Susan M Dusenbery, Sarah D de Ferranti, Jason Kerstein, Michael Mendelson, Steven Colan, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Puneeta Arya
Our primary aim was to investigate the relationship between LVM and anthropometric measures including lean body mass (LBM) in obese pediatric subjects compared to normal weight controls. A retrospective chart review identified subjects 2-18 years old who were normotensive and had normal echocardiograms between 1995 and 2020 at Boston Children's Hospital. LVM was calculated with the 5/6 area length rule from 2D echocardiograms. LBM was calculated with equations derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
March 29, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Karim A Diab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Molly K Ball, S B Seabrook, R Corbitt, C Stiver, K Nardell, A K Medoro, L Beer, A Brown, J Mollica, R Bapat, T Cosgrove, K T Texter
Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC), beginning in the delivery room, provides myriad health benefits for mother and baby. Early SSC in the delivery room is the standard of care for healthy neonates following both vaginal and cesarean delivery. However, there is little published evidence on the safety of this practice in infants with congenital anomalies requiring immediate postnatal evaluation, including critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Currently, the standard practice following delivery of infants with CCHD in many delivery centers has been immediate separation of mother and baby for neonatal stabilization and transfer to a different hospital unit or a different hospital altogether...
March 27, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Sophia Gu, Abhay Katyal, Qian Zhang, Winnie Chung, Sonia Franciosi, Shubhayan Sanatani
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is linked to an increased incidence of neurodevelopmental impairments in young patients. Given the number of published studies on this topic, a synthesis of the literature is timely and needed. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the medical literature to assess the evidence linking CHD to incidence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A systematic review of studies on CHD and ASD in PubMed, Cochrane and Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) from 1965 to May 2021 was conducted...
March 25, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Carlos Alberto Lodeiro Jordan, Faraz Alizadeh, Levi Sanchez Ramirez, Rachel Kimbro, Keila Natilde Lopez
The prevalence of obesity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) is greater than 25%, putting these patients at-risk for increased surgical morbidity and mortality. Our goal was to determine the association between CHD complexity, sociodemographic factors, and obesity. Our hypothesis was that among CHD patients, the odds of obesity would be highest in older children with simple CHD, and in all children with a lower socioeconomic status. We conducted a retrospective cohort study, reviewing electronic medical records of children aged 2-17 years from over 50 outpatient pediatric clinics in Houston, TX...
March 24, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Ogochukwu M Ezeoke, Jason Williams, Vanessa Ogueri, Brittney K Hills
Our essay discusses the impact of underrepresentation in medical training, with a focus on pediatric cardiology. We use the perspective of a physician who is underrepresented in medicine (URiM), and has chosen to pursue a career in pediatric cardiology, to initiate an analysis of the current path toward pediatric cardiology and the factors in undergraduate and graduate medical education which could currently be optimized to improve diversity in training. We argue that a lack of diversity among physicians leads to worse patient outcomes, and we describe steps to improve representation in the field...
March 24, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Elli N Lockhart, Michael Carr, Kiona Allen, Jill Samis, Laura Torchen, Christina Laternser, Yuqi Bian, Sheetal Patel
Fontan palliation has improved survival in single ventricle patients. However, Fontan patients are subject to long-term morbidity. A few previous studies suggest Fontan patients have an increased risk of abnormal glucose metabolism without a clear mechanism. We aim to evaluate the prevalence and severity of abnormal hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values in Fontan patients and identify associated factors. Single-center retrospective cross-sectional cohort study including Fontan patients and documented HbA1c testing...
March 24, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Michelle J Lim, Myung-Shin Sim, Sylvia Pan, Juan Alejos, Myke Federman
Fluid restriction and diuretic management are mainstays in the postoperative management of cardiac patients, at risk of volume overload and its deleterious effects on primary cardiac function and multi-organ systems. The importance of fluid homeostasis is further emphasized among orthotopic heart transplant recipients (OHT). We sought to investigate the relationship between postoperative volume overload, mortality, and allograft dysfunction among pediatric OHT recipients within 1-year of transplantation. This is a retrospective cohort study from a single pediatric OHT center...
March 22, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Jennifer P Woo, Anitra Romfh, Genevieve Levin, Jana Norris, Jamie Han, Monica Grover, Sharon Chen
Little is known about diabetes risk in adolescents and young adults with Fontan palliation. We sought to understand the prevalence of abnormal hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the adolescent and young adult population with Fontan palliation. Between 2015 and 2021, 78 Fontan patients > 10 years of age were seen in our single ventricle clinic; 66 underwent screening with HbA1c. 50% of the study cohort (n = 33) had HbA1c ≥ 5.7%; 2% (n = 1) had HbA1c ≥ 6...
March 21, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
N Parker, R Flowers, K Vickery, A Stolfi, C Bugnitz
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common arrhythmia among infants. Prevention of SVT is frequently managed through propranolol therapy. Hypoglycemia is a known adverse effect of propranolol therapy, but little research has been done on the incidence and risk of hypoglycemia in treatment of SVT in infants with propranolol. This study attempts to offer insight into the risk of hypoglycemia associated with propranolol therapy when treating infantile SVT to help inform future glucose screening guidelines...
March 18, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Rohit S Loomba, Nobuyuki Ikeda, Vincent Dorsey, Faeeq Yousaf, Kristen Nelson-McMillan
There are very few objectively studied and proven medical interventions for the management of pediatric heart failure. Due to improvement in morbidity and mortality in the adult heart failure population, sacubitril/valsartan has started to be used in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to characterize the acute cardiovascular effects of sacubitril/valsartan in the first 48 h after initiation. Single center retrospective study of pediatric patients in the cardiac intensive care unit who were initiated on sacubitril/valsartan for the first time over a three-year period...
March 17, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Daniel Peck, John L Bass, James M Berry, Brianne S Tainter, Pranava Sinha, Varun Aggarwal
Coronary artery-to-pulmonary artery fistulae are a not uncommon finding in patients with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and collateral-dependent pulmonary blood flow. Management for these fistulae is often primary surgical ligation or unifocalization at the time of complete repair, dependent on the presence of dual blood flow to the involved areas. We present the case of a 32-week premature boy weighing 1.79 kg with TOF, confluent branch pulmonary arteries, major aortopulmonary collaterals, and right coronary artery to main pulmonary artery fistula...
March 13, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Catherine G Williamson, Mina G Park, Bailey Mooney, Aditya Mantha, Arjun Verma, Peyman Benharash
A body of literature has previously highlighted the impact of health insurance on observed disparities in congenital cardiac operations. With aims of improving access to healthcare for all patients, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded Medicaid coverage to nearly all eligible children in 2010. Therefore, the present population-based study aimed to examine the association of Medicaid coverage with clinical and financial outcomes in the era the ACA. Records for pediatric patients (≤ 18 years) who underwent congenital cardiac operations were abstracted from the 2010-2018 Nationwide Readmissions Database...
March 12, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Joseph J Stephenson, Jessica E Hook, Jonathan Beall, Dennis R Delany, Jason R Buckley, Shahryar M Chowdhury, Martina A Steurer, Minoo N Kavarana, John M Costello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Jiande Chen, Lingya Lu, Yong Yin, Shuhua Yuan, Jing Zhang, Jinhong Wu, Mingyu Tang, Hao Chen, Shunmin Wang, Lei Zhang
The indications and surgical techniques for airway stenosis (AS) repair among patients with bridging bronchus (BB) and congenital heart disease (CHD) have not been fully established. We sought to provide our experience with tracheobronchoplasty in a large series of BB patients with AS and CHD. Eligible patients were retrospectively enrolled from June 2013 to December 2017 and were followed up to December 2021. Epidemiological, demographic, clinical, imaging, surgical management, and outcome data were obtained...
March 11, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Amol A Moray, Charlene M T Robertson, Gwen Y Bond, Jayani B Abeysekera, Parsa Mohammadian, Irina A Dinu, Joseph Atallah, Heather N Switzer, Lisa K Hornberger
Major congenital heart disease (CHD) is associated with impaired neurodevelopment (ND), partly from prenatal insults. In this study we explore associations between 2nd and 3rd trimester umbilical (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI = systolic-diastolic velocities/mean velocity) in fetuses with major CHD and 2-year ND and growth outcomes. Eligible patients included those with a prenatal diagnosis of CHD from 2007 to 2017 without a genetic syndrome who underwent previously defined cardiac surgeries and 2-year biometric and ND assessments in our program...
March 11, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Justin Robinson, Joseph M Forbess, Michael Slack, Julianne Moss, Alicia Chaves
Patients born with obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous return have a high risk of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period, which only increases when combined with single ventricle physiology and non-cardiac congenital anomalies such as heterotaxy syndrome. Despite advances in management of congenital heart disease, surgery within the first weeks of life to repair the pulmonary venous connection and establish pulmonary blood flow with a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt has historically led to disappointing outcomes...
March 4, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Jessica A Barreto, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Diego Porras, Jesse J Esch, Nicola Maschietto, Brian Quinn, Lisa Bergersen, Mary Stein, Ryan Callahan
Patients with pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) often require frequent transcatheter pulmonary vein (PV) interventions for management of restenosis. Predictors of serious adverse events (AEs) and need for high-level cardiorespiratory support (mechanical ventilation, vasoactive support, and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) 48 h after transcatheter PV interventions have not been reported. This is a single-center retrospective cohort analysis of patients with PVS who underwent transcatheter PV interventions from 3/1/2014 to 12/31/2021...
March 3, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
Christopher Herron, David Lehenbauer, Shabana Shahanavaz
Transcatheter tricuspid valve placement in congenital heart disease is becoming increasingly used when a previously placed surgical ringed valve becomes dysfunctional. Surgically repaired and/or native tricuspid inflows are generally not amenable to transcatheter valve placement without a prior ring being placed. We present the second pediatric case to our knowledge of transcatheter tricuspid valve placement in a surgically repaired tricuspid valve in the absence of a ring.
March 3, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2023: Pediatric Cardiology
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