journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37987222/the-palatal-island-flap-for-the-reconstruction-of-oral-and-oropharyngeal-defects
#21
Farshid Taghizadeh, Allison A Slijepcevic, Madison E Colcord, Jonathon Chodroff, Mark K Wax
The palatal island rotation flap is a rarely used reconstructive technique. The tissue is robust and the morbidity is low. It can be used as a primary reconstructive technique in patients with limited oral cavity/pharynx lesions. Healing is uneventful. In radiated pateints healing is prolonged and should be avoided. We describe 14 patients where the flap was used to reconstruct local defects. Patients with no history of radiation all healed quickly and well. Those with a history of radiatiuon had prolonged pain and delayed healing...
November 21, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37987221/effects-of-economic-status-on-changes-in-social-networks-and-mental-health-after-using-hearing-aids
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sang-Yoon Han, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVES: Hearing impairment affects social networks and mental health. Hearing aids (HA) can improve these deficits. However, their effects might be affected by various factors such as economic status (ES). This study aimed to identify how ES could moderate the effects of HA on social networks, depressive mood, and cognition. METHODS: A prospective cohort for new HA users was established and classified into two groups based on their ES: a low ES group (LES group) and a medium to high ES group (MHES group)...
November 21, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983884/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-and-perioperative-laryngectomy-outcomes
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Catherine H Frenkel, Erin E Donahue, Daniel Brickman, Steven Hong, Zvonimir L Milas
OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing laryngectomy are particularly vulnerable to postoperative complications secondary to social and nutritional barriers, substance abuse, and prior cancer treatment. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs may mitigate this vulnerability and improve postoperative complications and oncologic outcomes. The objective of this study is to evaluate the postoperative complication rate and oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing laryngectomy before and after ERAS program implementation...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983880/salivary-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-masquerading-as-chronic-submandibular-sialolithiasis
#24
Nikhil T Vettikattu, Georges E Daoud, Kartik Viswanathan, Azeem S Kaka
A patient with chronic submandibular sialolithiasis underwent conservative treatment with appropriate imaging and multiple biopsies that continually revealed chronic inflammation. Due to continued symptoms, the patient underwent eventual excision and finaly pathology revealed salivary mucinous adenocarcinoma, which is a rare and poorly understood salivary malignancy. Persistent diagnostic workup and a high suspicion for salivary gland lesions is important for appropriate diagnosis and treatment. More attention and research on this specific entity can help future clinicians better diagnose and treat patients with a similar presentation...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983879/automatic-recognition-of-concealed-fish-bones-under-laryngoscopy-a-practical-ai-model-based-on-yolo-v5
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoyao Tao, Xu Zhao, Hairui Liu, Jinqiao Wang, Chunhui Tian, Longsheng Liu, Yujie Ding, Xue Chen, Yehai Liu
BACKGROUND: Fish bone impaction is one of the most common problems encountered in otolaryngology emergencies. Due to their small and transparent nature, as well as the complexity of pharyngeal anatomy, identifying fish bones efficiently under laryngoscopy requires substantial clinical experience. This study aims to create an AI model to assist clinicians in detecting pharyngeal fish bones more efficiently under laryngoscopy. METHODS: Totally 3133 laryngoscopic images related to fish bones were collected for model training and validation...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983868/stereotactic-radiosurgery-and-radiotherapy-for-vestibular-schwannoma-in-nf2-related-schwannomatosis
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Manu Shrivastava, Beatrice Emmanouil, Rajeev Mathew, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry, Jane Halliday, Samuel Mackeith
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term control rates and hearing outcomes for growing vestibular schwannoma in NF2-related schwannomatosis (NF2) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and fractionated radiotherapy (FRT). METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients treated with SRS/FRT between 1986 and2021 from a tertiary NF2 unit. Overall tumor control was defined as: (1) growth control (growth failure was defined as growth in any dimension of 3 millimetres or more from baseline post-SRS/FRT), and (2) treatment control (no need for further intervention)...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983867/nanoparticle-concentration-in-surgical-plume-during-tonsillectomy-a-comparison-of-four-techniques
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Richard H Law, Lorenzo Cena, Alec Sporn, Adva Buzi, Mark D Rizzi, Ryan L Ruiz, Sabrina Fedrigo, Terri Giordano, Alexander N Fahmy, Kavita Dedhia
OBJECTIVE: Surgical plume has known potential occupational health hazards. This study compares nanoparticle concentrations in surgical plumes generated between different pediatric tonsillectomy surgical techniques and assesses the efficacy of mitigation measures. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed at a tertiary care academic center. Extracapsular or intracapsular tonsillectomy was performed in 60 patients using four techniques and in 10 additional patients using mitigation measures...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983853/higher-rates-of-inadequate-adjuvant-radiation-dose-among-older-adults-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gabriel Raab, Christopher Babu, Yao Yu, Babak Givi, Richard J Wong, Nancy Y Lee, Kaveh Zakeri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of inadequate radiotherapy and identify risk factors associated with inadequate adjuvant radiotherapy for head and neck cancer among older adults. METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Cancer Database (NCDB) was performed to identify patients diagnosed with squamous cell cancer of the head and neck between 2004 and 2017. Patients with a single malignancy, negative surgical margins, no extranodal extension, and receipt of adjuvant radiation without systemic therapy were included in the study cohort...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983846/evaluation-of-oropharyngeal-cancer-information-from-revolutionary-artificial-intelligence-chatbot
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ryan J Davis, Oluwatobiloba Ayo-Ajibola, Matthew E Lin, Mark S Swanson, Tamara N Chambers, Daniel I Kwon, Niels C Kokot
OBJECTIVE: With burgeoning popularity of artificial intelligence-based chatbots, oropharyngeal cancer patients now have access to a novel source of medical information. Because chatbot information is not reviewed by experts, we sought to evaluate an artificial intelligence-based chatbot's oropharyngeal cancer-related information for accuracy. METHODS: Fifteen oropharyngeal cancer-related questions were developed and input into ChatGPT version 3.5. Four physician-graders independently assessed accuracy, comprehensiveness, and similarity to a physician response using 5-point Likert scales...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37983833/a-mobile-application-for-child-focused-tonsillectomy-education-development-and-user-testing
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Holly Cordray, Emily A Wright, Chhaya Patel, Nikhila Raol, Kara K Prickett
OBJECTIVE: Patient education is central to Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols, but child-focused materials are lacking. We developed and piloted a mobile application to support accessible, interactive patient and caregiver education about pediatric tonsillectomy. METHODS: Thirty children ages 5-12 who were preparing for tonsillectomy, their caregivers, and six attending otolaryngologists participated in a user-testing trial of a web-based prototype. The trial measured feasibility, fidelity, and patient-centered outcomes...
November 20, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37975487/case-report-human-tracheal-transplantation-undergoes-progressive-reepithelialization-over-time
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benjamin M Laitman, Pamela Cruz-Encarnacion, Ronald E Gordon, Eric M Genden
OBJECTIVES: Tracheal transplantation is an ideal option for the reconstruction of long-segment circumferential tracheal defects. Our group performed the first successful vascularized single-staged tracheal transplantation in January 2021. Although a rigid biocompatible structure is necessary for a functioning tracheal replacement, the importance of ciliated epithelium, which allows for critical mucociliary clearance, is now being appreciated. Here, we examined the histological changes of the first single-staged human tracheal transplant from serial endoscopic biopsies...
November 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37975480/impact-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-with-perineural-invasion
#32
REVIEW
Bianca Maria Festa, Andrea Costantino, Gian Marco Pace, Gerardo Petruzzi, Flaminia Campo, Raul Pellini, Giuseppe Spriano, Armando De Virgilio
OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines indicate postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with perineural invasion (PNI), however, its real benefit has never been proven. The aim of our study is to investigate the benefit of PORT in OSCC patients with PNI in terms of survival and disease control. DATA SOURCES: The Pubmed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases. REVIEW METHODS: Patients with PNI + OSCC treated with primary surgery were extracted from the included studies...
November 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37975437/clinical-behavior-of-the-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-larynx-a-scoping-review
#33
REVIEW
Alexandros Poutoglidis, Evropi Forozidou, Georgios Fyrmpas, Konstantinos Mantsopoulos, Chrysanthos Chrysanthou, Nektarios Galanis, George Paraskevas, Stavros Savvakis, Paraskevi Karamitsou
OBJECTIVE: Mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MEC) of the larynx account for less than 1% of all laryngeal tumors. The unique features and clinical behavior of these rare entities remain unknown. To fill this knowledge gap, we performed a scoping review of every reported case of laryngeal MEC to study the clinical behavior and the treatment modalities in this rare entity. REVIEW METHODS: We followed the guidelines outlined in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) statement...
November 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37975432/carotid-cochlear-apex-dehiscence-a-family-affair
#34
St├ęphane Gargula, Alexia Tran, Mary Daval, Daniel Levy, Maria-Pia Tuset, Denis Ayache
We report two cases of carotid-cochlea dehiscence involving the cochlear apex, with, to our knowledge, the first description of this anomaly in two members of a family (mother-daughter). Pure tone audiometry revealed a bilateral mild sensorineural hearing loss predominantly on the left in the daughter, and a left mild mixed hearing loss with a predominance of sensorineural loss in the medium frequencies in the mother Carotid-cochlear dehiscence is a rare anomaly with a multiform expression, which should be investigated in cases of third mobile window symptoms, but also atypical sensorineural hearing loss, or before any cochlear implantation...
November 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37971185/scoping-review-of-surgical-rehabilitation-of-post-intubation-phonatory-insufficiency
#35
REVIEW
Ellen L Ferraro, Conrad K Blunck, Michael S Benninger, Robert R Lorenz, Rebecca Chota Nelson, William S Tierney, Paul C Bryson
OBJECTIVES: Post intubation phonatory insufficiency (PIPI) or posterior glottic diastasis describes posterior glottic insufficiency (PGI) caused by prolonged intubation causing medial arytenoid ulceration, mucosal scarring, and incomplete cricoarytenoid joint adduction. The purpose of this review is to showcase diagnostic findings, surgical rehabilitation, and gaps in our treatment algorithm of PIPI. DATA SOURCES: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science. REVIEW METHODS: Two independent reviewers completed a systematic search of the literature studying PIPI...
November 16, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37971150/intracapsular-versus-total-tonsillectomy-in-patients-with-trisomy-21
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alisa Timashpolsky, Ashna Aggarwal, Ryan Ruiz, Conor Devine
OBJECTIVES: Intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (iTA) has become a popular alternative to extracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TT) for the treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to improved recovery and fewer complications. The objective of this study was to compare surgical recovery and impact on OSA of iTA versus TT in patients with Trisomy 21 (T21). METHODS: This is a case series with chart review of all T21 patients who underwent iTA or TT at our institution between July 1, 2015 and August 15, 2022...
November 16, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37971081/the-effect-of-social-vulnerability-on-perioperative-tonsillectomy-outcomes-in-children
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salina H Goff, Kaci Pickett-Nairne, Thanh Nguyen, Kyle O Rove, Norman R Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with greater social vulnerability are more likely to experience a prolonged oxygen requirement (POR) following adenotonsillectomy to inform the need for overnight monitoring prior to discharge. METHODS: A previously published prospective study assessing children observed overnight following adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing was reanalyzed including social vulnerability index (SVI). The outcome was POR beyond 3 h following extubation...
November 16, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37965970/parosteal-lipoma-overlying-an-osteochondroma-of-the-hyoid-bone-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#38
Allen Green, Eric X Wei, Alexandra Chang-Graham, Brittany Holmes, Alden Smith, C Kwang Sung
Parosteal lipomas and osteochondromas of the head and neck are uncommon benign tumors, constituting a small fraction of lipoma and bone tumor cases. We present a unique case of a 66-year-old male with a parosteal lipoma overlying an osteochondroma in the anterior midline neck, causing dysphagia. Surgical excision confirmed the diagnosis, and a literature review revealed similar cases predominantly adjacent to the mandible or calvaria. This case emphasizes the need to have parosteal lipoma and osteochondroma on the differential diagnosis for patients presenting with a firm mass of the central neck, especially with a history of trauma...
November 15, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37965969/transverse-cordotomy-with-thyroarytenoid-myectomy-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#39
Benjamin M Laitman, Gabriel Rivera Rivera, Peak Woo
We propose a modification of the transverse cordotomy procedure which improves the predictable airway outcome and allows for better voice. Laryngoscope, 2023.
November 15, 2023: Laryngoscope
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37965946/video-based-decision-aids-improve-sleep-surgery-decision-making-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arushi Gulati, Hasan Abdulbaki, Jacquelyn K Callander, Yi Cai, Jolie L Chang
OBJECTIVES: Decisional conflict (DC) is high in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) surgical candidates interested in positive airway pressure (PAP) alternatives. We evaluated the impact of pre-consultation video decision aids on patient DC and decision readiness. METHODS: Prior to consultation for PAP alternatives, adult OSA patients were enrolled and completed a questionnaire querying DC (scored 0 [no conflict]-100 [high conflict]) and decision readiness. Those considering ≥3 treatment options were categorized as "high-conflict...
November 15, 2023: Laryngoscope
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