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Annals of Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739507/celiac-disease-beyond-genetic-susceptibility-and-gluten-a-narrative-review
#1
Giovanni Mario Pes, Stefano Bibbò, Maria Pina Dore
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. However, only a small proportion of subjects harbouring CD-related genetic risk develop the disease. Among the environmental factors that may influence CD risk, pre- and perinatal factors, delivery methods, parental lifestyle, infant feeding practices, seasonality, dietary factors, drug use, childhood infections and variability in gut microbiota are those most widely studied regarding the risk to develop CD...
February 9, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736719/cardiovascular-health-in-urban-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#2
Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Guimin Huang, Dongqing Hou, Jie Mi
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death and disease burden in China and worldwide. We aimed to evaluate the status of cardiovascular health among urban Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study comprising 12,618 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years, who were recruited from Chinese urban areas during 2013-2015. The poor, intermediate, and ideal levels of 7 cardiovascular health metrics, including smoking, body mass index, dietary intake, physical activity, blood pressure, blood glucose, and total cholesterol were defined according to revised American Heart Association criteria...
February 8, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735059/dietary-interventions-in-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review
#3
Ana Rita Silva, Alexandra Bernardo, João Costa, Alexandra Cardoso, Paula Santos, Maria Fernanda de Mesquita, José Vaz Patto, Pedro Moreira, Maria Leonor Silva, Patrícia Padrão
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic non-degenerative disease, whose nutritional therapy seems controversial. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the knowledge about the effect of dietary interventions on patient reported outcomes (PRO) and inflammation in patients with FM. Six electronic databases - PubMed, BioMed Central, Cochrane library, EMBASE, LILACS and ISI - were searched for clinical trials, in which a dietary intervention in patients with FM diagnosed was conducted. Quality of evidence assessment was measured in accordance to GRADE methodology...
February 8, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30628462/effects-of-occlusal-splints-on-shoulder-strength-and-activation
#4
Amândio Dias, Luís Redinha, João R Vaz, Nuno Cordeiro, Luís Silva, Pedro Pezarat-Correia
INTRODUCTION: The use of oral appliances to enhance sports performance has been advocated by some authors, however, studies addressing the effectiveness of these strategies are inconclusive. METHODS: Here we investigate the effects of dental occlusions on shoulder strength. Fourteen healthy male subjects (age =21.67 ± 0.86 yrs) without temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder participated in this study. Isokinetic strength was evaluated in shoulder abduction/adduction and arm external/internal rotation tests...
January 10, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30626223/chronic-diseases-and-objectively-monitored-physical-activity-profile-among-aged-individuals-a-cross-sectional-twin-cohort-study
#5
Urho M Kujala, Pekka Hautasaari, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Katja Waller, Noora Lindgren, Paula Iso-Markku, Kauko Heikkilä, Juha Rinne, Jaakko Kaprio, Harri Sievänen
INTRODUCTION: High physical activity (PA) at old age indicates good functional capacity enabling independent living. We investigated how different disease conditions are associated with measured PA indicators in old women and men, and whether they recognize this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional twin cohort study in Finland comprised 779 individuals (276 complete twin pairs, including 117 monozygotic pairs), who participated in hip-worn accelerometer monitoring of PA and responded to questions on diseases and mobility limitations at mean age of 73 (range 71 to 75)...
January 9, 2019: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30592437/use-of-antihypertensive-medication-after-ischemic-stroke-in-young-adults-and-its-association-with-long-term-outcome
#6
Myrna M E van Dongen, Karoliina Aarnio, Nicolas Martinez-Majander, Jani Pirinen, Juha Sinisalo, Mika Lehto, Markku Kaste, Turgut Tatlisumak, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Jukka Putaala
BACKGROUND: Knowledge on the use of secondary preventive medication in young adults is limited. METHODS: We included 936 first-ever ischemic stroke 30-day survivors aged 15-49, enrolled in the Helsinki Young Stroke Registry, 1994-2007. Follow-up data until 2012 came from Finnish Care Register, Statistics Finland, and Social Insurance Institution of Finland. Usage thresholds were defined as non-users, low (prescription coverage <30%), intermediate (30-80%), and high users(>80%)...
December 28, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30592434/prognostic-significance-of-cdkn2a-b-deletions-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-a-meta-analysis
#7
Wanhua Zhang, Pu Kuang, Ting Liu
BACKGROUND: Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A/B (CDKN2A/B) genes are frequently altered in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) patients. The aim of this meta-analysis was to comprehensively assess the prognostic value of CDKN2A/B deletions in ALL patients. METHODS: Systematic literature review was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases up to July 2018. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with fixed-effects or random-effects models...
December 28, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30592226/the-associations-of-daylight-and-melatonin-receptor-1b-gene-rs10830963-variant-with-glycemic-traits-the-prospective-ppp-botnia-study
#8
Kadri Haljas, Liisa Hakaste, Jari Lahti, Bo Isomaa, Leif Groop, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Seasonal variation in glucose metabolism might be driven by changes in daylight. Melatonin entrains circadian regulation and is directly associated with daylight. The relationship between melatonin receptor 1B gene variants with glycemic traits and type 2 diabetes is well established. We studied if daylight length was associated with glycemic traits and if it modified the relationship between melatonin receptor 1B gene rs10830963 variant and glycemic traits. MATERIALS: A population-based sample of 3,422 18-78-year-old individuals without diabetes underwent an oral glucose tolerance test twice, an average 6...
December 28, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30580644/editorial
#9
A P Alves de Matos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30346213/efficacy-and-safety-of-intravenous-esmolol-for-cardiac-protection-in-non-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Aino Ollila, Leena Vikatmaa, Reijo Sund, Ville Pettilä, Erika Wilkman
Haemodynamic instability predisposes patients to cardiac complications in non-cardiac surgery. Esmolol, a short-acting cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker might be efficient in perioperative cardiac protection, but could affect other vital organs, such as the kidneys, and post-discharge survival. We performed a systematic review on the use of esmolol for perioperative cardiac protection. We searched PubMed, Ovid Medline and Cochrane Central Register for Controlled trials. Eligible randomized controlled studies (RCTs) reported a perioperative esmolol intervention with at least one of the primary (major cardiac or renal complications during the first 30 postoperative days) or secondary (postoperative adverse effects and all-cause mortality) outcomes...
November 26, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30461317/correction
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30265127/cardiac-troponin-diagnostic-problems-and-impact-on-cardiovascular-disease
#12
Bashir Alaour, Felicity Liew, Thomas E Kaier
The definition of a high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin (cTn) assay describes the ability to quantify a cardiac biomarker level in at least 50% of healthy individuals. This advance in analytic sensitivity has come with a perceived loss of specificity in the most classic application - chest pain triage and the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). As cardiac Troponin can no longer be used as a dichotomous test, the medical field is increasingly moving towards a more granular interpretation. However, rapid rule-out/rule-in algorithms for AMI still rely on concrete thresholds for efficient triage, irrespective of the patient's comorbidities...
November 21, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30311809/the-association-between-exposure-to-second-hand-smoke-and-major-depressive-disorder-in-perimenopausal-women-results-from-apopulation-based-study
#13
Ching-Yen Chen, Chia-Ming Chang, Huang-Li Lin, Chun-Lin Chu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) would be positively associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) in perimenopausal women from a population-based perspective, after adjustment for all potential confounders. METHODS: This study used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database, 2005-2012, to report on MDD in perimenopausal women. RESULTS: The odds ratio (OR) for MDD increased when there was a smoker was in the home, as compared to not having a smoker in the home (aOR = 2...
November 19, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30299166/risk-of-preterm-birth-in-primiparous-women-with-exposure-to-antidepressant-medication-before-pregnancy-and-or-during-pregnancy-impact-of-body-mass-index
#14
Merja K Laine, Senja Masalin, Kristiina Rönö, Hannu Kautiainen, Mika Gissler, Pirjo Pennanen, Johan G Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth is a major cause of infant mortality. It is unknown whether body mass index (BMI) influences the risk of preterm birth in women, who prenatally use antidepressants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort (N = 6920) consists of all primiparous European born women without previously diagnosed diabetes from the city of Vantaa, Finland, who delivered a singleton child between 2009 and 2015. Data on births, pre-pregnancy BMI and purchases of antidepressants from 12 months before conception until delivery were obtained from Finnish National Registers...
November 19, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30269602/the-validation-of-smartphone-applications-for-heart-rate-measurement
#15
Weenita Pipitprapat, Sarawin Harnchoowong, Poonkiat Suchonwanit, Chutintorn Sriphrapradang
BACKGROUND: The smartphone apps provide a user-friendly option for measurement of heart rate (HR) by detecting pulsatile photoplethysmographic signals with built-in cameras from the fingertips, however, the validation study is limited. METHODS: We compared HR detected by the smartphone apps (App1 = Instant HR, App2 = Cardiio: HR Monitor and App3 = Runtastic HR Monitor) with simultaneous standard ECG monitoring in the adult patients at the critical care unit...
November 17, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30442022/dietary-sodium-intake-is-associated-with-long-term-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Tero Juho Wilhelm Pääkkö, Juha S Perkiömäki, Marja-Leena Silaste, Risto Bloigu, Heikki V Huikuri, Y Antero Kesäniemi, Olavi H Ukkola
BACKGROUND: The association between dietary salt intake and hypertension has been well documented. We evaluated the association between dietary sodium intake and the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) during a mean follow-up of 19 years among 716 subjects from the Oulu Project Elucidating Risk of Atherosclerosis (OPERA) cohort. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dietary sodium intake was evaluated from a seven-day food record. The diagnosis of AF (atrial flutter included) was made if ICD-10 code I48 was listed in the hospital discharge records during follow-up...
November 15, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30265156/prospects-for-circadian-treatment-of-mood-disorders
#17
Anisja Hühne, David K Welsh, Dominic Landgraf
Disruption of circadian clocks is strongly associated with mood disorders. Chronotherapies targeting circadian rhythms have been shown to be very effective treatments of mood disorders, but still are not widely used in clinical practice. The mechanisms by which circadian disruption leads to mood disorders are poorly characterized and, therefore, may not convince clinicians to apply chronotherapies. Hence, in this review, we describe specific potential mechanisms, in order to make this connection more credible to clinicians...
November 10, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30207751/age-at-death-in-cohorts-of-middle-aged-men-followed-up-until-nearly-extinction-the-european-areas-of-the-seven-countries-study
#18
Alessandro Menotti, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Hanna Tolonen, Anthony Kafatos
OBJECTIVES: To describe age at death (AD) in ten cohorts of middle-aged men followed-up until nearly extinction as a function of personal characteristics measured at baseline. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cohorts of men aged 40-59 years in five European countries (Finland, the Netherlands, Italy, Serbia, Greece) were examined and then followed-up for mortality during 45 (3 cohorts) or 50 years (7 cohorts). Multiple linear regression (MLR) models were computed with AD as dependent variable and 35 personal characteristics as independent variables...
October 25, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30207490/triglyceride-glucose-and-haemoglobin-glycation-index-for-predicting-outcomes-in-diabetes-patients-with-new-onset-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-nested-case-control-study
#19
Jing-Lu Jin, Di Sun, Ye-Xuan Cao, Yuan-Lin Guo, Na-Qiong Wu, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Ying Gao, Qiu-Ting Dong, Hui-Wen Zhang, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
AIM: Previous studies have shown that both triglyceride glucose (TyG) and haemoglobin glycation indexes (HGI) are predictors of cardiovascular risk. However, the prognostic value of TyG index and HGI in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is not determined. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study among 1282 T2DM patients with stable CAD. Patients were followed up for 3846 person-years. A total of 160 patients with events (12...
October 25, 2018: Annals of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30345825/update-on-extended-treatment-for-venous-thromboembolism
#20
Eduardo Peñaloza-Martínez, Pablo Demelo-Rodríguez, Marco Proietti, Guillermo Soria Fernández-Llamazares, Cristina Llamazares-Mendo, Luis Álvarez-Sala Walther, Alberto M Marra, Jorge Del Toro-Cervera
The importance of assessing the probability of venous thromboembolism recurrence, a condition that includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, lies in the fact that it is the most important factor in deciding the duration of anticoagulant treatment. Risk of recurrence depends mostly on the presence of a risk factor for developing venous thromboembolism, with patients with unprovoked events being at the higher risk of recurrence. The risk of recurrence needs to be balanced with the risk of bleeding and the potential severity of these thrombotic and hemorrhagic events...
October 22, 2018: Annals of Medicine
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