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AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology

M E Graham, K M Loveridge, S H Pollard, K R Moore, J R Skirko
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Midnasal stenosis is a poorly defined entity that may be a component of other conditions of nasal obstruction contributing to respiratory distress in infants. We sought to establish whether midnasal vault narrowing is a component of well-defined syndromes of nasal narrowing, such as bilateral choanal atresia and pyriform aperture stenosis, and to characterize the nasal anatomy of patients with syndromic craniosynostosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A convenience sample of patients with pyriform aperture stenosis, bilateral choanal atresia, and Apert and Crouzon syndromes with maxillofacial CT scans was identified...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
F Hagen, C J Maurer, A Berlis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optimal treatment of unruptured middle cerebral aneurysms is still under debate. Although today almost any aneurysm can be treated endovascularly, there is a lack of data comparing endovascular and microsurgical repair of MCA aneurysms. The aim of our analysis is to provide data on the efficacy, clinical outcome, complications and re-treatment rates of endovascular treatment of this subtype of aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2008 and July 2017, endovascular treatment of 1184 aneurysms in 827 patients was performed in our department...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
B Zhao, N Torun, M Elsayed, A-D Cheng, A Brook, Y-M Chang, R A Bhadelia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: No MR imaging measurement criteria are available for the diagnosis of optic nerve atrophy. We determined a threshold optic nerve area on MR imaging that predicts a clinical diagnosis of optic nerve atrophy and assessed the relationship between optic nerve area and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured by optical coherence tomography, an ancillary test used to evaluate optic nerve disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 26 patients with suspected optic nerve atrophy (8 with unilateral, 13 with bilateral and 5 with suspected but not demonstrable optic nerve atrophy) who had both orbital MR imaging and optical coherence tomography examinations...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
M-C Chou, J-Y Li, P-H Lai
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication exhibit progressive WM changes that are not well-understood. The purpose of this study was to detect longitudinal WM changes using voxelwise diffusional kurtosis imaging in patients with CO intoxication from the acute-to-chronic stage after CO intoxication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with CO intoxication and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
F Cagnazzo, N Limbucci, S Nappini, L Renieri, A Rosi, A Laiso, D Tiziano di Carlo, P Perrini, S Mangiafico
BACKGROUND: Flow diversion for anterior communicating artery aneurysms required further investigation. PURPOSE: Our aim was to analyze outcomes after treatment of anterior communicating artery aneurysms with flow-diverter stents. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of 3 data bases was performed for studies published from 2008 to 2018. STUDY SELECTION: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we included studies reporting anterior communicating artery aneurysms treated with flow diversion...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
R Pop, I Zinchenko, V Quenardelle, D Mihoc, M Manisor, J S Richter, F Severac, M Simu, S Chibbaro, O Rouyer, V Wolff, R Beaujeux
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are very few published data on the patency of carotid stents implanted during thrombectomies for tandem lesions in the anterior circulation. We aimed to communicate our experience of stenting in the acute setting with systematic follow-up of stent patency and discuss predictors and clinical repercussions of delayed stent thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of stroke thrombectomies in a single center between January 2009 and April 2018...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
K E Dean, D Shatzkes, C D Phillips
The sinonasal tract is an environment diverse with neoplasia. Given the continued discovery of entities generally specific to the sinonasal tract, the fourth edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck Tumors was released in 2017. It describes 3 new, well-defined entities and several less-defined, emerging entities. The new entities are seromucinous hamartomas, nuclear protein in testis carcinomas, and biphenotypic sinonasal sarcomas. Emerging entities include human papillomavirus-related sinonasal carcinomas, SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily B member 1-deficient sinonasal carcinomas, renal cell-like adenocarcinomas, and chondromesenchymal hamartomas...
February 14, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
J Ivanidze, M Mackay, A Hoang, J M Chi, K Cheng, C Aranow, B Volpe, B Diamond, P C Sanelli
We report a prospective dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging analysis of region-specific blood-brain barrier permeability in 5 healthy subjects. By means of standardized postprocessing and ROI sampling methods, the hippocampi revealed significantly elevated area under the dynamic contrast-enhanced curve and significantly increased blood-brain barrier permeability metrics (volume transfer constant and volume in the extravascular extracellular space) from model-based quantitation. These findings suggest unique blood-brain barrier permeability characteristics in the hippocampus, which are concordant with previous animal studies, potentially laying the groundwork for future studies assessing patient populations in which hippocampal pathology plays a role...
February 7, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
J M Mettenburg, B F Branstetter, C A Wiley, P Lee, R M Richardson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identification of mesial temporal sclerosis is critical in the evaluation of individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy. Our aim was to assess the performance of FDA-approved software measures of hippocampal volume to identify mesial temporal sclerosis in patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy compared with the initial clinical interpretation of a neuroradiologist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative MRIs of 75 consecutive patients who underwent a temporal resection for temporal lobe epilepsy from 2011 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, and 71 were analyzed using Neuroreader, a commercially available automated segmentation and volumetric analysis package...
February 7, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
J M Ospel, G Gascou, V Costalat, L Piergallini, K A Blackham, D W Zumofen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Sim&Size software simulates case-specific intraluminal Pipeline Embolization Device behavior, wall apposition, and device length in real-time on the basis of rotational angiography DICOM data. The purpose of this multicenter study was to evaluate whether preimplantation device simulation with the Sim&Size software results in selection of different device dimensions than manual sizing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicenter cohort of 74 patients undergoing aneurysm treatment with the Pipeline Embolization Device, we compared apparent optimal device dimensions determined by neurointerventionalists with considerable Pipeline Embolization Device experience based on manual 2D measurements taken from rotational angiography with computed optimal dimensions determined by Sim&Size experts blinded to the neurointerventionalists' decision...
February 7, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
J R Cebral, F Detmer, B J Chung, J Choque-Velasquez, B Rezai, H Lehto, R Tulamo, J Hernesniemi, M Niemela, A Yu, R Williamson, K Aziz, S Sakur, S Amin-Hanjani, F Charbel, Y Tobe, A Robertson, J Frösen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysm hemodynamics has been associated with wall histology and inflammation. We investigated associations between local hemodynamics and focal wall changes visible intraoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics models were constructed from 3D images of 65 aneurysms treated surgically. Aneurysm regions with different visual appearances were identified in intraoperative videos: 1) "atherosclerotic" (yellow), 2) "hyperplastic" (white), 3) "thin" (red), 4) rupture site, and 5) "normal" (similar to parent artery), They were marked on 3D reconstructions...
February 7, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
P Prasanna, L Rogers, T C Lam, M Cohen, A Siddalingappa, L Wolansky, M Pinho, A Gupta, K J Hatanpaa, A Madabhushi, P Tiwari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Co-occurrence of local anisotropic gradient orientations (COLLAGE) is a recently developed radiomic (computer extracted) feature that captures entropy (measures the degree of disorder) in pixel-level edge directions and was previously shown to distinguish predominant cerebral radiation necrosis from recurrent tumor on gadolinium-contrast T1WI. In this work, we sought to investigate whether COLLAGE measurements from posttreatment gadolinium-contrast T1WI could distinguish varying extents of cerebral radiation necrosis and recurrent tumor classes in a lesion across primary and metastatic brain tumors...
February 7, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
M J Hoch, M T Bruno, A Faustin, N Cruz, L Crandall, T Wisniewski, O Devinsky, T M Shepherd
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The brain stem is compactly organized with life-sustaining sensorimotor and autonomic structures that can be affected by numerous pathologies but can be difficult to resolve on conventional MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We applied an optimized TSE T2 sequence to washed postmortem brain samples to reveal exquisite and reproducible brain stem anatomic MR imaging contrast comparable with histologic atlases. This resource-efficient approach can be performed across multiple whole-brain samples with relatively short acquisition times (2 hours per imaging plane) using clinical 3T MR imaging systems...
January 31, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
M A Almekhlafi, W G Kunz, B K Menon, R A McTaggart, M V Jayaraman, B W Baxter, D Heck, D Frei, C P Derdeyn, T Takagi, A H Aamodt, I M R Fragata, M D Hill, A M Demchuk, M Goyal
The overwhelming benefit of endovascular therapy in patients with large-vessel occlusions suggests that more patients will be screened than treated. Some of those patients will be evaluated first at primary stroke centers; this type of evaluation calls for standardizing the imaging approach to minimize delays in assessing, transferring, and treating these patients. Here, we propose that CT angiography (performed at the same time as head CT) should be the minimum imaging approach for all patients with stroke with suspected large-vessel occlusion presenting to primary stroke centers...
January 31, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
P P Batchala, T J E Muttikkal, J H Donahue, J T Patrie, D Schiff, C E Fadul, E K Mrachek, M-B Lopes, R Jain, S H Patel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Isocitrate dehydrogenase ( IDH )-mutant lower grade gliomas are classified as oligodendrogliomas or diffuse astrocytomas based on 1p/19q-codeletion status. We aimed to test and validate neuroradiologists' performances in predicting the codeletion status of IDH -mutant lower grade gliomas based on simple neuroimaging metrics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred two IDH -mutant lower grade gliomas with preoperative MR imaging and known 1p/19q status from The Cancer Genome Atlas composed a training dataset...
January 31, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
A Fechner, J Savatovsky, J El Methni, J C Sadik, O Gout, R Deschamps, A Gueguen, A Lecler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Magnetic Resonance Imaging is the modality of choice to detect spinal cord lesions in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). However, this imaging is challenging. New sequences such as phase-sensitive inversion recovery have been developed to improve detection. Our aim was to compare a 3D phase-sensitive inversion recovery and a conventional imaging dataset including postcontrast T2WI and T1WI to detect MS spinal cord lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective single-center study included 100 consecutive patients with MS (mean age, 41 years) from January 2015 to June 2016...
January 24, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
C Özütemiz, S K Roshan, N J Kroll, J C Benson, J B Rykken, M C Oswood, L Zhang, A M McKinney
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Prior studies regarding acute toxic leukoencephalopathy (ATL) are either small, or preliminary. Our aim was to evaluate etiologies of and differences in imaging severity and outcomes among various etiologies of ATL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRIs of patients with suspected ATL over 15 years were retrospectively reviewed; inclusion criteria were: MRI <3 weeks of presentation with both DWI and FLAIR. These were jointly graded by two neuroradiologists via a previously described score of severity...
January 24, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
N Lynøe, D Olsson, A Eriksson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
L J Ridley, J Han, H Xiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
R Watts, J M Steinklein, L Waldman, X Zhou, C G Filippi
On the basis of animal models, glymphatic flow disruption is hypothesized to be a factor in the development of Alzheimer's disease. We report the first quantitative study of glymphatic flow in man, combining intrathecal administration of gadobutrol with serial T1 mapping to produce contrast concentration maps up to 3 days postinjection, demonstrating performing a quantitative study using the techniques described feasibility and providing data on pharmacokinetics.
January 24, 2019: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
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