Maryam Riaz, Mueen Abid, Zaqia Bano
The objective of present research was two folds. First objective was to explore psychological problems (Anxiety, Depression and Stress) in general population during Covid-19 pandemic. Second purpose was to find predictive effects of cognitive emotion regulation on psychological problems. Convenient sampling technique was used to obtain the sample of 500 participants (Male =239, Female =261). Research instrument consists of four parts. First part comprised of consent form, second part was about demographic profile, third part was Depression, Anxiety and Stress scale (DASS-21) while Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire was the last part of the instrument...
December 13, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Johanna M Jaakkola, Suvi P Rovio, Katja Pahkala, Jorma Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Antti Jula, Harri Niinikoski, Juha Mykkänen, Markus Juonala, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Mika Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between childhood parental smoking exposure and the risk of overweight/obesity from childhood to adulthood. METHODS: This study leverages the data from two longitudinal population based cohort studies, the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study between years 1980-2011/2012 (YFS; N = 2,303;baseline age 3-18 years) and the Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project between years 1989-2009/2010 (STRIP; N = 632;baseline age 7 months)...
December 11, 2020: Annals of Medicine
N Broman, K Rantasärkkä, T Feuth, M Valtonen, M Waris, U Hohenthal, E Rintala, A Karlsson, H Marttila, V Peltola, T Vuorinen, J Oksi
Cytokine release syndrome is the most important mechanism triggering acute respiratory distress syndrome and end organ damage. In our study, interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein were the strongest predictors of severity in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 as measured by admission to ICU. Key messages In our study, interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein were the strongest predictors of severity in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 as measured by admission to ICU.
December 11, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Jarkko S Heiskanen, Jussi A Hernesniemi, Saku Ruohonen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Mika Kähönen, Eero Jokinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Merja Kallio, Tomi Laitinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Jorma Viikari, Markus Juonala, Jaakko Nevalainen, Olli Raitakari
BACKGROUND: Increased left ventricular mass (LVM) predicts cardiovascular eventsandmortality. The objective of this study was to determine whether early-life exposures to body mass index (BMI) and systolic blood pressure (SPB)affectthe left ventricular structure in adulthood. METHODS: We usedlongitudinal datafrom a31-year follow-up to examine the associations betweenearly-life (between ages 6-18)BMI and SPBon LVM inanadult population (N = 1,864,aged 34-49). The burden of early-lifeBMI and SBPwasdefined asarea under the curve...
November 26, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Fangzhou Ye, Jing Liu, Liangkai Chen, Bin Zhu, Li Yu, Boyun Liang, Ling Xu, Sumeng Li, Sihong Lu, Lei Fan, Dongliang Yang, Xin Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the effect of corticosteroids and heparin, respectively, on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients' CD8+ T cells and D-Dimer. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study involving 866 participants diagnosed with COVID-19, patients were grouped by severity. Generalized additive models were established to explore the time-course association of representative parameters of coagulation, inflammation and immunity. Segmented regression was performed to examine the influence of corticosteroids and heparin upon CD8+ T cell and D-Dimer, respectively...
November 13, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Rohit S Loomba, Gaurav Aggarwal, Saurabh Aggarwal, Saul Flores, Enrique G Villarreal, Juan S Farias, Carl J Lavie
OBJECTIVE: To utilize publicly reported, state-level data to identify factors associated with the frequency of cases, tests, and mortality in the US. MATERIALS & METHODS: Retrospective study using publicly reported data collected included the number of COVID-19 cases, tests, and mortality from March 14th through April 30th . Publicly available state-level data was collected which included: demographics comorbidities, state characteristics and environmental factors...
November 3, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Emily Brown, John Ph Wilding, Uazman Alam, Thomas M Barber, Janaka Karalliedde, Daniel J Cuthbertson
The kidney plays a major physiological role in glucose homeostasis but also contributes to the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (T2D), mediated by renal sodium glucose cotransporters (SGLTs). This recognition led to development of SGLT2 inhibitors that inhibit proximal renal tubular renal glucose and sodium reabsorption. The glucoretic and natriuretic effect of SGLT2 inhibitors is associated with reductions in HbA1c levels, body weight, systolic blood pressure and triglycerides. Major vascular complications of T2D include cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
October 27, 2020: Annals of Medicine
Peter A McCullough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Tomohiro Itonaga, Shinji Sugahara, Ryuji Mikami, Tatsuhiko Saito, Takafumi Yamada, Masahiko Kurooka, Sachika Shiraishi, Mitsuru Okubo, Kazuhiro Saito
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the correlation between radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) and dosimetric parameters on computed tomography (CT) images of stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three stage I NSLC patients who underwent IMRT were enrolled in the study. The patients underwent CT within 6 months (acute phase) and 1.5 years (late phase) after radiotherapy...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Ruichao Niu, Shuming Ye, Yongfeng Li, Hua Ma, Xiaoting Xie, Shilian Hu, Xiaoming Huang, Yangshu Ou, Jie Chen
OBJECTIVES: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly swept across the world. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the chest CT findings and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: Patients with COVID-19 confirmed by next-generation sequencing or RT-PCR who had undergone more than 4 serial chest CT procedures were retrospectively enrolled. RESULTS: This study included 361 patients - 192 men and 169 women...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Toby Richards, Christian Breymann, Matthew J Brookes, Stefan Lindgren, Iain C Macdougall, Lawrence P McMahon, Malcolm G Munro, Elizabeta Nemeth, Giuseppe M C Rosano, Ingolf Schiefke, Günter Weiss
Iron deficiency is a common cause of morbidity and can arise as a consequence or complication from many diseases. The use of intravenous iron has increased significantly in the last decade, but concerns remain about indications and administration. Modern intravenous iron preparations can facilitate rapid iron repletion in one or two doses, both for absolute iron deficiency and, in the presence of inflammation, functional iron deficiency, where oral iron therapy is ineffective or has not worked. A multidisciplinary team of experts experienced in iron deficiency undertook a consensus review to support healthcare professionals with practical advice on managing iron deficiency in gastrointestinal, renal and cardiac disease, as well as; pregnancy, heavy menstrual bleeding, and surgery...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Xin Guan, Bo Zhang, Ming Fu, Mengying Li, Xu Yuan, Yaowu Zhu, Jing Peng, Huan Guo, Yanjun Lu
OBJECTIVES: To appraise effective predictors for COVID-19 mortality in a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: A total of 1270 COVID-19 patients, including 984 admitted in Sino French New City Branch (training and internal validation sets randomly split at 7:3 ratio) and 286 admitted in Optical Valley Branch (external validation set) of Wuhan Tongji hospital, were included in this study. Forty-eight clinical and laboratory features were screened with LASSO method...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Elina Mattila, Jaana Peltokoski, Marko H Neva, Marja Kaunonen, Mika Helminen, Anna-Kaisa Parkkila
BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital staff have experienced a variety of mental health challenges. European research on anxiety and stress among hospital workers during the pandemic is limited. This study aimed to describe the anxiety levels of Finnish hospital workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The multidimensional, cross-sectional survey was distributed to all hospital staff working at two Finnish specialized medical care centres in the spring of 2020 ( n  = 1,995)...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Hui Peng, Zhijun Sun, Beibing Di, Xiaosong Ding, Hui Chen, Hongwei Li
BACKGROUND: Daytime variation with regard to onset time of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) symptoms has been observed. Nevertheless, with the advanced medical therapy, it is not uncertainty if a similar circadian pattern of STEMI symptom onset occurs, as well as its possible impact on clinical outcomes. Few long-term data are available. We assess the impact of circadian symptom-onset patterns of STEMI on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in more contemporary patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI)...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Joseph Adu-Amankwaah, Richard Mprah, Adebayo Oluwafemi Adekunle, Marie Louise Ndzie Noah, Gabriel Komla Adzika, Jeremiah Ong'achwa Machuki, Hong Sun
The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2), has hit the world very hard by affecting millions of people across countries hence posing a major health threat on a global scale. This novel virus is thought to enter and cause infection in its host through the attachment of its structural protein known as the S-glycoprotein to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Given the rapid spread of COVID-19 with its consequences globally, it is mandatory that health caregivers and researchers across all disciplines abreast themselves with the potential effects that this novel virus may have on their fields and the medical society at large...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Keiko Taniguchi-Ponciano, Eduardo Vadillo, Héctor Mayani, César Raúl Gonzalez-Bonilla, Javier Torres, Abraham Majluf, Guillermo Flores-Padilla, Niels Wacher-Rodarte, Juan Carlos Galan, Eduardo Ferat-Osorio, Francisco Blanco-Favela, Constantino Lopez-Macias, Aldo Ferreira-Hermosillo, Claudia Ramirez-Renteria, Eduardo Peña-Martínez, Gloria Silva-Román, Sandra Vela-Patiño, Carlos Mata-Lozano, Roberto Carvente-Garcia, Lourdes Basurto-Acevedo, Renata Saucedo, Patricia Piña-Sanchez, Antonieta Chavez-Gonzalez, Daniel Marrero-Rodríguez, Moisés Mercado
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 counts 46 million people infected and killed more than 1.2 million. Hypoxaemia is one of the main clinical manifestations, especially in severe cases. HIF1α is a master transcription factor involved in the cellular response to oxygen levels. The immunopathogenesis of this severe form of COVID-19 is poorly understood. METHODS: We performed scRNAseq from leukocytes from five critically ill COVID-19 patients and characterized the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor1α and its transcriptionally regulated genes...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Ying Li, Yousheng Yin, Xiaomei Peng, Hongguang Zheng, Fajun Fu, Zhenxiang Liu, Xiongfei Wu, Xiaoyan Wu, Song Zheng, Nan Chen, Leye He, Laicheng Ren, Zhaohui Ni, Detian Li, Peiyu Liang, Xiaoju Lv, Yingyuan Zhang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral sitafloxacin versus levofloxacin in Chinese adults with acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) or complicated UTI. METHODS: In this randomized, active-controlled clinical trial, the patients with acute uncomplicated UTI were randomized to receive sitafloxacin 100-mg once-daily (qd) or levofloxacin 500-mg qd orally for 3-5 days. The patients with complicated UTI were randomized to receive sitafloxacin 100-mg twice daily or levofloxacin 500-mg qd orally for 10-14 days...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Tong Liu, Duo Liu, Shangwei Guan, Mei Dong
AIM: MicroRNA-21 is an oncogenic miRNA that modulates the expression of multiple cancer-related target genes. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess diagnostic role of circulating miR-21 in CRC, hoping to choose the best biomarker in CRC diagnosis. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, CNKI and WanFang database to identify records related to diagnostic role of circulating miR-21 in CRC. The search words were "microRNA-21", "miRNA-21", "colorectal cancer", "colorectal carcinoma" and "diagnosis"...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Alexandra Halalau, Zaid Imam, Patrick Karabon, Nikhil Mankuzhy, Aciel Shaheen, John Tu, Christopher Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) requiring hospital admission or at high-risk of in-hospital mortality is essential to guide patient triage and to provide timely treatment for higher risk hospitalized patients. METHODS: A retrospective multi-centre (8 hospital) cohort at Beaumont Health, Michigan, USA, reporting on COVID-19 patients diagnosed between 1 March and 1 April 2020 was used for score validation. The COVID-19 Risk of Complications Score was automatically computed by the EHR...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
Silvestro Ennio D'Anna, Mauro Maniscalco, Francesco Cappello, Mauro Carone, Andrea Motta, Bruno Balbi, Fabio L M Ricciardolo, Gaetano Caramori, Antonino Di Stefano
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, bacterial and viral infections play a relevant role in worsening lung function and, therefore, favour disease progression. The inflammatory response to lung infections may become a specific indication of the bacterial and viral infections. We here review data on the bacterial-viral infections and related airways and lung parenchyma inflammation in stable and exacerbated COPD, focussing our attention on the prevalent molecular pathways in these different clinical conditions...
December 2021: Annals of Medicine
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