Alice E Huang, Daenis Camiré, Peter H Hwang, Vladimir Nekhendzy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to characterize the incidence and management of difficult tracheal intubations (DTIs) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after primary radiation therapy (RT). METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of airway assessment and outcomes in post-RT NPC patients. Primary analysis was performed on patients who underwent post-RT procedures, who were split into non-DTI and DTI groups. Patients were classified as DTI if they (i) required >1 attempt to intubate, (ii) failed to be intubated, or (iii) experienced complications attributed to airway management...
May 30, 2023: Laryngoscope
Ryosuke Nakamura, Renjie Bing, Gary J Gartling, Michael J Garabedian, Ryan C Branski
OBJECTIVE: The diversity of glucocorticoid (GC) properties may underlie variability of clinical efficacy for vocal fold (VF) disease. Optimized therapeutic approaches must account for tissue complexity as well as interactions between cell types. We previously reported that reduced GC concentrations inhibited inflammation without eliciting fibrosis in mono-cultured VF fibroblasts and macrophages. These data suggested that a refined approach to GC concentration may improve outcomes. In the current study, co-culture of VF fibroblasts and macrophages was employed to investigate the effects of different concentrations of methylprednisolone on fibrotic and inflammatory response genes in VF fibroblasts to optimize management paradigms...
May 29, 2023: Laryngoscope
Zuzana Javorská, Karol Zeleník, Kristína Lukáčová, Renata Taimrová, Adéla Vrtková, Viktória Hránková, Jakub Lubojacký, Martin Formánek, Miroslav Tedla
OBJECTIVES: Mulberry-like changes of the posterior inferior nasal turbinate (MPINT) can lead to nasal obstruction. Extraesophageal reflux (EER) characterized by lower pH causes mucosal inflammation and therefore can contribute to sinonasal pathologies. No prior studies have objectively examined the possible association between acidic pH and MPINT formation. Therefore, this study is aimed to investigate the 24-h pharyngeal pH value in patients with MPINT. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control multi-center study...
May 29, 2023: Laryngoscope
August A Culbert, Anna-Karoline Israel, Jamie Ku, Natalie L Silver
Syphilis is an infectious disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Rates have been rising in the US and globally. Known as the "Great Imitator," syphilis can involve head and neck subsites, and often can masquerade as possible carcinoma of the head and neck. Here, we present three distinct cases of syphilis presenting as suspected head and neck malignancy involving the oropharynx, larynx and oral cavity. All cases were diagnosed on surgical pathologic examination of diseased tissues and treated...
May 29, 2023: Laryngoscope
Chen-Long Li, You-Zhou Xie, Aijuan He, Ning-Hua Liu, Chun-Xiao Cui, Ying Chen, Yaoyao Fu, Tianyu Zhang
Hearing improvement is another basic requirement for microtia patients in addition to aesthetic needs. This quantitative framework fabrication method can reduce the learning curve, obtain satisfactory aesthetic results with few complications, and reserve a certain space for future canalplasty. Laryngoscope, 2023.
May 27, 2023: Laryngoscope
Ramya Bharathi, Gopikrishna M Rao, Jeremiah Tracy, Jan Groblewski, Maria Koenigs
OBJECTIVE: To understand the etiology of tracheotomy-induced tracheal stenosis by comparing the differences in techniques and mechanical force applied with open tracheotomy (OT) versus percutaneous tracheotomy (PCT) placement. METHODS: This study is an unblinded, experimental, randomized controlled study in an ex-vivo animal model. Simulated tracheostomies were performed on 10 porcine tracheas, 5 via a tracheal window technique (OT) and 5 using the Ciaglia technique (PCT)...
May 26, 2023: Laryngoscope
Gary Gartling, Ryosuke Nakamura, Renjie Bing, Ryan C Branski
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Myofiber culture has been employed to investigate muscle physiology in vitro and is well-established in the rodent hind limb. Thyroarytenoid (TA) myofiber culture has not been described, providing an opportunity to employ this method to investigate distinct TA myofiber functions. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of a TA myofiber culture model. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro. METHODS: TA muscles from five Sprague Dawley rats were independently isolated and digested for 90 min...
May 25, 2023: Laryngoscope
Deniz Can Guven, Bettzy Stephen, Taha Koray Sahin, Ibrahim Yahya Cakir, Sercan Aksoy
OBJECTIVES: Data regarding the clinical benefits of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are limited in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of phase-III clinical trials to evaluate the benefit of adding ICIs to chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of advanced NPC. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using Web of Science, PubMed, and Embase for studies published until September 21, 2022. The meta-analyses were performed with the generic inverse-variance method with a random-effects model...
May 25, 2023: Laryngoscope
Renee E King, Andrea Bilger, Josef Rademacher, Paul F Lambert, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVE: Laryngeal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) and accounts for up to 25% of laryngeal cancers. Lack of satisfactory preclinical models is one reason that treatments for these diseases are limited. We sought to assess the literature describing preclinical models of laryngeal papillomavirus infection. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from the inception of database through October 2022...
May 25, 2023: Laryngoscope
Vijay Patel, Marta Kulich, Amit Kochhar, Gabriel Gomez
Described herein is an innovative, minimally-invasive technique to harvest temporoparietal fascia flap used in implant-based ear reconstruction for children with microtia. This technique utilizes a never previously described application of intra-operative Indocyanine Green Angiography to optimize flap viability and minimizing the risk of facial nerve injury. Laryngoscope, 2023.
May 23, 2023: Laryngoscope
Ted Mau, Milan R Amin, Peter C Belafsky, Simon R Best, Aaron D Friedman, Adam M Klein, David G Lott, Randal C Paniello, Seth M Pransky, Nabil F Saba, Tamara Howard, Michael Dallas, Aditya Patel, Matthew P Morrow, Jeffrey M Skolnik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of INO-3107, a DNA immunotherapy designed to elicit targeted T-cell responses against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11, in adult patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP; NCT04398433). METHODS: Eligible patients required ≥2 surgical interventions for RRP in the year preceding dosing. INO-3107 was administered by intramuscular (IM) injection followed by electroporation (EP) on weeks 0, 3, 6, and 9...
May 19, 2023: Laryngoscope
Noah J Thornton, Glenn Isaacson
OBJECTIVES: In 2001, we instituted a protocol for the removal of retained tympanostomy tubes, delaying elective removal until 2.5 years after placement. It was hoped that this would decrease the number of surgeries without increasing the rate of permanent tympanic perforations compared to removal at 2 years. METHODS: Protocol: Fluoroplastic Armstrong beveled grommet tympanostomy tubes were placed by a single surgeon supervising the residents. The children were seen at 6-month intervals after placement...
May 19, 2023: Laryngoscope
Leo L T Meller, Milind Vasudev, Anh-Tram Bui, Jenny Wang, Edward C Kuan, Tjoson Tjoa, Yarah M Haidar
OBJECTIVES: As research in otolaryngology continues to expand rapidly, it is important to identify core journals to keep clinicians updated with the latest advances. This study is the first to characterize core journals in otolaryngology. METHODS: Using h-index and impact factor (IF), the top 15 NLM-indexed otolaryngology journals were selected for analysis. The references from all articles published in these journals in one randomized quarter were compiled into a citation rank list, with the most cited journal ranked the highest...
May 18, 2023: Laryngoscope
Isam Alobid, Alfonso Santamaría-Gadea, Franklin Mariño-Sánchez
Endoscopic Racket-on-Donut technique is a combination of a modified greater palatine artery and inverted edges flaps. Endoscopic Racket-on-Donut technique is very useful for anterior NSP repair. Laryngoscope, 2023.
May 18, 2023: Laryngoscope
Robert R Lorenz
INTRODUCTION: A novel technique to treat subglottic stenosis, the "Maddern Procedure", has been gaining acceptance in academic centers. This study describes the technique in detail, as well as its evolution over the first 28 patients performed at an academic center. METHODS: A prospective case-series, with descriptive technique modifications cataloged throughout the 6 years needed to accumulate the patient cohort with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up (11/2015-11/2021)...
May 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
Julia Nguyen, Rushi Patel, Jean Anderson Eloy, Soly Baredes, Richard Chan Woo Park
INTRODUCTION: To assess the association between time to surgery (TTS) and survival in sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma patients (SSCC). METHODS: We queried the 2004-2016 National Cancer Database for all cases of adult SSCC undergoing primary surgical treatment. Patients with missing TTS information were excluded. We conducted a multivariate analysis of patient demographic and clinicopathological characteristics' effect on overall survival (OS) using a Cox proportional hazards model enhanced with cubic spline non-linear approximation...
May 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
Jarrad H Van Stan, James Burns, Tiffiny Hron, Steven Zeitels, Bharat A Panuganti, Phillip R Purnell, Daryush D Mehta, Robert E Hillman, Hamzeh Ghasemzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain quantitative insights into the role of daily voice use associated with mild phonotrauma via the Daily Phonotrauma Index (DPI), a measure derived from neck-surface acceleration magnitude (NSAM) and difference between the first two harmonic magnitudes (H1 - H2). METHODS: An ambulatory voice monitor recorded weeklong voice use for 151 female patients with phonotraumatic vocal hyperfunction (PVH) and 181 female vocally healthy controls...
May 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
Sarek A Shen, Andy S Ding, Jared Zhao, Stefanie Seo, Kenneth Ng, Jonathan Walsh
OBJECTIVES: Accurate and reproducible measurements of the pediatric airway are critical for diagnostic evaluation and management of subglottic and tracheal stenosis. The endoluminal functional lumen imaging probe (EndoFLIP) is a catheter-based imaging probe which utilizes impedance planimetry to calculate luminal parameters, including cross-sectional area and compliance. Herein, we demonstrate the feasibility of this system for multidimensional evaluation of the pediatric airway. METHODS: 3D-printed pediatric laryngotracheal models were created based on computed tomography scans, then artificially deformed to simulate both circumferential and posterior subglottic stenosis...
May 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
Jacob C Harris, Rosemary C Patel, Ryan L Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of customized and custom tracheostomies at our institution, and to identify trends in patient presentation and tracheostomy design. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for patients at our institution for whom a customized or custom tracheostomy tube was ordered between January 2011 and July 2021. Customized tracheostomy tubes allow for a small selection of alterations to trach design, such as cuff length and flange type...
May 17, 2023: Laryngoscope
Rebecca Howell, Christopher Johnson, Jacqui Allen, Mekibib Altaye, Milan Amin, Semirra Bayan, Peter Belafsky, Brian Cervenka, Brad Desilva, Gregory R Dion, Dale Ekbom, Aaron Friedman, Mark Fritz, John Paul Giliberto, Elizabeth Guardiani, Jan Kasperbauer, Brandon Kim, Brittany N Krekeler, Maggie Kuhn, Paul Kwak, Yue Ma, Lyndsay L Madden, Laura Matrka, Ross Mayerhoff, Mallory McKeon, Cyrus Piraka, Clark A Rosen, Meredith Tabangin, Shaun A Wahab, Keith Wilson, Carter Wright, VyVy N Young, Gregory Postma
OBJECTIVE: To compare improvement in patient-reported outcomes (PROM) in persons undergoing endoscopic and open surgical management of Zenker diverticula (ZD). METHODOLOGY: Prospective, multicenter cohort study of all individuals enrolled in the Prospective OUtcomes of Cricopharyngeus Hypertonicity (POUCH) Collaborative who underwent surgery for ZD. Patient survey, radiography reports, and the 10-item Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) pre- and post-procedure were abstracted from a REDCap database, which summarized means, medians, percentages, and frequencies of...
May 16, 2023: Laryngoscope
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