 patients when seen for their 2-month follow-up...
August 28, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Monica Rossi, Sam P Most
Nasal obstruction is an exceedingly common problem and challenging to treat due to its multifactorial etiology. Therefore, measuring treatment outcomes of nasal obstruction can be equally complex yet vital to appropriately assessing symptom improvement or resolution. Both physiologic and anatomic assessments of the nasal airway exist in addition to validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) which objectify subjective nasal obstruction and sinonasal symptoms. Correlation between objective and subjective treatment outcome measures is controversial with clinical guidelines favoring the use of PROMs for surgical treatment of nasal obstruction...
August 25, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Samantha Shave, Joseph Vella, Binoy Chandy
Surgery on the growing pediatric nose poses many questions regarding the indications and proper timing. Historically, surgeries on the pediatric nose led to facial growth alterations so many urged caution and waiting until skeletal maturity at the age of 18. However, animal studies showed some promise that facial growth may not be affected. Investigations into effects of pediatric sinus surgery and septal surgery on facial growth showed no issues. The external nose is somewhat different in that minor variations potentially can grow to a cosmetic deformity...
August 24, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Efe Şimşekcan, Büşra Sarıay, Didem Turcan
Cervical chondrocutaneous branchial remnants (CCBR) are rare anomalies found in the neck. These remnants can be easily misdiagnosed due to their relatively low incidence, and they are often associated with other anomalies. Previous studies have reported associations with other anomalies in up to 76% of cases. In this article, the authors present a case series of two patients with bilateral CCBR and investigate associated anomalies through a literature review. Patients diagnosed CCBRs who presented with cervical masses were included...
August 22, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Evan A Jones, Krista L Olson
Concurrently performing septal perforation repair and rhinoplasty is challenging. Successful management of patients who require or desire these procedures performed simultaneously can be achieved with appropriate preoperative workup and optimization, thoughtful surgical planning, masterful execution, and diligent postoperative care. Consideration of perforation etiology and status of the perforation along with overall nasal health are the foundation upon which surgery may be planned. Preoperative evaluation to determine locations of obstruction, aesthetic goals, and feasibility of procedure is required...
August 21, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Anthony P Sclafani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Katherine Kao, Tang Ho
Nasal bone fractures are the most common fractures of the facial skeleton and are often accompanied by bony, cartilaginous and soft tissue injury. These injuries are often complex and when untreated or inadequately treated, can lead to post-traumatic nasal deformity. The most common deformities are the crooked nose and the saddle nose. Both deformities may result in significant cosmetic and functional concerns. The treatment of these deformities can be complex, requiring careful evaluation of the nose and thoughtful planning to correct the cosmetic deformity and restore functional integrity...
August 11, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Oghenefejiro Okifo, Taylor Brown, Charles Boyd
Many facial plastic and reconstructive surgery providers are interested in incorporating clinical trials into their own practice. Clinical trials in facial plastics have made key contributions to current practices. Clinical trials range from investigating the safety and efficacy of Juvederm filler to reducing pain associated with injecting Juvederm. This article summarizes landmark clinical trials in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery and provides a framework for providers to get involved in clinical trials...
August 11, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Janet Ren Chao, Jennifer Parker Porter, Jill Hessler
The use of energy-based devices in cosmetic treatments for patients with higher Fitzpatrick skin types is a topic of concern due to the increased risk of complications such as hyperpigmentation and scarring. Advancements in technology have enabled the development of safe and effective energy-based modalities for improving skin tone, texture, and signs of aging in patients with higher Fitzpatrick skin types. This article reviews various modalities that have shown positive outcomes in Fitzpatrick skin types 4 to 6...
August 9, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Murtaza Kadhum, Samuel Atherton, Ali Jawad, Nick Wilson-Jones, Muhammad Javed
Prominent ears (PE) are the most frequent congenital external ear deformity, occurring in approximately 5% of the population. Although the deformity does not usually cause functional difficulties, it can significantly affect the patient's psychological and social health. The authors aim to present the Welsh experience of pinnaplasty, reviewing our outcomes and complications. A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed of all patients undergoing pinnaplasty in Morriston hospital, Swansea, Wales. We represent the tertiary plastic surgery referral unit across Wales...
August 8, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Amitabh Thacoor, Neil Bulstrode
Congenital earlobe clefts are the most common lower auricular malformations. They represent a unique reconstructive challenge. The goal of surgery includes restoration of a natural lobular contour and volume as well as a fine surgical scar. Several surgical techniques have been described, most of which only address the cleft deformity but not the soft tissue deficiency. We hereby describe a technique which addresses both the cleft and improves soft tissue deficiency through a conchal cartilage graft.
August 8, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Samuel R DeVictor, Travis T Tollefson
The characteristic cleft nasal deformity presents several challenges for the rhinoplasty surgeon attempting to provide the optimal nasal function and appearance for their patient. One of the difficulties with cleft rhinoplasty is how best to address the malposition alar base. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the various surgical approaches and techniques for properly repositioning the alar base for cleft patients. Outcomes are ultimately dependent on individual patient factors, anatomy, surgical technique, and surgeon experience...
August 8, 2023: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
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