journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39007601/predictive-value-of-bolster-supine-x-ray-for-the-correction-of-segmental-deformity-after-thoracolumbar-fusion-surgery
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sang Hyub Lee, Dong-Hwan Kim, Jin Hoon Park, Dong Ho Kang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of thoracolumbar spine flexibility is crucial for determining which osteotomy to perform (posterior column osteotomy or 3-column osteotomy) to restore sagittal balance. Although preoperative bolster supine X-rays have been used to evaluate spine flexibility, their correlation with postoperative spinopelvic parameters has not been reported. We aimed to evaluate the predictive value of bolster X-ray for correcting sagittal deformities after thoracolumbar fusion surgery...
July 15, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39007600/superselective-angiography-of-vasa-vasorum-within-partially-thrombosed-vertebral-aneurysm-a-case-report
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuichi Kawasaki, Takashi Izumi, Masahiro Nishihori, Shunsaku Goto, Yoshio Araki, Kinya Yokoyama, Ryuta Saito
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Partially thrombosed vertebral artery aneurysms (PTVAs) are rare, most of which are not easy to treat. Furthermore, endovascular treatment of PTVAs may not have favorable outcomes. The relationship between PTVAs and well-developed vasa vasorum (VV), including the mechanism of aneurysm growth, has been reported, but there are no reports of imaging findings by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). In this case, we successfully performed superselective angiography of well-developed VV and evaluated its imaging characteristics...
July 15, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39007590/commentary-clinical-predictors-of-overall-survival-in-very-elderly-patients-with-glioblastoma-a-national-cancer-database-multivariable-analysis
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pavel S Pichardo-Rojas, Antonio Dono, Yoshua Esquenazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39007587/an-international-multicenter-feasibility-study-on-active-and-continuous-irrigation-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-exchange-for-improving-outcomes-in-cerebral-ventriculitis
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ammad A Baig, Ryan M Hess, Annelise C Sprau, Hanna Kemeny, Eisa Hashmi, Pouya Nazari, Jaims Lim, Ryan C Turner, Nicholas Brandmeir, Behnam Rezai Jahromi, Mika Niemelä, Babak S Jahromi, Elad I Levy, Adnan H Siddiqui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cerebral ventriculitis remains a challenging neurosurgical condition because of poor outcomes including mortality rates of nearly 80% and a prolonged course of treatment in survivors. Despite current conventional management, outcomes in some cases remain unsatisfactory, with no definitive therapeutic guidelines. This feasibility study aims to explore the use of a novel active, continuous irrigation and drainage system (IRRAflow [IRRAS AB]) combined with intraventricular drug delivery for patients with cerebral ventriculitis...
July 15, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39007559/genomic-alterations-in-molecularly-defined-oligodendrogliomas
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carly Weber-Levine, Maureen Rakovec, Kelly Jiang, Anita Kalluri, Divyaansh Raj, Megan Parker, Joshua Materi, Sadra Sepehri, Abel Ferrés, Karisa C Schreck, Iban Aldecoa, Calixto-Hope G Lucas, Kristin J Redmond, Matthias Holdhoff, Haris I Sair, Jon D Weingart, Henry Brem, Josep González Sánchez, Xiaobu Ye, Chetan Bettegowda, Jordina Rincon-Torroella
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oligodendrogliomas are defined by IDH1/2 mutation and codeletion of chromosome arms 1p/19q. Although previous studies identified CIC, FUBP1, and TERTp as frequently altered in oligodendrogliomas, the clinical relevance of these molecular signatures is unclear. Moreover, previous studies predominantly used research panels that are not readily available to providers and patients. Accordingly, we explore genomic alterations in molecularly defined oligodendrogliomas using clinically standardized next-generation sequencing (NGS) panels...
July 15, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995031/women-neurosurgeons-worldwide-characterizing-the-global-female-neurosurgical-workforce-corrigendum
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990007/in-reply-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-part-i-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-consensus-on-anatomy-diagnosis-and-classification-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-and-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-part-ii-consensus-on-the-management-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-by-the
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nora F Dengler, S Ferraresi, S Rochkind, N Denisova, D Garozzo, C Heinen, R Alimehmeti, C Capone, D G Barone, A Zdunczyk, M T Pedro, G Antoniadis, R Kaiser, A Dubuisson, T Kretschmer, L Rasulic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990006/gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-hypothalamic-hamartoma-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study-on-safety-efficacy-and-complication-profile
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manjul Tripathi, Jason P Sheehan, Ajay Niranjan, Lydia Ren, Stylianos Pikis, L Dade Lunsford, Selcuk Peker, Yavuz Samanci, Anne Marie Langlois, David Mathieu, Cheng Chia Lee, Huai Che Yang, Hansen Deng, Ashutosh Rai, Narendra Kumar, Jitendra Kuma Sahu, Naveen Sankhyan, Harsh Deora
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is a safe and effective treatment option for hypothalamic hamartomas (HH), but there is no consensus opinion on its timing, dosage, and follow-up. The aim of this study was to define the safety, efficacy, outcome, and complication profile of GKRS in this patient population. METHODS: This retrospective multicentric study involved 39 patients with the mean age of 16 ± 14.84 years. Early seizures resulted in an earlier age of diagnosis in 97% of patients...
July 11, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38990004/evidence-against-a-traumatic-brain-injury-july-effect-an-analysis-of-3%C3%A2-160%C3%A2-452-patients-from-the-national-inpatient-sample
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Avi A Gajjar, Michael M Covell, Rohit Prem Kumar, Oliver Y Tang, Sruthi Ranganathan, Logan Muzyka, William Mualem, Inaya Rehman, Shrey V Patel, Raj Swaroop Lavadi, Rida Mitha, Bryan A Lieber, D Kojo Hamilton, Nitin Agarwal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The "July Effect" hypothesizes increased morbidity and mortality after the addition of inexperienced physicians at the beginning of an academic year. However, the impact of newer members on neurosurgical teams managing patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) has yet to be examined. This study conducted a nationwide analysis to evaluate the existence of the "July Effect" in the setting of patients with TBI. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Central Distributor's National Inpatient Sample data set was queried for patients with TBI using International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 and ICD-10 codes...
July 11, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38989995/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-intermediate-iii-or-high-iv-v-spetzler-martin-grade-arteriovenous-malformations-international-stereotactic-radiosurgery-society-practice-guideline
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher S Graffeo, Rupesh Kotecha, Arjun Sahgal, Laura Fariselli, Alessandra Gorgulho, Marc Levivier, Lijun Ma, Ian Paddick, Jean Regis, Jason P Sheehan, John H Suh, Shoji Yomo, Bruce E Pollock
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Consensus guidelines do not exist to guide the role of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in the management of patients with Spetzler-Martin Grade III-V arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). We sought to establish SRS practice guidelines for Grade III-V AVMs based on a critical systematic review of the published literature. METHODS: A Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-compliant search of Medline, Embase, and Scopus, 1986 to 2023, for publications reporting post-SRS outcomes in ≥10 Grade III-V AVMs with the median follow-up ≥24 months was performed...
July 11, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38989994/letter-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-part-i-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-consensus-on-anatomy-diagnosis-and-classification-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-and-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-part-ii-consensus-on-the-management-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-by-the
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38985563/impact-of-frailty-on-surgical-outcomes-of-patients-with-cushing-disease-using-the-multicenter-registry-of-adenomas-of-the-pituitary-and-related-disorders-registry
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew C Findlay, Robert C Rennert, Brandon Lucke-Wold, William T Couldwell, James J Evans, Sarah Collopy, Won Kim, William Delery, Donato R Pacione, Albert H Kim, Julie M Silverstein, Mridu Kanga, Michael R Chicoine, Paul A Gardner, Benita Valappil, Hussein Abdallah, Christina E Sarris, Benjamin K Hendricks, Ildiko E Torok, Trevor M Low, Tomiko A Crocker, Kevin C J Yuen, Vera Vigo, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Varun R Kshettry, Andrew S Little, Michael Karsy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite growing interest in how patient frailty affects outcomes (eg, in neuro-oncology), its role after transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing disease (CD) remains unclear. We evaluated the effect of frailty on CD outcomes using the Registry of Adenomas of the Pituitary and Related Disorders (RAPID) data set from a collaboration of US academic pituitary centers. METHODS: Data on consecutive surgically treated patients with CD (2011-2023) were compiled using the 11-factor modified frailty index...
July 10, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38984841/the-history-of-the-neurosciences-at-the-albert-einstein-medical-center-and-montefiore-medical-center-science-at-the-heart-of-medicine
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rose Fluss, Riana Lo Bu, Phillip Cezayirli, David J Altschul, Emad Eskandar
"Science at the heart of medicine," the ethos of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and its university hospital, Montefiore Medical Center, has shaped the institution's legacy of pivotal contributions in the neurosciences. From its inception to the present day, the leaders of these institutions have epitomized the integration of clinical medicine, technical excellence, and multidisciplinary basic research. Over time these skills have become increasingly imperative for addressing neurological disorders and overcoming obstacles hindering progress in the field...
July 10, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38984834/delay-in-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hammad Atif Irshad, Syeda Fatima Shariq, Muhammad Ali Akbar Khan, Taha Shaikh, Wasila Gul Kakar, Muhammad Shakir, Todd C Hankinson, Syed Ather Enam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vague symptoms and a lack of pathognomonic features hinder the timely diagnosis of pediatric brain tumors (PBTs). However, patients in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) must also bear the brunt of a multitude of additional factors contributing to diagnostic delays and subsequently affecting survival. Therefore, this study aims to assess these factors and quantify the durations associated with diagnostic delays for PBTs in LMICs. METHODS: A systematic review of extant literature regarding children from LMICs diagnosed with brain tumors was conducted...
July 10, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38984833/current-indications-trends-and-long-term-results-of-233-bypasses-to-treat-complex-intracranial-aneurysms-a-location-specific-analysis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laligam N Sekhar, Varadaraya S Shenoy, Rajeev D Sen, Charles A Miller, Andrew Montoure, Basavaraj V Ghodke, Louis J Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Advances in endovascular flow diverters have led to a secular shift in the management of brain aneurysms, causing debate on current bypass indications. We therefore sought to investigate the long-term results, current indications, and trends of bypasses for brain aneurysms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed bypasses performed between 2005 and 2022 to treat brain aneurysms. Demographic, clinical, and radiological data were collected till the most recent follow-up...
July 10, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38984822/comprehensive-assessment-of-drug-kinetics-neurotoxicity-and-safety-of-sirolimus-eluting-intracranial-stents-in-canine-basilar-artery
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xuan Sun, Xiaojin Wu, Ming Yang, Yiming Deng, Baixue Jia, Xuelei Zhang, Min Zhang, Chaoqiong Pi, Christophe Bureau, Giuseppina Caligiuri, Zhongrong Miao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) have shown promise in treating intracranial atherosclerosis but concerns about potential neurotoxicity due to prolonged drug release exist. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the safety of SES, with a focus on neurotoxicity. METHODS: Stents (1.50 × 7 or 12 mm) were implanted into the basilar arteries of 154 Labrador Retrievers (weighing >25 kg and aged older than 1 year) divided into 4 groups: baer-metal stent, polymer-coated stent, standard-dose SES (sirolimus dose: 71 μg), and high-dose SES group (sirolimus dose: 284 μg)...
July 10, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38984821/postinterventional-petechial-hemorrhage-associated-with-poor-functional-outcome-after-successful-recanalization-following-endovascular-therapy
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jicai Ma, Lina M Chervak, James E Siegler, Zhenzhang Li, Mohammad Mofatteh, Milagros Galecio-Castillo, Sijie Zhou, Jianhui Huang, Yuzheng Lai, Youyong Zhang, Junhui Guo, Xiuling Zhang, Chunyun Cheng, Jiaying Tang, Junbin Chen, Yimin Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endovascular therapy (EVT) has emerged as the standard for treating patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between early petechial hemorrhage and patient outcomes after successful EVT of anterior circulation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed multicenter data from 316 patients who underwent EVT for acute occlusion of anterior circulation. Patients were divided into petechial hemorrhage group and without hemorrhage group based on post-EVT head imaging...
July 10, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38967439/follow-up-care-for-brain-tumors-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-existing-challenges-and-strategies-for-the-future
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Muhammad Shakir, Izza Tahir, Syeda Fatima Shariq, Aly Hamza Khowaja, Hammad Atif Irshad, Ali I Rae, Radzi Hamzah, Saksham Gupta, Kee B Park, Syed Ather Enam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Brain tumors have a poor prognosis and a high death rate. Sufficient aftercare is necessary to enhance patient results. But follow-up care provision is fraught with difficulties in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where a variety of variables can impede access to care. Therefore, our systematic review aimed to identify challenges to follow-up care for brain tumors and possible solutions in LMICs. METHODS: A thorough search of the literature was performed from the beginning until October 20, 2022, using Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL...
July 5, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38967428/multistaged-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-complex-large-lobar-arteriovenous-malformations-a-case-series
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mehmet Denizhan Yurtluk, Othman Bin-Alamer, John C Flickinger, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis, Ajay Niranjan, L Dade Lunsford
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) has well defined outcomes in the management of smaller-volume arteriovenous malformations (AVM), this report evaluates the outcomes when SRS is used for large-volume (≥10 cc) lobar AVMs. METHODS: Between 1990 and 2022, a cohort of 1325 patients underwent Leksell Gamma Knife SRS for brain AVMs. Among these, 40 patients (25 women; median age: 37 years) with large lobar AVMs underwent volume-staged SRS followed by additional SRS procedures if needed (2-5 procedures)...
July 5, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38967423/comparison-of-postoperative-seizures-between-burr-hole-evacuation-and-craniotomy-in-patients-with-nonacute-subdural-hematomas-a-bi-institutional-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Felipe Ramirez-Velandia, Kasuni H Ranawaka, Aryan Wadhwa, Mira Salih, Thomas B Fodor, Tzak S Lau, Niels Pacheco-Barrios, Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Imad S Khan, Rafael A Vega, Martina Stippler, Philipp Taussky, Jennifer Hong, Christopher S Ogilvy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative seizures are a common complication after surgical drainage of nonacute chronic subdural hematomas (SDHs). The literature increasingly supports the use of prophylactic antiepileptic drugs for craniotomy, a procedure that is often associated with larger collections and worse clinical status at admission. This study aimed to compare the incidence of postoperative seizures in patients treated with burr-hole drainage and those treated with craniotomy through propensity score matching (PSM)...
July 5, 2024: Neurosurgery
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