journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847823/correction
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835161/editorial-on-the-validity-of-plain-radiographs-in-low-grade-periprosthetic-hip-infections
#22
EDITORIAL
Filippo Migliorini, Ulf Krister Hofmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833367/jump-performance-and-movement-quality-in-7-to-15-year-old-competitive-alpine-skiers-a-cross-sectional-study
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jonas Hanimann, Nadine Raschle, Nathan E Schmid, Björn Bruhin, Walter O Frey, Johannes Scherr, Eling D de Bruin, Jörg Spörri
INTRODUCTION: Injury rates in competitive alpine skiing are high. With current methods, identifying people at risk is expensive and thus often not feasible at the youth level. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the jump performance and movement quality of youth competitive alpine skiers according to age and sex, (2) to compare the jump distance among skiers of different sexes and movement quality grades, and (3) to assess the inter-rater grading reliability of the qualitative visual movement quality classification of such jumps and the agreement between live and video-based post-exercise grading...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833357/response-to-letter-regarding-the-impacts-of-partial-replacement-of-red-and-processed-meat-with-legumes-or-cereals-on-protein-and-amino-acid-intakes-a-modelling-study-in-the-finnish-adult-population
#24
LETTER
Meri Simojoki, Satu Männistö, Heli Tapanainen, Mirkka Maukonen, Liisa M Valsta, Suvi T Itkonen, Anne-Maria Pajari, Niina E Kaartinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833339/polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-of-benzodiazepines-in-older-nursing-home-residents
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ingrid Kummer, Jindra Reissigová, Anna Lukačišinová, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Matej Stuhec, Rosa Liperoti, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Graziano Onder, Hein van Hout, Daniela Fialová
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has raised concerns about high prevalence of drug-related problems, polypharmacy and inappropriate benzodiazepine prescribing in nursing homes (NHs) and confirmed lack of studies from Central and South-Eastern Europe. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of polypharmacy, hyperpolypharmacy and inappropriate benzodiazepine prescribing in NH residents in Croatia. METHODS: Data from 226 older NH residents from five Croatian NHs were collected using the InterRAI Long-Term Care Facilities assessment form...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38830046/efficacy-of-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-for-nocturnal-blood-pressure-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jing Liu, Wei Chen, Shihuan Shao, Yuanyuan Chen, Hongyi Wang, Yang Xi, Luyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is correlated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and is an important predictor of cardiovascular death in hypertensive patients. OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal BP control is of great importance for cardiovascular risk reduction. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to explore the efficacy of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) for nocturnal BP reduction in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. METHODS: PICOS design structure was used to formulate the data extraction...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38830017/safety-and-effectiveness-of-remdesivir-in-hospitalized-patients-with-covid-19-and-severe-renal-impairment-experience-at-a-large-medical-center
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hsuan-Yu Chang, Chia-Chen Hsu, Li-Fang Hu, Chian-Ying Chou, Yuh-Lih Chang, Chih-Chia Lu, Li-Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Literature on the safety of remdesivir in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with severe renal impairment is limited. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of remdesivir in this population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult hospitalized COVID-19 patients who received remdesivir between April 2022 and October 2022. Outcomes were compared between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 and ≥30 mL/min/1...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823421/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-among-patients-with-covid-19-infection
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hafez Al-Momani, Iman Aolaymat
INTRODUCTION: The administration of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is anticipated to elevate an individual's susceptibility to enteric infections as a result of altering the gut flora. The influence of PPIs on the clinical manifestation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is still uncertain. This study aims to investigate the impact of PPI usage on the clinical manifestation of COVID-19, namely its gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional cohort study involving COVID-19 patients...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823420/the-role-of-recovery-peer-navigators-in-retention-in-outpatient-buprenorphine-treatment-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arley Giraldo, Payal Shah, Erin Zerbo, Amesika N Nyaku
BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic disparities are evident in the accessibility of treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Even when medications for OUD (MOUD) are accessible, racially and ethnically minoritized groups have higher attrition rates from treatment. Existing literature has primarily identified the specific racial and ethnic groups affected by these disparities, but has not thoroughly examined interventions to address this gap. Recovery peer navigators (RPNs) have been shown to improve access and overall retention on MOUD...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823419/smartband-based-smoking-detection-and-real-time-brief-mindfulness-intervention-findings-from-a-feasibility-clinical-trial
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark Horvath, Brian Pittman, Stephanie S O'Malley, Aurora Grutman, Nashmia Khan, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Judson A Brewer, Kathleen A Garrison
BACKGROUND: Smartbands can be used to detect cigarette smoking and deliver real time smoking interventions. Brief mindfulness interventions have been found to reduce smoking. OBJECTIVE: This single arm feasibility trial used a smartband to detect smoking and deliver brief mindfulness exercises. METHODS: Daily smokers who were motivated to reduce their smoking wore a smartband for 60 days. For 21 days, the smartband monitored, detected and notified the user of smoking in real time...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819080/inflammatory-biomarkers-and-psychological-variables-to-assess-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rafael González-Moret, Ausias Cebolla-Martí, Isabel Almodóvar-Fernández, Jaime Navarrete, Ángeles García-Esparza, José M Soria, Juan F Lisón
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition. While inflammatory biomarkers are valuable for diagnosing and monitoring the disease, their correlation with patients' quality of life (QoL) is not well-established. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the correlations between inflammatory biomarkers and the quality of life (QoL) variables of individuals diagnosed with IBD in clinical remission. METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study included 74 patients (80% women; 45 ± 11 years old) diagnosed with IBD...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819022/comprehensive-analysis-of-abnormal-methylation-modification-differential-expression-mrnas-between-low-grade-and-high-grade-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-and-its-correlation-with-immune-cells
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xuehu Xie, Guoqiang Zhang, Ning Liu
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is an important cause of low back pain. The aim of this study is to identify the potential molecular mechanism of abnormal methylation-modified DNA in the progression of IDD, hoping to contribute to the diagnosis and management of IDD. METHODS: Low-grade IDD (grade I-II) and high-grade IDD (grade III-V) data were downloaded from GSE70362 and GSE129789 datasets. The abnormally methylated modified differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs) were identified by differential expression analysis (screening criteria were p  < ...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38813815/early-prediction-of-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-severity-a-novel-machine-learning-model-based-on-ct-features-and-open-access-online-prediction-platform
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuhu Ma, Ping Yue, Jinduo Zhang, Jinqiu Yuan, Zhaoqing Liu, Zixian Chen, Hengwei Zhang, Chao Zhang, Yong Zhang, Chunlu Dong, Yanyan Lin, Yatao Liu, Shuyan Li, Wenbo Meng
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of acute gallstone pancreatitis severity (GSP) is challenging in clinical practice. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of CT features and radiomics for the early prediction of acute GSP severity. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited GSP patients who underwent CT imaging within 48 h of admission from tertiary referral centre. Radiomics and CT features were extracted from CT scans. The clinical and CT features were selected by the random forest algorithm to develop the ML GSP model for the identification of severity of GSP (mild or severe), and its predictive efficacy was compared with radiomics model...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38813808/tofacitinib-is-an-effective-treatment-for-moderate-to-severe-ulcerative-colitis-and-intestinal-ultrasound-can-discriminate-response-from-non-response-a-pragmatic-prospective-real-world-study
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jacob E Ollech, Hagar Eran-Banai, Idan Goren, Tali Sharar Fischler, Irit Avni-Biron, Yifat Snir, Yelena Broitman, Shaked Cohen, Adi Friedenberg, Maor H Pauker, Iris Dotan, Henit Yanai
INTRODUCTION: Real-world data on tofacitinib's effectiveness is limited and mainly retrospective or registry-based. We elected to conduct a pragmatic prospective study to assess the efficacy of tofacitinib for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC), aiming to evaluate the ability of intestinal ultrasound (IUS) to discriminate responders vs. non-responders in real-time. METHODS: This pragmatic prospective clinical study included consecutive adult patients starting tofacitinib treatment for active moderate to severe UC...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38813804/changes-in-general-and-covid-19-vaccine-hesitancy-among-u-s-adults-from-2021-to-2022
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kimberly H Nguyen, E Lisa Chung, Cheyenne McChesney, Lavanya Vasudevan, Jennifer D Allen, Robert A Bednarczyk
INTRODUCTION: Understanding changes in vaccine hesitancy, overall and by sociodemographic characteristics, may highlight sub-populations for whom more intensive efforts are needed to increase vaccine uptake and confidence. METHODS: We analyzed data using the CDC's Research and Development Survey (RANDS), a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults ≥18 years, collected from 17 May 2021-30 June 2021 ( n  = 5,458) and 3 November 2022-12 December 2022 ( n  = 6,821)...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38813682/efficacy-and-safety-of-simple-analgesics-for-acute-treatment-of-episodic-tension-type-headache-in-adults-a-network-meta-analysis
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Runsheng Xie, Jiahui Li, Yuyu Jing, Jinhui Tian, Hui Li, Yefeng Cai, Yangyang Wang, Wenjia Chen, Feilong Xu
OBJECTIVE: Tension-type headache is the most common type of primary headache and results in a huge socioeconomic burden. This network meta-analysis (NMA) aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of simple analgesics for the treatment of episodic tension-type headache (ETTH) in adults. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Chinese BioMedical Literature database and International Clinical Trials Registry Platform databases for eligible randomized clinical trials reporting the efficacy and/or safety of simple analgesics...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38803075/prevalence-dimensions-and-correlates-of-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-yilan-study-taiwan
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chiu-Jui Huang, Nai-Wei Hsu, Hsi-Chung Chen
BACKGROUND: Daytime sleepiness is an important health problem. However, the dimensionality of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in older adults remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of ESS-defined excessive daytime sleepiness in older adults. Furthermore, the dimensionality of ESS and its respective correlates were also compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a community-based survey in which community-dwelling older adults aged ≥ 65 years participated...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794886/response-to-letter-regarding-lasso-derived-model-for-the-prediction-of-lean-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-examinees-attending-a-routine-health-check-up
#38
LETTER
Chiao-Lin Hsu, Hsien-Chung Yu, Fu-Zong Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794846/metaverse-powered-basic-sciences-medical-education-bridging-the-gaps-for-lower-middle-income-countries
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Syeda Samnita Batool Zaidi, Umer Adnan, Kadriye O Lewis, Syeda Sadia Fatima
BACKGROUND: Traditional medical education often lacks contextual experience, hindering students' ability to effectively apply theoretical knowledge in real-world scenarios. The integration of the metaverse into medical education holds great enormous promise for addressing educational disparities, particularly in lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) accompanied by rapid technological advancements. This commentary paper aimed to address the potential of the metaverse in enhancing basic sciences education within the constraints faced by universities in LMICs...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794845/hemodynamic-changes-in-the-prone-position-according-to-fluid-loading-after-anaesthesia-induction-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-randomized-assessor-blind-prospective-study
#40
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sangho Lee, Doh Yoon Kim, Jihoon Han, Kyungmi Kim, Ann Hee You, Hee Yong Kang, Sung Wook Park, Mi Kyeong Kim, Jung Eun Kim, Jeong-Hyun Choi
INTRODUCTION: A change from the supine to prone position causes hemodynamic alterations. We aimed to evaluate the effect of fluid preloading in the supine position, the subsequent hemodynamic changes in the prone position and postoperative outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, assessor-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted between March and June 2023. Adults scheduled for elective orthopaedic lumbar surgery under general anaesthesia were enrolled...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
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