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Annals of Medicine

Marc Strik, Sylvain Ploux, Lior Jankelson, Pierre Bordachar
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective intervention in selected patients with moderate to severe heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and abnormal left ventricular activation time. The non-response rate of approximately 30% has remained nearly unchanged since this therapy was introduced 25 years ago. While intracardiac mapping is widely used for diagnosis and guidance of therapy in patients with tachyarrhythmia, its application in characterization of the electrical substrate to elucidate the mechanisms involved in CRT response remain anecdotal...
May 16, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Jun-Beom Lee, Ho Geol Woo, Yoonkyung Chang, Yoon Mi Jin, Inho Jo, Jinkwon Kim, Tae-Jin Song
BACKGROUND: The Klotho protects the cardiovascular system by protecting against cell apoptosis, inhibiting the production of reactive oxygen species, and modulating inflammation. We aimed to investigate relationship of plasma Klotho concentrations with functional outcome at 3 months after acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 262 first-ever acute cerebral infarction patients from whom a blood sample was acquired within 24 hours of admission...
May 9, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Klas Winell, Arto Pietilä, Veikko Salomaa
AIMS: To quantify the incidence and prevalence of heart failure (HF) in persons with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and to examine the 1-year survival after the diagnosis of HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of HF (n = 295,990) and T2DM in Finland were identified from national electronic health care registers for the period 1996-2012. The annual incidence and prevalence rates of HF and 1-year survival after the first diagnosis of HF were calculated for persons with T2DM and without diabetes using Poisson regression for the event rates...
May 6, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Yi-Chuan Chen, Chen-Ju Chuang, Kuang-Yu Hsiao, Leng-Chieh Lin, Ming-Szu Hung, Huan-Wen Chen, Shung-Chieh Lee
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) not investigated. We developed a new scoring system to predict massive transfusion and to enhance care and early resource mobilization. METHODS: Massive transfusion was defined as transfusion with ≥10 units of red blood cells within the first 24 hours. Data were extracted from a 10-year, six-hospital database. Logistic regression was applied to derive a risk score for massive transfusion using data from 2006 to 2010, in 24,736 patients (developmental cohort)...
May 3, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Sonia Mota-Zamorano, Enrique Luna, Guadalupe Garcia-Pino, Luz M González, Guillermo Gervasini
AIM: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is one of the main complications after kidney transplantation. It is known that leptin plays an important role in glucose metabolism and mutations in the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) are responsible for different complications in renal transplant recipients. We aimed to analyse the association of polymorphisms in LEPR with the development of PTDM in these patients. METHODS: A total of 315 renal transplant recipients were genotyped for the Lys109Arg, Gln223Arg and Lys656Asn polymorphisms...
May 2, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Luis M Pérez-Belmonte, Julio Osuna-Sánchez, Mercedes Millán-Gómez, María D López-Carmona, Juan J Gómez-Doblas, Lidia Cobos-Palacios, Jaime Sanz-Cánovas, Miguel A Barbancho, José P Lara, Manuel Jiménez-Navarro, M Rosa Bernal-López, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
INTRODUCTION: The use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in hospitalized patients is an area of active research. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of the basal-bolus insulin regimen versus linagliptin-basal insulin in non-critically ill non-cardiac surgery patients in a real-world setting. METHODS: We enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized in non-cardiac surgery departments with admission glycated haemoglobin level <8%, admission blood glucose concentration <240 mg/dL, and no at-home injectable treatments who were treated with basal-bolus (n = 347) or linagliptin-basal (n = 190) regimens between January 2016 and December 2017...
April 30, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Jussi A Hernesniemi, Shadi Mahdiani, Juho A Tynkkynen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Pashupati P Mishra, Terho Lehtimäki, Markku Eskola, Kjell Nikus, Kari Antila, Niku Oksala
OBJECTIVE: Investigation of the clinical potential of extensive phenotype data and machine learning (ML) in the prediction of mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: The value of ML and extensive clinical data was analyzed in a retrospective registry study of 9066 consecutive ACS patients (January 2007 to October 2017). Main outcome was six-month mortality. Prediction models were developed using two ML methods, logistic regression and extreme gradient boosting (xgboost)...
April 27, 2019: Annals of Medicine
T Mark Doherty, Giuseppe Del Giudice, Stefania Maggi
As the global population ages, there is concern about the effect of an increased proportion of older individuals on the economic sustainability of healthcare systems and the social effects of an older society. Health authorities and advocacy groups in countries at the forefront of this trend are now developing strategies to ameliorate the social and financial effects of an ageing population. There is broad agreement that for both society and for the individuals, it is important to ensure that increasing lifespans are matched with increased "healthspans" - the number of years spent in good health...
April 26, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Luis A García Rodríguez, Angel Lanas, Montse Soriano-Gabarró, Lucía Cea Soriano
INTRODUCTION: Risks of low-dose aspirin-associated upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeds (UGIB/LGIB) may vary by severity and presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). No study has quantified these risks for UGIB and LGIB in the same real-world study population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using UK primary care data, 199,049 new users of low-dose aspirin (75-300 mg/day) and 1:1 matched non-users were followed to identify incident UGIB (N = 1843)/LGIB (N = 2763) cases...
April 26, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Christos Voukalis, Eduard Shantsila, Gregory Y H Lip
Microparticles are a distinctive group of small vesicles, without nucleus, which are involved as significant modulators in several physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms. Plasma microparticles from various cellular lines have been subject of research. Data suggest that they are key players in development and manifestation of cardiovascular diseases and their presence, in high levels, is associated with chronic inflammation, endothelial damage and thrombosis. The strong correlation of microparticle levels with several outcomes in cardiovascular diseases has led to their utilisation as biomarkers...
April 22, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Jose María Bastida, Sara Morais, Veronica Palma-Barqueros, Rocio Benito, Nuria Bermejo, Mutlu Karkucak, Maria Trapero-Marugan, Natalia Bohdan, Mónica Pereira, Ana Marin-Quilez, Jorge Oliveira, Yusuf Yucel, Rosario Santos, Jose Padilla, Kamila Janusz, Catarina Lau, Marta Martin-Izquierdo, Eduarda Couto, Juan Francisco Ruiz-Pividal, Vicente Vicente, Jesus Maria Hernández-Rivas, Jose Ramon González-Porras, Maria Luisa Lozano, Margarida Lima, Jose Rivera
BACKGROUND: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare inherited platelet disorder characterized by bleeding diathesis, oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) and a myriad of often-serious clinical complications. METHODS: We established the clinical and laboratory phenotype and genotype of six unrelated pedigrees comprising ten patients with clinical suspicion of HPS; including platelet aggregation, flow cytometry, platelet dense granule content, electron microscopy and high-throughput sequencing (HTS)...
April 16, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Anu Haaramo, Kaija-Leena Kolho, Anne Pitkäranta, Mervi Kanerva
BACKGROUND: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is often classified under the term orofacial granulomatosis (OFG). A part of OFG patients eventually develop Crohn's disease (CD), but the relationship between MRS and CD is unknown. GOALS: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of MRS patients, with specific interest in bowel-related symptoms. STUDY: This follow-up study consisted of adult patients with MRS - including the monosymptomatic form, cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) - who had participated in our earlier MRS study (diagnosed after 1995 in Helsinki University Hospital)...
April 13, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Tian Zhu, Yiman Wang, Hongzhong Jin, Li Li
Exosomes have generated significant interest in the last few decades owing to their important roles in a diverse range of biological pathways. They are nano-sized lipid bilayer membrane vesicles of endosomal origin, and are produced by a vast number of cell types. They are released into the extracellular environment and are found in most biological fluids. Exosomes can contain proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The cargo of exosomes allows them to play roles in cell communication, antigen presentation, as biomarkers, and in immune regulation...
April 9, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Aleksander Chaibi, Michael Bjørn Russell
Cervical artery dissection refers to a tear in the internal carotid or the vertebral artery that results in an intramural haematoma and/or an aneurysmal dilatation. Although cervical artery dissection is thought to occur spontaneously, physical trauma to the neck, especially hyperextension and rotation, has been reported as a trigger. Headache and/or neck pain is the most common initial symptom of cervical artery dissection. Other symptoms include Horner's syndrome and lower cranial nerve palsy. Both headache and/or neck pain are common symptoms and leading causes of disability, while cervical artery dissection is rare...
March 19, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Kiyon Rhew, Victoria Z Reams, Joshua D Brown, Almut Gertrud Winterstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Ana Rita Silva, Alexandra Bernardo, João Costa, Alexandra Cardoso, Paula Santos, Maria Fernanda de Mesquita, José Vaz Patto, Pedro Moreira, Maria Leonor Silva, Patrícia Padrão
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic non-degenerative disease, whose nutritional therapy seems controversial. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the knowledge about the effect of dietary interventions on patient reported outcomes (PRO) and inflammation in patients with FM. Six electronic databases - PubMed, BioMed Central, Cochrane library, EMBASE, LILACS and ISI - were searched for clinical trials, in which a dietary intervention in patients with FM diagnosed was conducted. Quality of evidence assessment was measured in accordance to GRADE methodology...
February 8, 2019: Annals of Medicine
Setor K Kunutsor, Samuel Seidu, Kamlesh Khunti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Annals of Medicine
Giovanni Mario Pes, Stefano Bibbò, Maria Pina Dore
Coeliac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. However, only a small proportion of subjects harbouring CD-related genetic risk develop the disease. Among the environmental factors that may influence CD risk, pre- and perinatal factors, delivery methods, parental lifestyle, infant feeding practices, seasonality, dietary factors, drug use, childhood infections and variability in gut microbiota are those most widely studied regarding the risk to develop CD...
February 2019: Annals of Medicine
Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Guimin Huang, Dongqing Hou, Jie Mi
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death and disease burden in China and worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the status of cardiovascular health among urban Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study comprising 12,618 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years, who were recruited from Chinese urban areas during 2013-2015. The poor, intermediate, and ideal levels of 7 cardiovascular health metrics, including smoking, body mass index, dietary intake, physical activity, blood pressure, blood glucose, and total cholesterol were defined according to revised American Heart Association criteria...
February 2019: Annals of Medicine
Myrna M E van Dongen, Karoliina Aarnio, Nicolas Martinez-Majander, Jani Pirinen, Juha Sinisalo, Mika Lehto, Markku Kaste, Turgut Tatlisumak, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Jukka Putaala
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on the use of secondary preventive medication in young adults is limited. METHODS: We included 936 first-ever ischemic stroke 30-day survivors aged 15-49, enrolled in the Helsinki Young Stroke Registry, 1994-2007. Follow-up data until 2012 came from Finnish Care Register, Statistics Finland, and Social Insurance Institution of Finland. Usage thresholds were defined as non-users, low (prescription coverage <30%), intermediate (30-80%) and high users (>80%)...
February 2019: Annals of Medicine
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