journal

Annals of Medicine

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31599180/thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-versus-open-chest-surgical-repair-for-patients-with-type-b-aortic-dissection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jianping Liu, Juan Xia, Gaowu Yan, Yongheng Zhang, Jing Ge, Lin Cao
Aim: This meta-analysis study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of TEVAR versus OCSR for TBAD patients. Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane library to identify studies compared the effectiveness of TEVAR and OCSR in TBAD patients from the inception up to July 2019. The summary results were calculated using a random-effects model. Results: The electronic search identified 1,894 studies, and 18 studies with 9,664 TBAD patients were included. We noted patients received TEVAR were associated with a reduced risk of in-hospital mortality, acute renal failure, respiratory failure, and bleeding as compared with OCSR, whereas no significant differences between groups for the risk of stroke, myocardial infarction, paraplegia, mesenteric ischaemia/infarction, reinterventions, sepsis, and spinal cord ischaemia...
October 25, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31642345/the-effect-of-comorbid-medical-and-psychiatric-diagnoses-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#2
Benjamin H Natelson, Jin-Mann S Lin, Gudrun Lange, Sarah Khan, Aaron Stegner, Elizabeth R Unger
OBJECTIVE: To determine if presence of co-existing medically unexplained syndromes or psychiatric diagnoses affect symptom frequency, severity or activity impairment in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. PATIENTS: Sequential Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients presenting in one clinical practice. DESIGN: Participants underwent a psychiatric diagnostic interview and were evaluated for fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and/or multiple chemical sensitivity...
October 23, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31638839/combination-of-low-blood-pressure-response-low-exercise-capacity-and-slow-heart-rate-recovery-during-an-exercise-test-significantly-increases-mortality-risk
#3
Kalle Sipilä, Antti Tikkakoski, Sanni Alanko, Atte Haarala, Jussi Hernesniemi, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Jari Viik, Terho Lehtimäki, Tuomo Nieminen, Kjell Nikus, Mika Kähönen
Aims: We investigated the combination of low systolic blood pressure (SBP) response, low exercise capacity (EC) and slow heart rate recovery (HRR) during an exercise test in mortality prediction. Patients and Methods : Our population consisted of 3456 patients from the Finnish Cardiovascular Study. A failure of SBP to increase >42 mmHg was defined as a low response. Low EC was defined as <8 metabolic equivalents. 1-minute HRR ≤18 bpm from maximum was defined as slow HRR. Results : During a median follow up of 10...
October 22, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31468999/efficacy-and-safety-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-decolonization-of-intestinal-multidrug-resistant-microorganism-carriage-beyond-clostridioides-difficile-infection
#4
Young Kyung Yoon, Jin Woong Suh, Eun-Ji Kang, Jeong Yeon Kim
Persistent reservoirs of multidrug-resistant microorganisms (MDRO) that are prevalent in hospital settings and communities can lead to the spread of MDRO. Currently, there are no effective decolonization strategies, especially non-pharmacological strategies without antibiotic regimens. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for the eradication of MDRO. A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies on the use of FMT for the decolonization of MDRO...
September 13, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31453713/insulin-resistance-takes-center-stage-a-new-paradigm-in-the-progression-of-bipolar-disorder
#5
Cynthia V Calkin
Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric illness affecting up to 5% of the population. BD can progress over time to a chronic "neuroprogressive" course with cognitive and functional impairment. Currently, there are no validated predictors indicating which patients will develop a neuroprogressive course and there are no specific treatments. This review presents data supporting a novel hypothesis on the mechanisms underlying bipolar neuroprogression. Insulin resistance (IR) is present in 52% of BD patients and is associated with chronic course, treatment nonresponse, adverse brain changes and cognitive impairment...
August 27, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31340677/response-to-commentary-by-pikus-and-harbaugh-on-a-risk-benefit-assessment-strategy-to-exclude-cervical-artery-dissection-in-spinal-manual-therapy-a-comprehensive-review
#6
Aleksander Chaibi, Michael Bjørn Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31322423/predictors-of-high-hospital-care-and-medication-costs-and-cost-trajectories-in-community-dwellers-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Joosep Kalamägi, Piia Lavikainen, Heidi Taipale, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen
Objectives: We studied the determinants of high healthcare costs (highest decile of hospital care and medication costs) and cost trajectories among all community-dwellers with clinically verified Alzheimer's disease (AD), diagnosed during 2005-2011 in Finland ( N  = 70,531). Methods: The analyses were done separately for hospital care costs, medication costs and total healthcare costs that were calculated for each 6-month period from 5 years before to 3 years after AD diagnosis. Results: Total healthcare costs were driven mainly by hospital care costs...
August 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31264909/american-heart-association-s-cardiovascular-health-metrics-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-a-middle-aged-male-scandinavian-population
#8
Nzechukwu M Isiozor, Setor K Kunutsor, Ari Voutilainen, Sudhir Kurl, Jussi Kauhanen, Jari A Laukkanen
Background: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prompted the American Heart Association to develop a cardiovascular health (CVH) metric as a measure to assess the cardiovascular status of the population. We aimed to assess the association between CVH scores and the risk of CVD mortality among a middle-aged Finnish population. Methods: We employed the prospective population-based Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease cohort study comprising of middle-aged men (42-60 years). CVH scores were computed among 2607 participants at baseline and categorized as optimum (0-4), average (5-9), or inadequate (10-14) CVH...
August 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31282743/commentary-on-a-risk-benefit-assessment-strategy-to-exclude-cervical-artery-dissection-in-spinal-manual-therapy-a-comprehensive-review
#9
Harold Pikus, Robert Harbaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31269827/the-elevated-cxcl5-levels-in-circulation-are-associated-with-lung-function-decline-in-copd-patients-and-cigarette-smoking-induced-mouse-model-of-copd
#10
Jun Chen, Luqi Dai, Tao Wang, Junyun He, Yashu Wang, Fuqiang Wen
Introduction: C-X-C motif chemokine 5 is primarily chemotactic for neutrophils and previously shown to increase in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, whether C-X-C motif chemokine 5 levels correlate with lung function decline in patients or mouse model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was not clear. Methods: The mouse model was induced by cigarette smoke exposure. Plasma/serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were obtained from patients and mouse model of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; C-X-C motif chemokine 5 levels were assessed and correlated with lung functions and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor levels, respectively...
July 16, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046466/variability-in-the-leptin-receptor-gene-and-other-risk-factors-for-post-transplant-diabetes-mellitus-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#11
Sonia Mota-Zamorano, Enrique Luna, Guadalupe Garcia-Pino, Luz M González, Guillermo Gervasini
AIM: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is one of the main complications after kidney transplantation. It is known that leptin plays an important role in glucose metabolism and mutations in the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) are responsible for different complications in renal transplant recipients. We aimed to analyse the association of polymorphisms in LEPR with the development of PTDM in these patients. METHODS: A total of 315 renal transplant recipients were genotyped for the Lys109Arg, Gln223Arg and Lys656Asn polymorphisms...
May 2, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31204514/a-multidisciplinary-consensus-on-dehydration-definitions-diagnostic-methods-and-clinical-implications
#12
Jonathan Lacey, Jo Corbett, Lui Forni, Lee Hooper, Fintan Hughes, Gary Minto, Charlotte Moss, Susanna Price, Greg Whyte, Tom Woodcock, Michael Mythen, Hugh Montgomery
Background: Dehydration appears prevalent, costly and associated with adverse outcomes. We sought to generate consensus on such key issues and elucidate need for further scientific enquiry. Materials and methods: A modified Delphi process combined expert opinion and evidence appraisal. Twelve relevant experts addressed dehydration's definition, objective markers and impact on physiology and outcome. Results: Fifteen consensus statements and seven research recommendations were generated. Key findings, evidenced in detail, were that there is no universally accepted definition for dehydration; hydration assessment is complex and requires combining physiological and laboratory variables; "dehydration" and "hypovolaemia" are incorrectly used interchangeably; abnormal hydration status includes relative and/or absolute abnormalities in body water and serum/plasma osmolality (pOsm); raised pOsm usually indicates dehydration; direct measurement of pOsm is the gold standard for determining dehydration; pOsm >300 and ≤280 mOsm/kg classifies a person as hyper or hypo-osmolar; outside extremes, signs of adult dehydration are subtle and unreliable; dehydration is common in hospitals and care homes and associated with poorer outcomes...
May 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31112060/ten-year-experience-with-transcatheter-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-finland
#13
Timo Mäkikallio, Maina P Jalava, Annastiina Husso, Marko Virtanen, Teemu Laakso, Tuomas Ahvenvaara, Tuomas Tauriainen, Pasi Maaranen, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Sebastian Dahlbacka, Jussi Jaakkola, Juhani Airaksinen, Vesa Anttila, Mikko Savontaus, Mika Laine, Tatu Juvonen, Antti Valtola, Peter Raivio, Markku Eskola, Matti Niemelä, Fausto Biancari
Aim: We investigated the outcomes of transcatheter (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in Finland during the last decade. Methods: The nationwide FinnValve registry included data from 6463 patients who underwent TAVR or SAVR with a bioprosthesis for aortic stenosis from 2008 to 2017. Results: The annual number of treated patients increased three-fold during the study period. Thirty-day mortality declined from 4.8% to 1.2% for TAVR ( p  = .011) and from 4.1% to 1.8% for SAVR ( p  = .048)...
May 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31070492/plasma-klotho-concentrations-predict-functional-outcome-at-three-months-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#14
Jun-Beom Lee, Ho Geol Woo, Yoonkyung Chang, Yoon Mi Jin, Inho Jo, Jinkwon Kim, Tae-Jin Song
Background: The Klotho protects the cardiovascular system by protecting against cell apoptosis, inhibiting the production of reactive oxygen species, and modulating inflammation. We aimed to investigate relationship of plasma Klotho concentrations with functional outcome at 3 months after acute cerebral infarction. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 262 first-ever acute cerebral infarction patients from whom a blood sample was acquired within 24 h of admission. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used for evaluating plasma Klotho concentration...
May 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31050553/massive-transfusion-in-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-new-scoring-system
#15
Yi-Chuan Chen, Chen-Ju Chuang, Kuang-Yu Hsiao, Leng-Chieh Lin, Ming-Szu Hung, Huan-Wen Chen, Shung-Chieh Lee
Background: Massive transfusion in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) was not investigated. We developed a new scoring system to predict massive transfusion and to enhance care and early resource mobilization. Methods: Massive transfusion was defined as transfusion with ≥10 units of red blood cells within the first 24 h. Data were extracted from a 10-year, six-hospital database. Logistic regression was applied to derive a risk score for massive transfusion using data from 2006 to 2010, in 24,736 patients (developmental cohort)...
May 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31007084/microparticles-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#16
Christos Voukalis, Eduard Shantsila, Gregory Y H Lip
Microparticles are a distinctive group of small vesicles, without nucleus, which are involved as significant modulators in several physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms. Plasma microparticles from various cellular lines have been subject of research. Data suggest that they are key players in development and manifestation of cardiovascular diseases and their presence, in high levels, is associated with chronic inflammation, endothelial damage and thrombosis. The strong correlation of microparticle levels with several outcomes in cardiovascular diseases has led to their utilization as biomarkers...
May 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31037970/glycaemic-efficacy-and-safety-of-linagliptin-for-the-management-of-non-cardiac-surgery-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-a-real-world-setting-lina-surg-study
#17
Luis M Pérez-Belmonte, Julio Osuna-Sánchez, Mercedes Millán-Gómez, María D López-Carmona, Juan J Gómez-Doblas, Lidia Cobos-Palacios, Jaime Sanz-Cánovas, Miguel A Barbancho, José P Lara, Manuel Jiménez-Navarro, M Rosa Bernal-López, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
INTRODUCTION: The use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in hospitalized patients is an area of active research. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of the basal-bolus insulin regimen versus linagliptin-basal insulin in non-critically ill non-cardiac surgery patients in a real-world setting. METHODS: We enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized in non-cardiac surgery departments with admission glycated haemoglobin level <8%, admission blood glucose concentration <240 mg/dL, and no at-home injectable treatments who were treated with basal-bolus (n = 347) or linagliptin-basal (n = 190) regimens between January 2016 and December 2017...
April 30, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31030570/extensive-phenotype-data-and-machine-learning-in-prediction-of-mortality-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-maddec-study
#18
Jussi A Hernesniemi, Shadi Mahdiani, Juho A Tynkkynen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Pashupati P Mishra, Terho Lehtimäki, Markku Eskola, Kjell Nikus, Kari Antila, Niku Oksala
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the clinical potential of extensive phenotype data and machine learning (ML) in the prediction of mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: The value of ML and extensive clinical data was analyzed in a retrospective registry study of 9066 consecutive ACS patients (January 2007 to October 2017). Main outcome was six-month mortality. Prediction models were developed using two ML methods, logistic regression and extreme gradient boosting (xgboost)...
April 27, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30961395/the-role-of-exosome-in-autoimmune-connective-tissue-disease
#19
Tian Zhu, Yiman Wang, Hongzhong Jin, Li Li
Exosomes have generated significant interest in the last few decades owing to their important roles in a diverse range of biological pathways. They are nano-sized lipid bilayer membrane vesicles of endosomal origin, and are produced by a vast number of cell types. They are released into the extracellular environment and are found in most biological fluids. Exosomes can contain proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The cargo of exosomes allows them to play roles in cell communication, antigen presentation, as biomarkers, and in immune regulation...
April 9, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31094217/non-invasive-cardiac-mapping-for-non-response-in-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#20
Marc Strik, Sylvain Ploux, Lior Jankelson, Pierre Bordachar
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective intervention in selected patients with moderate-to-severe heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and abnormal left ventricular activation time. The non-response rate of approximately 30% has remained nearly unchanged since this therapy was introduced 25 years ago. While intracardiac mapping is widely used for diagnosis and guidance of therapy in patients with tachyarrhythmia, its application in characterization of the electrical substrate to elucidate the mechanisms involved in CRT response remain anecdotal...
March 2019: Annals of Medicine
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