journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37756386/effects-of-covid-19-vaccination-on-human-fertility-a-post-pandemic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Chao Wang, Min Wang, Guanjian Li, Bing Song, Qiong Xing, Yunxia Cao
Although vaccination with the Coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine is important and effective in the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 infection, the public expressed concerns regarding the adverse effects of vaccine on fertility. Some reviews have focused on it, they have been unable to collect sufficient research data because of the earlier publication period. As relevant evidence has gradually increased, we reviewed these studies from the perspectives of males, females with or without pregnancy, and different vaccine types...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37722890/myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-fibromyalgia-are-indistinguishable-by-their-cerebrospinal-fluid-proteomes
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Steven E Schutzer, Tao Liu, Chia-Feng Tsai, Vladislav A Petyuk, Athena A Schepmoes, Yi-Ting Wang, Karl K Weitz, Jonas Bergquist, Richard D Smith, Benjamin H Natelson
BACKGROUND: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) and fibromyalgia have overlapping neurologic symptoms particularly disabling fatigue. This has given rise to the question whether they are distinct central nervous system (CNS) entities or is one an extension of the other. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To investigate this, we used unbiased quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics to examine the most proximal fluid to the brain, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37672385/correction
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37551904/correction
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37494454/animal-naming-test-is-a-simple-and-valid-tool-for-detecting-covert-hepatic-encephalopathy-and-predicting-outcomes-in-chinese-speaking-regions-a-preliminary-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chien-Hao Huang, Tung-Yang Yu, Wei-En Johnny Tseng, Yu-Tung Huang, Shang-Hung Chang, Sen-Yung Hsieh, Rong-Nan Chien, Piero Amodio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) implies high morbidity and mortality. The assessment of covert HE (CHE) [i.e. minimal HE (MHE) plus grade 1 HE] is often neglected in Taiwan. Therefore, the aim was to investigate the potential of the animal naming test (ANT1 and simplified ANT1 (S-ANT1) ) for assessing CHE in Chinese-speaking regions, specifically Taiwan. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted, comprising 65 cirrhotic patients and 29 healthy controls (relatives of the patients)...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37493458/induced-myocardial-ischemia-in-candidates-to-liver-transplantation-without-evidence-of-heart-disease
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Luca Mircoli, Niccolò Bacà, Barbara Antonelli, Lucio Caccamo, Emanuele Cattaneo, Federico Colombo, Clara Dibenedetto, Livia Diehl, Maria Francesca Donato, Andrea Faggiano, Massimo Alberto Iavarone, Pietro Lampertico, Cristina Marenghi, Federico Polli, Edoardo Quarenghi, Fabiola B Sozzi, Cristina Spaziani, Giulia Tosetti, Carlo Valsecchi, Pierluigi Vicardi, Marco Vicenzi, Arianna Zefelippo, Massimiliano Ruscica, Stefano Carugo
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with perioperative liver transplantation (LT) mortality. In absence of a defined risk algorithm, we aimed to test whether stress echocardiography and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) could detect CAD in end-stage liver disease (ESLD) patients without previous evidence of heart disease. METHODS: LT candidates ≥30 years underwent a cardiovascular (CV) assessment through stress echocardiography...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37477876/clinical-utilization-of-multiple-antibodies-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-for-serodiagnosis-evaluation-of-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
DeWu Bi, ChaoJuan Liang, XiaoXian Huang, HuiDan Pan, Yue Qin, XiMing Shi, YunHua Tang, Ying Wang, MingMei Zhao, JianYan Lin, ZhouHua Xie, LeMin Wen, ChaoYou Chen, XiKe Tang, XiaoCheng Luo, HongHua Shao, XiaoLu Luo
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate clinical uncertainties by characterizing the accuracy and utility of commercially available antibodies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the diagnostic assessment of suspected tuberculosis in high-burden countries. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive, cohort study among participants aged ≥ 18 years with suspected tuberculosis in Nanning, Guangxi, and China. Participants were tested for M. tuberculosis infection using commercially available antibodies against Mycobacterum tuberculosis ...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37477658/development-and-internal-validation-of-a-practical-model-to-predict-30-days-mortality-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-patients
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ying Chen, Qing Li, Liang Ma, Zhenzhen Cai, Jun Zhou
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a common disease in the intensive care unit (ICU) accompanied by high mortality, the purpose of this study was to build a prediction model for the 30 days mortality of SAP. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 149 patients with SAP after admission in 48 h to the ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between January 2015 and December 2019. Clinical variables including gender, age, blood routine, and biochemical indicators were collected...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37477647/a-novel-role-of-prognostic-nutritional-index-in-predicting-the-effectiveness-of-infliximab-in-crohn-s-disease
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ziheng Peng, Duo Xu, Yong Li, Xiaowei Liu, Fujun Li, Yu Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) for the effectiveness of infliximab (IFX) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: All data were retrospectively collected from Xiangya Hospital, Central South University between January 2016 and September 2021. Clinical remission at 52 weeks is the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Altogether, 193 CD patients were enrolled. PNI can identify clinical remission ( p  = 0...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37467186/correction
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37467172/deep-learning-derived-12-lead-electrocardiogram-based-genotype-prediction-for-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-pilot-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
LaiTe Chen, GuoSheng Fu, ChenYang Jiang
Objective: Given the psychosocial and ethical burden, patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCMs) could benefit from the establishment of genetic probability prior to the test. This study aimed to develop a simple tool to provide genotype prediction for HCMs. Methods: A convolutional neural network (CNN) was built with the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) of 124 HCMs who underwent genetic testing (GT), externally tested by predicting the genotype on another HCMs cohort ( n  = 54), and compared with the conventional methods (the Mayo and Toronto score)...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37467159/impact-of-the-covid-19-lockdown-on-physical-fitness-among-college-women-living-in-china
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaolu Feng, Xinyi Wen, Yangyang Wang, Lili Bai, Hongjun Yu
PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on physical fitness among college women living in China and to explore how fitness changed with different physical conditions. METHODS: We performed repeated measures of BMI, 800 m running and sit-up performance assessment on college women from one university in China pre and post the COVID-19 lockdown. A total of 3658 (age 19.15 ± 1.08 yr.) college women who completed the same assessment pre and post the COVID-19 lockdown were included in the analysis...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37459584/the-prevalence-of-burnout-among-pulmonologists-or-respiratory-therapists-pre-and-post-covid-19-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoyin Bai, Ziqi Wan, Jieying Tang, Dingding Zhang, Kaini Shen, Xia Wu, Lin Qiao, Yangzhong Zhou, Yaqi Wang, Wei Cheng, Wei Jiang, Luo Wang, Xinlun Tian
OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) increased the already heavy workload in the pulmonary and respiratory departments, which therefore possibly increased the prevalence of burnout among pulmonologists or respiratory therapists. We aimed to compare the differences in burnout among pulmonologists or respiratory therapists pre- and post-COVID-19 by doing a systematic review with meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched pulmonologist, or pulmonary, or respiratory, and burnout up to 29 January 2023 in six databases...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37459575/life-s-essential-8-is-associated-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-but-not-venous-thromboembolism-in-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nzechukwu M Isiozor, Jari A Laukkanen, Ari Voutilainen, Isabela M Bensenor, Setor K Kunutsor
Background: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) shares several risk factors with venous thromboembolism (VTE). The American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 (LS7), which included seven health and behavioural factors for CVD prevention, has recently been upgraded to Life's Essential 8 (LE8) score. We aimed to examine the prospective association between LE8 and the risks of ASCVD and VTE in Finland. Methods: We utilized data based on 1899 men aged 42-61 years in the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease (KIHD) prospective study...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37455518/internal-consistency-and-construct-validity-of-the-short-musculoskeletal-function-assessment-smfa-in-older-adults
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sanel Teljigovic, Marianne Lindahl, Camilla Mølholm von Magius, Gisela Sjøgaard, Karen Søgaard, Louise Fleng Sandal
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to 1) investigate the internal consistency 2) and construct validity of the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment Questionnaire (SMFA) in older adults commencing physical rehabilitation in an outpatient setting. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited older adults who had commenced physical rehabilitation in an outpatient setting. The SMFA consists of two indices: 1) dysfunction capturing the impact of musculoskeletal disorders on physical limitations, and 2) bothering capturing how the individual is emotionally affected by their disorder...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37455447/risk-factors-for-fractures-following-liver-transplantation-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jei-Wen Chang, Hui-Hsin Yang, Niang-Cheng Lin, Fang-Cheng Kuo, Tzu-Ching Lin, Hsin-Lin Tsai
BACKGROUND: Liver transplant recipients have an increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for fractures after liver transplant in a Taiwanese population. METHODS: We identified newly diagnosed liver transplant recipients from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan between 2003 and 2015. Risk factors of post-transplant fractures were analyzed using a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: A total of 4821 patients underwent liver transplantation, of whom 419 (8...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37453928/the-level-of-serum-total-bile-acid-is-related-to-atherosclerotic-lesions-prognosis-and-gut-lactobacillus-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ting-Ting Liu, Jie Wang, Yan Liang, Xiao-Yuan Wu, Wen-Qing Li, Yu-Hang Wang, An-Ran Jing, Miao-Miao Liang, Li Sun, Jing Dou, Jing-Yu Liu, Yin Liu, Zhuang Cui, Jing Gao
BACKGROUND: Bile acids play crucial roles in various metabolisms, as well as Lactobacillus in the intestine. But studies on their roles in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are still insufficient. The aim of this study was to investigate their role and potential association with the severity of coronary lesions and the prognosis of ACS. METHODS: Three hundred and sixty ACS patients were selected. Detection of gut Lactobacillus levels was done through 16S rDNA sequence analysis...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37452706/utility-of-right-adrenal-signature-veins-in-venous-sampling-for-primary-aldosteronism
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhenglin Shen, Shaoyong Xu, Siyu Guan, Bo Chen, Qingan Li, Ming Yu, Zhao Gao
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the appropriate signature veins for the right adrenal gland using a 3D model fused with adrenal venography images and to verify their accuracy through the selectivity index (SI) >2. METHODS: We analyzed the right adrenal venography images of 41 patients who underwent adrenal venous sampling (AVS). These images were merged with a 3D structure of the adrenal gland to identify the signature veins of the right adrenal gland...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37452683/effects-of-digital-based-interventions-on-muscular-strength-in-adults-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-quality-of-evidence-assessment
#19
REVIEW
Armin Paravlic, Luka Šlosar, Ensar Abazovic, Uros Marusic
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, both medical and sports science professionals have recognized the considerable potential of digital-based interventions (DBI) to enhance the health-related outcomes of their practitioners. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and potential moderators of DBI on measures of muscular strength. METHODS: Six databases (PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, SportDiscus, Embase, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials and Google Scholar) were searched for eligible studies up to June 2022...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37452682/efficacy-of-protein-a-immunoadsorption-and-therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-anca-associated-vasculitis-with-severe-renal-involvement-a-retrospective-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaojuan Liu, Ming Xia, Di Liu, Haiyang Liu, Chengyuan Tang, Guochun Chen, Yu Liu, Fang Yuan, Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Severe renal impairment is a common complication of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) and is associated with poor prognosis and shorter survival. It is urgent to find effective treatments to improve the prognosis of AAV patients. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of protein A immunoadsorption (PAIA) and therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for AAV with severe renal involvement. METHODS: A total of 48 AAV patients with renal involvement admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital from January 2018 to February 2021 were selected...
December 2023: Annals of Medicine
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