journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900021/factors-associated-with-long-term-clinical-outcome-in-microscopic-colitis
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yusuke Miyatani, Yuga Komaki, Fukiko Komaki, Dejan Micic, Kian Keyashian, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Microscopic colitis has been increasingly recognized as a cause of chronic diarrhoea. We aimed to characterize the role of disease-related factors and treatments on the clinical outcomes of microscopic colitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with microscopic colitis who were treated at the University of Chicago and Oregon Health & Science University between August 2010 and May 2016. Patient characteristics and treatments were evaluated as predictors of clinical outcomes using univariate and multivariate analyses...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38873855/time-in-therapeutic-range-defined-warfarin-and-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mika Lehto, Alex Luojus, Olli Halminen, Jari Haukka, Jukka Putaala, Miika Linna, Pirjo Mustonen, Janne Kinnunen, Ossi Lehtonen, Konsta Teppo, Paula Tiili, Elis Kouki, Saga Itäinen-Strömberg, Mikko Niemi, Aapo L Aro, Juha Hartikainen, K E Juhani Airaksinen
BACKGROUND: Little is known how individual time-in-therapeutic-range (TTR) impacts the effectiveness and safety of warfarin therapy compared to direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of standard dose DOACs to warfarin in patients with AF, while categorizing warfarin treated patients into quartiles based on their individual TTR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide study including all patients with new-onset AF between 2011 and 2018 in Finland...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38857176/vitamin-d-and-vitamin-b-12-profiles-in-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-an-analytical-cross-sectional-study
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hoda Atef Abdelsattar Ibrahim, Shymaa Sobhy Menshawy, Fatma E Hassan, Shirin M El-Makawi, Omnia Raafat Amn, Nermeen Bastawy, Samar Saad, Shadia M Hussein, Dina Mahmoud, Khaled Mohamed Abdelhamid ElKhashab
PURPOSE: To outline the prevalence of vitamin D and vitamin B12 deficiencies in enuretic children. METHODS: An analytical descriptive study was conducted on enuretic children who were followed up at the outpatient clinic for nocturnal enuresis at the Children's Hospital, Cairo University. Sociodemographic and clinical data were recorded. The levels of vitamin D and vitamin B12 were assessed and correlated with the severity of enuresis. RESULTS: Two hundred and eighty-eight children were enrolled...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38853633/machine-learning-in-infectious-diseases-potential-applications-and-limitations
#4
REVIEW
Ahmad Z Al Meslamani, Isidro Sobrino, José de la Fuente
Infectious diseases are a major threat for human and animal health worldwide. Artificial Intelligence (AI) combined algorithms including Machine Learning and Big Data analytics have emerged as a potential solution to analyse diverse datasets and face challenges posed by infectious diseases. In this commentary we explore the potential applications and limitations of ML to management of infectious disease. It explores challenges in key areas such as outbreak prediction, pathogen identification, drug discovery, and personalized medicine...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38848045/-foxp3-gene-polymorphisms-increase-the-risk-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-han-chinese-population
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shushu Du, Lili Zhao, Jiaming Wu, Xiaofei Shi, Rongzeng Liu
BACKGROUND: FOXP3 is a transcription factor that regulates the development and function of Treg, playing an essential role in preventing autoimmune diseases. Variation in FOXP3 can impair the function of Treg cells, thus destroying their inhibitory capacity and leading to autoimmune diseases. This paper investigated whether the three SNPs in the FOXP3 gene (-3279 C/A, -924 A/G and -6054 del/ATT) are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility in the Han Chinese population...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38848041/the-clinical-features-and-prognostic-factors-of-miliary-tuberculosis-in-a-high-tuberculosis-burden-area
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaolin Wei, Min Xie, Suji Wu, Yong Bao
BACKGROUND: Miliary Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important infectious disease that threatens human health. The clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of miliary TB are summarized in this study. METHODS: The clinical information of miliary TB patients between 2010 and 2022 was retrospectively analyzed. Patients with miliary TB were characterized and compared to adverse outcomes cases. Factors independently associated with adverse outcomes were determined via multivariate logistic regression analysis...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847883/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratios-as-a-haematological-marker-of-synovitis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-normal-acute-phase-reactant-level
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jia-Hui Cheng, Wen-Xin Cai, Xiao-Hong Xiang, Meng-Yan Zhou, Xing Sun, Hua Ye, Ru Li
BACKGROUND: Although normal acute phase reactants (APRs) play an important role in assessing disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), some studies pointed out the discordance between disease activity and APR level. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios (NLRs), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios (PLRs) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratios (LMRs) have been reported to be sensitive measures of inflammatory reaction. This study aims to explore the value of these haematological makers in assessment of APR-negative RA patients...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847823/correction
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38835161/editorial-on-the-validity-of-plain-radiographs-in-low-grade-periprosthetic-hip-infections
#9
EDITORIAL
Filippo Migliorini, Ulf Krister Hofmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833367/jump-performance-and-movement-quality-in-7-to-15-year-old-competitive-alpine-skiers-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jonas Hanimann, Nadine Raschle, Nathan E Schmid, Björn Bruhin, Walter O Frey, Johannes Scherr, Eling D de Bruin, Jörg Spörri
INTRODUCTION: Injury rates in competitive alpine skiing are high. With current methods, identifying people at risk is expensive and thus often not feasible at the youth level. The aims of this study were (1) to describe the jump performance and movement quality of youth competitive alpine skiers according to age and sex, (2) to compare the jump distance among skiers of different sexes and movement quality grades, and (3) to assess the inter-rater grading reliability of the qualitative visual movement quality classification of such jumps and the agreement between live and video-based post-exercise grading...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833357/response-to-letter-regarding-the-impacts-of-partial-replacement-of-red-and-processed-meat-with-legumes-or-cereals-on-protein-and-amino-acid-intakes-a-modelling-study-in-the-finnish-adult-population
#11
LETTER
Meri Simojoki, Satu Männistö, Heli Tapanainen, Mirkka Maukonen, Liisa M Valsta, Suvi T Itkonen, Anne-Maria Pajari, Niina E Kaartinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38833339/polypharmacy-and-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-of-benzodiazepines-in-older-nursing-home-residents
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ingrid Kummer, Jindra Reissigová, Anna Lukačišinová, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić, Matej Stuhec, Rosa Liperoti, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Graziano Onder, Hein van Hout, Daniela Fialová
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has raised concerns about high prevalence of drug-related problems, polypharmacy and inappropriate benzodiazepine prescribing in nursing homes (NHs) and confirmed lack of studies from Central and South-Eastern Europe. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of polypharmacy, hyperpolypharmacy and inappropriate benzodiazepine prescribing in NH residents in Croatia. METHODS: Data from 226 older NH residents from five Croatian NHs were collected using the InterRAI Long-Term Care Facilities assessment form...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38830046/efficacy-of-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-for-nocturnal-blood-pressure-reduction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jing Liu, Wei Chen, Shihuan Shao, Yuanyuan Chen, Hongyi Wang, Yang Xi, Luyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal blood pressure (BP) is correlated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and is an important predictor of cardiovascular death in hypertensive patients. OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal BP control is of great importance for cardiovascular risk reduction. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to explore the efficacy of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) for nocturnal BP reduction in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. METHODS: PICOS design structure was used to formulate the data extraction...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38830017/safety-and-effectiveness-of-remdesivir-in-hospitalized-patients-with-covid-19-and-severe-renal-impairment-experience-at-a-large-medical-center
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hsuan-Yu Chang, Chia-Chen Hsu, Li-Fang Hu, Chian-Ying Chou, Yuh-Lih Chang, Chih-Chia Lu, Li-Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Literature on the safety of remdesivir in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with severe renal impairment is limited. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of remdesivir in this population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult hospitalized COVID-19 patients who received remdesivir between April 2022 and October 2022. Outcomes were compared between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 and ≥30 mL/min/1...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823421/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-among-patients-with-covid-19-infection
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hafez Al-Momani, Iman Aolaymat
INTRODUCTION: The administration of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is anticipated to elevate an individual's susceptibility to enteric infections as a result of altering the gut flora. The influence of PPIs on the clinical manifestation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is still uncertain. This study aims to investigate the impact of PPI usage on the clinical manifestation of COVID-19, namely its gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional cohort study involving COVID-19 patients...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823420/the-role-of-recovery-peer-navigators-in-retention-in-outpatient-buprenorphine-treatment-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arley Giraldo, Payal Shah, Erin Zerbo, Amesika N Nyaku
BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic disparities are evident in the accessibility of treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Even when medications for OUD (MOUD) are accessible, racially and ethnically minoritized groups have higher attrition rates from treatment. Existing literature has primarily identified the specific racial and ethnic groups affected by these disparities, but has not thoroughly examined interventions to address this gap. Recovery peer navigators (RPNs) have been shown to improve access and overall retention on MOUD...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38823419/smartband-based-smoking-detection-and-real-time-brief-mindfulness-intervention-findings-from-a-feasibility-clinical-trial
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mark Horvath, Brian Pittman, Stephanie S O'Malley, Aurora Grutman, Nashmia Khan, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Judson A Brewer, Kathleen A Garrison
BACKGROUND: Smartbands can be used to detect cigarette smoking and deliver real time smoking interventions. Brief mindfulness interventions have been found to reduce smoking. OBJECTIVE: This single arm feasibility trial used a smartband to detect smoking and deliver brief mindfulness exercises. METHODS: Daily smokers who were motivated to reduce their smoking wore a smartband for 60 days. For 21 days, the smartband monitored, detected and notified the user of smoking in real time...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819080/inflammatory-biomarkers-and-psychological-variables-to-assess-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rafael González-Moret, Ausias Cebolla-Martí, Isabel Almodóvar-Fernández, Jaime Navarrete, Ángeles García-Esparza, José M Soria, Juan F Lisón
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition. While inflammatory biomarkers are valuable for diagnosing and monitoring the disease, their correlation with patients' quality of life (QoL) is not well-established. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the correlations between inflammatory biomarkers and the quality of life (QoL) variables of individuals diagnosed with IBD in clinical remission. METHODS: The sample of this cross-sectional study included 74 patients (80% women; 45 ± 11 years old) diagnosed with IBD...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819022/comprehensive-analysis-of-abnormal-methylation-modification-differential-expression-mrnas-between-low-grade-and-high-grade-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-and-its-correlation-with-immune-cells
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xuehu Xie, Guoqiang Zhang, Ning Liu
BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is an important cause of low back pain. The aim of this study is to identify the potential molecular mechanism of abnormal methylation-modified DNA in the progression of IDD, hoping to contribute to the diagnosis and management of IDD. METHODS: Low-grade IDD (grade I-II) and high-grade IDD (grade III-V) data were downloaded from GSE70362 and GSE129789 datasets. The abnormally methylated modified differentially expressed mRNAs (DEmRNAs) were identified by differential expression analysis (screening criteria were p  < ...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38813815/early-prediction-of-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-severity-a-novel-machine-learning-model-based-on-ct-features-and-open-access-online-prediction-platform
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuhu Ma, Ping Yue, Jinduo Zhang, Jinqiu Yuan, Zhaoqing Liu, Zixian Chen, Hengwei Zhang, Chao Zhang, Yong Zhang, Chunlu Dong, Yanyan Lin, Yatao Liu, Shuyan Li, Wenbo Meng
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of acute gallstone pancreatitis severity (GSP) is challenging in clinical practice. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of CT features and radiomics for the early prediction of acute GSP severity. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited GSP patients who underwent CT imaging within 48 h of admission from tertiary referral centre. Radiomics and CT features were extracted from CT scans. The clinical and CT features were selected by the random forest algorithm to develop the ML GSP model for the identification of severity of GSP (mild or severe), and its predictive efficacy was compared with radiomics model...
December 2024: Annals of Medicine
journal
journal
20033
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.