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Journals Journal of Acquired Immune Def...

Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes : JAIDS

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567932/impact-of-covid-19-on-people-living-with-hiv-data-from-five-medical-monitoring-project-sites-2020-2022
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Steven Erly, Tim W Menza, Lauren Granillo, Michael Navejas, Chi-Chi N Udeagu, Kathleen Brady A Md, Lindsay K Hixson, Shavvy Raj-Sing, Tanner Nassau, Chelsey Kaasa, Susan Buskin
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted global economic and healthcare systems. People living with HIV (PLWH) represent a marginalized and stigmatized population who may have been particularly impacted. The purpose of this analysis was to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on PLWH in the United States. SETTING: United States. METHODS: We analyzed surveys of behavioral and clinical characteristics of PLWH residing in five states that participated in the Medical Monitoring Project between 2020 and 2022...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38534179/identifying-implementation-determinants-and-strategies-for-long-acting-injectable-cabotegravir-rilpivirine-in-people-with-hiv-who-are-virally-unsuppressed
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew D Hickey, Janet Grochowski, Francis Mayorga-Munoz, Jon Oskarsson, Elizabeth Imbert, Matthew Spinelli, John D Szumowski, Ayesha Appa, Kimberly Koester, Emily F Dauria, Moira McNulty, Jonathan Colasanti, Diane V Havlir, Monica Gandhi, Katerina A Christopoulos
BACKGROUND: Early evidence suggests long-acting injectable cabotegravir and rilpivirine (LA-CAB/RPV) may be beneficial for people with HIV (PWH) who are unable to attain viral suppression (VS) on oral therapy. Limited guidance exists on implementation strategies for this population. SETTING: Ward 86, a clinic serving publicly insured PWH in San Francisco. METHODS: We describe multi-level determinants of and strategies for LA-CAB/RPV implementation for PWH without VS, using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38534162/behavioral-economic-incentives-to-support-hiv-care-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-uganda
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sebastian Linnemayr, Zachary Wagner, Uzaib Y Saya, Chad Stecher, Lillian Lunkuse, Peter Wabukala, Mary Odiit, Barbara Mukasa
BACKGROUND: This study tests behavioral economics incentives to improve adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART), with one approach being low-cost. SETTING: 329 adults at Mildmay Hospital in Kampala, Uganda on ART for at least two years and showing adherence problems received the intervention for about 15 months until the study was interrupted by a nation-wide COVID-19 lockdown. METHODS: We randomized participants into one of three (1:1:1) groups: usual care ('control' group; n=109) or one of two intervention groups where eligibility for non-monetary prizes was based on: showing at least 90% electronically measured ART adherence ('adherence-linked' group, n=111); or keeping clinic appointments as scheduled ('clinic-linked'; n=109)...
March 27, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38567904/psychiatry-and-family-medicine-residents-likelihood-of-prescribing-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-to-patients-with-mental-illness-and-hiv-vulnerability
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samuel R Bunting, Brian A Feinstein, Nitin Vidyasagar, Neeral K Sheth, Roger Yu, Aniruddha Hazra
BACKGROUND: People living with mental illness (PLMI) experience disproportionately high incidence of and vulnerability to HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an effective and safe HIV prevention method, but data regarding prescription to PLMI are lacking. Psychiatrists may serve as important points of access for PrEP prescription for PLMI. METHODS: We conducted a vignette-based study of residents in psychiatry and family medicine (FM) to assess likelihood of prescribing PrEP and assumptions about the fictional patient...
March 25, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38534141/the-association-of-intraocular-efavirenz-concentrations-and-hiv-1-viral-load-among-persons-with-hiv
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yiwen Qian, Pei Zhang, Luoziyi Wang, Jinshan Suo, Lin Yin, Yuceng Wang, Lijun Zhang, Zhiliang Wang
OBJECTIVE: Efavirenz (EFV) is commonly used in combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). However, in our previous study, many persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) exhibited ocular complications despite undergoing effective cART. Here, we aimed to determine the intraocular EFV concentrations in the vitreous and analyze the factors affecting viral load in the vitreous in patients with HIV-associated retinopathies. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective study...
March 25, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38534088/cdc-funded-hiv-testing-and-undiagnosed-hiv-infection-in-ending-the-hiv-epidemic-in-the-u-s-jurisdictions
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Deesha Patel, Weston O Williams, Carolyn Wright, Aba Essuon, Guoshen Wang, Mesfin S Mulatu
BACKGROUND: Approximately 13% of persons with HIV (PWH) are unaware of their status. To help end HIV, it is important to understand the relationship between the rates of HIV testing and undiagnosed HIV infection. SETTING: Ending the HIV in the U.S. (EHE) jurisdictions. METHODS: Using 2021 data from the National HIV Surveillance System and the National HIV Prevention Program Monitoring and Evaluation system, we calculated estimated rates of undiagnosed HIV infections per 100,000 population and rates of CDC-funded HIV tests per 1,000 population...
March 23, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465906/do-hiv-care-outcomes-differ-by-provider-type
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John Weiser, Yunfeng Tie, Stacy M Crim, David J Riedel, R Luke Shouse, Sharoda Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: We compared HIV care outcomes by HIV provider type to inform efforts to strengthen the HIV provider workforce. SETTING: U.S. METHODS: We analyzed data from CDC's Medical Monitoring Project collected during 6/2019-5/2021 from 6,323 adults receiving HIV medical care. Provider types were infectious disease physicians only (ID physicians), non-ID physicians only (non-ID physicians), nurse practitioners only (NPs), physician assistants only (PAs), and ID physicians plus NPs and/or PAs (mixed providers)...
March 7, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465914/inflammatory-markers-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-postpartum-weight-in-south-african-women-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hlengiwe P Madlala, Landon Myer, Hayli Geffen, Jody Rusch, Muki S Shey, Demi Meyer, Julia H Goedecke, Thokozile R Malaba, Clive M Gray, Marie-Louise Newell, Jennifer Jao
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight (PPW) contributes to long-term obesity, a growing concern in persons with HIV (PWH). We investigated whether inflammatory markers in pregnancy may be involved in postpartum (PP) obesity in PWH. SETTING: A total of 57 pregnant PWH enrolled at ≤14 weeks gestation (T1) in Gugulethu antenatal care clinic in Cape Town and followed through 48 weeks PP were included. METHODS: Plasma soluble (s) CD14, sCD163, leptin, tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR-1), resistin, adiponectin, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were assayed in duplicate using the Luminex platform...
March 4, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38465911/clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-mpox-in-people-with-and-without-hiv-a-national-comparative-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Isaac Núñez, Santa E Ceballos-Liceaga, Alethse de la Torre, Gabriel García-Rodríguez, Irma López-Martínez, Hugo López-Gatell, Juan L Mosqueda-Gómez, Sergio Iván Valdés-Ferrer
BACKGROUND: People who live with HIV (PWLH) have been one of the most affected groups during the current mpox outbreak. They are hypothesized to have a more severe clinical course than people without HIV but comparative data is scarce. We aimed to compare clinical features and outcomes of mpox in people with and without HIV in Mexico. SETTING: Country-wide study in Mexico. METHODS: We performed an observational study using nation-wide epidemiological data...
March 4, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38427932/the-impact-of-regular-screening-and-lifestyle-modification-on-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-south-african-women-living-with-hiv
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sherika Hanley, Dhayendre Moodley, Mergan Naidoo, Sean S Brummel
BACKGROUND: The ISCHeMiA study set out to determine the effectiveness of screening and lifestyle modification in modifying CVD risk factors in women living with HIV (WLHIV). METHODS: In this prospective quasi-experimental intervention study, WLHIV aged 18-<50 years were enrolled from two clinics (intervention [I-arm) and control arms [C-arm]) in Umlazi, South Africa between November 2018 and May 2019. Women in the I-arm received lifestyle modification advice on diet, physical activity, alcohol use and smoking cessation and underwent annual screening for CVD risk...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38427929/advanced-hiv-disease-in-east-africa-and-nigeria-in-the-african-cohort-study-africos
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ikwo K Oboho, Allahna L Esber, Nicole Dear, Heather N Paulin, Michael Iroezindu, Emmanuel Bahemana, Hannah Kibuuka, John Owuoth, Jonah Maswai, Neha Shah, Trevor A Crowell, Julie A Ake, Christina S Polyak
BACKGROUND: Earlier antiretroviral therapy (ART) may decrease progression to advanced HIV disease (AHD) with CD4 <200 cells/mm3 or clinical sequelae. We assessed factors associated with AHD among people living with HIV (PLHIV) before and during the "test and treat" era. SETTING: The African Cohort Study (AFRICOS) prospectively enrolls adults with and without HIV from 12 clinics in Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, and Nigeria. METHODS: Enrollment evaluations included clinical history, physical examination, and laboratory testing...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38427928/effects-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-on-art-initiation-and-access-to-hiv-viral-load-monitoring-in-adults-living-with-hiv-in-west-africa-a-regression-discontinuity-analysis
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jihane Ben Farhat, Thierry TiendrebeogoMD, Karen Malateste, Armel Poda, Albert Minga, Eugène Messou, Henri Chenal, Oliver Ezechi, Igho Ofotokun, Didier K Ekouevi, Fabrice Bonnet, Diana Barger, Antoine Jaquet
OBJECTIVES: Efforts to control the COVID-19 pandemic have potentially compromised the availability and/or quality of HIV services. We aimed to assess the pandemic's impact on ART initiation and HIV viral load (VL) monitoring in three West African countries. METHODS: We used routinely collected data from five clinics contributing to the IeDEA collaboration in Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire and Nigeria. We included ART-naïve adults living with HIV (ALWH) initiating ART from 01/01/2018...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38427920/nationwide-longitudinal-annual-survey-of-hiv-aids-referral-hospitals-in-japan-from-1999-2021-trend-in-non-aids-defining-cancers-among-hiv-1-infected-individuals
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Takeshi Tanaka, Kazuhiro Oshima, Kei Kawano, Masato Tashiro, Satoshi Kakiuchi, Akitaka Tanaka, Ayumi Fujita, Nobuyuki Ashizawa, Misuzu Tsukamoto, Akira Yasuoka, Katsuji Teruya, Koichi Izumikawa
BACKGROUND: Non-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining cancers (NADCs) in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have recently attracted attention because of the improved survival of this patient population. To obtain accurate data, a longitudinal study is warranted for the nationwide surveillance of the current status and national trend of NADCs in patients infected with HIV in Japan. SETTING: An annual nationwide surveillance of NADCs in patients infected with HIV-1 in Japan from 1999 to 2021...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38372621/pharmacokinetics-of-single-versus-double-dose-dolutegravir-after-switching-from-a-failing-efavirenz-based-regimen
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rulan Griesel, Clifford G Banda, Ying Zhao, Zaayid Omar, Lubbe Wiesner, Graeme Meintjes, Phumla Sinxadi, Gary Maartens
BACKGROUND: Dolutegravir exposure is reduced after switching from efavirenz, which could select for dolutegravir resistance if switching occurs during virologic failure. METHODS: We measured serial dolutegravir trough concentrations after switching from efavirenz in a clinical trial, which randomised some participants to a supplemental dolutegravir dose or placebo for the first 14 days. Changes in dolutegravir trough concentrations between days 3, 7, 14 and 28 were evaluated...
February 15, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38346421/lower-self-reported-art-adherence-among-adolescents-in-boarding-schools-compared-to-day-schools
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brenda Wandika, Florence Nyapara, Calvince Aballa, Barbra A Richardson, Dalton Wamalwa, Grace John-Stewart, Irene Inwani, Irene Njuguna
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents living with HIV (ALH) have poorer adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) than adults. Many ALH in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are enrolled in boarding schools where stigma is pervasive and may impact adherence. METHODS: We collected sociodemographic data, school information, medical history, and viral load (VL) data from ALH age 14-19 in 25 HIV clinics in 3 counties in Kenya. Using generalized estimating equations, we compared ART adherence in ALH attending day and boarding schools...
February 12, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38346420/mapping-colorectal-distribution-of-cell-free-and-cell-associated-hiv-surrogates-following-simulated-anal-intercourse-to-aid-rectal-microbicide-development
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ethel D Weld, Ken Ogasawara, Edward J Fuchs, Nicolette Louissaint, Brian Caffo, Craig W Hendrix
BACKGROUND: Anal sex remains the greatest HIV transmission risk for men who have sex with men and carries substantial population attributable risk among women. Despite a growing array of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) options, rectal microbicides remain desirable as on demand, non-systemic PrEP. Rectal microbicide product development for PrEP requires understanding the spatiotemporal distribution of HIV infectious elements in the rectosigmoid to optimize formulation development. SETTING: Outpatient setting with healthy research participants...
February 12, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38346410/food-insecurity-and-undernutrition-are-associated-with-distinct-immunologic-profiles-in-people-with-tuberculosis-and-advanced-hiv-starting-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aaron Richterman, Pranay Sinha, Louise C Ivers, Robert Gross, Tumelo Rantleru, Neo Tamuhla, Gregory P Bisson
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and undernutrition are related but distinct concepts contributing to poor HIV and tuberculosis outcomes. Pathways linking them with immunologic profile, which may relate to clinical outcomes, remain understudied. METHODS: We analyzed data from a cohort study of 165 ART-naïve adults with advanced HIV and newly diagnosed tuberculosis in Botswana from 2009-2013. 29 plasma biomarkers were measured pre-ART and four weeks post-ART initiation...
February 12, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38408318/impact-of-chronic-hiv-infection-on-acute-immune-responses-to-sars-cov-2
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Skye Opsteen, Tim Fram, Jacob K Files, Emily B Levitan, Paul Goepfert, Nathaniel Erdmann
There is mounting evidence that HIV infection is a risk factor for severe presentations of COVID-19. We hypothesized that the persistent immune activation associated with chronic HIV infection contributes to worsened outcomes during acute COVID-19. The goals of this study were to provide an in-depth analysis of immune response to acute COVID-19 and investigate relationships between immune responses and clinical outcomes in an unvaccinated, sex and race-matched cohort of people with HIV (PWH, n=20) and people without HIV (PWOH, n=41)...
February 8, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38363868/results-from-a-pilot-study-of-an-automated-directly-observed-therapy-intervention-using-artificial-intelligence-with-conditional-economic-incentives-among-young-adults-with-hiv
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Marie C D Stoner, Louis Smith, Kristin Ming, Noah Mancuso, Henna Patani, Adam Sukhija-Cohen, Yancy Granados, Danielle Wagner, Mallory O Johnson, Sue Napierala, Torsten B Neilands, Parya Saberi
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in antiretroviral therapy (ART) availability, suboptimal adherence is common among youth with HIV (YWH) and can increase drug resistance and poor clinical outcomes. Our study examined an innovative mobile app-based intervention that used automated directly observed therapy (aDOT) using artificial intelligence, along with conditional economic incentives (CEIs) to improve ART adherence and enhance viral suppression among YWH. SETTING: We conducted a pilot study of the aDOT-CEI intervention, informed by the operant framework of Key Principles in Contingency Management Implementation, to improve ART adherence among YWH (18-29) in California and Florida who had an unsuppressed HIV viral load...
February 8, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38346427/durable-efficacy-of-switching-from-a-3-or-4-drug-tenofovir-alafenamide-based-regimen-to-the-2-drug-regimen-dolutegravir-lamivudine-in-the-tango-study-through-week-196
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Stéphane De Wit, Fabrice Bonnet, Olayemi Osiyemi, Fiona Bisshop, Julian Olalla, Jean-Pierre Routy, Christoph Wyen, Riya Moodley, Keith Pappa, Ruolan Wang, James Oyee, Parminder Saggu, Emilio Letang, Brian Wynne, Bryn Jones, Kimberly Y Smith, Mounir Ait-Khaled
BACKGROUND: Switching to the 2-drug regimen dolutegravir/lamivudine demonstrated durable non-inferior efficacy vs continuing 3- or 4-drug tenofovir alafenamide-based regimens for maintaining virologic suppression in people with HIV-1 through Week 144 in TANGO. SETTING: 134 centers, 10 countries. METHODS: Adults with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL for >6 months and no history of virologic failure were randomized to switch from stable tenofovir alafenamide-based regimens to dolutegravir/lamivudine on Day 1 (early-switch group) for 196 weeks...
February 8, 2024: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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