journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832664/impact-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-versus-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-on-postoperative-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-penetrating-crohn-s-disease-undergoing-surgical-resection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhenya Sun, Lei Cao, Yusheng Chen, Tianrun Song, Zhen Guo, Weiming Zhu, Yi Li
Achieving optimal nutritional status in patients with penetrating Crohn's disease (CD) is crucial in preparing for surgical resection. However, there is a dearth of literature comparing the efficacy of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) versus exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in optimizing postoperative outcomes. Hence, we conducted a case-matched study to assess the impact of preoperative EEN versus TPN on the incidence of postoperative adverse outcomes, encompassing overall postoperative morbidity and stoma formation, among penetrating CD patients undergoing bowel surgery...
June 4, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832516/validation-of-the-2-%C3%A3-24-h-recall-method-and-a-7-d-web-based-food-diary-against-doubly-labelled-water-in-danish-adults-corrigendum
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anja Biltoft-Jensen, Karin Hess Ygil, Lenette Knudsen, Jeppe Matthiessen, Sisse Fagt, Ellen Trolle, Trine Holmgaard Nielsen, Diane McIntosh Hansen, Cecilie Löe Licht, Maurice Martens, Catherine Hambly, John R Speakman, Tue Christensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38831516/legume-supplemented-feed-for-children-hospitalised-with-severe-malnutrition-a-phase-ii-trial
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kevin Walsh, Agklinta Kiosia, Peter Olupot-Oupot, Florence Alaroker, William Okiror, Margaret Nakuya, Tonny Ssenyondo, Denis Amorut, Charles Bernard Okalebo, Rita Muhindo, Ayub Mpoya, Elizabeth C George, Gary Frost, Kathryn Maitland
Children hospitalised with severe malnutrition have high mortality and readmission rates post-discharge. Current milk-based formulations target restoring ponderal growth but not modification of gut barrier integrety or microbiome which increase risk of gram-negative sepsis and poor outcomes. We propose that legume-based feeds rich in fermentable carbohydrates will promote better gut health and improve overall outcomes.We conducted an open-label Phase II trial at Mbale and Soroti Regional Referral Hospitals, Uganda involving 160 children aged 6 months-5 years with severe malnutrition (mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) <11...
June 4, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38831511/rna-seq-screening-and-gene-function-analysis-uncover-gpr183-as-a-key-mediator-for-methionine-to-stimulate-milk-synthesis-in-mouse-mammary-epithelial-cells
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuwen Zhou, Sihua Fan, Ming Xu, Minghui Zhang, Xuejun Gao
Methionine (Met) can activate mTOR to promote milk synthesis in mammary epithelial cells (MECs). However, it is largely unknown which G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) can mediate the stimulation of Met on mTOR activation. In this study, we employed transcriptome sequencing to analyze which GPCRs were associated with the role of Met, and further used gene function study approaches to explore the role of GPR183 in Met stimulation on mTOR activation in HC11 cells. We identified 9 GPCRs including GPR183 which expression levels were upregulated by Met treatment through RNA-seq and subsequent RT-qPCR analysis...
June 4, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826102/the-ameliorative-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-dietary-fiber-on-hyperuricemia-mice%C3%AF-a-perspective-from-microbiome-and-metabolome
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Wang, Fengping Miao, Jun Wang, Maokun Zheng, Feng Yu, Yuetao Yi
The effect of single dietary fiber (DF) on lowering uric acid (UA) level has been reported in the literature. However, the potential protective mechanism of dietary fibre against potassium oxybate-induced hyperuricaemia (HUA), as modelled by prophylactic administration, remains unclear.The data demonstrates that DF significantly decreased serum and cerebral tissue UA concentrations, inhibited xanthine oxidase (XOD) expression and activity in the liver, and reduced levels of creatinine (Cr) and urea nitrogen (BUN) in the serum...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826091/consumption-of-soya-isoflavones-improved-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-associated-metabolic-disorders-in-a-rat-model
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chao-Wu Xiao, Adriana A Carbonel, Patricia D A Lima, Amy Hendry, Benjamin K Tsang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with increased risks for certain metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and suppressed ovarian follicular development. This study aimed to examine whether soya isoflavones (ISF) mitigate these PCOS-associated metabolic disorders in a rat model. Weanling Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly divided into 6 groups and were treated with either 0 or 83 µg/day dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to induce PCOS and fed diets containing 0, 0...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826089/energy-and-nutrient-intake-by-11-13-year-old-young-adolescents-attending-private-schools-in-delhi-india
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anupama Ivaturi, Lynne Giles, Loc Giang Do, Tina Rawal, Monika Arora, Paula J Moynihan
There are no high-quality data on dietary behavior of adolescents in India. This study aimed to assess the intake of energy (E), macronutrients and selected micronutrients in a sample of 11-13-year-old schoolchildren in Delhi, India. Participants from private schools (n=10) recorded dietary intake using a 3-day food diary. Information was entered into the dietary assessment tool, Intake24, to ascertain portion size and convert data into nutrient intake through integrated food tables. Of the 514 consenting participants, 393 (76...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826087/global-regional-and-national-burdens-of-nutritional-deficiencies-from-1990-to-2019
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xin Qing, Yurou Ji, Chunlei Yuan, Kunke Xie, Ke Wang
The epidemiological and burden characteristics of nutritional deficiencies (NDs) have been evolving, and it is crucial to identify geographical disparities and emerging trends. This study aimed to analyze the global, regional, and national trends in the burden of NDs over the past 30 years. Data were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019 database for the period 1990-2019. The study examined the incidence rates and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of NDs at various levels. Globally, the incidence rate of NDs decreased from 2226...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826085/thirty-days-of-double-strain-probiotic-supplementation-increases-monocyte-phagocytosis-in-marathon-runners
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Edgar Tavares-Silva, Geovana Sf Leite, Helena Ap Batatinha, Ayane de Sá Resende, Valdir de Aquino Lemos, Camila G Marques, Antônio H Lancha Junior, José C R Neto, Ronaldo V Thomatieli-Santos
Marathon runners, subjected to intense training regimes and prolonged, exhaustive exercises, often experience a compromised immune response. Probiotic supplementation has emerged as a potential remedy to mitigate the impact of prolonged exercise on athletes. Consequently, this study sought to assess the influence of probiotic supplementation on monocyte functionality both before and after the official marathon race. Twenty-seven runners were randomly and double-blindly assigned to two groups: Placebo-PLA (n=13) and Probiotic-PRO (n=14)...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826083/comparison-of-protein-digestibility-of-human-milk-and-infant-formula-using-the-infogest-method-under-infant-digestion-conditions
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yosuke Komatsu, Yasuaki Wada, Takuya Shibasaki, Yohei Kitamura, Tatsuya Ehara, Hirohiko Nakamura, Kazuhiro Miyaji
Many improvements have been made to bring infant formula (IF) closer to human milk (HM) regarding its nutritional and biological properties. Nevertheless, the protein components of HM and IF are still different, which may affect their digestibility. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the protein digestibility of HM and IF using the infant INFOGEST digestion method. Pooled HM and a commercial IF were subjected to the infant INFOGEST method, which simulates the physiological digestion conditions of infants, with multiple directions, i...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826079/the-amino-acid-sensor-metrs-is-required-for-methionine-induced-milk-protein-synthesis-in-a-domestic-pigeon-model
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pan-Pan Lu, Chen Zhong, Hong-Wei Zhao, Fu-Yong Li, Xiao-Fan Wang, Xiu-Qi Wang, Hui-Chao Yan, Chun-Qi Gao
This study was conducted to investigate whether methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) is a mediator of Met-induced crop milk protein synthesis via the janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) signalling pathway in breeding pigeons. In Experiment 1, a total of 216 pairs of breeding pigeons were divided into 3 groups (control, Met-deficient, and Met-rescue groups). In Experiments 2 and 3, forty pairs of breeding pigeons from each experiment were allocated into 4 groups. The 2nd experiment included a control group and 3 MetRS inhibitor (REP8839) groups...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826077/association-between-whole-grain-consumption-tryptophan-metabolism-and-psychological-distress-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vilma Liikonen, Mari Näätänen, Anna Kårlund, Kati Hanhineva, Leila Karhunen, Marjukka Kolehmainen
This study aimed to investigate whether psychological distress, whole grain consumption, and tryptophan metabolism are associated in participants undergoing weight management intervention. Seventy-nine women and men (mean age 49.7 ± 9.0 years; BMI 34.2 ± 2.5 kg/m2 ) participated in a 7-week weight-loss period (WL), and in a 24-week weight maintenance intervention period (WM). Whole grain consumption was measured using 4-day food diaries. Psychological distress was assessed with the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ), and participants were divided into three GHQ groups based on the GHQ scores before WL...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38826072/oral-docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity-the-joidha-clinical-trial
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Patrícia Zanotelli Cagliari, Vinícius Ricardo Franzoi Hoeller, Émelli Louise Rüncus Kanzler, Melody Cristina Mansani Carraro, Zaine Glaci Duarte Corrêa, Gleici Blazius, Pietra Giovanna Marghetti, Gabriela Bruns Lenz, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Marco Fabio Mastroeni
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of blindness in premature infants. The condition is associated with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) deficiency. This study aimed to investigate the effect of DHA supplementation on the occurrence of ROP in infants receiving oral oil drops. It is part of the Joinville DHA study (JoiDHA Study), a non-parallel-group cohort study conducted from March 2020 to January 2023 at a public maternity hospital in Brazil. Infants born before 33 weeks of gestational age or with a birth weight ≤1,500 g were recruited...
June 3, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818723/cross-sectional-relationship-between-dietary-protein-intake-energy-intake-and-protein-energy-wasting-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qianqian Han, Rui Zhang, Jianping Wu, Fengyi He, Fengchu Qin, Wenlu Li, Chaogang Chen, Qiongqiong Yang
The potential threshold for dietary energy intake (DEI) that might prevent protein-energy wasting (PEW) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is uncertain. The subjects were non-dialysis CKD patients aged ≥ 14 years who were hospitalized from September 2019 to July 2022. PEW was measured by subjective global assessment (SGA). DEI and dietary protein intake (DPI) were obtained by 3-days diet recalls. Patients were divided into adequate DEI group and inadequate DEI group according to DEI ≥ 30 or < 30 kcal/kg/d...
May 31, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818718/evaluating-mineral-biomarkers-as-mediators-and-moderators-of-behavioural-improvements-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-multinutrients-for-children-with-adhd
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lisa M Robinette, Jeanette M Johnstone, Priya Srikanth, Alisha M Bruton, Martina Ralle, Hayleigh Ast, Ryan Bradley, Brenda M Y Leung, L Eugene Arnold, Irene E Hatsu
Essential minerals are cofactors for synthesis of neurotransmitters supporting cognition and mood. An 8-week fully-blind RCT of multinutrients for ADHD demonstrated three times as many children (age 6-12) had significantly improved behavior ("treatment responders") on multinutrients (54%) compared to placebo (18%). The aim of this secondary study was to evaluate changes in fasted plasma and urinary mineral concentrations following the intervention, and their role as mediators and moderators of treatment response...
May 31, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818717/body-composition-from-birth-to-6-months-in-term-small-for-gestational-age-indian-infants-effect-of-catch-up-growth
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brijesh Kumar, Pratima Anand, Harish Chellani, Ramesh Agarwal, Vandana Jain
The objective of this prospective observational study was to assess the growth and body composition of term small for gestational age (SGA) infants from birth to 6 months and evaluate the effect of catch-up growth (CUG) on body composition. Term SGA newborns were recruited at birth. Anthropometry and body composition were evaluated at 3 days, 6, 10 and 14 weeks, and 6 months. Fat and fat-free mass (FM and FFM) were compared between infants with and without CUG (increase in weight Z-score by >0.67) by air displacement plethysmography...
May 31, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38818715/development-and-validity-of-the-modified-mediterranean-prime-screen-to-assess-dietary-intake-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-lebanon
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mariam Assaad, Sara Ajjour, Maya Rahme, Laila Al-Shaar, May Sakr, Hala Ghattas, Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Jana Jabbour
The Mediterranean region registers an increasing prevalence of obesity. The region lacks a diet screener to assess obesogenic nutrients. This study aimed to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of the Modified Mediterranean Prime Screen (MMPS) in estimating obesogenic nutrients' intake among women of reproductive age, as compared to a culturally validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in Lebanon. We developed the MMPS consisting of 32 food/beverage items specific to the Lebanese Mediterranean culture...
May 31, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804183/a-randomized-controlled-intervention-trial-to-study-the-effect-of-a-personalized-lifestyle-program-on-cancer-related-fatigue-among-colorectal-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-the-sofit-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Judith de Vries-Ten Have, Koen Manusama, Auke J C F Verkaar, Sandra Beijer, Dirkje W Sommeijer, Ellen Kampman, Laura H H Winkens, Renate M Winkels
Observational studies suggest that a healthy diet in combination with ample physical activity is associated with a lower prevalence of cancer-related fatigue. The SoFiT trial (SoFiT: Study on Fatigue: a lifestyle intervention among colorectal cancer survivors) will assess the effect of a personalized lifestyle program on cancer-related fatigue in a randomised study.We designed a program that aims to increase adherence to lifestyle recommendations on diet and physical activity. The program was person-centred with regards to the lifestyle and personal characteristics of participants, to the determinants of behaviour of that participant, and to the preference, opportunities, and barriers of the participant...
May 28, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804182/association-of-parental-level-of-education-and-child-factors-on-length-for-age-indicator-among-socially-vulnerable-children-aged-6-24-months-from-a-brazilian-state-using-structural-equation-modelling
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marília Moura E Mendes Normande, Laryssa Cristiane da Silva, Risia Cristina Egito de Menezes, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente
This cross-sectional study employs Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) to explore both direct and indirect effects of parental level of education and child individual factors on the length-for-age outcomes in children aged 6-24 months assisted by the Bolsa Família Program in the State of Alagoas. A total of 1,448 children were analyzed by the SEM technique. A negative standardize direct effect (SED) of the children's younger age (SED: -0.06; p=0.017), the use of bottle feeding (SED: -0.11; p<0.001), and lack a minimum acceptable diet (SED: -0...
May 28, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804177/the-blood-pressure-control-effect-of-the-sodium-restricted-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Soyeon Kim, Ha Na Jeong, Smi Choi-Kwon
The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is highly effective in controlling blood pressure (BP). Although sodium restriction is not a primary focus within the DASH diet, it is recommended that it be added to control BP. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review the characteristics and BP-lowering effects of sodium-restricted DASH diet interventions. We searched 13 databases, namely, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, KoreaMed, KISS, KMbase, RISS, CINAHL, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
May 28, 2024: British Journal of Nutrition
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