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Megan McKee, Barbara Mullan, Enrique Mergelsberg, Benjamin Gardner, Kyra Hamilton, Ashley Slabbert, Emily Kothe
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating behaviours are important for physical and mental well-being and developing healthy eating behaviours early in life is important. As parents are the main providers of preschool children's food the main objective of this study was to use the theory of planned behaviour, expanded to include habit and past behaviour, to predict parents' healthy feeding intention and behaviour. METHODS: Theory of planned behaviour, habit strength, and past behaviour were reported at baseline by 443 mothers...
March 11, 2019: Appetite
Jo Hunter-Adams, Jane Battersby, Tolu Oni
In urban informal areas of South Africa, obesity and hunger represent two sides of food insecurity. Despite this, public health and clinical obesity interventions focus on nutrition education, implying dietary choice and thereby overlooking food insecurity. The objective of this paper is to explore peri-urban residents' perspectives of changing food environments, framed by the Food Aid Organization (FAO) definition of food security and demonstrating the interconnectedness of dimensions of food security. We conducted three-part in-depth interviews with 21 participants and nine focus group discussions with a total of 57 participants, consisting primarily of women aged 20-84, in a peri-urban township and informal settlement outside of Cape Town, South Africa...
March 11, 2019: Appetite
K Jean Forney, Teresa Schwendler, Rose Marie Ward
Friends tend to be more similar than non-friends (i.e., homophily) in body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors. These similarities may be accounted for by similarities in eating disorder risk factors and correlates. The current study sought to replicate findings of homophily for eating pathology using social network analysis and to test if similarity in eating pathology is present above and beyond homophily for eating disorder risk factors and correlates. College students (n = 89) majoring in nutrition completed a social network assessment and measures of eating pathology (i...
March 11, 2019: Appetite
Bruna Menegassi, Priscila de Morais Sato, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi, Jean-Claude Moubarac
The aim of this study is to have an exploratory insight on how a sample of Brazilian adults classify food, attempting to identify the main factors involved in this process, and to compare these classifications to the NOVA food classification of the 2014 Brazilian dietary guidelines. An exploratory and qualitative approach was conducted with a selected sample of teachers, administrative technicians, and students (N = 24) from the Federal University of Grande Dourados, Brazil. First, using the pile sort method, participants were asked to freely classify 24 pictures of food (sourced from examples of the four food groups specified in NOVA) into food groups meaningful to them...
March 9, 2019: Appetite
Kishore Gopalakrishna Pillai, Yong-Siang Liang, Desmond Thwaites, Piyush Sharma, Ronald Goldsmith
Few studies have examined the antecedents of nutrition involvement. Similarly, conflicting results have been recorded on the relationship between nutrition involvement and knowledge, knowledge and dietary behaviors, and nutrition involvement and dietary behaviors. This paper addresses these research gaps by exploring the role of regulatory focus as an antecedent of nutrition involvement. It also examines the effect of nutrition involvement on nutrition knowledge and the effects of both involvement and knowledge on diet adjustment...
March 9, 2019: Appetite
G W Horgan, A Scalco, T Craig, S Whybrow, J I Macdiarmid
The amount of meat consumed is having a negative impact on both health and the environment. This study investigated the probability of eating meat and the amount eaten at a meal within different social, temporal and situational contexts. Dietary intake data from 4-day diet diaries of adults (19 years and above) taken from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008/9-2013/14) were used for the analysis. Individual eating occasions were identified and the effects of where the food was eaten, with whom, day of the week, age and gender on the probability of eating meat and amount of meat eaten were modelled using general linear mixed models...
March 8, 2019: Appetite
Holly A Harris, Sally Staton, Alina Morawska, Danielle Gallegos, Candice Oakes, Karen Thorpe
Children learn to like a wide variety of healthy foods through exposure in their early feeding environment. While some children may reject foods during this learning process, parents may perceive persistent refusal as 'fussy' or 'picky' eating. Low-income parents may provide fussy children with a narrow range of foods that they will like and accept to avoid food and economic waste; inadvertently limiting children's exposure to a variety of healthy foods. This 'risk aversion' to food rejection may be particularly salient in food insecure households where resources are further constrained...
March 8, 2019: Appetite
Rebecca L Heller, Amy R Mobley
Responsive feeding of young children has been identified as a protective factor against the development of childhood obesity. Instruments developed to assess responsive feeding by parents of children birth to 5 years of age over the past 17 years were reviewed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Four electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus) were used to search for relevant articles to include at least one parental responsive feeding category (Food Rewards, Pressure to Eat, Parental Control of Intake, Emotional Feeding, or Responsiveness to Cues/Child Autonomy), development, validation, or reliability of the instrument, and evaluated in at least one child between ages birth to 5 years old...
March 7, 2019: Appetite
Sophia Komninou, Jason Halford, Jo Harrold
Nutritional experiences during infancy and toddlerhood influence the development of healthy eating habits later in life. Interest into solid food introduction practices has experienced resurgence due to the popularization of the baby-led weaning (BLW) approach as an alternative to more traditional parent-led weaning (PLW) practices. Although the literature shows beneficial effects of BLW on eating behaviours, the magnitude of those effects is unknown making parental expectation management challenging. This study provides an estimation of the size of the difference between the solid feeding practices groups for a variety of practices consistent with the development of healthy food preferences and behaviours...
March 7, 2019: Appetite
Renata Blumberg, Diana Mincyte
Lithuania hosts a diversity of places that offer consumers a taste of local food, which appear to mirror the recent popularity of local and alternative food initiatives globally. In this paper we show that the proliferation of local foods in the region is not a novel phenomenon, nor is it solely a manifestation of taste preferences or identities associated with food. Drawing on the growing scholarly work on the role of infrastructures in mediating social, economic and political relations, we conceptualize the taste for local food as embedded in broader networks and reproduced through material facilities...
March 6, 2019: Appetite
B K Cheon, A Y Sim, L Lee, C G Forde
Although implicit theories have been studied in the context of personal traits, there has been limited investigation of their role in physiological domains such as appetite. Subjective feelings and affective states can function as goals and desired end states that individuals regulate their behaviors to attain. Likewise, different conceptualizations people maintain for the subjective experience of satiety (i.e., terminating hunger or attaining fullness) may also predict individual variations in eating behavior...
March 6, 2019: Appetite
Adrian Meule, Anja Lender, Anna Richard, Radomir Dinic, Jens Blechert
Automatic approach tendencies are often assessed with joystick-based approach-avoidance tasks (AATs). In line with similar studies, we have previously shown that individuals show an approach bias towards palatable food only when picture valence (i.e., the content of the picture) is relevant for task performance. In the current study, we adapted this joystick-based AAT for implementation on a touchscreen, which required participants to perform more naturalistic approach-avoidance movements. One-hundred and seven participants (73% female) were instructed to pull or push pictures of chocolate-containing food and non-edible objects either based on picture content (content group, n = 36), frame color (frame group, n = 35), or a symbol superimposed in the center of each picture (symbol group, n = 36)...
March 6, 2019: Appetite
Michelle Alessandra de Castro, Marcela Riccioppo Garcez, Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Regina Mara Fisberg
Sleep duration in modern societies has been decreasing over the past decades and many environmental and behaviour factors contribute with. Evidence have shown that individuals with short sleep duration have worse eating behaviours and dietary intakes than those with adequate sleep. This study aimed to describe eating behaviours and dietary intakes of Brazilian adults and investigate their associations with self-reported sleep duration encompassing aspects of chrono-nutrition. Demographic, socioeconomic, anthropometric, lifestyle, sleep duration and dietary data were obtained from an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire of the cross-sectional population-based study, 2015 ISA-Capital, (n = 1081 adults, ≥20y)...
March 4, 2019: Appetite
Theo Besson, Fanny Lalot, Nicolas Bochard, Valentin Flaudias, Oulmann Zerhouni
Specific attributes of a food product can cause it to be spontaneously but wrongly perceived as healthier than it really is (i.e., the health halo effect). Notably, there is preliminary evidence that individuals evaluate organic food as less caloric than regular, non-organic food. However, explanations regarding the cognitive mechanisms underlying the health halo effect remain scarce. Drawing from the implicit cognition literature, we hypothesize that this effect could be due to (a) the reactivation in memory of implicit positive evaluations and/or (b) the reactivation of a semantic association between the concepts "organic" and "non-caloric"...
March 3, 2019: Appetite
Marta Plichta, Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz
The adoption of a balanced diet positively affects the state of human health; however, excessive focus on proper eating may lead to obsession about foods, described as orthorexia nervosa (ON). The aim of the study was to assess eating behaviors and concerns regarding health and eating among students with symptoms of ON. The participants were 1120 college students from seven universities in Poland enrolled in health-related majors (n = 547) and other majors (n = 573). The students completed the ORTO-15 test, Health Concern Scale (HCS) and Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ-6)...
March 3, 2019: Appetite
Christopher J Bryant, Julie C Barnett
ology could enable consumers to circumvent the ethical and environmental issues associated with meat-eating. However, consumer acceptance of IVM is uncertain, and is partly dependent on how the product is framed. This study investigated the effect of different names for IVM on measures of consumer acceptance. Participants (N = 185) were allocated to one of four conditions in an experimental design in which the product name was manipulated to be 'clean meat', 'cultured meat', 'animal free meat', or 'lab grown meat'...
March 3, 2019: Appetite
Meagan T Soffin, W Robert Batsell
The concept of comfort food is heterogeneous and encompasses many different aspects that have been difficult to define. Here, we propose that a situational approach may provide a new perspective for categorizing comfort foods. Using a web-based survey, 322 respondents first provided their lay definition of comfort foods. These definitions included the components of emotions, unhealthiness, nostalgia, tastiness, and ease of preparation. Although some participants listed each of these components, half of the participants listed only one of these components, suggesting that most lay definitions of comfort food are rather sparse...
March 2, 2019: Appetite
Teresa Bigand, Marian Wilson
INTRODUCTION: A bidirectional relationship exists between obesity and chronic pain. How the two variables influence one another is unclear, especially in the context of prescription opioid use. The current study aimed to explore the phenomenon of overeating in the context of chronic pain and obesity among adults prescribed opioids. METHODS: Adults with a self-reported pain condition taking a prescription opioid completed surveys for this exploratory study. Participants provided demographic data and reported appetite changes when in pain...
March 1, 2019: Appetite
Sophie Pender, Richard J Stevenson, Heather M Francis, Megan J Oaten
Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) seems to uniquely contribute to excess weight gain, and several mechanisms have been proposed to account for this. Here we examine a further proposal, namely that explicit wanting and liking for SSBs may be less sensitive to changes in physiological state, when contrasted to equi-palatable solid sweet snacks. Study 1 explored this by having participants rate wanting for (on seeing) and liking of (on tasting) several SSBs and snacks, before and after receiving a solid lunch with ad libitum water...
March 1, 2019: Appetite
Megan E Harrison, Mark L Norris, Amy Robinson, Wendy Spettigue, Morgan Morrissey, Leanna Isserlin
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review identifying the use of cyproheptadine (CY) as an appetite stimulant was completed. METHOD: Studies of any design exploring the efficacy of CY as an appetite stimulant in all age groups and populations were included. Primary outcomes of studies included were weight gain, appetite stimulation, and/or caloric/nutritional intake increase. The review was completed in accordance with PRISMA standards. RESULTS: A total of 46 articles across 21 different treatment populations met criteria for the review, including 32 randomized controlled trials, 4 prospective cohort studies, 4 retrospective cohort studies, 4 case reports and 2 case series...
February 27, 2019: Appetite
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