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Community Mental Health Journal

Zeinat Sanhori, Arne H Eide, Touraj Ayazi, Ibrahimu Mdala, Lars Lien
Stigmatizing attitudes towards people with mental illness is a worldwide phenomenon, This Longitudinal study aimed to determine the level of stigma, among the internal displaced persons in central Sudan and explore possible changes in stigma associated with an intervention. 1549 persons were interviewed using standardized stigma attitude tools. The study reveled high level of stigma among our respondents and there was no significant difference in attitudes towards mental illness observed after the intervention...
February 15, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Yüksel Can Öz, Gül Ünsal Barlas, Mustafa Yildiz
The present study was conducted to identify the problems related to the placement of individuals with schizophrenia into jobs, the conditions allowing them to keep working and to reveal obstacles to their employment. The depth-interview technique was used for obtaining information from both patients with schizophrenia (n = 25) and the human resource managers of selected companies (n = 8). All interviews were recorded, transcribed and assessed using a thematic analysis approach. After the evaluation of qualitative data, the main emerging themes included the problems and suggestions of the patients, the worries of the employers about persons with schizophrenia and things that they could do about employment...
February 4, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Evan M Lowder, Bradley R Ray, Jeffrey A Gruenewald
Despite the high prevalence of behavioral health disorders in justice settings and prior research on the importance of attitudes in successful treatment outcomes for behavioral health populations, few studies have examined criminal justice professionals' attitudes toward mental illness and substance use. We conducted a state-wide survey of 610 criminal justice professionals using items adapted from the Drug and Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire (Albery et al. 2003) to examine attitudes toward mental illness and substance use as a function of criminal justice position and personal contact...
January 31, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Mary Acri, Ashley Ann Fuss, Patricia Quintero, Meaghan Baier, Claire Connolly, Kara Dean-Assael, Dan Ferris, Lydia Franco, Morgan McGuire, Boris Vilgorin, Andrew Cleek
New York State has one of the most richly funded Medicaid programs in the United States. In an effort to achieve the triple aim New York State is undergoing a significant redesign of its Medicaid program including transitioning nearly all Medicaid funded behavioral health services into Medicaid managed care. In preparation for this transition, a state funded technical assistance center assessed the behavioral health care system's readiness to undergo this reform across 11 domains. Between September and November, 2014, the TA center electronically distributed a readiness survey to 897 mental health and substance abuse agencies: 313 (n = 269, 33%) organizations completed the assessment...
January 30, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Brandy M Mechling
Individuals with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) encounter both poorer physical health and psychosocial well-being in comparison to the general population. Obesity, hypertension, heart disease, and diabetes can result from the symptoms of mental illness, the side effects from psychotropic medications, as well as disparities associated with being mentally ill. Mental health nurses are in a prime position to implement healthy lifestyle interventions (HLIs). This study tested a HLI (physical exercise and nutrition) and examined the effects on physical and psychosocial outcomes in clients obtaining mental health services at a community-based facility...
January 30, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Simone Freitag, Susanne Stolzenburg, Georg Schomerus, Silke Schmidt
This study aims to develop and implement brief implicit association tests (BIATs) assessing stigmatizing attitudes towards mental illness, awareness of mental distress and self-identification as having a mental illness. We recruited 229 people (age range 18-80 years) with currently untreated depressive symptoms. In addition to BIATs, explicit measures assessed depression severity, contact experience and self-identification as having a mental illness. BIATs showed good feasibility. Age and educational differences were observed for each BIAT...
January 29, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Jeannette Waegemakers Schiff, Annette M Lane
Work with clients who have trauma-related problems is reported to lead to a constellation of reactions including vicarious traumatization, compassion fatigue, and burnout. Traumatic experiences are ubiquitous in the lives of homeless people, stemming from multiple life events prior to, and as a result of, experiencing homelessness. While most studies examine either burnout and vicarious traumatization or potential PTSD in people who work with those who are traumatized, they generally do not look at the possible co-existence of all three factors...
January 25, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Sara M Hunt, Ramona W Denby, Katherine M Hertlein, Noelle Lefforge, Michelle G Paul
The purpose of this paper is to describe the development, actions, and evaluation of a university-based, transdisciplinary coalition so that the model may be replicated in other university or multidisciplinary systems. The University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) Mental and Behavioral Health Coalition addresses Nevada's workforce shortages through multi-disciplinary faculty collaboration among seven training programs at UNLV that produce mental health professionals. The coalition's collaborative approach to solution-generating work has served as a catalyst for professional integration in the community as a whole...
January 22, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Ismael Salamah Albursan, Mohammad Farhan Al Qudah, Edward Dutton, Elsayed Mohammed Abu Hashem Hassan, Salaheldin Farah Attallah Bakhiet, Ali A Alfnan, Suliman S Aljomaa, Heba Ibraheem Hammad
There are an increasing number of studies on smartphone addiction (SA) among students, and also a number of cross-cultural ones. We add to this body of research by presenting, for the first time, a cross-cultural study comparing students in four Middle Eastern countries: Sudan, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. In this context, we also attempt to replicate findings-in other studies-that there are differences in smartphone addiction prevalence along the lines of sex, culture and subject of study. These findings were indeed replicated in a Middle Eastern context...
January 19, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Elizabeth Siantz, Laysha Ostrow
This study examined peer-run organizations' attitudes towards collaborating in health homes. Data were drawn from the 2012 National Survey of Peer-Run Organizations. Multinomial logistic regression modeled the association between organizational willingness to participate in a health home and salient factors. Current efforts (OR = 5.05; p < 0.05), planned efforts (OR = 4.27; p < 0.05) to encourage physical healthcare, and staff size (OR = 1.09; p < 0.05) were associated with willingness to collaborate in health homes...
January 12, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Sarah L Kopelovich, Eric Strachan, Harry Sivec, Valerie Kreider
Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia spectrum disorders is an evidence-based treatment that is recommended by United States schizophrenia treatment guidelines. Based on recent estimates, only 0.3% of individuals with a primary psychotic disorder are able to access this treatment in the United States. Stepped care interventions have shown promise as an applied treatment delivery model in other settings and for other psychotherapeutic interventions. The current paper describes how the stepped care model can be applied to CBT for psychosis in the US to increase access to the intervention in community mental health settings by leveraging the multidisciplinary team...
January 8, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel, Mooli Lahad, Dimitry Leykin
The current paper presents a new self-report national resilience assessment scale (NRAS). The scale was constructed and validated using a sample of 1022 Jewish Israeli adults. The internal structure of the 25-item was determined by a Varimax factor analysis, which emitted four distinct factors pertaining to identifying with the state, solidarity and social justice, trust in national institutions and trust in public justice; which explained 61% of the variance. These factor scores were validated against two national resilience promoting factors (community resilience and sense of coherence), and two national resilience suppressing factors (distress symptoms and sense of danger); as well as four demographic characteristics (level of religiosity, political attitudes, income and level of exposure to terror/ war experiences in the last year)...
January 2, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Renée Bazley, Kenneth Pakenham, Bernadette Watson
The purpose of this study was to explore perspectives on suicide prevention held by members of Christian faith-based organizations (FBOs). Eight focus groups were facilitated, and five major themes were identified: perceptions of responsibility, connection to suicidal persons, equipping for suicide prevention, collaboration with professional services, and hope. Overall, Christian FBO members considered suicide prevention to be an important demonstration of their faith and values. They perceived themselves to be currently adding to suicide prevention efforts through spiritual practices and interpersonal skills, but regarded these as insufficient if considered stand-alone responses...
January 2, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
Shameem Fatima, Tahira Jibeen
The primary objective of the present study was to assess independent and interactive relations of perceived social support and self-efficacy with four quality of life (QOL) domains namely physical, psychological, social, and environmental in cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients from a South Asian region. Participants were 172 (age 22-60 years) patients recruited from three major government sector hospitals from the fifth biggest city of South Asia. It was found that overall CVD patients had a better QOL in psychological and environmental domains compared to social and psychological...
January 2, 2019: Community Mental Health Journal
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Mohammadali Akkafi, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Zainab Sadat Sajadi, Edward Krupat
Understanding patient-physician relationships in mental care services is an indispensable element to improve the quality of mental care, yet little is known about it in Iran. This study measured the attitudes of the patients' family and personal caregivers (FPCs) and psychiatrists toward patient-centered care. A sample of 88 FPCs of mental patients and 29 psychiatrists in four teaching hospitals of Isfahan city, Iran, providing mental care, were asked to complete the patient-practitioner orientation scale (PPOS)...
December 10, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Antonio Iudici, Maria Quarato, Jessica Neri
The phenomenon of hearing voices is currently a much-discussed topic, both in the field of research and in the field of care services. The majority of people who report "hearing voices" do not subsequently receive services or receive a diagnosis of psychopathology. This topic raises questions for professionals in the health field about the lack of tools that can help illuminate the phenomenon. The purposes of this work are (a) to highlight the psychological studies that approach the phenomenon in a non-psychopathological way and (b) to determine which concepts could aid the comprehension of the phenomenon...
December 10, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Melanie S Harned, Sara C Schmidt
Difficulties with consumer engagement are a common barrier to implementing trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies (TF-EBPs). Potential methods of increasing engagement include utilizing a stage-based treatment approach, and involving consumers in implementation efforts. This mixed method study explored consumers' perspectives on a stage-based TF-EBP, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) with the DBT Prolonged Exposure (DBT PE) protocol. Nineteen DBT consumers in two public mental health agencies targeted for implementation of DBT + DBT PE participated in focus groups and completed questionnaires assessing treatment preferences and expectancies...
December 7, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Tine Van Damme, James Mugisha
The current study examined the impact of sedentary behaviour (SB) on quality of life (QoL) in people with psychotic disorders. Thirty-six Ugandan women (mean age = 33.9 ± 8.0 years) and 23 men (37.4 ± 11.8 years) with a DSM 5 diagnosis of psychosis completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief version and Simple Physical Activity Questionnaire (SIMPAQ). Medication use, physical co-morbidities, weight, height, blood pressure and smoking habits were recorded. Multiple regression analyses were undertaken...
December 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Nick Kerman, John Sylvestre, Tim Aubry, Jino Distasio, Christian G Schütz
For people with mental illness, experiences of homelessness can complicate mental health recovery processes. This study used longitudinal data from a randomized controlled trial of housing first (HF) to examine predictors of recovery among homeless people with mental illness. Findings showed that health and community predictors were most strongly associated with mental health recovery. Receipt of HF did not have any effect on changes in recovery scores at follow-up. Overall, the findings suggest that interventions aimed at preventing chronic homelessness, strengthening social networks and community involvement, and providing case management services will facilitate mental health recovery...
December 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
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