T Mitoma, J Maki, A Suemori, C Kuriyama, K Hayata, H Masuyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2024: Clinical Radiology
H Akai, K Yasaka, H Sugawara, T Furuta, T Tajima, S Kato, H Yamaguchi, K Ohtomo, O Abe, S Kiryu
AIM: To evaluate whether deep learning reconstruction (DLR) can accelerate the acquisition of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences of the knee for clinical use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a 1.5-T MRI scanner, sagittal fat-suppressed T2-weighted imaging (fs-T2WI), coronal proton density-weighted imaging (PDWI), and coronal T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) were performed. DLR was applied to images with a number of signal averages (NSA) of 1 to obtain 1DLR images...
March 26, 2024: Clinical Radiology
M Evison, S D Robinson, A Sharman, S Datta, K Rammohan, R Duerden, M A Montero-Fernandez, D Gilligan
Due to the rising demand in cross-sectional thoracic imaging, anterior mediastinal lesions are being identified with increasing frequency. Following iterative and multidisciplinary discussions, the BTOG Thymic Malignancies Special Interest Group have developed an algorithm to standardise the diagnostic approach for these relatively uncommon but important conditions which span from benign (thymic remnant, thymic hyperplasia and thymic cysts) to suspected localised thymomas to suspected more aggressive malignancy (thymic carcinoma, lymphoma and germ cell tumours)...
March 21, 2024: Clinical Radiology
Y Zeng, X Gou, P Yin, X Sui, X Chen, L Hu
AIM: To evaluate the motion amplitude of lung nodules in different locations during preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided localization, and the influence of respiratory movement on CT-guided percutaneous lung puncture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 398 patients (123 men and 275 women with a mean age of 53.9 ± 10.7 years) who underwent preoperative CT-guided lung nodule localization from May 2021 to Apr 2022 were included in this retrospective study...
March 20, 2024: Clinical Radiology
A Guha, S Halder, S H Shinde, J Gawde, S Munnolli, S Talole, J S Goda
BACKGROUND: Several studies have been published comparing deep learning (DL)/machine learning (ML) to radiologists in differentiating PCNSLs from GBMs with equivocal results. We aimed to perform this meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ML/DL versus radiologists in classifying PCNSL versus GBM using MRI. METHODOLOGY: The study was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Data was extracted and interpreted by two researchers with 12 and 23 years' experience, respectively, and QUADAS-2 tool was used for quality and risk-bias assessment...
March 19, 2024: Clinical Radiology
L-Z Yu, Y-W Lin, R-Y Shi, Z-Y Fan, J-R Xu, Q-Y Yao, H Tang, S Chen, L-M Wu
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) dysfunction is involved in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). Multiparametric cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) strain imaging is a feasible and reproducible tool for examining global and regional LA functions, as well as left ventricular (LV) function in IIM patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of LA strain occurrence and strain rate for LA function assessment using CMR in IIM cases...
March 19, 2024: Clinical Radiology
J Zhang, J Li, H Liu, J Liu, L Zhao, X Li, X Li
AIM: To examine the relationship between fasting prior to contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) and adverse reaction (AR) in patients with allergies history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with allergies history who underwent CECT from January 2014 to December 2020 (713 cases with iodinated contrast media (ICM)-related allergy history and 27045 cases with unrelated allergies history) were retrospectively analyzed. The occurrence of ICM-related AR and patient information were recorded...
March 19, 2024: Clinical Radiology
W Chen, D Geng, X-Q Xu, W-T Hu, Y-M Dai, F-Y Wu, L-N Zhu
AIM: To assess the performance of diffusion-relaxation correlation spectrum imaging (DR-CSI) in the characterization of parotid gland tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five pleomorphic adenomas (PA) patients, 9 Warthin's tumors (WT) patients and 7 malignant tumors (MT) patients were prospectively recruited. DR-CSI (7 b-values combined with 5 TEs, totally 35 diffusion-weighted images) was scanned for pre-treatment assessment. Diffusion (D)-T2 signal spectrum summating all voxels were built for each patient, characterized by D-axis with range 0∼5 × 10-3 mm2 /s, and T2-axis with range 0∼300ms...
March 19, 2024: Clinical Radiology
M Yuan, L Jiang, C Sun, W Lu, S R Tapu, H Zhang, G Jing, H Weng, J Peng
AIM: This study aimed to investigate whether computed tomography (CT)-measured erector spinae parameters (ESPs) have diagnostic, severity assessment, and prognostic predictive value in uremic sarcopenia (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 202 uremic patients were enrolled and divided into two groups: a control group and a sarcopenia group. Sarcopenia was classified into two types: severe and nonsevere. The area, volume, and density of the erector spinae (ES) were measured using chest CT images, and the relevant ESP, including the erector spinae index (ESI), total erector spinae volume (TESV), erector spinae density (ESD), and erector spinae gauge (ESG) were calculated...
March 16, 2024: Clinical Radiology
Z Jiang, T Yang, L Xu
AIM: Our main goal of this meta-analytical analysis was to evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) against multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in the context of identifying biochemical recurrence in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough search covering articles published until March 2023 was carried out across major databases such as PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science...
March 16, 2024: Clinical Radiology
B Liu, H Gao, F Zhou, W Zhao, Y Yang
AIM: To investigate whether dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has the potential to non-invasively detect microenvironmental condition by quantitatively measuring blood perfusion, vessel wall permeability, and vascularity, and to elucidate the possible correlations between DCE-MRI quantitative parameters and the expression level of hypoxia, vascularity, and cell proliferation related molecular biomarkers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective single center clinical study, 58 patients diagnosed with cervical cancer underwent DCE-MRI before anticancer treatment were enrolled...
March 15, 2024: Clinical Radiology
J Qiao, H Kang, Q Ran, H Tong, Q Ma, S Wang, W Zhang, H Wu
AIM: We design a feasibility study to obtain a set of metabolic-hemodynamic habitats for tackling tumor spatial metabolic patterns with hemodynamic information. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative data from 69 high-grade gliomas (HGG) patients with subsequent histologic confirmation of HGG were prospectively collected (January 2016 to March 2020) after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Four vascular habitats were automatically segmented by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
March 15, 2024: Clinical Radiology
A Gonçalves, E Moutinho, A Santos, T Teixeira
AIM: Cardiac magnetic resonance is currently an indispensable tool in the diagnosis of cardiac pathologies, with mapping techniques being one of the most recent advances in this area. T1 mapping is a robust tool that uses the T1 magnetic relaxation time as a quantitative marker of myocardial tissue composition. However, multiple T1 mapping sequences are used, and data comparing them, especially on different vendors, is limited. This study aims to determine the T1 relaxation values in the cardiac muscle of healthy individuals using GE's Discovery 3T scanner, allowing the use of the T1 mapping technique in patients on a sustained basis...
March 14, 2024: Clinical Radiology
M Kawaguchi, H Kato, K Kobayashi, T Miyazaki, A Nagano, Y Noda, F Hyodo, M Matsuo
AIM: This study aimed to assess the imaging features of atypical lipomatous tumors (ALTs) and lipoma with fat necrosis. METHODS: This study included patients with histopathologically proven fat necrosis within adipocytic tumors who underwent preoperative imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or computer tomography (CT) findings of fat necrosis associated with lipomatous tumors were retrospectively reviewed, emphasizing the "fatty island sign (FIS)." FISs were defined as well-demarcated, focal fat-containing areas surrounded by more thickened septa compared with other intratumoral septa...
March 14, 2024: Clinical Radiology
W Wang, S Li, B Zhuang, H Wang, Y Ren, L Xu
AIMS: Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) is recognized as a type of non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). To date, the clinical prognosis of ACM remains a topic of debate in previous studies and there are limited studies on its cardiac MRI characteristics. The aim of this study was to summarize the clinical and MRI features of ACM patients and to identify the predictors of adverse prognosis based on clinical characteristics and MRI imaging findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients who were clinically diagnosed with ACM and underwent enhanced CMR between September 2015 and August 2022 were retrospectively enrolled...
March 13, 2024: Clinical Radiology
Aimaiti Yasen, Jun Feng, Tian-Xing Dai, Can-Hua Zhu, Run-Bin Liang, Zhi-Hong Liao, Kai Li, Yu-Hong Cai, Guo-Ying Wang
AIM: Occurrence of anastomotic biliary stricture (AS) remains an essential issue following hepatobiliary surgeries, and percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (PTCS) has great therapeutic significance in handling refractory AS for patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy after cholangio-jejunostomy. This present study aimed to investigate feasibility of PTCS procedures in AS patients for therapeutic indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a single-center, retrospective cohort study with a total number of 124 consecutive patients who received therapeutic PTCS due to AS...
March 11, 2024: Clinical Radiology
G Gravino, J Patel, T Ratneswaren, I Craven, A Chandran
AIM: Training structure in neuroradiology can be variable, nationally and internationally. Globally, there is a trend towards standardised training pathways, curricula and targeted competencies. Currently, there is limited understanding of the structure of neuroradiology training in the UK. This survey aims to: [1] identify different contemporary models of neuroradiology training in the UK, [2] compare UK trainees' commitments against national and international standards, and [3] understand whether career expectations match the predicted future demands of neuroradiologists...
March 11, 2024: Clinical Radiology
N Kawai, Y Noda, F Nakamura, T Kaga, R Suzuki, T Miyoshi, F Mori, F Hyodo, H Kato, M Matsuo
AIM: To evaluate arterial enhancement, its depiction, and image quality in low-tube potential whole-body computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) with extremely low iodine dose and compare the results with those obtained by hybrid-iterative reconstruction (IR) and deep-learning image-reconstruction (DLIR) methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 34 consecutive participants (27 men; mean age, 74.2 years) who underwent whole-body CTA at 80 kVp for evaluating aortic diseases between January and July 2020...
February 15, 2024: Clinical Radiology
A Koch, T Gruber-Rouh, S Zangos, K Eichler, T Vogl, L Basten
AIM: To evaluate if real-time dose visualisation during computed tomography (CT)-guided interventions leads to a reduction in radiation dose to participating radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The individual radiation dose radiologists are exposed to during CT interventions was measured using dedicated dosimeters (RaySafe i2-system, Unfors RaySafe GmbH, Billdal, Sweden) worn over the usual radiation protective apron. Initially, only the total radiation dose was measured, without visualisation (control group)...
February 15, 2024: Clinical Radiology
G Wang, H He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2024: Clinical Radiology
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