Annals of Medicine

Jari A Laukkanen, Ari Voutilainen, Sudhir Kurl, Claudio Gil S Araujo, Sae Young Jae, Setor K Kunutsor
Purpose: We aimed to assess the associations of handgrip strength (HS) with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality and whether adding data on HS to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is associated with improvement in CVD mortality prediction. Design: Handgrip strength was assessed in a population-based sample of 861 participants aged 61-74 years at baseline. Relative HS was obtained by dividing the absolute value by body weight. Results: During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 17.3 (12.6-18...
March 30, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Katya Sapunarova, Vesselina Goranova-Marinova, Pencho Georgiev, Tanya Deneva, Silvia Tsvetkova, Zhanet Grudeva-Popova
Aim of the study: To assess serum sclerostin in transfusion-dependent beta-thalassaemia patients versus healthy controls and to examine its associations with bone mineral density, bone metabolism markers and beta thalassaemia alterations. Material and methods: Sixty-two transfusion-dependent beta-thalassaemia (TDßT) patients and 30 healthy controls were evaluated for serum sclerostin, osteocalcin, beta-cross laps, osteoprotegerin and serum level of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (sRANKL)...
March 26, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Shih-Hong Chen, Li-Kuei Chen, Tsung-Han Teng, Wei-Han Chou
Background: This study aims to compare the effectiveness of inhaled prostacyclin or its analogues versus nitric oxide (NO) in treating pulmonary hypertension (PH) after cardiac or pulmonary surgery remains unclear. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databaseswere searched for literature publishedprior toDecember 2019using the following keywords: inhaled, nitric oxide, prostacyclin, iloprost, treprostinil, epoprostenol, Tyvaso, flolan, and pulmonary hypertension. Randomized controlled trials and multiple-armed prospective studies that evaluated inhaled NO versus prostacyclin (or analogues) in patients for perioperative and/or postoperativePH after either cardiac or pulmonary surgery were included...
March 24, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Óscar Rapado-González, Cristina Martínez-Reglero, Ángel Salgado-Barreira, Bahi Takkouche, Rafael López-López, María Mercedes Suárez-Cunqueiro, Laura Muinelo-Romay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Yangchun Liu, Yiman Wang, Xinyi Chen, Hongzhong Jin, Li Li
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common subepidermal autoimmune blistering disease. It usually affects people older than 70 years of age. The two main autoantigens are BP180 and BP230, both of which are components of hemidesmosomes. Immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgE autoantibodies to BP180 detected by the enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) show close associations with the activity and severity of BP. In addition, inflammatory cells (eosinophils, neutrophils and mast cells) and cytokines (e.g. interleukins and CC chemokine ligands) play an important part in the pathogenesis, activity and severity of BP...
March 22, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Olli-Juhani Galla, Antti Ylitalo, Antti Kiviniemi, Heikki Huikuri, Y Antero Kesäniemi, Olavi Ukkola
Background: Prediabetes has proven to have many unfavourable impacts on the cardiovascular system. Methods: The OPERA (Oulu Project Elucidating Risk of Atherosclerosis) study included 1045 middle-aged subjects followed from the years 1990-1993 to 2014. The focus was on peptide hormones. Results: Plasma resistin levels were higher among prediabetics ( p  = .001), particularly impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) ( p  < .001), but not impaired fasting glucose (IFG) patients than among normal glucose tolerance (NGT) or diabetes groups...
March 22, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Yuanxi Lu, Qiwu Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Jaakko J Allonen, Markku S Nieminen, Juha Sinisalo
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) -patients are widely treated with long-term beta-blocker therapy after cardiac event. Especially for low-risk patients, the benefits of beta-blockers on survival and the optimal therapy duration remain unclear. We investigated the effect of adherence to beta-blockers on long-term survival of ACS patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1855 consecutive ACS patients who underwent angiography and survived 30 days after were followed for a median of 8...
March 9, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Joel Nuotio, Karri Suvila, Susan Cheng, Ville Langén, Teemu Niiranen
Observational and interventional studies have unequivocally demonstrated that "present", i.e. single-occasion, blood pressure is one of the key determinants of cardiovascular disease risk. Over the past two decades, however, numerous publications have suggested that longitudinal blood pressure data and assessment of long-term blood pressure exposure provide incremental prognostic value over present blood pressure. These studies have used several different indices to quantify the overall exposure to blood pressure, such as time-averaged blood pressure, cumulative blood pressure, blood pressure trajectory patterns, and age of hypertension onset...
February 20, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Tiia Istolahti, Antti Eranti, Heini Huhtala, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Mika Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Markku Eskola, Ismo Anttila, Antti Jula, Antoni Bayés de Luna, Kjell Nikus, Jussi Hernesniemi
Introduction Partial and advanced interatrial block (IAB) in the ECG represents inter-atrial conduction delay. IAB is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke in the general population. Material and methods A representative sample of Finnish subjects (n = 6 354) aged over 30 years (mean 52.2 years, SD 14.6) underwent a health examination including a 12-lead ECG. Five different IAB groups based on automatic measurements were compared to normal P waves using multivariate-adjusted Cox proportional hazard model...
February 20, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Óscar Rapado-González, Cristina Martínez-Reglero, Ángel Salgado-Barreira, Bahi Takkouche, Rafael López-López, María Mercedes Suárez-Cunqueiro, Laura Muinelo-Romay
BACKGROUND: Saliva represents a promising non-invasive source of novel biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis cancer. This meta-analysis evaluates the diagnostic value of salivary biomarkers for detection of malignant non-oral tumors to better define the value of saliva as an alternative liquid biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. PubMed, Embase, LILACS and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify articles that examined the potential of salivary biomarkers for the diagnosis of malignant non-oral tumors...
February 14, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Lu-Nan Qi, Liang Ma, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Zu-Shun Chen, Jian-Hong Zhong, Wen-Feng Gong, Yan Lu, Bang-De Xiang, Le-Qun Li
Background and aims: Hepatic resection is the first-line treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Whether to perform anatomical (AR) or non-anatomical resection (NAR) remains controversial. This retrospective study compares the outcomes according to the number and type of circulating tumour cells (CTCs). Methods: The cohort included 136 patients with HCC treated with R0 resection between 2014 and 2017. CanPatrol CTC-enrichment technique was used to enrich and classify CTCs according to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition phenotype...
January 20, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Ahsan A Khan, Graham N Thomas, Gregory Y H Lip, Alena Shantsila
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart arrhythmia and is associated with poor outcomes. The adverse effects of AF are mediated through multiple pathways, including endothelial dysfunction, as measured by flow-mediated dilatation. Flow-mediated dilatation has demonstrated endothelial dysfunction in several conditions and is associated with poor outcomes including mortality, yet can be improved with medical therapy. It is thus a useful tool in assessing endothelial function in patients. Endothelial dysfunction is present in patients with AF and is associated with poor outcomes...
January 10, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Aulikki Kononoff, Pia Elfving, Pirkko Pussinen, Sohvi Hörkkö, Hannu Kautiainen, Leena Arstila, Leena Laasonen, Elina Savolainen, Helena Niinisalo, Jarno Rutanen, Olga Marjoniemi, Mari Hämäläinen, Katriina Vuolteenaho, Eeva Moilanen, Oili Kaipiainen-Seppänen
Objective: We investigated lipid concentrations, particle sizes and antibodies binding to periodontal bacteria Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis and to malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) modified low-density lipoprotein in immunoglobulin (Ig) class A, G and M among patients with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a population-based cohort. Methods: Concentrations and sizes of lipoprotein particles analysed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and antibody levels to MAA modified low-density lipoprotein were studied at baseline and after one-year of follow-up...
February 2020: Annals of Medicine
Jarmo Oksi, Veli-Jukka Anttila, Eero Mattila
Clostridioides (formerly: Clostridium ) difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of diarrhoea for inpatients as well as outpatients. Usually, CDI is healthcare-associated but the number of community-acquired infections is increasing. CDI is generally associated with changes in the normal intestinal microbiota caused by administration of antibiotics. Elderly and immunocompromised patients are at greater risk for CDI and CDI recurrence. Recently, the treatment options of CDI have undergone major changes: current recommendations speak against using metronidazole for primary CDI, fidaxomicin and bezlotoxumab have been added to the treatment armamentarium and microbial replacement therapies have emerged...
February 2020: Annals of Medicine
C R Sirtori, M Ruscica, L Calabresi, G Chiesa, R Giovannoni, J J Badimon
Epidemiologically, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels have been inversely associated to cardiovascular (CV) events, although a Mendelian Randomisation Study had failed to establish a clear causal role. Numerous atheroprotective mechanisms have been attributed to HDL, the main being the ability to promote cholesterol efflux from arterial walls; anti-inflammatory effects related to HDL ligands such as S1P (sphingosine-1-phosphate), resolvins and others have been recently identified. Experimental studies and early clinical investigations have indicated the potential of HDL to slow progression or induce regression of atherosclerosis...
November 2019: Annals of Medicine
Fan Pan, Peiyu He, Fei Chen, Xiaobo Pu, Qijun Zhao, Dingchang Zheng
Objectives: It is clinically important to evaluate the performance of a newly developed blood pressure (BP) measurement method under different measurement conditions. This study aims to evaluate the performance of using deep learning-based method to measure BPs and BP change under non-resting conditions. Materials and methods: Forty healthy subjects were studied. Systolic and diastolic BPs (SBPs and DBPs) were measured under four conditions using deep learning and manual auscultatory method. The agreement between BPs determined by the two methods were analysed under different conditions...
November 2019: Annals of Medicine
Lejia Sun, Huanhuan Yin, Meixi Liu, Gang Xu, Xiaoxiang Zhou, Penglei Ge, Huayu Yang, Yilei Mao
Albumin is the most abundant plasma protein and albumin infusion is commonly used. Conventionally, the biologic and therapeutic effects of albumin have been thought to be due to its oncotic properties. However, albumin has a variety of biologic functions, including molecular transport, anti-oxidation, anti-inflammation, endothelial stabilisation, anti-thrombotic effects, and the adjustment of capillary permeability. Despite this, the functions of albumin have not been thoroughly investigated. Recent studies have shown non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver failure to be associated with impairments in albumin function, which are associated with impairments in liver function and disease prognosis...
November 2019: Annals of Medicine
Benjamin H Natelson, Jin-Mann S Lin, Gudrun Lange, Sarah Khan, Aaron Stegner, Elizabeth R Unger
Objective: To determine if presence of co-existing medically unexplained syndromes or psychiatric diagnoses affect symptom frequency, severity or activity impairment in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Patients: Sequential Chronic Fatigue Syndrome patients presenting in one clinical practice. Design: Participants underwent a psychiatric diagnostic interview and were evaluated for fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and/or multiple chemical sensitivity. Main Measures: Structured Clinical Interview [SCID] for DSM-IV; SF-36, Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Pain Short Form; Patient Health Questionnaire-8; Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), CDC Symptom Inventory Results: Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnosis was common (68%) increasing mental fatigue/health but no other illness variables and not with diagnosis of other medically unexplained syndromes...
November 2019: Annals of Medicine
Kalle Sipilä, Antti Tikkakoski, Sanni Alanko, Atte Haarala, Jussi Hernesniemi, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Jari Viik, Terho Lehtimäki, Tuomo Nieminen, Kjell Nikus, Mika Kähönen
Aims: We investigated the combination of low systolic blood pressure (SBP) response, low exercise capacity (EC) and slow heart rate recovery (HRR) during an exercise test in mortality prediction. Patients and methods: Our population consisted of 3456 patients from the Finnish Cardiovascular Study. A failure of SBP to increase >42 mmHg was defined as a low response. Low EC was defined as  < 8 metabolic equivalents. 1-minute HRR ≤18 bpm from maximum was defined as slow HRR. Results: During a median follow up of 10...
November 2019: Annals of Medicine
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